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Tuberculosis y cine. Una aproximación a través de la fantasía de más de 400 películas (2)

José Elías García Sánchez1, Enrique García Sánchez1, Enrique García Merino2

1Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Salud Pública y Microbiología Médica. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Salamanca (Spain).

2Profesor en Ciclo Técnico en Farmacia y Parafarmacia. IES Giner de los Rios. Avda Real 35, 24006 León (Spain).

Correspondence: José Elías García Sánchez. Facultad de Medicina. Avda. Alfonso X El Sabio s/n. 37007 Salamanca (Spain).

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Received 11 December 2009; accepted 27 May 2010; extended and revised 7 September 2010.


Summary

The presence of tuberculosis in movies is reviewed through 400 films. The technical details of the films are provided, together with a description of how the disease is presented in them. The period in which the plot is set is also established, which is interesting from a clinical-epidemiological point of view.

Keywords: Tuberculosis, Consumption, Cinema, Movie, Film, Coughing, Haemoptysis, Chest X-ray, Sanatorium.


Tuberculosis, which has affected humankind since time immemorial, is still a serious health problem and the chances of its complete eradication are far off. AIDS, migratory movements, and the appearance of strains of multi-resistant and extremely resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis are at the root of the problem. This paper addresses 400 films in which the disease is present in one way or another. Its aim is to provide information and material that might be used to obtain information and training in biology and the health-related sciences, to provide information and to raise awareness in the general population, and for the promotion of cinema. From its earliest days, the cinema has been using plots involving tuberculosis in some way and it was used as an important element in the battle against this disease. Indeed, up to the 50s films specifically focusing on information and prevention and aimed at society in general were made in several countries. Today, films still call to spark awareness about the white plague, and there are many recent films in which tuberculosis appears at some point in the plot. According to the number of films gathered in this paper, it is clear that the impact of consumption is not reduced to the population but that it also extends to the cinema. If at the beginning of the last century the topic was recurrent, the same can be said for these first years of the 21st century.

The scripts in which tuberculosis is present deal with the lives of famous characters, literary adaptations, and original ideas. The presence of the disease in films has ranged from being central to the plot to being a mere feature of the setting or a simple remark. It can be said with no exaggeration that it has been present in almost every cinematographic genre. Sweating, fever, disability, coughing, haemoptysis, auscultations, percussions, palpations, X-rays, chest X-rays, spontaneous recoveries, sanatoria, surgery, induced pneumothorax, bizarre treatments... ?Consumption? and ?tuberculosis? have been present on the big screen in numerous films.

An exhaustive study of the subject could be carried out, but to identify all the films where tuberculosis is part of the plot is an impossible task, just as it is impossible to have access to all the films ever made. This paper is based on the first premise and is therefore incomplete and could undergp further updating. It gathers commercial films, films made for TV, shorts and documentaries aimed at the population. TV series and miniseries have been left out, as well as scientific documentaries and those films where the presence of tuberculosis could be metaphorical, such as films whose protagonist is Dracula, such that the pale and asthenic vampires have been avoided.

Methods

A former study1 that has been completed with data obtained from four databases, the catalogue of the American Film Institute (AFI) (link), the Allmovie database (link), the Internet Archive database (link) y la de The Internet Movie Database (link). and The Internet Movie Database, has been taken as the basis for the elaboration of this review. A search of these databases has been carried out by introducing key words using the terms ?tuberculosis? and ?consumption?, and the same terms, plus ?tuberculous? and ?consumptive?, have been used in the abstracts. In addition, films in which tuberculosis was clearly present in the story have been included. All the films freely available online have been viewed (for example those available from (link) and also those available in VHS, DVD or Blu-ray format. In the case of those for which this has not been possible, their presence in documents of diverse origin has been searched with a view to gaining evidence from a broad variety of sources, except in the case of silent films. When judged appropriate, dialogues where the disease is mentioned have been included. The format chosen is that of an encyclopaedia.

References

1.- García Sánchez E, García Sánchez J E. Infección y cine. [CD-ROM]. Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca; 2005.


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3:10 TO YUMA

Original title: 3:10 to Yuma.

Other titles: El tren de las 3,10 a Yuma (Argentina). El tren de las 3:10 (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1957.

Director: Delmer Daves.

Music: George Duning.

Photography: Charles Lawton Jr.

Film editor: Al Clark.

Screenwriter: Halsted Welles based on Elmord Leonard’s short story Three-Ten to Yuma.

Cast: Glenn Ford, Van Heflin, Felicia Farr, Leora Dana, Henry Jones, Richard Jaeckel, Robert Emhardt, Sheridan Comerate, George Mitchell, Robert Ellenstein and Ford Rainey.

Runtime: 92 minutes.

Genre: Western, Action, Adventure, Drama and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 7 August 1957 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Columbia Pictures Corporation.

Synopsis: Arizona, 20th century. A rancher, Dan Evans (Van Heflin), a veteran of the Union Army, agrees to escort, together with other men, the leader of a band of dangerous raiders and killers, Ben Wade (Glenn Ford). He is supposed to escort him to Contention City, which is where the train that will take him to the prison of Yuma leaves from. He does it for the money, a 200 $ reward, which he expects to use to support his family and ranch, affected by the drought. The problem is that the bandits will do all they can to prevent their leader from being put on the train. The film begins with a stagecoach assault, after which the leader of the band stays in a nearby village to “be” with Emmy (Felicia Farr), the saloon waitress he had previously met when she was a singer, a job she gave up because of a bad cough. As the doctor told her to go to live in a dry climate, she ended up in that village of Arizona. Upon seeing her, Ben notices that she has lost weight. The sheriff and his men have the chance to capture him during his sojourn with the girl.

Additional information: The film stresses the relationship between Evans and Wade, the latter being very manipulative and who tries to persuade Evans by all means to set him free; Glenn Ford’s expression and gestures are very appropriate for this role.

Comments: It is clear that Emmy suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis. The film shows the therapeutic attitude that appears in many other westerns and one that prevailed during the first half of the 20th century: Climotherapy (dry climate).

Other versions:

3:10 to Yuma (2007) by James Mangold.

References:

link

3:10 TO YUMA

Original title: 3:10 to Yuma.

Other titles: El tren de las 3,10 a Yuma (Argentina). 3:10 misión peligrosa (Mexico). 3:10 a Yuma - Misión Peligrosa (Perú). El tren de las 3:10 (Spain). Fugitivos (Venezuela).

Country: USA.

Year: 2007.

Director: James Mangold..

Music: Marco Beltrami.

Photography: Phedon Papamichael.

Film editor: Michael McCusker.

Screenwriter: Halsted Welles, Michael Brandt and Derek Haas based on Elmore Leonard’s short story Three-Ten to Yuma.

Cast: Russell Crowe, Christian Bale, Logan Lerman, Dallas Roberts, Ben Foster, Peter Fonda, Vinessa Shaw, Alan Tudyk, Luce Rains, Gretchen Mol, Lennie Loftin, Rio Alexander, Johnny Whitworth, Shawn Howell, Pat Ricotti, Ramon Frank, Deryle J. Lujan (as Deryle Lujan), James 'Scotty' Augare (as James Augure), Brian Duffy, Jason Rodriguez, Kevin Durand, Chris Browning, Luke Wilson and Benjamin Petry.

Runtime: 117 minutes.

Genre: Western, Action, Crime, Drama and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 7 September 2007 (USA). 5 September 2008 (Spain).

Production Company: Lionsgate, Tree Line Films and Relativity Media.

Synopsis: Dan Evans (Christopher Bale) is a veteran of the Union army who is about to lose his ranch because of crop failure. Fortune offers him an opportunity when the celebrated outlaw Ben Wade (Russell Crowe), a cruel and violent bandit whose henchmen have been terrorizing the Southern Pacific Railway, murdering everybody in their way, is captured. However, Wade’s capture is only the first step in the game because he must be escorted to the city of Contention. From there a prison carriage will take him to Yuma to be tried by a federal court. The three-day trip turns into a nightmare since behind Wade’s charm there is a schemer able to take advantage of the smallest details (public synopsis).

Additional information: Nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Original Score and Best Sound (2008). The film stresses the relationship between Evans and Wade, the latter being an experienced manipulator who to persuade Evans to set him free by all means. Russel Crowe provides his character with a violent personality very distant from that lent to the same character by Glenn Ford in its time.

Comments: It is clear that Emma Nelson suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis. In addition, the rancher’s youngest son is also affected by the same disease. During the first minutes of the film the boy, while sleeping, shows a laboured and noisy breathing. Later on, he begins to cough and takes some cough syrup. Finally, his father confesses to the bandit that their reason for moving to Arizona was that the climate would be good for his son’s health. In both cases climotherapy is stressed as a treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis, and in the case of the boy, cod liver oil, which was used at the time in which the film is set, is suggested as a remedy.

Other versions:

3:10 to Yuma (1957) by Delmer Daves.

References:

link

5 MINUTTER NU

Original title: 5 minutter nu.

Other titles: 5 minutos ahora (Spanish translation). 5 minutes now (English translation).

Country: Denmark.

Year: 1950.

Director: Jens Henriksen.

Music: Niels Rothenborg.

Screenwriter: Jens Henriksen.

Cast: Svend Pedersen, Jakob Nielsen and Marianne Reiter.

Runtime: 8 minutes.

Genre: Documentary and short.

Language: Danish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Dansk Kulturfilm.

Synopsis: The film invites the public to spend 5 minutes (5 minutes now) to undergo the tests necessary for a diagnosis of tuberculosis and get vaccinated, if necessary, instead of exposing others to the infection and even to suffering from a long-term disease.

Additional information: This was a propaganda film aimed at public awareness about the disease.

References:

link

link


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A BRIEF VACATION

Original title: Amargo despertar (Spain). Una breve vacanza (Italy).

Other titles: A Brief Vacation (USA).

Country: Spain and Italy.

Year: 1973.

Director: Vittorio De Sica.

Music: Manuel De Sica.

Fotografía: Ennio Guarnieri.

Montaje: Franco Arcalli (as Kim Arcalli).

Screenwriter: Cesare Zavattini and Rafael J Salvia (uncredited) based on an idea by Rodolfo Sonego.

Cast: Florinda Bolkan, Julia Peña, Adriana Asti, Alessandro Romanazzi, José María Prada, Christian de Sica, Francesco Rocciola, Hugo Blanco, Angela Cardile, Anna Carena, Lia Giovannella, Daniel Quenaud, Gaetano Amoroso, Vincenzo Rocciola, Mónica Guerritore, Miranda Campa, Renato Salvatori and Teresa Gimpera.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Italian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 14 August 1973 (Italy). 9 February 1975 (USA). 2 June 1975 (Spain).

Production company: Azor Films S. A. and Verona Produzione.

Synopsis: Clara Mataro (Florinda Bolkan) works in a factory in Milan. She supports her husband, who is out of work because of an injury he takes advantage of, and also three sons, her mother-in-law, and a brother-in-law. When she is diagnosed with tuberculosis she has to go to a sanatorium in the Italian Alps, in the Dolomites. There she has a short-lived but passionate affair with a young mechanic also affected by the disease, whom she had previously met at the Doctor’s surgery in Milan. The problem is that when she recovers she has a “bitter awakening” when she returns home after this short vacation.

Comments: In this film Vittorio de Sica combines two of his favourite and most widely addressed topics: an impossible love story and a social document.

References:

link

A CURABLE DISEASE

Original title: A curable disease.

Other titles: Una enfermedad curable (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1912.

Cast: Mrs. Walter Edwin, James Gordon, Jessie McAllister, Richard Neill, Charles Ogle and Laura Sawyer.

Genre: Drama and Short.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 7 October 1912 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Edison Company.

Additional information: This is another film that the Edison Company made about this disease.

Comments: We only know that the plot deals with tuberculosis. The film is presumably lost. One hundred years after its first showing, tuberculosis is a curable disease, although not always, in view of the emergence of strains resistant to traditional tuberculostatic drugs (multiresistant and extremely resistant) and today its presence is very noteworthy.

References:

link

A LA SOMBRA DEL PUENTE

Original title: A la sombra del puente.

Country: Mexico and USA.

Year: 1946.

Director: Roberto Gavaldón.

Music: Gonzalo Curiel and Rafael Hernández (song Lamento borincano).

Fotografía: Alex Phillips.

Screenwriter: Roberto Gavaldón and José Revueltas. Based on the work of the Winterset theatre of Maxwell Anderson.

Cast: Guillermo Calles, Esther Fernández (as Ester Fernández), Gilberto González, Rafael Icardo, Agustín Hirsuta, Rodolfo Landa, Carlos López Moctezuma, Mary Montoya, Manuel Noriega (as Manolo Noriega), David Silva, Andrés Soler, Fernando Soto (as Fernando Soto 'Mantequilla') and Arturo Soto Rancel.

Genre: Drama and Mystery.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 8 July 1948 (Mexico). It was not released in Spain.

Production companys: Ramex, S. A. and RKO Radio Pictures, Inc.

Synopsis: Antonio Ceballos (Agustín Hirsuta), a railroad mechanic, is condemned to 20 years in prison for the murder of a driver, although he was innocent. In prison, he is in turn murdered by order of one of the authors of the crime. “El Tigre” (Andrés Soler). Ten years later his son Antonio (David Silva) decides to prove his father’s innocence and along the way he encounters the love of Rosaura (Ester Fernández).

Comments: "“El Tigre” is in prison for another murder and his released for tuberculosis. In one scene he coughs into a glass and he makes his accomplice drink from it. The action occurs in Mexico at the time of filming.

References:

Avina R. David Silva: un campeón de mil rostros. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: 2007. p 77-79.

link

link

A MAN CALLED PETER

Original title: A Man Called Peter.

Other titles: El reverendo Peter Marshall. Pasos de fe . Un hombre llamado Peter (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1955.

Director: Henry Koster.

Music: Alfred Newman.

Fotografía: Harold Lipstein.

Montaje: Robert L. Simpson.

Screenwriter: Eleanore Griffin based on Catherine Marshall’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Marjorie Rambeau, Marietta Canty, Jean Peters, Gloria Gordon, Gladys Hurlbut, Billy Chapin, Betty Caulfield, Jill Esmond, Les Tremayne, Voltaire Perkins, Robert Burton, Emmett Lynn, Richard Todd, Agnes Bartholomew, James Best, Richard Garrick, Billy Chapin, Alexander Campbell, Roy Glenn, Oliver Hartwell, Jonathan Hole and Mimi Hutson.

Runtime: 120 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Family.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 31 March 1955 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: In the thirties, Peter Marshall (Richard Todd), a young Scottish Presbyterian minister, travels to the United States. There he becomes the parish priest of the presidential church and takes religious charge of the senate.

Additional information: Catherine Marshall, already a widow, wrote a biographical novel about her husband, which is the one that has been adapted for the film. In 1995 the film was nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Color Cinematography.

Comments: Catherine (Jean Peters), Peter’s wife, had tuberculosis.

- What’s wrong, Catherine?

- I’ve got tuberculosis. There is no reason to fear me. I asked the doctor. I saw three doctors. It isn’t dangerous. You won’t catch it. I’m what they call a closed case. Dr Black wants you to phone him. He will explain everything.

- But, doesn’t it mean you must leave?

- No. I must only spend 3 or 4 months in bed.

- That’s not so bad.

- How can you say that? Who will take charge of the house? Who will look after Peter John?

References:

link

A MAN MUST LIVE

Original title: A Man Must Live.

Other titles: Un hombre debe vivir (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1925.

Director: Paul Sloane.

Screenwriter: James Ashmore Creelman adapting the novel Jungle Law by I. A. R. Wylie.

Cast: Richard Dix, Jacqueline Logan, George Nash, Edna Murphy, Charles Byer (as Charles Beyer), Dorothy Walters, William Ricciardi, Arthur Housman, Lucius Henderson and Jane Jennings.

Runtime: 70 minutes.

Genre: Adventure.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 19 January 1925 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Famous Players-Lasky Corporation.

Synopsis: Forced by circumstances, Jeff Farnell (Richard Dix) accepts a job at a sensationalist newspaper in New York. Job Hardcastle (George Nash), the editor, asks him to write an article about "Mops" Collins (Jacqueline Logan), a high-society divorcee who has found herself obliged to dance in a cabaret. When he finds her, he takes pity on her because she is dying of tuberculosis and he takes her back to his apartment because she does not want to go to a charity hospital- Later, he calls his editor and tells him that he was unable to find her. Fearing to lose his job, he looks for a story that might be interesting and discovers that an old friend, Clive Ross-Fayne (Charles Byer), who he believed had been killed in the war, has been accused of drug running. In order to obtain a photo of Clive for his article, he goes to his house, where he finds Eleanor (Edna Murphy), Clive’s sister, a girl who he had fallen in love with at a dance before the war but whose name he did not know. He tries to stop the article but Hardcastle publishes it. Mops dies and Farnell is fired after hitting Hardcastle, but he becomes reconciled with the Ross-Fayne family when Clive goes free. He receives $100,000 from the steel company that owed him money and asks Eleanor to marry him.

Additional information: The action takes place in New York after the First World War.

References:

link

link

A SONG TO REMEMBER

Original title: A Song to Remember.

Other titles: Canción inolvidable (Argentina and Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1945.

Director: Charles Vidor.

Adaptación musical: Miklos Rozsa and Morris Stoloff.

Fotografía: Allen M. Davey and Tony Gaudio.

Montaje: Charles Nelson.

Screenwriter: Sydney Buchman based on an idea by Ernst Marischka.

Cast: Paul Muni, Nina Foch, Merle Oberon, Cornel Wilde, George Coulouris, Howard Freeman, Stephen Bekassy, Sig Arno, George Macready, Claire Dubrey, Frank Puglia, Fern Emmett, Sybil Merrit, Ivan Trieault, Daw Bender and Fay Helm.

Runtime: 113 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama, Romance and Musical.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 18 January1945 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production company: Columbia Pictures Corporation.

Synopsis: biopic film about Frederic Chopin. The story begins in Poland when the musician is 11 years old and lives with his parents and sister. His music teacher, Joseph Elsner (Paul Muni), wants them to travel to Paris so that the boy can give a concert, show his musical genius in public, and develop all his talents. Years later, in Poland, when Chopin (Cornel Wilde) is performing one of his great pieces at a party, the general appointed by the Tsar to govern Poland arrives and Chopin refuses to continue playing. In face of possible reprisals he flees to Paris accompanied by his teacher. There he meets Franz Liszt (Stephen Bekassy) and George Sand (Merle Oyeron) and follows the latter to Majorca where he dies of pulmonary tuberculosis .

Additional information: In 1945 the film was nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Cornel Wilde), Best Writing (Ernst Marischka), Best Colour Cinematography (Tony Gaudio and Allen M. Davey), Best Film Editing (Charles Nelson), Best Sound (John P. Livadary), and Best Original Music (Miklos Rozsa and Morris Stoloff).

Comments: Dampness as a damaging factor for the musician’s health is referred to throughout the film on different occasions. The film shows a sickly, sweaty and weakened Chopin in his last European tour, a situation that leads to the conclusion that these symptoms are compatible with tuberculosis.

Films about Chopin:

Noktyurn Chopyena (1913) by Yakov Protazanov. Silent.

Nocturno der Liebe (1919) by Carl Boese. Silent.

Die Lachende Grille (1926) by Frederic Zelnik. Silent.

El Nocturno de Chopin (1932) by Ramón Martínez de la Riva.

Abschiedswalzer / Farewell Waltz (1934) by Geza von Bolvary.

La chanson de l'adieu (1934) by Albert Valentin and Géza von Bolváry, reflects the musician’s tuberculosis.

Preußische Liebesgeschichte (1938) Paul Martin.

The ife of Chopin (1938) by James A. FitzPatrick.

Pontcarral, colonel d'empire (1942) Jean Delannoy.

Szerelmes szívek (1944) by István Balogh, Dezsö ákos Hamza, Zoltán Kerényi, Emil Martonffi, István Szöts and Emil M. Szuchy.

A Song to Remember by Charles Vidor (1945).

Bohemian rapture (1948) by Václav Krska.

La Rebelión de los fantasmas (1949) by Adolfo Fernández Bustamante.

Mlodosc Chopina (Mlodosc) (1952) by Alekxander Ford.

Prelude (1952) by William Corrigan. Episode of "Hallmark Hall of Fame".

Frederic Chopin (1961) by Ferdy Mayne.

Jutrzenka aka Un invierno en Mallorca (1969) by Jaime Camino, reflects the musician’s tuberculosis.

George qui? (1973) by Michèle Rosier.

Lisztomania (1975) by Ken Russell.

Ein Winter auf Mallorca (1982) by Imo Moszkowicz.

Impromptu (1990) by James Lapine, reflects the musician’s tuberculosis.

Nocturnes (1988) by François Aubry. Short film, animation.

La note bleue (1991) by Andrzej Zulawski, reflects the musician’s tuberculosis.

Chopin - Bilder einer Trennung (1993) by Klaus Kirschner, reflects the musician’s tuberculosis.

The Strange Case of Delphina Potocka or The Mystery of Chopin (1999) by Tony Palmer.

Chopin: Frédéric et George (2001) (TV) by Phil Comeau.

Chopin: Un Amor Imposible (Mexico)/ Chopin. Pragnienie Milosci/ Chopin: Desire for Love (2002) by Jerzy Antczak, reflects the musician’s tuberculosis.

References:

link

A VERY LONG ENGAGEMENT

See Un long dimanche de fiançailles.

AAH

Original title: Aah.

Country: India.

Year: 1953.

Director: Raja Nawathe.

Music: Jaikishan Dayabhai Pankal (as Jaikishan) and Shankarsinh Raghuwanshi (as Shankar).

Fotografía: Jaywant Pathare (as Jaywant R. Pathare).

Montaje: G.G. Mayekar.

Screenwriter: Inder Raj Anand (as Inder Raj).

Cast: Nargis, Raj Kapoor, Vijayalaxmi (as Vijay Laxmi), Pran, Ramesh Sinha, Bhupendra Kapoor (as Bhupendrakapur), Leela Mishra (as Leela Misra), Rashid Khan, Sohanlal, Kusum and Mukesh.

Runtime: 150 minutes.

Genre: Musical, Romance, Drama and Family.

Language: XHindi.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 22 March 1974 (India). Not in Spain.

Production company: R.K. Films Ltd.

Synopsis: Raj Raibahadur (Raj Kapoor) lives in the shadow of his father, a millionaire who was widowed by tuberculosis. This is why he keeps his won away from the pernicious surroundings of cities. Following his father’s advice, he begins to exchange letters with Chandra Rai (Vijay Laxmi) and they fall in love without even having met each other. When he finally meets her, she rejects him. The reason is very simple: the woman he had been writing to was Chandra’s younfer sister Neelu (Margis). When Raj realizes that he has tuberculosis, and that he will not live long, he tries to Project Neelu, saying that it is Chandra who he really loves.

Additional information: The film is a dramatic musical romance in keeping with the line of Bollywood.

Comments: The action takes place at the time of filming and tuberculosis had its impact in several Indian production, years after AIDS or cancer could have displaced the plot.

References:

link

ACHTER DE WOLKEN SCHIJNT DE ZON

Original title: Achter de wolken schijnt de zon.

Other titles: Detrás de las nubes el sol brilla (Spanish translation).Behind the Clouds the Sun Is Shining (English translation).

Country: Netherlands.

Year: 1925.

Director: Willy Mullens.

Screenwriter: J.A. Putto.

Cast: BA Huijsers, Mevrouw Huijsers, Mientje Mullens and J. Nijland.

Runtime: 60 minutes.

Genre: Documentary and Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 10 November 2005 (Netherlands). Not in Spain.

Production company: Haghe Film for the company Nederlandsche Centrale Vereeniging tot Bestrijding der Tuberculose.

Synopsis: Mr. Van den Heuvel (B.A. Huijsers), married and with two children, wants to work but he is too tired and coughs continually. His little daughter Annetje (Mientje Mullens) does not play with her school mates; she does not feel well. The doctor tells the school that she should seek medical attention. Her father thinks this is silly. One day he enters a museum dedicated to tuberculosis and learns a lot about the disease. He later is able to work and thanks to the Social Services, he gets a large house.

Additional information: All the actors were, Mina Mullens was the daughter of the director. The director made other films aimed at the fight against tuberculosis in Netherlands, such as Waar een wil is, is een weg (1931) and Wit wint (1939).

Comments: This is a film that was used in the fight against tuberculosis in Netherlands.

References:

link

link

AFFAIRS OF MAUPASSANT

Original title: Tagebuch der Geliebten.

Other titles: Affairs of Maupassant (USA). Diario de un amante (Spanish translation).

Country: Austria.

Year: 1935.

Director: Henry Koster.

Music: Paul Abraham.

Photography: Willy Goldberger and Zoltan Vidor (as Zoli Vidor).

Film editor: Ladislaus Vidor.

Screenwriter: Henry Koster (as Hermann Kosterlitz) and Corrado Alvaro based on a plot by Felix Jackson (as Felix Joachimson) and Fritz Rotter, based on the book Journal by Marie Bashkirtseff.

Cast: Hans Jaray, Lili Darvas, S.Z. Sakall (as Szöke Szakall), Attila Hörbiger, Anna Kallina, Etha von Storm, Adolf E. Licho (as A.E. Licho), Silvia de Bettini (as Sylvia de Bettini), Frida Richard, Robert Klein-Lörk and Sári Károlyi (as Carola Caroli).

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Romance.

Language: German.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 4 October 1935 (Austria). 11 February 1938 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Melodia-Film and Panta-Film.

Synopsis: This is the story of the love relationship between Maria Baschkirtzeff (Lili Darvas) and Guy de Maupassant (Hans Jaray).

References:

link

AI TO HONOHO TO

Original title: Ai to honoho to.愛と炎と.

Other titles: Fuego y Amor (Spanish translation). Challenge To Live (inglés, indefinido).

Country: Japón.

Year: 1961.

Director: Eizo Sugawa.

Music: Masaru Satô.

Fotografia: Fukuzo Koizumi.

Screenwriter: Kaneto Shindô. Based on the story Chosen by Shintarô Ishihara.

Cast: Tatsuya Mihashi, Yôko Tsukasa, Yumi Shirakawa, Masayuki Mori, Susumu Fujita, Kumi Mizuno, Akira Kubo, Takashi Shimura, V.S. Shes, Chanty Zebey Schuan, Eitarô Ozawa, Kyôko Kishida, Akihiko Hirata and Eijirô Tono.

Runtime: 99 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 June 1961 (Japan). February 1962 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Toho Company Ltd.

Synopsis: Izaki (Tatsuya Mihashi), an executive at a Japanese petroleum company, breaks the embargo against the import of crude from Iraq for humanitarian motives and to ensure supply. As a result of this operation, he has to end his engagement with Saeko Sawada (Yôko Tsukasa), the daughter of the president of the company he works for. Saeko turns out to be the sister of his best friend who he killed out of compassion when he was dying on a raft in the Pacific during the Second World War.

Comments: Izaki contracts tuberculosis but despite this, he travels to Iraq on an oil tanker. On the return voyage, his condition worsens and he dies before reaching Japan.

References:

The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States: Feature Films, 1961-1970. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1997. p. 162.

link

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ALFIE

Original title: Alfie.

Country: UK.

Year: 1966.

Director: Lewis Gilbert.

Music: Sonny Rollins and Burt Bacharach.

Fotografía: Otto Heller.

Montaje: Thelma Connell.

Screenwriter: Bill Naughton, based on the novel of the same name.

Cast: Michael Caine, Peter Graves, Shelley Winters, Millicent Martin, Sidney Tafler, Julia Foster, Jane Asher, Virginia Wetherell, Murray Melvin, Shirley Ann Field, Denholm Elliott, Vivien Merchant, Eleanor Bron, Alfie Bass and Graham Stark.

Runtime: 114 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 29 March 1966 (UK). 24 August 1966 (USA). 20 March 1969 (Spain).

Production company: Lewis Gilbert and Sheldrake Films.

Synopsis: Alfie Elkins (Michael Caine) is a London Casanova in the sixties. He works as a hire-care driver and he is obsessed with seducing all the women he can. When he is diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis, and has to go to a sanatorium, now horizons are opened for his conquests. A nurse and the wife of a companion at the clinic succumb to his charms. He leaves the latter pregnant and helps her to have an abortion, which is the prelude to his fall.

Additional information: the film was nominated for Oscars (1966) for the best song (Burt Bacharach y Hal David), adapted script (Bill Naughton), supporting actress (Vivien Merchant), actor (Michael Caine) and film (Lewis Gilbert). It received a special award from the jury at the Cannes festival (Lewis Gilbert).

Otras versiones:

Alfie (2004) by Charles Shyer. In this film the protagonist does not have tuberculosis. link

References:

link

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ALIAS THE DOCTOR

Original title: Alias the Doctor.

Other titles: Su gran sacrificio (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1932.

Director: Michael Curtiz and Lloyd Bacon (uncredited).

Music: Bernhard Kaun (uncredited).

Photography: Barney McGill.

Film editor: Frank Magee (as Frank McGee) and William Holmes (uncredited).

Screenwriter: Houston Branch, Charles Kenyon based on Charles Foeldes’ play A Kuruzslo.

Cast: Richard Barthelmess, Marian Marsh, Norman Foster, Adrianne Dore, Lucille La Verne (as Lucille LaVerne), Oscar Apfel, John St. Polis and George Rosener.

Runtime: 61 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Medical.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 25 February 1932 (USA). 21 March 1933 (Spain).

Production Company: First National Pictures and The Vitaphone Corporation (as Vitaphone).

Synopsis: A Bavarian farmer adopts Karl (Richard Barthelmess), an orphan who she brings up alongside her own children Stephen (Norman Foster) and Lotti (Marian Marsh). Karl and Stephen take up Medical studies in Munich. During an operation, Stephen makes a mistake and Karl assumes responsibility as a way of showing his gratitude to his adoptive family. He is sentenced to three years in prison and meanwhile, Stephen, an alcoholic, dies of tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

ALL MINE TO GIVE

Original title: All Mine to Give.

Other titles: La promesa (Spain). The day they gave babies away (UK).

Country: USA.

Year: 1957.

Director: Allen Reisner.

Music: Max Steiner.

Photography: William V. Skall (as William Skall).

Film editor: Bettie Mosher.

Screenwriter: Katherin Eunson and Dale Eunson based on the newspaper story The day they gave babies away by Dale Eunson, based on fact.

Cast: Glynis Johns, Cameron Mitchell, Rex Thompson, Patty McCormack, Ernest Truex, Hope Emerson, Alan Hale Jr., Sylvia Field, Royal Dano, Reta Shaw, Stephen Wootton, Butch Bernard, Yolanda White, Rita Johnson, Ellen Corby, Rosalyn Boulter, Francis de Sales and Jon Provost.

Runtime: 103 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Family and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 13 November 1957 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Sam Wiesenthal Productions and RKO Radio Pictures (as R K O Radio Pictures).

Synopsis: A Scottish couple moves to Wisconsin in the 50s of the 19th century. They get to have six children and their shipbuilding business is thriving. However, bad luck strikes. One of the children has diphtheria, and the father dies of tuberculosis, followed by the mother who dies shortly after of typhoid fever. The eldest son must look for a new home for the remaining family members.

Additional information: The film is almost a compendium of infectious diseases.

References:

link

link

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ALLÁ EN EL SETENTA and TANTOS

Original title: Allá en el setenta and tantos.

Other titles: Back there in the sixties and something. (English translation)

Country: Argentina.

Year: 1945.

Director: Francisco Múgica.

Music: Julián Bautista.

Fotografía: Hugo Chiesa.

Montaje: José Cañizares.

Screenwriter: Manuel Agromayor, Alfredo de la Guarda and Tulio Demicheli.

Cast: Silvana Roth, Carlos Cores, Felisa Mary, Virginia Luque, Matilde Rivera, Susana Dupré, Federico Mansilla, Pedro Laxalt, Mario Medrano, Horacio Priani, Gloria Grey, Mario Armand, Hilda Vigliero, Domingo Mania, Olimpio Bobbio, Gonzalo Palomero, Jorge Villoldo, Carlos Belluci, Miguel Vanni, José María Gutiérrez, Alberto Bello and Darío Garzay.

Runtime: 90 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 24 May 1945 (Argentina). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Estudios Río de la Plata and Sur Cinematográfica Argentina.

Synopsis: Film about the life of Cecilia Ramos (Silvana Roth), whom the film fictitiously considers one of the pioneers of Argentinian medicine.

Comments: Cecilia presents the symptoms of a chronic respiratory illness, presumably tuberculosis, which is eventually the cause of her death. She feels tired, coughs and shivers. When the symptoms worsen she keeps to her bed and rests. In one of the scenes, after her aunt has massaged her back, a pot can be seen boiling next to her bed, probably containing eucalyptus leaves.

- Good morning, what’s wrong with my future colleague?

- Good morning doctor.

- There’s nothing wrong, I’ve just got a bit of a cough, but auntie…

- Auntie doesn’t want you to do any more silly things, I´m sure, doctor, that she has a temperature, but the girl wanted to go to that damned university..

- All right, all right, let’s see. (he takes her pulse).

References

D’Ottavio Cattani A E. Allá en el setenta y tantos (1945). Female Pioneers in Argentinian Cinema. J Med Mov 2010; 6(1): 15-23. Avalaible from: link

www.imdb.com/title/tt0175437

link

AMAR AKBAR ANTHONY

Original title: Amar Akbar Anthony. अमर अकबर एन्थोनी (devnagari).

Country: India.

Year: 1977.

Director: Manmohan Desai.

Music: Laxmikant and Pyarelal.

Fotografía: Peter Pereira.

Montaje: Kamalakar (Kamlakar Karkhanis).

Screenwriter: Kader Khan based on an idea by J.M. Desai.

Cast: Vinod Khanna, Nirupa Roy, Rishi Kapoor, Amitabh Bachchan, Neetu Singh, Parveen Babi, Shabana Azmi, Pran, Jeevan, Kamal Kapoor, Nasir Hussain, Shivraj, Mukri and Ranjeet.

Runtime: 184 minutes.

Genre: Action, Comedy, Drama and Family.

Language: Hindi and English.

Color: Color.

Release date: In Spain, at the Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno on 19 August de 2005.

Production companys: Hirawat Jain and Company, M.K.D. Films and Manmohan Films.

Synopsis: Amar (Vinod Khanna), Akbar (Rishi Kapoor) and Anthony (Amitabh Bachchan) are accidentally abandoned in a parker by their father Kishen Lal (Pran). They grow up apart, adopted by a catholic, a Muslim and a Hindu. They meet by chance when they are donating blood for a woman in hospital. This leads them to forge links with one another. They fall in love with three women and when one of them is kidnapped by a smuggler, they all join forces to rescue her. In the end they find out about their identities and the Police tells them that the kidnapper is their father.

Comments: Kishen Lal wide has tuberculosis.

References:

link

AMERICA, AMERICA

Original title: America, America.

Other titles: The Anatolian Smile (UK).

Country: USA.

Year: 1963.

Director: Elia Kazan.

Music: Manos Hadjidakis.

Fotografía: Haskell Wexler.

Montaje: Dede Allen.

Screenwriter: Elia Kaza. Base d on a book of the same title.

Cast: Stathis Giallelis, Gregory Rozakis, Paul Mann, Lou Antonio, Frank Wolff, Elena Karam, Harry Davis, John Marley, Salem Ludwig, Estelle Hemsley, Katharine Balfour, Robert H. Harris, George Foundas, Joanna Frank, Linda Marsh and Dimos Starenios.

Runtime: 174 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 15 December 1963 USA 20 October 1964 (Spain).

Production company: Athena Enterprises and Warner Bros. Pictures.

Synopsis: At the end of the 19th century, the population of Greek and Anatolian origin in Anatolia lived under Turkish oppression. America became their dream for many of them but it was difficult to get there, among other reasons owing to the extremely costly travel. Stavros Topouzoglou (Stathis Giallelis), an Anatolian Greek, goes to Constantinople, spurred to make a better future in the New World. After many setbacks, in which he is robbed, nearly killed, and is almost dragged down into complete penury, he manages to get a passage, but his problems are not over. Owing to an affaire he has with the wife of a rich passenger he risks being extradited back to Turkey as soon as he arrives at the promised land. In the boat there is also a colleague he has known for years (Gregory Rozakis), who has terminal pulmonary tuberculosis. To help him Hohannes jumps over the side of the ship, and allows Stavros to enter America under an assumed name.

Additional information: Based on the film América, América by Elia Kazan. This is family saga where Kazan introduces some of the episodes from his own family and where we see the racist substrate of American society. In 1964, the film was awarded an Oscar for the best scenography for a film in black and white (Gene Callahan) and it was nominated for the categories of best film, best actor and best original script. It also won an award at the Globo de Oro festival for the best American film and a Concha de Oro del Festival award in San Sebastián in the same year.

Comments: On the ship, we see Hohannes coughing and his general state of health degenerates. In fact, he would never have got into the US because his cough reflected that he was ill and he would not have been allowed in. As we see in the film, this is the tuberculosis of misery and emigration.

References:

link

...AND THE EARTH DID NOT SWALLOW HIM

Original title: ...And the Earth Did Not Swallow Him.

Other titles: ...Y no se lo tragó la tierra (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1995.

Director: Severo Pérez.

Music: Marcos Loya.

Fotografía: Virgil L. Harper.

Montaje: Howard Heard and Susan Heick.

Screenwriter: Severo Pérez based on the novel And the Earth Did Not Devour Him by Tomás Rivera.

Cast: Jose Alcala, Rose Portillo, Marco Rodriguez, Lupe Ontiveros and Sam Vlahos.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English and Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 May 1995 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: American Playhouse, KPBS, Kino International and Tierra Voz Producciones.

Synopsis: The story takes place in 1952. It is told through the eyes of Marcos, a Texan son of Mexican emigrants who are employed in the agribusiness. We see the problems (discrimination, poverty, juvenile exploitation, and school absenteeism, disease and death from tuberculosis) of this collective that moves from Texas to Minnesota in search of work in a society with a culture very distant from their own.

Additional information: Initially produced for television.

References:

link

ANGEL'S WING

See Instinct de L'ange

ANGELA’S ASHES

Original title: Angela's Ashes.

Other titles: Las cenizas de Ángela (Spain). Las cenizas de Angela (Argentina).

Country: USA and Ireland.

Year: 1999.

Director: Alan Parker.

Music: John Williams.

Photography: Chris Connier and Michael Seresin.

Film editor: Gerry Hambling.

Screenwiter: Laura Jones and Alan Parker based on the autobiographical novel of the same name by Frank McCourt.

Cast: Emily Watson, Joe Breen, Robert Carlyle, Michael Legge, Ciaran Owens, Ronnie Masterson, Liam Carney, Shane Murray-Corcoran, Pauline McLynn, Eanna MacLiam, Aaron Geraghty, Andrew Bennett, Peter Halpin, Sean Carney Daly and Devon Murray.

Runtime: 140 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 25 December 1999 (USA). 21 January 2000 (Spain).

Production Company: David Brown Productions, Dirty Hands Productions and Scott Rudin Productions.

Synopsis: In 1935 many Irish families left their country, which was devastated by hunger, to go to America; however, the McCourt family did exactly the opposite. After the sudden death of her daughter Margaret, at the age of seven months, Angela (Emily Watson) and Malachy (Robert Carlyle), her alcoholic husband, board a ship in New York harbour and head for Cork. Accompanied by their four children, they return to a place that is unknown to the little ones and of which they have only heard that it is a land where there is no work and where people die from the cold (public synopsis).

Additional information: Frank McCourt won the Pulitzer Prize. The film was nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Soundtrack (2000).

Comments: Tuberculosis is mentioned several times:

In the dialogue that takes place when Angela goes to a charity institution to beg for furniture:

- “Excuse me, sir, but will the beds be second hand?“

- “Of course they will “.

- “I'm worried about sleeping in beds people might have died in. Especially if they died of the consumption“.

-

In the composition Frank McCourt (Ciaran Owens) reads at school after saying why Limerick is the most religious city in Ireland:

- “The title of my composition is Jesus and the Weather".

- “What?”

- "Jesus and the Weather, sir."

- "All right, read it".

- "I don't think Jesus, who is our Lord, would have liked the weather in Limerick, because it's always raining and the Shannon keeps the whole city damp. My father says the Shannon is a killer river because it killed my two brothers. When you look at pictures of Jesus, He's always wandering around ancient Israel in a sheet. It never rains there, and you never hear of anyone coughing or getting the consumption or anything like that…So it's a good thing Jesus decided to be born Jewish in that nice warm place. Because if He was born in Limerick, He'd catch the consumption and be dead in a month, and there wouldn't be any Catholic Church, and we wouldn't have to write compositions about Him.

When Frank McCourt (Michael Legge) starts to work delivering telegrams:

- “You're lucky to get the Carmody telegram“.

- “I am? “

- “They're big tippers. You'll get a shilling“.

- “How come“.

- “I got the telegram? “

- “Cause nobody else will go there”.

- Why?”

- “Cause Theresa Carmody's got the consumption”.

When Frank falls off his bike and while knocking on Theresa’s door he thinks [off]:

- “ I heard that sick people like Theresa know that they haven't got long to live and so it makes them mad for love and romance and dirty things in general”.

When Theresa opens the door:

- “Telegram”.

- “That's what they say, anyway”.

- “You're all wet and bleeding”.

- “I skidded on me bike”

- “Come in. I'll put something on your cuts”.

- [off] “I wonder should I go in.I might get the consumption. That'll be the end of me, and I'll never get to America”.

- “Come in. You'll perish standing there”.

- “[off] I need the shilling tip”.

-

- “My head is full of sin and fear of consumption. Her green eyes and my shilling tip. And she's on top of me, and I might be killing myself catching consumption from her mouth”.

-

Later on Theresa coughs repeatedly.

-

- “Telegram, Mrs. Carmody“.

- “Thank you“.

- “I usually deliver the telegram to your daughter. Theresa, isn't it? “

- “Theresa's in the sanatorium“.

While he is on his way to the sanatorium, pedalling like a maniac he exclaims:

- “Please, God, it wasn't Theresa's fault.The excitement on the sofa is what the consumption does to you. I love her, God, just like St. Francis loved any bird or beast or fish. Please, God, take the consumption away, and I promise I'll never go near her again”.

Theresa dies of tuberculosis in spite of Frank’s prayer.

References:

link

ANNA KARENINA

Original title: Anna Karenina. Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina.

Country: USA.

Year: 1997.

Director: Bernard Rose.

Music: John Stronach.

Fotografia: Daryn Okada.

Montaje: Victor Du Bois.

Screenwriter: Bernard Rose. Based on the novel of the same name by Leon Tolstoy.

Cast: Sophie Marceau, Sean Bean, Mia Kirshner, Alfred Molina, James Fox, Fiona Shaw, Danny Huston, Phylida Law, David Schofield, Anna Calder-Marshall, Saskia Wickham, Jennifer Hall, Valerie Braddel, Anthony Calf, Stefan Gryff, Niall Buggy, Jeremy Sheffield, Barbara Horne, Vernon Dobtcheff, Hamish Falconer, Larisa Kuznetsova, Justine Waddell and German Maksimov.

Runtime: 108 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 4 April 1997 (USA). 18 August 1997 (Spain).

Production company: Icon Entertainment Internacional and Warner Bros. Pictures.

Synopsis: eIn Zarist Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century, Anna Karenina (Sophie Marceau)) is the wife of a powerful Minister in Saint Petersburg, the mother of a son, and has a comfortable and pleasant life. Count Vronski (Sean bean), a cavalry officer, falls in love with her and together they leave their former lives behind to live their idyll. However, one bad bit of luck follows another until not only their relationship is destroyed but also Anna’s life.

Additional information: The movie was filmed in St. Petersburg and in Moscow.

Comments: We see the possibility of tuberculosis when Nikolai is visited by his brother; he has a coughing fit and his brother says “Come back with me... to the country. For the sake of your health. Years later he died, although the cause was never established.

Other versions:

Anna Karenina (1911) by Maurice Maître). Silent. link

Anna Karenina (1914) by Vladimir Gardin. Silent.

Anna Karenina (1915) by J. Gordon Edwards. Silent. link

Anna Karenina (1918) by Márton Garas. Silent. link

Anna Karenina (1919) by Frederic Zelnik. Silent. link

Anna Karenina/ love (1927) by E. Goulding. Silent.

Anna Karenina (1935) by Clarence Brown. link

Anna Karenina (1948) by Julien Duvivier. link

Anna Karenina (1953) by Tatyana Lukashevich. link

Anna Karenina (1967) by Aleksandr Zarkhi. link

Elävä ruumis (1969) by Mikko Niskanen. Filmed for TV. link

Anna Karenina (1974) by Margarita Pilihina. link

Anna Karenina (1974) by Sandro Bolchi. Filmed for TV. link

La passion d'Anna Karénine (1975) by Yves-André Hubert. Filmed for TV. link

Der lebende Leichnam (1981) by Otto Schenk. Filmed for TV. link

Anna Karenina (1985) by Simon Langton. Filmed for TV. link

References:

Makoveeva I. Cinematic Adaptations of Anna Karenina. [Internet]. Available from: link

link

ANNI RIBELLI

Original title: Anni Ribelli (Italy). Años Rebeldes (Argentina).

Other titles: Laura: The Rebel Years (English).

Country: Italy and Argentina.

Year: 1996.

Director: Rosalia Polizzi.

Music: Luis Bacalov.

Fotografía: Juan Carlos Lenardi.

Montaje: Alfredo Muschietti.

Screenwriter: Rosalía Polizzi and Mario Prosperi.

Cast: Alessandra Acciai, Adelaide Alessi, Leticia Brédice, Eva Burgos, Juan Cruz Bordeu, Massimo Dapporto, Vanina Fabiak, Esther Gross, Inda Ledesma, Adriana Russo, Daniel Tedeschi and Daniele Tedeschi.

Runtime: 109 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Spanish and Italian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 December 1996 (Argentina). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: División Producciones, Instituto Nacional by Cine and Artes Audiovisuales (INCAA), Istituto Luce, Radiotelevisione Italiana and Sintra S.r.l.

Synopsis: The action begins in Buenos Aires in 1955 and explores the relationship between an authoritarian father of Sicilian origin, Francesco (Massimo Dapporto), and his daughter Laura (Leticia Brédice) who seeks to emancipate herself from the oppression of family life.

Additional information: The title in Spanish corresponds to that premiered in Argentina.

Comments: Francesco suffers from tuberculosis.

References:

link

ANOTHER TO CONQUER

Original title: Another to Conquer.

Other titles: Otro para conquistar (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1941.

Director: Edgar G. Ulmer.

Screenwriter: Harry E. Kleinschmidt.

Runtime: 20 minutes.

Genre: Documentary and short.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 5 Octuber 1941 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: National Tuberculosis Association.

Synopsis: Nema and Don, made orphans by tuberculosis, are left on the reservation following the wisdom of their science-fearing grandfather and the community’s respected leader, Slow-Talker. Robert, their neighbor and friend, has gone away to school—forsaking tradition, according to his detractors—and has learned the scientific ways of the white man. He has also learned that he has TB and, through rest and treatment, is cured. The film progresses as a battle between traditional faith and contemporary medicine. Medicine wins and Slow-Talker, a convert to its ways, becomes its spokesperson.

Additional information: available at: Vintage Educational Films (link). Ulmer made educational films for the National Tuberculosis Association such as: Let My People Live (1938). Nube en el cielo/ Cloud in the Sky (1939), Cómo diagnosticar la tuberculosis/ Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis (1940), Goodbye Mr. Germ (1940) and They Do Come Back (1940), all available at link.

Comments: A film used in the fight against tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

AS IF I DIDN’T EXIST or ELINA: AS IF I WASN’T THERE

See Elina - Som om jag inte fanns.

ASK THE DUST

Original title: Ask the Dust.

Other titles: Pregúntale al polvo (Argentina). Pregúntale al viento (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 2006.

Director: Robert Towne.

Music: Ramin Djawadi and Heitor Pereira.

Photography: Caleb Deschanel.

Film editor: Robert K. Lambert.

Screenwriter: Robert Towne based on John Fante’s homonymous novel Ask the Dust.

Cast: Colin Farrell, Salma Hayek, Donald Sutherland, Eileen Atkins, Idina Menzel, Justin Kirk, Jeremy Crutchley, Ronald France, Dion Basco, Donna Mosley, Paul Rylander, Natasha Staples, Wayne Harrison and Yasuhiro Yoshimura (as Yoshimura Yasuhiro).

Runtime: 117 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 2 February 2006 (USA, Santa Barbara Film Festival). 12 May 2006 (Spain).

Production Company: Paramount Pictures, Cruise/Wagner Productions, Ascendant Pictures, Capitol Films, Moonlighting Films, Noble House Entertainment Pictures (uncredited) and VIP 3 Medienfonds.

Synopsis: “Los Ángeles during the thirties. Lodged at a dirty hotel in the deprived districts of the great city, young Italian-American writer’s apprentice Arturo Bandini (Colin Farrell), struggles for daily survival while dreaming of artistic and economic success, which is supposed to come about following the publishing of one of his short stories in a modest magazine. Guided by his mentor and editor, Arturo proclaims that he is a genius of letters to whoever wants to listen, while at the same time dealing with a complex love relationship with Camilla (Salma Hayek), a Mexican girl who works as a waitress. Unable to express his real feelings for her, Arturo is trapped in a destructive love-hate relationship while he continues dreaming of success” (Commercial summary).

Comments: Two of the characters have pulmonary tuberculosis:

Camilla, who dies in Arturo’s arms, and throughout the film says that she is tired, coughs and presents haemoptysis:

- Letter: "I'm not doing real well and that Mexican girl is sick as a dog and getting sicker every day. You best come get her before she cashes in on me."

The other character is Sammy (Justin Kirk), one of the men in Camilla’s world. The following is said in a conversation between Camilla and Arturo, where the latter’s jealousy is expressed:

- Where is Sammy tonight?

- He left. -Went home?

- To the desert for a while. He hasn't been feeling real good.

- What's the matter with him?

- …

- TB, I think.

-...

- Sammy has tuberculosis.

- Yeah. Tough break, huh?

- We all gotta go

- What are you talking about?

- He won't live long.

- How dare you say something like that!

References:

link

AURORE

Original title: Aurore.

Country: Canada.

Year: 2005.

Director: Luc Dionne.

Music: Michel Cusson.

Fotografía: Louis by Ernsted.

Montaje: Isabelle Dedieu.

Screenwriter: Luc Dionne. Based on the novel Aurore: la vraie histoire by André Mathieu, inspired by a true story.

Cast: Marianne Fortier, Serge Postigo, Helene Bourgeois-Leclerc, Yves Jacques, Remy Girard, Stéphanie Lapointe, Sarah-Jeanne Labrosse, Alice Morel-Michaud Michel Forget, Monique Spaziani, Francine Ruel, Michel Barrette and Luc Senay.

Runtime: 115 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 8 July 2005 (Canada). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Cinémaginaire Inc.

Synopsis: The story relates the life of Aurore [Alice Morel-Michaud (6 years old), Marianne Fortier (10 years old)], a child who died due to the presumed abuse she received. Aurore was born in Sainte-Philomène in 1909 and was the daughter of Marie-Anne Caron (Stéphanie Lapointe) and Telesphore Gagnon (Serge Postigo). Her life was happy until in the autumn of 1917 her mother contracted tuberculosis. After several months in hospital, she died in the hospital in 1918. Aurore’s father immediately married his cousin, Marie-Anne Houde (Hélène Bourgeois Leclerc), and both began to abuse her Aurure such abuse led to her death.

Other versions:

La Petite Aurore, l'enfant martyre (1952) by Jean-Yves Bigras link

References:

link


-B-

BAAZI

Original title: Baazi. بازی (urdu).

Other titles: A Game of Chance . The Gamble (English). Juego de Azar (Argentina, Uruguay).

Country: India.

Year: 1951.

Director: Guru Dutt.

Music: Sachin Dev Burman (as S.D. Barman).

Fotografía: V. Ratra (as Jadhav).

Montaje: Y.G. Chawhan (as Y.G. Chauhan).

Screenwriter: Balraj Sahni based on an idea by Guru Dutt and Balraj Sahni.

Cast: Dev Anand, Geeta Bali, Kalpana Kartik, Roopa Varma, K. N. Singh, Johnny Walker (as Badruddin Jamaluddin Kazi), Krishan Dhawan, Rashid Khan, Habib, Srinath, Rashid Ahmed, Abu Baker and Nirmal Kumar.

Runtime: 143 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama, Musical and Romance..

Language: Hindi and Urdu.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: In Spain it was released at the III Madrid Indian Film Festival held between 3 and 9 May, 2004.

Production company: Navketan International Films.

Synopsis: “Madan comes from a poor family background. Unable to find employment, he takes to gambling in a big way. He makes a lot of money, and decides to open a gambling den, where he makes even more money. He meets with sophisticated and cultured Dr. Rajani, and both are attracted to each other. But Rajani's dad does not approve of Madan nor of his background, and would prefer that Rajani marry Inspector Ramesh. Rejected, Madan meets with vivacious and outgoing Meena, and romances her. Then Inspector Ramesh arrests Madan and imprisons him for the murder of Meena, who was killed with a revolver with Madan's fingerprints on it. The shooter intended to kill Madan, but Meena protected him & was killed instead. Rajani's father ordered the killing because he didn't consider Madan suitable for his daughter. Rajani's father threatens Madan that he will kill his sister if he says anything. Madan keeps quiet & is sentenced to be hanged at 6 am. Inspector Ramesh finds some evidence that it wasn't Madan who killed Meena. Rajani's father is imprisoned and Madan is freed” (Wikipedia).

Additional information: There are at least four more Indian films under the same title directed by Moni Bhattacharjee (1968), Raj N. Sippy (1984), Ashutosh Gowariker (1995) and Ashok Pati (2001) respectively.

Comments: Madan’s sister has tuberculosis, which forces him to obtain money to pay her treatment. Melodramatic thriller inspired in the American film noir of the forties.

References:

link

link

BAKUMATSU JYUNJYODEN

Original title: Bakumatsu Jyunjyoden. 幕末純情伝.

Country: Japan.

Year: 1991.

Director: Mitsuyuki Yakushiji.

Music: Ryouichi Kuniyoshi.

Fotografía: Takeshi Hamada.

Montaje: Shizuo Arakawa.

Screenwriter: Mitsuyuki Yakushijl. Based on the homonymous novel by Kouhei Tsuka.

Cast: Ken Watanabe, Riho Makise, Tetta Sugimoto (as Tetsuta Sugimoto), Masatô Ibu, Kazuya Kimura, Toshiya Ito, Yoneko Matsukane, Kenjiro Ishimaru, Kinzoh Sakura, Umitarou Nozaki, Takuya Gotou, Satoshi Sadanaga, Tatsuhiko Tomoi, Eisuke Tsunoda, Naomi Zaizen, Takaaki Enoki, Akira Emoto and Masahiko Tsugawa.

Runtime: 105 minutes.

Genre: Romance.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 6 July 1991 (Japan).

Production company: Kadokawa Haruki Jimusho.

Synopsis: The story takes place in the 19th century during the last days of the Tokugawa Shogunate (Japanese feudal system). Souji Okita (Riho Makise) was a woman who, passing herself off as a man, became a member of the Shogunate’s police force in Kyoto. She was a brilliant swordsman, she was affected by pulmonary tuberculosis, and she was in love with Toshizou Hijikata (Tetta Sugimoto accredited as Tetta Sugimoto), deputy leader of the police force. When the Meiji Restoration occurred, it was the end of Ryouma Sakamoto (Ken Watanabe), an intellectual who attempted to carry out a non-violent revolution and who was a friend of Toshizou. This event led to a confrontation between them.

Comments: Okita presents hemoptisis.

References:

link

BANDINI

Original title: Bandini. बन्दिनी (Hindi). بندِنی,(Urdu).

Other titles: Encarcelada (Spanish translation). Imprisoned (English translation).

Country: India.

Year: 1963.

Director: Bimal Roy.

Music: Sachin Dev Burman, Shailendra and Gulzar.

Fotografía: Kamal Bose.

Montaje: Madhu Prabhavalkar.

Screenwriter: Nabendu Ghosh and Paul Mahendra based on the book of Jarasandha.

Cast: Ashok Kumar, Nutan Behl (as Nutan), Dharmendra (as Dharminder), Raja Paranjpe (as Raja Paranjape), Tarun Bose, Asit Sen, Chandrima Bhaduri, Moni Chatterjee, Raj Verma (as Raj Varma), Satyendra Kapoor, Bhola, Benjamin, Lalit Rai, Abhimanyu Sharma (as Abhimanyu) and Sharma.

Runtime: 145 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Musical and Romance.

Language: Hindi.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1 January 1963 (India). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Bimal Roy Productions.

Synopsis: “Dr Devendra (Dharmendra) is an eligible young man, employed at the local prison for women. There he meets an attractive female inmate named Kalyani (Nutan), and they become friends. Devendra finds Kalyani very attractive and would like to marry her, refusing to listen to anything about her past or to judge her for it. What Devendra does not know is that Kalyani is a killer who has confessed to killing the wife of a freedom-fighter, Bikash Ghosh” (Ashok Kumar) (Rajoo, imdb).

Additional information: The story takes place in Bengal in the 1930s, under the British rule.

Comments: While in prison, Kalyani aids a prisoner who is sick with tuberculosis in spite of the risk of contagion.

References:

link

link

BEAUTY AND THE BAD MAN

Original title: Beauty and the Bad Man.

Other titles: La bella and el malvado (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1925.

Director: William Worthington.

Screenwriter: Frank E. Woods. Based on Peter B. Kyne’s book Cornflower Cassie's Concert.

Cast: Mabel Ballin, Forrest Stanley, Russell Simpson, George Beranger (as Andre by Beranger), Edna Mae Cooper and James Gordon.

Genre: Western.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 29 March 1925 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Peninsula Studios.

Synopsis: "Cassie (Mabel Ballin) sings at the church of a small town and marries Bell (George Beranger), the organ player, when he promises to give her singing lessons. In San Francisco she abandons her husband and discovers that he not very nice. Thanks to a newspaper advertisement, she gets a job as a singer at a saloon in a mining village. The villagers love her performance and Madoc Bill (Forrest Stanley), who has earned a lot of money, gives her a ten thousand dollar cheque so that she can take singing lessons abroad, where she becomes a very successful diva. While she sings at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, Madoc serves four years in prison charged with murder. Meanwhile, his partner, Chuckwalla Hill (Russell Simpson), becomes rich. When he is released, he and Chuckwalla build a house for Cassie who is back in the States after a successful continental tour. Bell, who suffers from tuberculosis, finds out about the love of his wife for Madoc and tries to murder him, dying in the attempt. Cassie and Madoc get married and move into the house he built for her” (AFI).

Comments: The existence of copies is unknown.

References:

link

link

BERNADETTE

Original title: Bernadette.

Country: Switzerland, France and Luxembourg.

Year: 1988.

Director: Jean Delannoy.

Music: Francis Lai.

Fotografía: Jean Penzer.

Montaje: Annie Charvein.

Screenwriter: Robert Arnaut and Jean Delannoy.

Cast: Sydney Penny, Jean-Marc Bory, Jean-Marie Bernicat, Philippe Brigaud, Claude Buchwald, Bernard Cazassus, Alain Christie (as O Alain Christie), François Dalou, Frank David (as Franck David), Roland Lesaffre, Michèle Simonnet, Jean Davy, Bernard Dhéran, Arlette Didier and Michel Duchaussoy.

Runtime: 119 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Historical and Religious.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 February 1988 (France). 24 March 1989 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Bernadette Associates International, Interport Holding S.A., Les Films by Etoile D'Or and SASEA Financière.

Synopsis: The story begins in Lourdes in 1857. Bernadette Soubirous (Sydney Penny), her parents and her brothers and sisters, drag along a cart containing their belongings with great effort. They have been thrown out of their home and they seek shelter in the prison. The girl shows clear symptoms of a respiratory illness, she is asthmatic. Her father is a humble miller who hardly manages to support his family. In February of 1858, Our Lady appears to her in a cave in the area, an apparition that will happen again in the following months. Some people are healed by drinking the water of the spring that is born in the cave. The authorities are unable to contain the fervour and subject the child to medical tests. The village priest pays no heed to all the scepticism and becomes her guardian. The ecclesiastical authorities take her away to a convent to protect her…

Comments: The film recreates in showing Bernadette’s asthma. As early as the first scene, she is shown pushing a cart while suffering from dyspnea and in the middle of a coughing fit. However, her bone tuberculosis is also present, although it is not specifically mentioned. During a photography session she complains about her knee, and the end of the film hints that she indeed died from this disease: “Sister Marie Bernard died here on the 16th of April of 1879 at the age of 36 and in the 12th year of her religious career, the sufferer of an illness that had her confined to her white chapel and that left her ground like a grain of wheat”..

Cinematographic Versions of the Life of Bernadette Soubirous:

Ver The Song of Bernadette

References:

link

BETHUNE: THE MAKING OF A HERO

Original title: Bethune: The Making of a Hero.

Other titles: Bethune, l'étoffe d'un héros (French title in Canada). Dr. Bethune (USA).

Country: Canada, China and France.

Year: 1990.

Director: Phillip Borsos.

Music: Alan Reeves.

Fotografía: Raoul Coutard and Mike Molloy.

Montaje: Angelo Corrao and Yves Langlois.

Screenwriter: Ted Alan. Based on his novel The scalpel and the sword.

Cast: Iñaki Aierra, Anouk Aimée, Geoffrey Chater, Guo Da, Colm Feore, Frank Fontaine, Beatrice Home, Nicholas Kilbertus, Danute Kristo, Harrison Liu, Helen Mirren, James Pax, Ronald Pickup, Yvan Ponton, Helen Shaver, Donald Sutherland, Leona Toppel and Tan Zong-Yao.

Runtime: 115 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and War.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 September 1993 (USA). In Spain on 10 April 1991 at the Queen Sofia Arts Centre.

Production company: Filmline International Inc.

Synopsis: The audacity of doctor Norman Bethune (Donald Sutherland) surprises the Montreal society of the 1920s. In 1936, this idealist agitator decides to help the republican soldiers on the French-Spanish frontier. He later sets out to China, invaded by the Japanese, to pass on his knowledge of medicine in a country devastated by misery. Here, he becomes a legend.

Additional information: The novel The scalpel and the sword by Ted Alan, is based on the life of the Canadian surgeon Norman Bethune (1890-1939).

Comments: Several flashbacks bring memories of Bethune’s first years of life. Thus, we learn of his stay at the Trudeau sanatorium at Sarnac Lake (New York) to seek treatment for the tuberculosis he had contracted earlier, and of how he treates himself with a pneumothorax.

Otras películas sobre Bethune:

Baiqiuen dai fu (1964) by Zheng Gao and Shutian Li link

Bethune (1977) by Eric Hill. TV film link

"Bethune" (2006) by Yang Yang. TV mini-series link

References:

link

Bethune: The Making of a Hero. Canadian Film Encyclopedia link

BIGASAN

Original title: Bigasan.

Country: The Philippines.

Year: 2010.

Director: Joven Tan.

Music: R. Lorente.

Fotografía: Romeo Vitug (as Romy Vitug).

Montaje: Rocky Ko.

Screenwriter: Joven Tan.

Cast: Gwen Garci, Carlos Morales, Joross Gamboa, Ana Capri, Irma Adlawan, Perla Bautista, Anita Linda, Mon Confiado, Biboy Ramirez, Toffee Calma, Kristoffer King, Charles Delgado, Timothy by la Cruz, Meloi Banayad and Ike Sadiasa.

Runtime: 80 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Filipino and Tagalog.

Color: Color.

Release date: en Filipinas el 14 by abril by 2010. It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Sunflower Films International.

Synopsis: The people of a small poor town struggle every day to bring rice to their tables, their only source of hope being a government truck that sells rice at lower prices. Every day they compromise their dignity in order to line up behind the truck to get something to eat for the day” (clickthecity.com).

Comments:The husband of one of the main characters suffers from tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

BLOOD & WINE

Original title: Blood and Wine.

Other titles: Blood & wine (sangre y vino) (Spain). Sangre y vino (Spain, alternative title). Laberint criminal (Catalan).

Country: USA and UK.

Year: 1996.

Director: Bob Rafelson.

Music: Michal Lorenc.

Fotografía: Newton Thomas Sigel.

Montaje: Steven Cohen.

Screenwriter: Nick Villiers and Allison Cross based on an idea by Nick Villiers and Bob Rafelson.

Cast: Jack Nicholson, Stephen Dor, Jennifer López, Judy Davis, Michael Caine, Harold Perrine, Robyn Peterson, Mike Starr, John Seitz, Marc Macauly, Dan Daily, Marta Velasco, Tom Cristopher, Mario Ernesto Sanchez, John Hackett, Hector Montano, Vanessa L. Hernández, Carmen López, Antoni Corone, Jim Towers and Glice Montano.

Runtime: 101 minutes.

Genre: Thriller, Crime and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 21 February 1997 (USA). September 1996 in Spain, at the San Sebastián International Film Festival. 11 October, 1997.

Production company: Recorded Pictures Company (RPC), Fox Searchlight Pictures, Marmont Productions, Blood & Wine Productions and Majestic Films International (no acreditada).

Synopsis: Alex Gates (Jack Nicholson) is an apparently prosperous wine merchant. However, the truth is that his business is failing, the same as his marriage and his relationship with his stepson Jason (Stephen Dorff). Things get even worse due to Alex’s torrid romance with a young Cuban woman called Gabriella (Jennifer López). Overwhelmed by the situation, Alex hires Victor Spansky (Michael Caine), a professional thief, to burgle the mansion where Gabriella works as a maidservant (public synopsis).

Additional information: Silver Seashell in the category of Best Actor (Michael Caine) and golden Seashell nomination for Bob Rafelson at the San Sebastián International Film Festival (1996).

Comments: Victor suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis and is a chain smoker.

References:

link

BOQUITAS PINTADAS

Original title: Boquitas pintadas.

Other titles: Heartbreak Tango (English, international); Painted Lips (USA).

Country: Argentina.

Year: 1974.

Director: Leopoldo Torre Nilsson.

Music: Waldo by los Ríos.

Fotografía: Aníbal Di Salvo.

Montaje: Antonio Ripoll.

Screenwriter: Beatriz Guido, Luis Pico Estrada and Leopoldo Torre Nilsson sobre la novela homónima by Manuel Puig.

Cast: Alfredo Alcón, Laura Conte, Raúl Lavié, Leonor Manso, Marta González, Luisina Brando, Mecha Ortiz, Isabel Pisano, Jorge Povarché, Cipe Lincovsky, Luis Politti, Oscar Pedamonte, Berta Ortegosa, Ofelia Montero and Alejandro Marcial.

Runtime: 120 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 23 May 1974 (Argentina). 23 May 1975 (Spain).

Production company: Directores Asociados S. A.

Synopsis: The story takes place between 1936 and 1973 in different parts of Buenos Aires and Córdoba, and it begins when Nené (Marta González), a married woman and mother of two, is told that Juan Carlos (Alfredo Alcón), her former boyfriend, has died of tuberculosis. Juan Carlos, an inveterate womanizer, leaves the village when he found out he had contracted the disease in order to rest and recover.

Additional information: In 1974 it won the Special Prize of the Jury and Silver Seashell at the San Sebastián International Film Festival. Golden Palm Award from Cinema Writers (1974). Award from Círculo de Escritores Cinematográficos de España (1974).

References:

link

BOY OF THE STREETS

Original title: Boy of the Streets.

Other titles: Chico de la calle (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1937.

Director: William Nigh.

Fotografía: Gilbert Warrenton.

Montaje: Russell F. Schoengarth (as Russell Schoengarth).

Screenwriter: Gilson Brown and Scott Darling. Based on a plot by Rowland Brown.

Cast: Jackie Cooper, Maureen O'Connor, Kathleen Burke, Robert Emmett O'Connor, Matty Fain, George Cleveland, Marjorie Main, Bill Elliott (as Gordon Elliott), Guy Usher, Don Latorre and Paul White.

Runtime: 76 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 8 December 1937 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: Monogram Pictures Corporation.

Synopsis: A youthful city drama, whose action takes place in a New York neighbourhood mainly inhabited by Irish people. Chuck Brennan (Jackie Cooper) is a teenager who, following in his father’s footsteps, has devoted his life to crime. In one of his adventures, he is nearly dies at the hands of a gangster and this marks an inflection point in his life; he reflects about his future and aspirations and gives up his previous way of life.

Comments: The mother of Norah (Maureen O’Connor), a neighbour who Chuck is in love with, suffers from tuberculosis and is admitted to a tuberculosis sanatorium.

References:

link

link

BRANDED A THIEF

Original title: Branded a Thief.

Other titles: Marcar a un ladrón (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1924.

Director: Neal Hart.

Cast: Neal Hart and Joan Lowell.

Genre: Western.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 4 August 1924 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production company: William Steiner Productions.

Synopsis: “José León (Neal Hart) is the foreman at the “Toro” ranch (Mexico) and is engaged to Conchita Mesa. One day he receives a letter from his sister Lola and his girlfriend asks him who it is from. José refuses to tell her and Conchita breaks off the engagement. Years before, Lola had left with Andy Walker, whom she married after he had led her to a dissolute lifestyle. After the arrival of the letter, José goes to “Devil’s Bowl”, a thieves hideout, where he finds Lola sick with tuberculosis. Chased by four ranchers from whom he has rustled cattle, Andy arrives and forces him to wear his clothes so that they will think José is Andy. However, thanks to Lola’s pleas they let him go, although not before they brand his forehead. Further on in the film, José and Andy confront each other in a shoot-out that results in Lola’s death. The county police capture José and he helps them in Andy’s arrest. At the end José and Conchita become reconciled” AFI.

References:

link

link

BREATH OF LIFE

See Diceria dell' untore.

BRIGHT STAR

Original title: Bright Star.

Country: UK, Australia and France.

Year: 2009.

Director: Jane Campion.

Music: Marc Bradshaw.

Fotografía: Greig Fraser.

Montaje: Alexandre de Franceschi.

Screenwriter: Jane Campion.

Cast: Ben Whishaw, Abbie Cornish, Kerry Fox, Paul Schneider, Edie Martin, Thomas Sangster, Gerard Monaco, Antonia Campbell-Hughes, Samuel Roukin, Amanda Hale, Lucinda Raikes, Samuel Barnett, Jonathan Aris, Olly Alexander and Theresa Watson.

Runtime: 119 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 15 May 2009 at the Cannes Film Festival. September 2009 (Telluride Film Festival, USA). 3 September 2010 (Spain).

Production company: Jan Chapman Pictures, BBC Films, Hopscotch Productions, New South Wales Film & Television Office, Pathé Renn Productions, Screen Australia and UK Film Council.

Synopsis: The story begins in London, in 1818. Romantic poet John Keats (Ben Whishaw) and his neighbour Fanny Bawne (Abbie Cornish) fall head-over-heels in love and embark on a romance that will end almost three years later, in 1921, when John dies of pulmonary tuberculosis at the age of 25.

Additional information: eThe title matches that of the poet’s homonymous work Bright Star.

Comments:At the beginning, John looks after his brother Tom (Olly Alexander), who is dying of tuberculosis. The poet considers leaving England for a country with a more suitable climate. As the film develops, the poet’s health deteriorates: he coughs and develops hemoptysis.

References:

link

BRIGHTON BEACH MEMOIRS

Original title: Brighton Beach Memoirs.

Other titles: Recuerdos de Brighton and Confesiones de mi Adolescencia (both titles used in Spain)

Country: USA.

Year: 1986.

Director: Gene Saks.

Music: Michael Small.

Photography: John Bailey.

Film editor: Carol Littleton.

Screenwriter: Neil Simon. Based on the first part of his drama trilogy Brighton Beach Memoirs.

Cast: Jonathan Silverman, Bob Dishy, Blythe Danner, Brian Drillinger, Judith Ivey, Stacey Glick, Lisa Waltz, James Handy, Steven Hill, David Margulies, Bette Henritze, Edgard Mourino, Alan Weeks, Wanda Bimson, Richard Bright, Christian Baskous, Jason Alexander, Fyvush Finkel, Brian Evers, Mary Cooper, Kathleen Doyle and Ed Deacy.

Runtime: 108 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Drama and Biography.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 25 December 1986 (USA). 24 April 1992 (In Spain on TV: TV2).

Production Company: Rastar Pictures.

Synopsis: Eugene (Jonathan Silverman), a young Jew, recalls his youth in the 30s when he lived in Brooklyn with his parents (Bob Dishy and Blythe Danner), his elder brother Stanley (Brian Drillinger), his aunt Blanche (Judith Ivey) and his two cousins, Laurie (Stacey Glick) and Nora (Lisa Waltz). He remembers the hardships of puberty, his aspirations, his sexual fantasies, the anecdotes of the neighbourhood, and the life of a poor boy in a crowded house.

Additional information: Based on the first part of Brighton Beach Memoirs, the autobiographical trilogy that Neil Simon wrote for the stage. In the film Simon is Eugene.

Comments: In a scene of great comical wit, Eugene mentions that when talking about people’s illnesses, voices are lowered when the conversation gets to the illness itself, “…my uncle died of a heart attack, my grandfather died of diphtheria, my aunt has asthma…” The wife of the salesman of the company where Eugene’s father works “… died of tuberculosis last year”.

References:

link

BRÖDERNA LEJONHJÄRTA

Original title: Bröderna Lejonhjärta.

Other titles: Los hermanos Corazón de León (Spanish translation). The Brothers Lionheart (English translation).

Country: Sweden.

Year: 1977.

Director: Olle Hellbom.

Music: Lasse Dahlberg and Björn Isfält.

Fotografía: Rune Ericson.

Montaje: Jan Persson.

Screenwriter: Astrid Lindgren, based on her homonymous novel (The Brothers Lionheart / Bröderna Lejonhjärta).

Cast: Staffan Götestam, Lars Söderdahl, Allan Edwall, Gunn Wållgren, Folke Hjort, Per Oscarsson, Tommy Johnson, Jan Nygren, Micha Gabay, Georg årlin, Bertil Norström, Mats Andersson, Aksel Erhardtsen, Ulf Håkan Jansson, Bodil Lindorff, Bengt Brunskog, Lone Rode, Erno Müller, GÖthe Grefbo, Per-Axel Arosenius, BjÖrn Strand, Lars Nyberg and Egil Holmsen.

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Adventure, Family and Fantasy.

Language: Swedish.

Color: Color.

Estreno: 23 September 1977 (Sweden). It was not released in Spain.

Production companys: Artfilm and Svensk Filmindustri (SF).

Synopsis: Karl Lejon “Skorpan” (Lars Söderdahl) suffers from tuberculosis and knows that his time is near. Jonathan (Staffan Götestam), his elder brother, cheers him up and promises to take him to Nangijala one day, a magical country that lies beyond the stars. Jonathan dies in a fire and “Skorpan” follows him in death shortly after so that they meet in Nangijala, a country that is not as heavenly as they thought, since the bloodthirsty Tengil (Georg Årlin) and his dragon oppress the people. As might be expected, the two brothers will fight against tyranny and oppression and will become known as Jonathan and Karl “Lionheart”..

Additional information: The screenwriter, Astrid Lindgren, is the author of the well-known novels featuring Pippi Langstrump.

References:

link

BROKEN PROMISE

See Nedodrzaný slub.

BRZEZINA

Original title: Brzezina.

Other titles: The Birch Wood (English, undefined). El bosque de los abedules (Spain).

Country: Poland.

Year: 1970.

Director: Andrzej Wajda.

Music: Andrzej Korzynski.

Photography: Zygmunt Samosiuk.

Film editor: Halina Prugar-Ketling.

Screenwriter: Andrzej Wajda. Based on a short story called Brzezina, by Jaroslaw Iwaszkiewicz.

Cast: Daniel Olbrychski, Danuta Wodynska, Elzbieta Zolek, Emilia Krakowska, Emilia Perepeczko, Jan Domanski, Mieczyslaw Stoor, Olgierd Lukaszewick, Marek Perepeczko, Irena Skwierczynska, Alina Szpak, Andrzej Kotkowski, Jerzy Oblamski and Jerzy Prochnicki.

Runtime: 99 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Polish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 10 November 1970 (Poland). 18 February 1981 (USA). 7 February 1974 (Spain).

Production Company: P.P. Film Polski.

Synopsis: The story takes place in Poland before World War Two. Stanislaw (Olgierd Lukaszewicz) goes to spend a few days on the farm of his brother Boleslaw (Daniel Olbrychski). Stanislaw, who suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis, is full of life and, in spite of the fact that he is dying, he is keen on living. On the other hand, Boleslaw has been widowed, has a daughter, and feels miserable because he thinks his wife betrayed him with a worker who was going to marry a young woman, who is his brother’s lover.

Additional information: The film won the Golden Prize at the Moscow International Film Festival, and Daniel Olbrychski won the Best Actor Prize.

Comments: Stanislaw dies of tuberculosis.

References:

link

BUCHANAN'S WIFE

Original title: Buchanan's Wife.

Other titles: La esposa by Buchanan (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1918.

Director: Charles J. Brabin.

Screenwriter: Justus Miles Forman and Adrian Johnson. Based on Justus Miles Forman’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Virginia Pearson, Marc McDermott, Victor Sutherland and Ned Finley.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1 December 1918 (USA). It was not premiered in Spain.

Production company: Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: “Beatrix marries Herbert Buchanan while under a hypnotic trance induced by him, although she really loves Harry Faring. When Herbert learns of his wife's love for Harry, he disappears with Kansas, a tramp. Soon after, Beatrix falsely identifies a body at the morgue as her husband's and marries Harry, but when Herbert, still alive though ill and demented, appears at her door with Kansas, she confesses her lie to her new husband. Kansas' plans to blackmail Beatrix are ruined when Harry visits the two tramps, and Herbert, now dying of tuberculosis, pleads with Kansas to leave the couple in peace. Kansas agrees, and after Herbert's death, Beatrix and Harry return to a normal life” (AFI).

References:

link

link

BUTLEY

Original title: Butley.

Country: Great Britain, Canada and USA.

Year: 1974.

Director: Harold Pinter.

Fotografía: Gerry Fischer.

Montaje: Malcolm Cooke.

Screenwriter: Simon Gray based on his homonymous play.

Cast: Alan Bates, Jessica Tandy, Richard O'Callaghan, Susan Engel, Michael Byrne, Georgina Hale, Simon Rouse, John Savident and Oliver Maguire.

Runtime: 94/129 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 21 January 1974 (USA). In Spain it was released in DVD format.

Production company: Cinévision Ltée and The American Film Theatre.

Synopsis: The day does not start well for Ben Butley (Alan Bates). He coughs and coughs, he cannot find his shaver and he has run out of lather. He ends up shaving with his wife’s razor and using a bar of soap, cutting the right side of his face and wearing the cut all day. Ben is bad-tempered, he is an English Literature teacher and he cannot stand his students, any excuse is good enough to avoid them. His partner, Joey Keyston (Richard O’Calleghan) has just left him, and his wife, from whom he is separated, asks for a divorce to be able to marry an individual he thinks of as a pain, “the most boring man in all London”. On top of it all, he has problems with a colleague, Edna Shaft (Jessica Tandy), because of a student. All of this takes place on the same day, in London, and in his office.

Comments: Butley suffers from a respiratory problem which causes him to have coughing fits with no apparent reason. The first sound that can be heard in the film is the protagonist’s coughing while he searches for the necessary tools to shave. His coughing goes on in the underground, while he smokes a cigarette, and in his office. During a conversation with Joey’s new lover he tells him that he got out of doing military service due to tuberculosis, from which he recovered.

References:

link

BUTTERFLY

Original title: Butterfly.

Other titles: La marca de la mariposa (Spain). Mariposa (Venezuela).

Country: USA.

Year: 1982.

Director: Matt Cimber.

Music: Ennio Morricone.

Photography: Eduard van der Enden (as Eddy Van Der Enden).

Film editor: Thierry J. Couturier, Brent A. Schoenfeld (as B.A. Schoenfeld) and Stan Siegel.

Screenwriter: Matt Cimber and John F. Goff based on the novel The Butterfly by James M. Cain.

Cast: Stacy Keach, Pia Zadora, Orson Welles, Lois Nettleton, Edward Albert, James Franciscus, Stuart Whitman, June Lockhart, Ed McMahon, Paul Hampton, George 'Buck' Flower, Ann Dane, Greg Gault, John O'Conner White and Peter Jason.

Runtime: 107 minutes.

Genre: Crime and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 February 1982 (USA). It was also released in Spain.

Production Company: Par-Par Films.

Synopsis: The life of Jess Tyler (Stacey Keach), a hermit who has spent the last years of his life guarding an abandoned silver mine, will take a turn when one of his daughter’s, Kady (Pia Zadorasu), appears. Kady is a sexy young woman who was taken from his side by his wife, Belle (Lois Nettleton), while only a baby (public synopsis).

Comments: Belle suffers from terminal tuberculosis.

References:

link


-C-

CAMILLE

Original title: Camille.

Other titles: La Dama de las Camelias (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1921.

Director: Ray C. Smallwood.

Music: Peter Vantine from the 2002 version.

Photography: Rudolph J. Bergquist (as R.J. Bergquist).

Screenwriter: June Mathis based on the novel La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas (fils).

Cast: Alla Nazimova, Rudolph Valentino, Rex Cherryman, Arthur Hoyt, Zeffie Tilbury, Patsy Ruth Miller, Elinor Oliver, William Orlamond and Consuelo Flowerton.

Runtime: 70/72 minutes.

Genre: Short, Drama and Romance.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 26 September 1921 (USA). It was also released in Spain.

Production Company: Nazimova Productions.

Synopsis: The film tells the story of the imposible love between Armand (Rudolph Valentino) and Marguerite (Alla Nazimova). He is a law student, and she is a consumptive courtesan. The boy’s father asks her to leave him so that his reputation will not be damaged, and Marguerite, who will end up dying in the arms of her beloved, will agree to do so.

Additional information: There are several interesting details in this versión of Dumas’ work: the protagonists are the well-known Alla Nazimova and Rudolph Valentino. It is set in the Paris of the 1920s, and “Art Deco” is ever-present in the sets.

Comments: As in other versions, Marguerite suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis which eventually causes her death.

Other versions: The novel by Alexandre Dumas (fils) has been the source of numerous versions as can be seen in Kameliadamen (1907) by V. Larsen.

References:

link

CAMILLE

Original title: Camille.

Other titles: La dama de las camelias (Argentina and Venezuela). Margarita Gautier (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1936.

Director: George Cukor.

Music: Herbert Stothart.

Photography: William H. Daniels (as William Daniels) and Karl Freund.

Film editor: Margaret Booth.

Screenwriter: Zoe Akins, James Hilton and Frances Marion based on the novel La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas (fils).

Cast: Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor, Lionell Barrymore, Elizabeth Allan, Jessie Ralph, Henry Daniell, Leonore Ulric, Laura Hope Crews and Rex O'Malley.

Runtime: 109 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1 January 1937 (USA). 3 November 1939 (Spain).

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: In Paris, in the mid 19th century, the beautiful Marguerite Gautier (Greta Garbo), sick with tuberculosis, is the kept lover of Baron Varville (Henry Daniell). One day she meets young Armand Duval (Robert Taylor) and falls in love with him. She leaves her luxurious world to go to live with Armand in the countryside. Everything is blissful until Armand’s father asks her to leave his son. Marguerite agrees and leaves Armand, who feels spiteful and cannot understand Marguerite’s real motives. Marguerite is finally forced to sell all her possessions to pay for her medicines and is abandoned by all her friends except for her faithful maid Nanine (Jessie Ralph). The lovers meet again some time later when she is seriously ill, and she will end up dying in Armand’s arms.

Additional information: Based on the novel The Lady of the Camellias by Alexandre Dumas fils. There have always been doubts as to whether Marguerite Gautier was a real character or not. It seems that Alexandre’s inspiration for this character was Marie Duplessis, who worked at a corset factory and later at a hat shop, before becoming a prostitute in Paris. She introduced herself into the circles of high society and became the lover of several aristocrats and famous characters of the time, including Alexandre Dumas himself. She died of tuberculosis in 1947. Her symbol was a white camellia. Greta Garbo was nominated for the Academy Award in the category of Best Actress in a Leading Role in 1937.

Comments: Tuberculosis manifests itself in the film by dyspnea, progressive health decline, loss of weight, coughing and haemoptysis.

Other versions: The novel by Alexandre Dumas (fils) has been the basis of many versions such as Kameliadamen (1907) by V. Larsen.

The version directed by George Cuckor and played by Greta Garbo (Academy Award in 1955 in recognition of her professional career) is undoubtedly the best known one.

References:

link

CARTEL, 1882 

Original title: Cartel, 1882.

Country: USA.

Year: 2007.

Director: Chuck Walker.

Music: Bert Cross.

Photography: David Hunt.

Screenwriter: Tom Beaver and Chuck Walker.

Cast: Michael Gregory, Leslie Easterbrook, Tom Beaver, Jon Turner, Al Hayter, Mark Hayter, Toledo Boulware Hues, Erin Roche, Hector 'Macho' Comacho, 'Cowboy' Bill Sallas, Larry Hinsley, Kim Boteler, Carlos Rodriguez, John Rouse and Jerry Orton.

Runtime: 87 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 June 2007 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Walker/Cable Productions.

Synopsis: Horace Longstreet operates the most brutal drug empire in the south of the USA. When he learns that a young dealer known as the "Cat" has been lying about the profits, he hires the services of Tyrone Burke, a former Pinkerton detective, now an alcoholic and dying of tuberculosis. Against his will, Tyrone Burke only has two options, he must either kill or capture the “Cat”, but the young offender leads the pursuer on a journey through the most dangerous and perverse opium dens and slums of the south in the 1880s. In the end, however, is the “Cat” actually running for his life, or has the hunted now become the hunter? 

Additional information: Video-DVD movie.

References:

link

CHARACTER

Original title: Karakter.

Other titles: Carácter (Spain).

Country: The Netherlands and Belgium.

Year: 1997.

Director: Mike van Diem.

Music: Paleis van Boem (as Het Paleis van Boem).

Photography: Rogier Stoffers.

Film editor: Jessica de Koning.

Screenwriter: Mike van Diem, Laurens Geels and Ruud van Megen based on the short story Dreverhaven en Katadreuffe and the novel Karakter by Ferdinand Bordewijk.

Cast: Jan Decleir, Fedja van Huêt, Betty Schuurman, Tamar van den Dop, Victor Löw, Hans Kesting, Lou Landré, Bernard Droog, Frans Vorstman, Fred Goessens, Jasper Gottlieb, Marius Gottlieb, Pavlik Jansen op de Haar, Marisa Van Eyle and Wim Van Der Grijn.

Runtime: 122 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama and Mystery.

Language: Dutch, German, English and French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 April 1997 (The Netherlands). 27 March 1998 (USA). 6 August 1998 (Spain).

Production Companies: First Floor Features and Almerica Film.

Synopsis: The story is set in Rotterdam in the 20s. Katadreuffe (Fedja van Huêt) is a young lawyer who is arrested for the death of his father. He recalls how his parents did not get to marry because of his mother’s refusal, how he managed to find out his father’s identity, the obstacles the latter set for him, and how he managed to become a lawyer. 

Additional information: The story is told using the flashback technique. It won an Academy Award in the category of Best Foreign Language film (1998).

Comments: Katadreuffe goes to see a doctor who, after examining him, tells him that he is exhausted and nervous and that he will not be able to work.

- Katadreuffe: “Is that all?”

- Doctor: “No, one other thing. Your mother is not well. You know she has weak lungs. It got worse recently. There is no immediate cause for concern. Her illness is slow and she could remain stable for years”.

References:

link

CHICAGO DEADLINE

Original title: Chicago Deadline.

Other titles: El misterio de una desconocida (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1949.

Director: Lewis Allen.

Music: Victor Young.

Photography: John F. Seitz.

Film editor: LeRoy Stone.

Screenwriter: Warren Duff. Based on Tiffany Thayer’s novel One Woman.

Cast: Alan Ladd, Donna Reed, June Havoc, Irene Hervey, Arthur Kennedy, Berry Kroeger, Harold Vermilyea, Shepperd Strudwick, John Beal, Tom Powers, Gavin Muir, Dave Willock, Paul Lees, Roy Roberts, Howard Freeman, Marietta Canty and Celia Lovsky.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genres: Drama and “Film Noir”

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 3 November 1949 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Paramount.

Synopsis: Ed Adams (Alan Ladd) is a Chicago journalist who is trying to get to the bottom of the events surrounding the death of young Ellen Raimer (Donna Reed), who has seemingly died of tuberculosis. He begins his investigation by exploring the deceased’s diary and interviewing the people mentioned in it. Gradually, dangerous connections begin to surface…

Additional information: The story is told using the flashback technique.

References:

link

CHIEF CRAZY HORSE

Original title: Chief Crazy Horse.

Other titles: El caudillo rebelde (Chile and Mexico). El Gran Jefe (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1955.

Director: George Sherman.

Music: Frank Skinner.

Photography: Harold Lipstein.

Film editor: Al Clark.

Screenwriter: Gerald Drayson Adams and Franklin Coen based on a plot by Gerald Drayson Adams.

Cast: Victor Mature, Suzan Ball, John Lund, Ray Danton, Keith Larsen, James Millican, David Janssen, Robert Warwick, Paul Guilfoyle, Pat Hogan, Morris Ankrum, Stuart Randall, Dennis Weaver, James Westerfield, Donald Randolph and Robert F. Simon.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: April 1955 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Universal International Pictures (UI).

Synopsis: When he was a child, Crazy Horse (Victor Mature) listened to the prophecies about a Great Sioux Chief who would be capable of bringing all the Indian tribes together to fight against the USA cavalry at Little Big Horn. Crazy horse will go to war even though he knows that the prophecy will lead to a tragic outcome.

Comments: It is mentioned that Crazy Horse’s daughter dies of the “coughing sickness”. His wife is also ill and he expects her health to improve with the good weather.

References:

link

CE QU'IL FAUT POUR VIVRE

Original title: Ce Qu'il Faut Pour Vivre.

Other titles: The Necessities of Life (English, International). Las necesidades de la vida (Argentina). 

Country: Canada.

Year: 2008.

Director: Benoît Pilon.

Screenwriter: Bernard Émond.

Music: Robert M. Lepage.

Photography: Michel La Veaux.

Film editor: Richard Comeau. 

Cast: Denis Bernard, Antoine Bertrand, Paul-André Brasseur, Éveline Gélinas, Elisapie Isaac, Louise Marleau, Vincent-Guillaume Otis, Luc Proulx, Guy Thauvette and Natar Ungalaaq.

Runtime: 102 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: French and Inuktitut.

Color: Color

Release date: 25 August 2008 (Canada), Montréal World Film Festival. 7 February 2009 (USA), Portland International Film Festival. It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Association Coopérative des Productions Audio-Visuelles (ACPAV), Société Radio-Canada and Super Écran.

Synopsis: In the fifties the Inuit population of Canada suffered a severe scourge of tuberculosis. To control the epidemic, the Canadian government set into motion a campaign for the early diagnosis and treatment of the disease. The screening was carried out by performing a generalized X-ray of the patient’s chest using equipment that was moved by sea along the north coast of the country. Tivii (Natar Ungalaaq), the film’s protagonist, was diagnosed as consumptive during this campaign, which is why he was forced to leave his land, wife and children and go to Quebec to undergo long-term treatment. After months at sea he arrived at the Hôpital N. D. de la Charité, a Québécois tuberculosis sanatorium. The city was nothing like the place where he had spent all his life, the vast frozen surfaces had nothing to do with this urban landscape more typical of the south, where cars mixed with houses and lawns with trees. The hospital was unwelcoming: the cold curtained wards crowded with coughing patients were far from the warm inside of his tent. He was completely alone, far from his land and family. He could not communicate; he spoke Inuktitut and not French. Only Carole (Éveline Gélinas), the nurse in charge of his care, made an affort to try to communicate with him. He was plunged into a culture that was very different from his own. The X-rays revealed the presence of two caverns and he was subjected to collapse therapy and climotherapy and probably treated with streptomycin. He was finally fortunate enough to be one of the Inuit who returned home healthy, leaving the experience of being a stranger in his own country behind. He also left behind depression, coughing and haemoptysis, his fellow patients and the sculptures that were characteristic of his culture. The film clearly reveals how tuberculosis killed, especially in the character of a child who Tivii became friends with and who died following severe haemoptysis.

Comments: The plot of the film is a lesson about what tuberculosis meant in the mid 20th century. Its viewing, together with a sober analysys of its contents, might contribute to a deeper knowledge of the history of consumption. 

References:

link

link

CHARITY

Original title: Charity.

Other titles: Charity?. Caridad (Spanish translation)

Country: USA.

Year: 1916.

Director: Frank Powell.

Screenwriter: Linda Arvidson and Clarence Harvey.

Cast: Linda Arvidson (as Linda A. Griffith), Marie Bruce, Henry Hallman, Morgan Jones, Creighton Hale, Sheldon Lewis, John J. Dunn, Betty Burbridge, Sam Ryan and Veta Searl.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1 October 1916 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Mutual.

Synopsis: “Mary Fleming (Linda Arvidson), who is on trial for killing her consumptive child, describes on the witness stand the way in which she and her brother Jimmie were placed in an orphanage after their parents died and lived under brutally harsh conditions. Jimmie (Creighton Hale) escaped and Mary has not seen him for years. In the end, however, her brother enters the courtroom, now a lawyer and a surprise member of Mary's defense team. After an emotional reunion between sister and brother, the latter proves that Mary's child died of starvation and then exposes the owner of the orphanage as a fraud and a white slaver” (TCM).

References:

link

link

link

CHEKHOV AND MARIA

Original title: Chekhov and Maria.

Country: USA.

Year: 2007.

Director: Eric Till.

Music: Glenn Morley.

Photography: Laszlo George.

Film editor: Raymond Singer.

Screenwriter: Jovanka Bach. Based on Jovanka Bach’s homonymous play.

Cast: Ron Bottitta, Gillian Brashear, Kathleen Gati, Zale Morris and Jaret Sacrey.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 2 June 2007 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: John Stark Productions.

Synopsis: Antón Chéjov (Ron Bottitta), who is affected by pulmonary tuberculosis, is cared for by his sister María (Gillian Brashear) in Yalta. He is struggling to complete his last great play, a comedy called The Cherry Orchard. He is doing this with the help of his sister María, who feels betrayed when she finds out that he has secretly married Olga Knipper, an actress at the Moscow Art Theatre. Because of this María does all she can to prevent Antón from returning to Moscow.

References:

link

CHILDREN OF FATE

Original title: Children of Fate.

Other titles: Niños del destino (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1927.

Director: Roy Calnek.

Cast: Harry Henderson, Shingzie Howard, Lawrence Chenault, Arline Mickey, William A. Clayton Jr., Howard Augusta and Alonzo Jackson.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: April 1927 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Colored Players Film Corp.

Synopsis: “Ross Hampton, a successful gambler, falls victim to the "white plague." Leaving home to reside in a more healthful environment, he reunites with his childhood sweetheart, Virginia Lee, and with her finds health and happiness” (AFI).

Additional information: there is another film under the same title that was premiered in 1926.

References:

link

CHOPIN- BILDER EINER TRENNUNG

Original title: Chopin- Bilder Einer Trennung.

Country: France and Germany.

Year: 1993.

Director: Klaus Kirschner.

Music: Frederic Chopin.

Photography: Paco Joan.

Screenwriter: Klaus Kirschner. Based on letters and original notes. 

Cast: Gwendal Costa, Irmgard Fitz, Hannelore Hoger, Nina Hoger, Levina Wilson and Stefan Wolff-Schonburg.

Genre: Biography, Musical and Drama.

Language: French and German.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not premiered in Spain.

Synopsis: París 1840, pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin (Stephan Wolf-Schönburg) has become a renowned artist. Together with his lover, novelist George Sand (Hannelore Hoger), and his children he spends the summer months in a country house. The film shows the musician’s struggle against tuberculosis during the last years of his life.  

Films about Chopin:

See A Song to Remember (1945).

References:

link

CHOPIN: DESIRE FOR LOVE

Original title: Chopin. Pragnienie milosci.

Other title: Chopin: Desire for Love (English). Chopin: un amor imposible (Mexico). Chopin. Deseando amar (Spanish. translation)

Country: Poland.

Year: 2002.

Director: Jerzy Antczak.

Music: Chopin interpreted by Janusz Olejniczak.

Photography: Edward Klosinski.

Film editor: Ewa Romanowska-Rózewicz.

Screenwriter: Jerzy Antczak and Jadwiga Baranska.

Cast: Piotr Adamczyk, Danuta Stenka, Sara Muldner, Jadwiga Baranska, Janusz Gajos, Maria Gladkowska, Krzysztof Gosztyla, Jerzy Gralek, Magdalena Kizinkiewicz, Michal Konarski, Anna Korcz, Zofia Merle, Marek Obertyn, Pawel Okraska, Marian Opania, Anna Radwan, Jacek Rozenek, Agnieszka Sitek, Bozena Stachura, Adam Woronowicz, Sylwia Wysocka, Jerzy Zelnik and Andrzej Zielinski.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Polish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 March 2002 (Poland). 23 November 2004 (DVD premiere, USA). It was not premiered in Spain.

Production Company: Agencja Produkcji Filmowej, Antczak Production, PKO Bank Polski S. A., Skorpion Art Film, Telewizja Polska (TVP) S. A. and Wizja TV.

Synopsis: The film begins in Warsaw in 1830, where Fryderyk Chopin (Piotr Adamczyk) lives with his parents and his two sisters while composing music for the not very expert Grand Duke Constantine (Janusz Gajos). Shortly before the November Uprising, his father (Jerzy Zelnik) urges him to leave for Paris, which he does. In the French capital he meets novelist George Sand (Danuta Stenka), who has just split from Felicien Mallefille (Jacek Rozenek), her violent lover, and to whom he feels attracted. Months later, a mutual friend, Albert Grzymala (Andrzej Zielinski), helps Chopin to get to know George better and a passionate romance starts between them. Chopin is diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis and has to deal with declining health. The relationship between Chopin and Sand is further complicated by the latter’s two children, Maurice (Jacek Rozenek) and Solange (Sara Müldner [young version] and Bozena Stachura). The former hates Chopin, whereas the latter develops an obsessive love for him, becoming her mother’s rival. After several years of constant struggle among the four of them, the relationship ends and Chopin calls one of his sisters to help him get through the last days of his life.

Films about Chopin:

See A Song to Remember (1945).

References:

link

link

CITY OF HOPE

Original title: City of Hope.

Other titles: Ciudad de la Esperanza (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1930s.

Runtime: 16 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Los Angeles Sanitarium and Expatients Home.

Synopsis: The film reflects the important role of sanatoriums in the control of tuberculosis during the early 20th century.

Additional information: Documentary film that is freely available from link. It is part of the contents of the DVD: Tuberculosis TB Films DVD (1930-1955).

Comments: The film was used in the battle against tuberculosis.

References:

link

CITY OF JOY

Original title: City of Joy.

Other titles: La Ciudad de la Alegría (Spain). La ciutat de l'alegria (Catalan).

Country: France and UK.

Year: 1992.

Director: Roland Joffé.

Music: Ennio Morricone.

Photography: Peter Biziou.

Film editor: Gerry Hambling and Hervé de Luze (uncredited).

Screenwriter: Mark Medoff and Gerard Brach.

Cast: Patrick Swayze, Om Puri, Pauline Collins, Shabana Azmi, Ayesha Dharker, Santu Chowdhury, Imran Badsah Khan, Art Malik, Nabil Shaban, Debatosh Ghosh, Suneeta Shyamanand, Mansi Upadhyay, Shyamanand Jalan, Shyamal Sengupta, Rudraprasad Sengupta, Baroon Chakaborty, Masood Akhtar, Loveleen Mishra, Pavan Malholtra, Anashua Mujumdar and Dipti Dave.

Runtime: 132 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 15 April 1992 (USA). 30 October 1992 (Spain).

Production Company: Allied Filmmakers, Lightmotive and Princel. 

Synopsis: “Story about the dispossessed and the misery of the inhabitants of India. It focuses on the story of Max (Patrick Swayze), an American surgeon who, disillusioned after losing a patient, travels to India in search of spiritual peace. In Calcutta, after being beaten and robbed, he is helped by Hasari Pal (Om Puri), a farmer, who takes him to a clinic in the “City of Joy”, one of the poorest areas of Calcutta, where Joan Bethel (Pauline Collins), a British woman, provides care for the most disadvantaged” (public synopsis).

Comments: Patients with leprosy and tuberculosis appear in several scenes throughout the film, as well as a man suffering from terminal tuberculosis who is stabbed in the abdomen.

References:

link

CLEANER

Original title: Cleaner.

Other titles: Sin rastro alguno (Argentina).

Country: USA.

Year: 2007.

Director: Renny Harlin.

Music: Richard Gibbs.

Photography: Scott Kevan.

Film editor: Brian Berdan.

Screenwriter: Matthew Aldrich.

Cast: Samuel L. Jackson, Ed Harris, Eva Mendes, Luis Guzmán, Keke Palmer, Maggie Lawson, Jose Pablo Cantillo, Robert Forster, Edrick Browne, Marc Macaulay, Rosalind Rubin, Mike Guy, Richard Folmer, James Barnes and Linda Leonard.

Runtime: 88 minutes.

Genre: Crime and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 May 2008 (USA). 12 June 2009 (Spain).

Production Companies: Anonymous Content, MWP Productions, Millennium Films and Nu Image Films.

Synopsis: Tom Cutler (Samuel L. Jackson) is the owner of a business in charge of cleaning the stains left at homes by bodies, generally following accidental deaths.

Comments: In the credits tuberculosis is mentioned as being a potential risk when present in human remains.

- “The stains left by a body are pretty much the same as any other kind of stain. One must follow three basic steps. First get rid of all the vermin: H.I.V, herper, tuberculosis, adenovirus, hantavirus, E. coli,… I suppose that all these things are present so I spray everything with my own small personal antiviral razkužite. Between you and me, I also throw in a bit of Listerine. In the original flavour there is an enzyme that liquefies dry blood, but it must be the original one, not that new blue and orange crap”.

References:

link

CLOUD IN THE SKY

Original title: Cloud in the Sky.

Other titles: Nube en el cielo (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1939.

Director: Edgar G. Ulmer.

Photography: J. Burgi Contner.

Cast: Rosario de la Vega, R. C. Ortega, F.L. Tafolla, Frederick J. Mann and R. Treviño Jr.

Runtime: 20 minutes.

Genre: Short.

Language: English and Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1939 (USA). Released in Spain on DVD within the additional contents of The Strange Woman (1946) by Edgar G. Ulmer.

Production Company: National Tuberculosis Association.

Synopsis: Mr. López loses his wife, who dies of pulmonary tuberculosis following a coughing fit with haemoptysis. One year later, his eldest daughter, Consuelo, shows the same symptoms: anorexia, coughing and asthenia. Through a priest who tells her that neither religion nor traditional remedies are enough to cure her, she gets in touch with a doctor who, after establishing her medical history and performing an examination and a radiological study, diagnoses her with tuberculosis. Later on, the doctor tells Mr. López how the disease is transmitted; that it is not hereditary; that his daughter should go to a sanatorium to recover, and that her younger children should be examined and tested for tuberculosis. Consuelo recovers at home. The Hispanic population is now not only cheerful, but also healthy.

Additional information: Ulmer made several educational films for the National Tuberculosis Association such as: Let My People Live (1938), Cloud in the Sky (1939), Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis (1940), Goodbye Mr Germ (1940), They Do Come Back (1940), and Another to Conquer (1941), all of them freely available at link.

Comments: A short film aimed at the Hispanic population, already numerous at the time (1,000,000), and particularly aimed at those of Mexican origin, with informative and educational purposes regarding tuberculosis. The distinguishing features of this population sector of the USA are used for this purpose, from music to religion, going through the characteristics of families. The title reflects what the doctor says to Consuelo when referring to the initial radiological injury of pulmonary tuberculosis: a cloud in the sky.

References:

link.

link

COCO CHANEL & IGOR STRAVINSKY

Original title: Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky.

Country: France.

Year: 2009.

Director: Jan Kounen.

Music: Gabriel Yared.

Photography: David Uungaro.

Film editor: Anny Danché.

Screenwriter: Chris Greenhalgh, Carlo De Boutiny and Jan Kounen, based on Chris Greenhalgh’s novel Coco & Igor.

Cast: Mads Mikkelsen, Anna Mouglalis, Anatole Taubman, Natacha Lindinger, Yelena Morozova, Erick Desmarestz, Grigori Manoukov, Aurélie Le Roc'h and Pierre Glénat.

Runtime: 120 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English, French and Russian.

Color: Color

Release date: 24 May 2009 at the Cannes Film Festival.

Production Company: Eurowide Film Production, Hexagon Pictures, Filmazure, Wild Bunch, Cinémage 3, Canal+,TPS Star, Région Ile-de-France and Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC).

Synopsis: Paris, 1913. Coco Chanel (Anna Mouglalis) is in love with the young and rich Boy Chapel, but devotes her life to her job. Igor Stravinsky (Mads Mikkelsen) is rehearsing The Rite of Spring. The revolutionary dissonances of the composer’s score are in many aspects reminiscent of the radical work of the designer. Coco attends the first performance of The Rite of Spring wearing a sparkling white dress that contrasts with the evening dresses of the glum Parisian middle-class. The music and ballet, too modern and nonconformist for the time, are booed by the audience almost leading to a riot. Igor is inconsolable. Seven years later, Coco, in spite of her success, is devastated by Boy’s death in a car accident. Igor, following the Russian Revolution, now takes refuge in Paris, penniless. Diaghilev, the manager of the Ballets Russes, introduces them to each other. Both of them are fascinated and Coco suggests that Igor should stay at her new villa in Garches. The composer moves in at the beginning of the summer, together with his wife Catherine, sick with tuberculosis, his four children, and a bird cage.

References:

link

link

COMPENSATION

Original title: Compensation.

Other titles: Compensación (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1999.

Director: Zeinabu Irene Davis.

Music: Atiba Y. Jali and Reginald R. Robinson.

Photography: Pierre H.L. Désir Jr.

Film editor: Dana Briscoe and Zeinabu Irene Davis.

Screenwriter: Marc Arthur Chery.

Cast: John Jelks, Michelle A. Banks, Nirvana Cobb, Kevin L. Davis, Christopher Smith, K. Lynn Stephens, Edith McLoud Armstrong, Crystal Barnes, Lisa Brock, Otis Cunningham, Jennifer Evans, Iverson White, Amaker Johnson, Bonnie Koss, Angela Roberts, Reginald R. Robinson, Isaac White, L.C. Satterfield and Lisë M. Tillman-Wilson.

Runtime: 95 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and American Sign Language.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Wimmin Mission Productions.

Release date: 14 June 1999 (Atlanta Film and Video Festival). It was not premiered in Spain.

Synopsis: The film presents two parallel love stories. It explores the secrets of black culture at the beginning of the 20th century and early nineties. Love and suffering are analyzed through two diseases that have marked these two periods, tuberculosis and AIDS. The first story takes place in Chicago in the early 20th century. In it, Arthur Jones (John Jelks), an illiterate emigrant from the South, falls in love with Malindy Brown (Michelle A. Banks), a deaf but refined young woman. His tuberculosis causes the romance to end.

Additional information: Film inspired in Paul Laurence Dunbar’s poem, written in 1906.

References:

link

link

CONFESSIONS OF BOSTON BLACKIE

Original title: Confessions of Boston Blackie.

Other titles: The Secret of Boston Blackie (alternative title). Confesiones de Boston Blackie (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1941.

Director: Edward Dmytryk.

Music: Morris W. Stoloff.

Photography: Philip Tannura.

Film editor: Gene Milford.

Screenwriter: Paul Yawitz, based on a plot by Paul Yawitz and Jay Dratles, and on the character of Jack Boyle.

Cast: Chester Morris, Walter Sande, Harriet Hilliard, Richard Lane, George E. Stone, Ralph Theodore, Lloyd Corrigan, Joan Woodbury, Walter Soderling, Kenneth MacDonald and William 'Billy' Benedict.

Runtime: 65 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama and Mystery.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 9 January 1942 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Columbia Pictures Corporation.

Synopsis: Boston Blackie (Chester Morris) is investigating the theft of a sculpture of Cesar Augustus belonging to Diane Parrish (Harriet Hilliard). The owner wanted to sell it to raise the necessary funds to send her brother, who is affected by tuberculosis, to a sanatorium.

Additional information: Second film in the Boston Blackie series. Based on the characters created by Jack Boyle.

References:

link

link

CONTAGIOUS

Original title: Contagious.

Other titles: Contagio (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1998.

Director: Joe Napolitano.

Music: Stephen Graciano.

Photography: Andreas Poulsson.

Film editor: Tim Tommasino.

Screenwriter: Sandy Kroopf.

Cast: Lindsay Wagner, Elizabeth Peña, Ken Pogue, Tom Wopat, Brendan Fletcher, Alexandra Purvis, Matt Hill, Gerard Plunkett, Jon Cuthbert, Bill Croft, Karen Elizabeth Austin, David Lovgren, Jim Smith and P. Lynn Johnson.

Runtime: 103 minutes.

Genre: Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Production Company: Shooting Star Pictures and Wilshire Court Productions.

Release date: 22 February1997 (USA). Released on TV in Spain.

Synopsis: The story begins in Bogotá when a plane is about to take off on its flight to Washington. The passengers are served some prawns from Mexico that are tainted with Vibrio cholerae and, in the USA, doctor Cole (Lindsay Wagner) has to deal with the epidemic of cholera brought about by their consumption. While seeing to the patients and doing research on the epidemic, her husband and her two children go to spend a weekend in the countryside.

Additional information: Film made for TV.

Comments: At the beginning, Doctor Cole, who is an epidemiologist, gives the necessary instructions for the isolation of a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis caused by a multi-resistant strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

References:

link

CORAZÓN DE REINA

Original title: Corazón de reina.

Other titles: The heart of the Queen (English translation).

Country: Spain.

Year: 1926.

Director: Guillermo Muñoz and Francisco Beringola.

Screenwriter: Jesús de B. Relimpio.

Cast: Julio Rodríguez, Luis Moragas, Flora Rossini and Pepito Martínez Beringhola.

Runtime: 78 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 16 December 1926 (Spain).

Production Company: Omnia Films and Real Patronato de la Lucha Antituberculosa (Royal Foundation for the Fight against Tuberculosis).

Synopsis: “Three of the children of the marchioness of Fuentes de la Mora have died of tuberculosis. The sister of one of the servants has a child who is affected by the same disease. The doctor explains the main symptoms of this infection and suggests that to avoid child mortality she should write to Queen Victoria Eugenia so that research on this disease can be carried out. The maidservant’s child and other children are admitted to a tuberculosis sanatorium where they are visited by the King and Queen” (Lopez Yepes, 1996).

Additional information: Sponsored by Her Majesty Queen Victoria Eugenia. The Queen and the Princesses were part of the cast.

Comments: Propaganda film intended for the people.

References:

López Yepes A. Enciclopedia del Cine Español [CD-ROM]. Madrid: Micronet; 1996.

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COUSIN BETTE

Original title: Cousin Bette.

Other titles: La prima Bette (Argentina).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1998.

Director: Des McAnuff.

Music: Simon Boswell (original) and Vincenzo Bellini (from the opera Adelson and Salvini).

Photography: Andrzej Sekula.

Film editor: Tariq Anwar and Barry Alexander Brown.

Screenwriter: Lynn Siefert. Based on Honoré de Balzac’s novel La Cousine Bette (1846).

Cast: Jessica Lange, John Benfield, Elizabeth Shue, Aden Young, Jefferson Mays, Bob Hoskins, Hugh Laurie, Laura Fraser, Geraldine Chaplin, Toby Stephens, Janie Hargreaves, Kelly Macdonald, Paul Bandey, Gillian Martell and John Sessions.

Runtime: 104 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Comedy.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 November 1998 (Spain).

Production Company: Fox Searchlight Pictures.

Synopsis: The story begins in Paris in 1948. Bette Fisher (Jessica Lange) is a single, embittered woman who has lived overshadowed by her cousin Adeline Hulot (Geraldine Chaplin). When Adeline dies she has hopes to take her place but her widower, Hector Hulot (Hugh Laurie), merely suggests that she could be the housekeeper for his daughter Hortense (Kelly Macdonald). She refuses this insulting offer and returns to her neighbourhood where she lives in poverty. She meets a penniless artist, the irresistibly charming Wenceslas (Aden Young), whom she saves from starvation and encourages to cease his efforts to become a sculptor. In return she expects to possess the young man or, at least, to experience the loving tenderness she has been denied for so long. Meanwhile, Hortense meets Wenceslas in an art gallery and decides to marry him.

Comments: At the beginning of the film, Adeline Hulot dies, seemingly of tuberculosis.

Other versions:

La Cousin Bette by Max de Rieux (1927). Silent link

References:

link


-D-

DARKNESS THERE

Original title: Darkness There.

Other titles: Oscuridad (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2009.

Director: Jacob Dodd.

Music: Sergei Rachmaninoff.

Photography: Dan Currier.

Film editor: Jacob Dodd.

Screenwriter: Jacob Dodd.

Cast: Meghan Marchetti and Stephen Williams.

Runtime: 22 minutes.

Genre: Short.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Jacob Dodd (productor).

Synopsis: “It explores Edgar Allan Poe’s dark Romanticism through the fictional blending of his life and stories with real historical objects” (imdb).

Additional information: link.

Comments: Coughing, handkerchiefs covering the mouth, haemoptysis and death fill the documentary. It shows the tragedy that tuberculosis involved for Poe and his family.

References:

link

DASH AND LILLY

Original title: Dash and Lilly.

Country: USA and UK.

Year: 1999.

Director: Kathy Bates.

Music: Laura Karpman (as Linda Karpman).

Photography: Bruce Surtees.

Film editor: Cindy Mollo.

Screenwriter: Jerrold L. Ludwig.

Cast: Sam Shepard, Judy Davis, Bebe Neuwirth, Robert Buck, Laurence Luckinbill, David Paymer, Zeljko Ivanek, Ned Eisenberg, Mark Zimmerman, Victor A. Young, Stephanie Morgenstern, Yank Azman, Boyd Banks, Stephanie Belding, Sharon Bernbaum and Linda Callo.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Biography.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 31 may 1999 (USA). On DVD in Spain.

Production Company: Arts & Entertainment Network; Granada Media and Stan Margolies Company.

Synopsis: A biographical film about the relationship between writers Dashiell Hammett/ Dash (Sam Shepard) and Lillian Hellman/ Lilly (Judy Davis), which did not result in marriage, and the circumstances that surrounded them over a thirty-year period. In the 50s they were victims of McCarthy’s witch hunt and Dashiell ended up in prison.

Additional information: Film made for TV.

Comments: Dashiell suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis and finally from lung cancer.

References:

link

DAWN AT SOCORRO

Original title: Dawn at Socorro.

Other title: Alborada de sangre (Chile). Amanecer en Socorro (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1954.

Director: George Sherman.

Music: Frank Skinner and Herman Stein (uncredited).

Photography: Carl E. Guthrie.

Film editor: Edward Curtiss.

Screenwriter: George Zuckerman.

Cast: Rory Calhoun, Piper Laurie, David Brian, Kathleen Hughes, Alex Nicol, Edgar Buchanan, Mara Corday, Roy Roberts, Skip Homeier, James Millican, Lee Van Cleef, Stanley Andrews, Richard Garland, Scott Lee, Paul Brinegar, Philo McCullough, Forrest Taylor, Carl Andre, Ray Bennett and Jack Chefe.

Runtime: 80 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 24 August 1954 (USA). In Spain it was broadcast by Spanish Television on 20 July 1971.

Production Company: Universal International Pictures.

Synopsis: Brett Wade (Rory Calhoun), gambler, gunman and pianist, is wounded in the arm in 1981 in a gunfight in Lordsburg (New Mexico) while he is helping Sheriff Harry McNair and his brother. The doctor who attends him diagnoses him with pulmonary tuberculosis after hearing him cough. He goes to Colorado Spring (Colorado) as part of his treatment to recover by taking advantage of the city’s climate. He begins the journey in a stage-coach, where he meets a young woman called Rannah Hayes (Piper Laurie) and stops in Socorro (New Mexico) to catch the train to Colorado Springs. Both of these events will change his journey.

Comments: The only clinical manifestation of pulmonary tuberculosis shown by the protagonist is coughing. This leads the physician to perform a check-up and to diagnose the condition via auscultation and thoracic percussion. The physician believes that the solution to the disease should be surgery, but given the patient’s condition this would be impossible, so the doctor recommends him to cease all his gambling activities and those which might involve a risk for his health, the consumption of alcohol among them. He is also told to go somewhere with nice weather and live a decent life eating three meals a day, which takes him to Socorro. Rannah gives him some cough medicine containing alcohol and for some time he remains free of coughing fits.

References:

link

DAYS OF HEAVEN

Original title: Days of Heaven.

Other titles: Días de gloria (Argentina and Perú). Días del cielo (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1978.

Director: Terrence Malick.

Music: Ennio Morricone.

Photography: Néstor Almendros (as Nestor Almendros).

Film editor: Billy Weber.

Screenwriter: Terrence Malick.

Cast: Richard Gere, Brooke Adams, Sam Shepard, Linda Manz, Robert J. Wilke, Jackie Shultis, Stuart Margolin, Timothy Scott, Gene Bell, Doug Kershaw, Richard Libertini, Frenchie Lemond, Sahbra Markus, Bob Wilson and Muriel Jolliffe.

Runtime: 94 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and Italian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 13 September 1978 (USA). It was also released in Spain.

Production Company: Paramount Pictures.

Synopsis: Bill (Richard Gere) and Abby (Brooke Adams), a young couple, decide to leave poverty and the harsh life they lead in the Chicago of 1916 behind. Both of them, together with Linda (Linda Manz), Bill’s sister, travel towards the vast cereal fields of Texas, where they find work as labourers on a farm. When harvest time is over, the young and handsome owner, who believes they are brother and sisters, asks them to stay on because he has fallen in love with Abby… (public Synopsis).

Additional information: Starred by a very young Richard Gere. Partly told using Linda’s voice-over. It received an Academy Award in the category of Best Cinematography and was nominated in the categories of Best Sound, Best Original Score and Best Costume Design (1979).

Comments: The landowner suffers from an illness that, because of its slow development and its potentially deadly character, seems likely to be tuberculosis, although this word is never mentioned.

- Doctor: “All right, I’ll pay you regular visits”.

- Landowner: “We always think it won’t happen to us. How long do you think I have left? You know you can tell me”.

- Doctor: “A year, maybe a year”.

- …

- Linda: “The landowner’s illness did not progress; it got neither worse nor better. Since they were kind-hearted they decided to wait until he died a natural death. I don’t know, but I think the doctor should have come and given him something, some medicine, I don’t know, something…”

References:

link

DE-LOVELY

Original title: De-Lovely.

Country: USA and UK.

Year: 2004.

Director: Irwin Winkler.

Music: Cole Porter.

Photography: Tony Pierce-Roberts.

Film editor: Julie Monroe.

Screenwriter: Jay Cocks.

Cast: Kevin Kline, Ashley Judd, Jonathan Pryce, Kevin McNally, Sandra Nelson, Allan Corduner, Peter Polycarpou, Keith Allen, James Wilby, Kevin McKidd, Richard Dillane, Edward Baker-Duly, Angie Hill, Harry Ditson and Tayler Hamilton.

Runtime: 125 minutes.

Genre: Biographical, Drama and Musical.

Language: English, French and Italian.

Color: Black and wWite and Color.

Release date: 13 June 2004 (USA) (CineVegas International Film Festival). 14 November 2004 (Spain).

Production Companies: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) (as Metro-Goldwyn Mayer Pictures), Potboiler Productions (uncredited) and Winkler Films (uncredited).

Synopsis: Biography of the legendary American musician and composer Cole Porter (Kevin Kline), an icon of the music of the 20th century who was at his most glorious during the golden age of classical Hollywood. 1964, a dying Cole Porter sits alone in his New York flat playing the piano to a melancholy and familiar tune. Porter looks back at his life as if it was one of his spectacular shows, with the people and events of his life playing the role of actors and actions in the scenes. Several productions are presented together with his music throughout the film. His elegant and overloaded past is brought to light, including his deep and complicated relationship with his wife and muse, Linda Porter (Ashley Judd). De Lovely is a celebration of Porter’s music, which goes alongside the exploration of the artist’s life and the immortal power of love (filmaffinity).

Comments: A character with terminal tuberculosis, Patrick Murphy, the child of his friend Gerald Murphy, appears twice in the film.

At home the child tries to do things:

- Sara Murphy: “Patrick, are you all right?”

- Cole: “Is he all right doing that? Do his doctors approve?”

- Gerald Murphy: “Probably not, but he’s a child. His sickness seems to come and go”.

- Cole: “Patrick, Patrick come here! I’ll tell you how to do cartwheels”.

While out riding, Gerald and Cole have the following conversation:

- “How’s Linda?”

- “She’s all right, a bit more fragile than usual, but all right. How’s Patrick?”

- “There’s a doctor in Zurich who may give us more time, but they don’t give you much hope with tuberculosis”.

- “I’m really sorry“.

References:

link

link

DE TWEELING

See Tweeling De.

DEAD END

Original title: Dead End.

Other titles: Dead End: Cradle of Crime (USA reissue title). Calle sin salida (Spain). Punto muerto (Argentina). Punt mort (Catalan).

Country: USA.

Year: 1937.

Director: William Wyler.

Music: Alfred Newman.

Photography: Gregg Toland.

Film editor: Daniel Mandell.

Screenwriter: Lillian Hellman. Based on Sydney Kingsley’s homonymous drama playDead End (1935).

Cast: Sylvia Sidney, Joel McCrea, Humphrey Bogart, Wendy Barrie, Claire Trevor, Allen Jenkins, Marjorie Main, Billy Halop, Huntz Hall, Bobby Jordan, Leo Gorcey, Gabriel Dell, Bernard Punsly, Charles Peck and Minor Watson.

Runtime: 93 minutes.

Genre: Crime and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 27 August 1937 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: The Samuel Goldwyn Company.

Synopsis: “The East Side tenements of New York have gradually given way to exclusive dwellings of the rich, with the result that many of the poor live next to opulent apartments they can never afford. Hugh "Baby Face" Martin (Humphrey Bogart), a notorious killer, returns to one such dead-end street, his home as a boy, hoping to see his mother, and Francey (Claire Trevor), an old girl friend. Dave Connell (Joel McCrea), an unemployed architect, also lives on the street, but dreams that one day he and Kay Burton (Wendy Barrie), the girlfriend of a wealthy man, can have a better life. His friend Drina Gordon (Sylvia Sidney), who has loved Dave for years, struggles through a strike, hoping to earn enough money to keep her kid brother Tommy (Billy Halop) from turning into a criminal along with his friends on the street. Martin finds his mother and Francey, but becomes despondent when his mother slaps and rejects him and he learns that Francey is a prostitute. Martin yearns to stay in one place, but, despite plastic surgery on his face, his finger prints cannot be changed and he is trapped by his past crimes. That same afternoon, the street kids beat up Philip (Charles Peck), the son of one of the wealthy apartment owners, and take his watch. Although Tommy gives the watch back, the boy's father, Mr. Griswold (Minor Watson), the brother of a famous judge, wants to press charges when Tommy wounds him slightly with a knife. Tommy wants to run away, but Drina begs to go with him. When Spit, the leader of Tommy's gang, informs, Tommy hides while Drina talks to the police. Meanwhile, Martin is killed by Dave, who stops Martin's plan to kidnap Philip. Because Dave will now earn a large reward, he thinks that he and Kay can start a new life, but lets her go when he realizes that she is only interested in a year of high living with him. He and Drina convince Tommy to give himself up and, although Mr. Griswold refuses to drop charges, Dave offers to use his reward money to hire a good lawyer to keep the boy out of reform school. As the inhabitants of the street go back to their respective homes, Dave and Drina walk together with Tommy to the police station” (TCM).

Additional information: Nominated for four Academy Awards in 1937: Best Film, Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Claire Trevor), Best Cinematography and Best Art Direction. Other films with the title Callejón sin Salida have been premiered in Spain: Sidewalks of London (1938) by Tim Whelan, Reckoning (1947) by John Cromwell and Cul-de-Sac (1966) by Roman Polanski, the second of them also starring Humphrey Bogart. Furthermore, in Argentina Elías Alippi directed another film with the same title that was premiered in 1938.

Comments: Tuberculosis hovers over Dead End as one more element of the setting. The story takes place in a time when tuberculosis was a serious problem in the USA because there was no etiological treatment for it. Three cases of pulmonary tuberculosis emerge along the story, all of them affecting people of disadvantaged social status and manifested exclusively by coughing.

One of the boys in Tommy’s gang is called T.B. (Gabriel Dell) because he has tuberculosis. In one of the scenes, he mentions that he coughs because he has this disease.

In another sequence, Kay goes to Dave’s place to visit him and, while climbing the stairs, full of signs of misery, a woman leaves her apartment and her husband is clearly heard coughing inside.

“Baby Face’s” former girlfriend, Francey, tells him she’s ill when they meet again; she turns her mouth away when he tries to kiss her and coughs dryly a couple of times. In Sydney Kingsley’s play this character was affected by syphilis, a disease that was replaced by tuberculosis in order to avoid problems with the Hays Office.

References:

Leff JL, Simmons JL. The dame in the kimono: Hollywood, censorship, and the production code. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky; 2001. p. 73-74.

Robertson JC. The hidden cinema: British film censorship in action, 1913-1972. London: Routledge; 1989. p. 68-69.

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DEATH BED: THE BED THAT EATS

Original title: Death Bed: The Bed That Eats.

Country: USA.

Year: 1977.

Director: George Barry.

Music: Ossian Brown, Mike McCoy and Stephen Thrower.

Photography: Robert Fresco.

Film editor: Ron Medico.

Screenwriter: George Barry.

Cast: Demene Hall, William Russ, Julie Ritter, Linda Bond, Patrick Spence-Thomas, Rosa Luxemburg, Dave Marsh, Ed Oldani, Dessa Stone, Marshall Tate, Samir Eid, Fred Abdenour, Jock Brandis and Demene E. Hall.

Runtime: 77/ 80 minutes.

Genre: Horror and Comedy.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: The film is about a bed that is possessed by a devil that devours all who dare to sleep on it.

Comments: The film’s narrator was not eaten up by the bed; he died of tuberculosis.

References:

link

DER GRÜNE HEINRICH

Original title: Der Grüne Heinrich.

Other titles: Green Henry (English). Henri Le Vert (France and Switzerland). Heinrich el verde (Spanish translation).

Country: Switzerland, France and Germany.

Year: 1993.

Director: Thomas Koerfer.

Music: Bruno Coulais.

Photography: Gérard Vandenberg.

Film editor: Marie-Josèphe Yoyotte.

Screenwriter: Barbara Jago, Thomas Koerfer and Peter Muller based on Gottfried Keller’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Florence Darel, Thibault de Montalembert, Assumpta Serna, Dominique Sanda, Arno Chevrier, Mathias Gnadinger, Paul Burian, Heribert Sasse, Andreas Schmidt and Anna Scheschonk.

Runtime: 110 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 10 September 1993 (Switzerland). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Condor Films, Groupe Expand Images, Osby Films, Schweizer Fernsehen, Toro Filmgeselischaft, Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen and Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF).

Synopsis: The story takes place in Munich during Carnival. Henri le Vert (Thibault de Montalembert), a young art student from Switzerland, finds out that his best friend, Lys (Arno Chevrier), a Dutch painter, who taking advantage of the confusion that is created by the Carnival masks, cheats on his girlfriend, Agnès (Nadja Uhl), with Rosalie (Susanne Bentzien). Henri wants to protect the girl and challenges him to a duel. While he is waiting, memories of his childhood and youth cross his mind, among them memories of his cousin Anna (Florence Darle), from whom he received his first kiss of love, and who died of tuberculosis, abandoned by him as well. The fatal outcome of the duel leads him to join her again.

References:

link

link

DER ZAUBERBERG

Original title: Der Zauberberg.

Other titles: The Magic Mountain (English, unspecified). La montaña mágica (Spain).

Country: Austria, Germany, France and Italy.

Year: 1982.

Director: Hans W. Geissendórfer.

Music: Jürgen Knieper.

Photography: Michael Ballhaus.

Film editor: Helga Borsche and Peter Przygodda.

Screenwriter: Hans W. Geissendórfer based on the homonymous work by Thomas Mann.

Cast: Werner Eichhorn, Rod Steiger, Marie-France Pisier, Flavio Bucci, Christoph Eichhorn, Hans Christian Blech, Alexander Radszun, Margot Hielscher, Gudrun Gabriel, Ann Zacharias, Irm Hermann, Kurt Raab, Rolf Zacher, Helmut Griem and Charles Aznavour.

Runtime: 153 minutes. 329 minutes in three parts.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English, Russian, French, Italian and German.

Color: Color.

Release date: 25 February 1982 (Germany). 10 April 2007 (DVD, USA). 18 March 1986 on TV2 (Spain).

Production Companies: Austrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF), France 3 (FR 3), Franz Seitz Filmproduktion, Gaumont, Iduna Film Produktiongesellschaft, Opera Film Produzione and Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF).

Synopsis: “Hans Castorp (Christoph Eichhorn), fresh from university and about to become a civil engineer, comes to the Sanatorium Berghof in the Swiss Alps to visit his cousin Joachim (Alexander Radszun), an army officer, who is recovering there from tuberculosis. Intending to remain at the Berghof for three weeks, Hans is gradually contaminated by the morbid atmosphere pervading the place. Wishing very much to be considered a patient like the others, he achieves his ends and stays in the sanatorium for ...seven years. During this time, he has enough time to take part in the furious philosophical debates pitting against each other Settembrini (Flavio Bucci), a secular humanist, and Naphta (Charles Aznavour), a totalitarian Jesuit. And to fall in love with the beautiful but enigmatic Clawdia Chauchat (Marie-France Pisier). When he is finally discharged in 1914 - along with all the other patients - it is only to plunge into the horrors of World War I” (Guy Bellinger, imdb).

Additional information: There is also a TV version of this film.

Comments: Several details related to tuberculosis sanatoriums can be observed in this film: explorations, chest X-rays, rest, fresh air, sunshine…

Other Versions:

Der Zauberberg (1968) by Ludwig Cremer. Made for TV. link

References:

link

DETOUR

Original title: Detour.

Other titles: El desvio (Argentina, for TV).

Country: USA.

Year: 1945.

Director: Edgar G. Ulmer.

Music: Leo Erdody (as Erdody).

Photography: Benjamin H. Kline.

Film editor: George McGuire.

Screenwriter: Martin Goldsmith.

Cast: Tom Neal, Ann Savage, Claudia Drake, Edmund MacDonald, Tim Ryan, Esther Howard, Pat Gleason, Don Brodie (uncredited), Roger Clark (uncredited), Eddie Hall (uncredited) and Harry Strang (uncredited).

Runtime: 67 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama, Film Noir, Mystery and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 7 November 1945 (USA). On television and DVD (Spain).

Production Company: Producers Releasing Corporation (PRC Pictures, Inc.).

Synopsis: Et a roadside restaurant, while listening to I Can’t Believe That You’re in Love with Me, Al Roberts (Tom Neal) recalls how he has come to reach the dramatic situation he is in. A flashback takes the action back to New York, where he played the piano at a jazz club where Sue (Claudia Drake), his girlfriend, sang before taking the decision to move to Los Angeles to try her fortune in the film industry. Later he decides to join her and, while hitchhiking, he is picked up by Charles Haskell Jr. (Edmund MacDonald), who is on his way to Los Angeles and offers him a ride. One night Charles dies suddenly and, for fear of being accused of murder, Al decides to get rid of the body, impersonate him and keep all his belongings. At a petrol station he picks up Vera (Ann Savage), a real femme fatale who suffers from tuberculosis and who decides to blackmail him. Before meeting Al, Charles had driven Vera in his car.

Additional information: Told using the “flashback” and “voice over” techniques. Ulmer made educational films for the National Tuberculosis Association such as: Let My People Live (1938), Cloud in the Sky (1939), Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis (1940), Goodbye Mr. Germ (1940), They Do Come Back (1940), Another to Conquer (1941). All of them are freely available at link.

Comments: B-movie filmed with a low budget (20.000$) in only 6 days.

References:

link

DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES IN TUBERCULOSIS

Original title: Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis.

Other titles: Procedimientos de diagnóstico de la tuberculosis (Spain). Cómo diagnosticar la tuberculosis (also in Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1940.

Director: Edgar G. Ulmer.

Photography: Willian Miller.

Cast: Dr. Kendall Emerson, Dr. Ralph S. Muckenfuss, Dr. Esmond R. Long and Dr. Edgar Mayer.

Runtime: 13 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1939 (USA). In Spain it was released in DVD format within the additional contents of The Strange Woman (1946) by Edgar G. Ulmer.

Production Company: Motion Picture Service Corp..

Synopsis: Documentary aimed at GPs that sets out the steps they can follow to diagnose pulmonary tuberculosis in their patients: sputum tests, monitoring their reaction to tuberculin, and chest X-rays. It stresses the fact that the sooner the diagnosis is reached, the better the response to the treatment.

Additional information: Available from link.

Comments: Ulmer made several educational films for the National Tuberculosis Association such as Let My People Live (1938), Cloud in the Sky (1939), Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis (1940), Goodbye Mr. Germ (1940), They Do Come Back (1940), Another to Conquer (1941), all of them freely available from link.

References:

link

DIAMOND HANDCUFFS

Original title: Diamond Handcuffs.

Other titles: Esposas de diamante (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1928.

Director: John P. McCarthy.

Screenwriter: Joseph Farnham, Willis Goldbeck and Bradley King based on a plot by Henry C. Vance (Pin Money) and Carey Wilson.

Cast: Eleanor Boardman, Lawrence Gray, Charles Stevens Sam Hardy, Gwen Lee, Lena Malena, Conrad Ángel and John Roche.

Runtime: 60 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 5 May 1928 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Cosmopolitan Productions.

Synopsis: Three stories dealing with the search for a diamond that brings only misfortune to its owner: I. In South Africa, a miner (Charles Stevens) loses his life for stealing a diamond he has found. Before he dies, he gives the stone to Musa, a local girl. II. The gem becomes known as the Shah diamond and ends up in a New York City jewellery store window, where Cecile (Gwen Lee), an upper-class matron, admires it. Her husband (Conrad Nagel) leaves her when he discovers that Jerry (John Roche), a family friend, has given Cecile the diamond under the pretence that it is a glass trinket. Musa, now Cecile's maid, is again the recipient of the gem. III. The diamond is stolen by a gang of thieves. Tillie (Eleanor Boardman), the roughly-treated "woman" of Spike (Sam Hardy), café owner and gangster, admires the diamond. Larry (Lawrence Gray), who really loves her, secretly gives her money to go to a sanatorium for her lung disease (tuberculosis) to be cured. Instead, Tillie uses the money to buy the diamond. That night, Spike is killed when police raid his café, and a black dancer named Musa dies from a bullet wound she receives while trying to retrieve the diamond. Tillie accepts a modest diamond from Larry and becomes his wife (AFI).References:

link

DIARY OF A COUNTRY PRIEST

Original title: Journal d'un curé de campagne.

Other titles: Diario de un cura rural (Argentina). Diary of a Country Priest (USA). El Diario de un cura de campaña (Spain).

Country: France.

Year: 1951.

Director: Robert Bresson.

Music: Jean-Jacques Grünenwald (as Jean-Jacques Grünenwald).

Photography: Léonce-Henri Burel (as L.H. Burel).

Film editor: Paulette Robert.

Screenwriter: Robert Bresson. Based on the novel Diary of a Country Priest (Journal d'un curé de campagne), by Georges Bernanos.

Cast: Claude Laydu, Jean Riveyre, Adrien Borel (as Andre Guibert), Rachel Bérendt (as Marie-Monique Arkell), Nicole Ladmiral, Martine Lemaire, Antoine Balpêtré (as Balpetre), Jean Danet, Gaston Séverin (as Gaston Severin), Yvette Etiévant, Bernard Hubrenne, Léon Arvel, Martial Morange, Gilberte Terbois and Serge Bento (as Serge Benneteau).

Runtime: 115 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Mystery.

Language: French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 7 February 1951 (France). 3 February 2004 (USA, on DVD).

Production Company: Union Générale Cinématographique (UGC).

Synopsis: A young priest arrives in Ambricourt, a village in the north of France, to take charge of his first parish. He lacks pastoral experience and puts all his efforts into winning over his potential parishioners, which he does not succeed in doing, and is even ignored and rejected. In addition, he has health problems and ends up being diagnosed with stomach cancer.

Additional information: This is beyond doubt, and in the opinion of virtually all the critics, a worldwide masterpiece of cinema. The story is told by the priest through his diary. It won the International Award at the Venice Film Festival.

Comments: The presence of tuberculosis in the film is limited to one comment, when he learns that he has stomach cancer, the priest says: “I had expected something else: Tuberculosis”.

References:

link

DICERIA DELL' UNTORE.

Original title: Diceria dell' untore.

Other titles: Breath of Life (USA).

Country: Italy.

Year: 1990.

Director: Beppe Cino.

Music: Alberto Alessi and Carlo Siliotto.

Photography: Franco Delli Colli.

Film editor: Emanuele Foglietti.

Screenwriter: Gesualdo Bufalino and Beppe Cino, based on a plot by the former.

Cast: Franco Nero, Nando Murolo, Toni Ucci, Federica Belfiore, Salvatore Cascio, Dalila Di Lazzaro, Lucrezia Lante della Rovere, Fernando Rey, Maria Petrova, Gianluca Favilla, Remo Girone, Tiberio Murgia and Egidio Termine.

Runtime: 97 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Italian.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Color: Color.

Production Company: Istituto Luce, Ital-Noleggio Cinematografico, Ministero del Turismo e dello Spettacolo, Movie Machine, RAI Rete 1 TV and Surf Film.

Synopsis: A story of love and death that takes place in a tuberculosis sanatorium of Palermo, La Rocca, during the summer of 1946. Angelo (Franco Nero), a Second World War veteran, is admitted for pulmonary tuberculosis. At the hospital, he meets Marta (Lucrezia Lante della Rovere), a former dancer of La Scala and the ex-lover of an SS member, who, in spite of her tuberculosis, retains her charm, causing him to fall in love with her. Several patients die until Marta’s turn arrives, after which Angelo finds out that she was Jewish. Angelo outlives all of them, but to the cost of his love.

References:

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DIE FÄLSCHER

Original title: Die Fälscher.

Other titles: The Counterfeiters (English, international). Los falsificadores (Spanish).

Country: Germany and Austria.

Year: 2007.

Director: Stefan Ruzowitzky.

Music: Marius Ruhland.

Photography: Benedict Neuenfels.

Film editor: Britta Nahler.

Screenwriter: Stefan Ruzowitzky, based on the autobiographical book Teufels Werkstatt/ The Devil's Workshop by Adolf Burger.

Cast: Karl Markovics, August Diehl, Devid Striesow, Martin Brambach, August Zirner, Veit Stübner, Sebastian Urzendowsky, Andreas Schmidt, Tilo Prückner, Lenn Kudrjawizki, Norman Stoffregen, Bernd Raucamp, Gode Benedix, Oliver Kanter y Dirk Prinz, Hille Beseler, Erik Jan Rippmann, Tim Breyvogel and Dolores Chaplin.

Runtime: 98 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Crime, War and Nazism.

Language: German, Russian, English and Hebrew.

Color: Color.

Release date: 22 March 2007 (Germany). 9 February 2008 Portland International Film Festival (USA). 14 March 2008 (Spain).

Production Companies: Magnolia Filmproduktion, Babelsberg Film, Beta Cinema, Filmförderung Hamburg, Josef Aichholzer Filmproduktion and Studio Babelsberg Motion Pictures.

Synopsis: The film dramatizes facts related to the counterfeiting of English pounds and American dollars carried out during the Nazi regime at the end of World War Two. Not only paper money was counterfeited, but documents such as passports were also forged.

A group of Jewish prisoners, specialized in graphic art and coinage and imprisoned in the concentration camp of Sachsenhausen, were in charge of this under the supervision of Salomon “Sally” Sorowitsch (Karl Markovics). Their work was considered of such importance that they were granted relatively special treatment in spite of their ethnic origins and they were moved to an isolated area of the camp. Aware of the methods used by Nazis to eliminate their people, survival was what motivated most of the members of the group. This desire was stronger than that of boycotting the production, which could have precipitated the end of the conflict; this was only done by Adolf Burger (August Diehl), a Czech communist who used to work in a printing office and who was willing to die before collaborating with the Nazi regime and giving up his ideals. Life as opposed to principles was the moral dilemma. The forging of pounds sterling was a success; so much so that even the bank of England believed they were real, the Nazis distributed a larger quantity than in the store of the agency issuing them. They even forged dollars, but Burger’s sabotage delayed the process until almost the end of the conflict, thus avoiding the possible impact of its prolongation. Salomon Sorowitsch (Karl Markovics) was an excellent forger and a character that belonged to the lower circles of Berlin, getting arrested in 1936. He managed to survive thanks to his skills as a painter, which he took advantage of in Mauthausen bydrawing portraits of Nazis and their families and making propaganda murals, which allowed him to once again come across the policeman who had arrested him in Berlin, Friedrich Herzog (Devid Striesow), who was responsible for the forging in Sachsenhausen, and with whom he developed a relationship of mutual dependence. Salomon seemed sullen, but deep inside he was kind hearted; he survived, but he also helped others to do so too.

Additional information: Based on real facts. It won an Academy Award in the category of Best Foreign Language Film (2008).

Comments: Salomon tried to help Kolya (Sebastian Urzendowsky), a Russian boy who suffered from tuberculosis, to survive. The boy looked pale, and had a fever, coughing fits and anorexia. Sally realized that as soon as the Nazis found out they would immediately and efficiently eradicate the source of infection, which eventually happened, by a shot in the head. In his attempts to help Kolya get better Sally would force him to eat and protect him by using his own blood to make his cheeks look rosier, and, when the situation seemed hopeless, begging his jailer for the medicines doctor Klinger (August Zirner) thought would be effective.

References

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DIE MÖRDER SIND UNTER UNS

Original title: Die Mörder Sind Unter Uns.

Other titles: Los asesinos están entre nosotros (Spanish translation, Argentina). Murderers Among Us (USA). The Murderers Are Among Us (UK).

Country: German Democratic Republic.

Year: 1946.

Director: Wolfgang Staudte.

Music: Ernst Roters.

Photography: Friedl Behn-Grund and Eugen Klagemann.

Film editor: Hans Heinrich.

Screenwriter: Wolfgang Staudte, Eberhard Keindorff (uncredited), Johanna Sibelius (uncredited) and Fritz Staudte (uncredited).

Cast: Ernst Wilhelm Borchert (as W. Borchert), Hildegard Knef, Arno Paulsen, Elly Burgmer, Erna Sellmer, Hilde Adolphi, Marlise Ludwig, Ursula Krieg, Robert Forsch, Albert Johannes, Wolfgang Dohnberg and Ernst Stahl-Nachbaur.

Runtime: 91 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Romance, Thriller and War.

Language: German.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 15 October 1946 (Germany). 16 August 1948, 1997 (re-release) (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Deutsche Film (DEFA).

Synopsis: “Susanne Wallner (Hildegard Knef), a German woman who was imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp because of her Communist ideas, discovers that Dr Hans Mertens (Ernst Wilhelm Borchert) has moved into her flat in Berlin and, tortured by what he has seen on the front, refuses to move out while he drowns his traumas in alcohol. Susanne, full of understanding, agrees to share the flat, while something similar to love begins to grow between them. However, everything might be ruined because of a sinister guy, Ferdinand Brückner (Arno Paulsen), who lives in the neighbourhood and who was Hans’ superior during wartime, ordering massive crimes of innocent people, including women and children” (decine21).

Comments: After declaring their love for each other, Susanne tells Hans that she does not know him and would like to know more about his life, work, studies… While looking at a panel where several chest X-rays are displayed, the doctor recalls a day in his former life:

- “A daylong journey into my past life. Look at this. It’s a thoracoplasty. The patient had tuberculosis. It’s always a matter of life or death. We had arranged surgery. The professor did not arrive. I had to tell the young patient how we all wanted his surgery to be postponed. He didn’t take it well, he asked me to help him, he appealed to my pity. I didn’t wait any longer, his desperation tempted me, his confidence in me and my ambition. A strange challenge to test myself. Then I decided to skip the rules. The experienced nurse was against it. But I operated on him and then … I suddenly felt completely calm, completely confident, as if I had done it 100 times before. It was a miracle”.

References:

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DINTY

Original title: Dinty.

Country: USA.

Year: 1920.

Director: John McDermott and Marshall Neilan.

Screenwriter: Marion Fairfax and Marshall Neilan.

Cast: Wesley Barry, Noah Beery, Colleen Moore, Aaron Mitchell, J. Barney Sherry, Marjorie Daw, Walter Chung, Tom Gallery, Young Hipp, Pat O'Malley, Kate Price, Hal Wilson and Tom Wilson.

Genre: Adventure and Comedy.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 21 November 1920 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Associated First National Pictures.

Synopsis: Upon arriving in San Francisco from Ireland, Doreen O'Sullivan (Colleen Moore) discovers that her husband has been killed in an accident. To support herself and her infant son Dinty (Wesley Barry), Doreen labors as a washerwoman until, at the age of twelve, Dinty becomes the family's breadwinner by selling newspapers. Meanwhile, in Chinatown wealthy opium smuggler Wong Tai (Noah Beery) kidnaps Judge Whitely's daughter in retribution for the judge's sentencing of Wong Tai's son to prison. Dinty, whose work as a newsboy has familiarized him with the Chinese underworld, leads the police to Wong Tai's hideout and saves the judge's daughter from a fearful death. To show his gratitude, Judge Whitely adopts Dinty, whose mother has recently succumbed to tuberculosis, and Dinty begins life anew (AFI).

Comments: Dinty’s mother is affected by tuberculosis, which eventually kills her.

References:

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DOC

Original title:Doc”.

Other titles: Doc (Duelo a muerte en OK. corral) (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1971.

Director: Frank Perry.

Music: Jimmy Webb.

Photography: Enrique Bravo and Gerald Hirschfeld.

Film editor: Alan Heim.

Screenwriter: Pete Hamill.

Cast: Stacy Keach, Faye Dunaway, Harris Yulin, Mike Witney, Denver John Collins, Dan Greenberg, John Scanlon, Richard McKenzie, John Bottoms, Ferdinand Zogbaum, Penelope Allen, Hedy Sontag, James Greene, Antonia Rey, Philip Shafer, Marshall Efron, Fred Dennis, Bruce M. Fischer, Gene Collins, Mart Hulswit and Gene Reyes.

Runtime: 96 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 August 1971 (USA). 3 May 1972 (Spain).

Production Company: FP Films.

Synopsis: “Doc” (Stacy Keach) goes to Tombstone at the request of his friend Marshall Wyatt Earp (Harris Yulin). In the town, the latter tells him that he intends to stand in the elections for sheriff and that “Doc” should take charge of the game so that both of them can become rich. Before arriving in the city, “Doc” meets Katie Elder (Faye Dunaway), a prostitute he wins in a game of cards and with whom he finally falls in love, and Ike Canton, a killer who will also help Wyatt to be appointed sheriff.

Other versions:

Law and Order by Edward L. Cahn (1932). link

Frontier Marshal by Lew Seiler (1934). link

Frontier Marshal by Allan Dwan (1939). link

Tombstone: The Town Too Tough to Die by William C. McGann (1942). link

My Darling Clementine by John Ford (1946).

Gunfight at the O.K. Corral by John Sturges (1957).

Tour of the Gun by John Sturges (1967).

Doc by Frank D. Gilroy and Frank Perry (1971).

Tombstone by George Cosmatos (1993).

Wyatt Earp by Lawrence Kasdan (1994).

Additional information: The main characters are real, and real events are recreated in this and other films about them and the topic, generally involving much fantasy.

Comments: “Doc” is presented having pulmonary tuberculosis. His being a heavy drinker, smoker and opium user certainly doesn’t help his condition to improve. He coughs from the very first sequences of the film. His cough is often dry and appears twice in considerable fits, one of them ending in hemoptysis, and the other accompanied by severe dyspnea. Curiously, in the last part of the film he stops coughing. At certain times he looks sweaty and his eyes become rheumy, as if he had a fever. He knows that owing to his condition he has only a short time to live, expressly mentioned in the film. Because of his illness the doctors advised him to go west to a dryer climate.

References:

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García Sánchez JE, Merino Marcos ML, García Sánchez E. The tuberculosis of "Doc" Holliday in the cinema. Hour Of The Gun (1967) and “Doc” (1971). J Med Mov 2(1): 29-39. Available at: link

DOCTEUR LAENNEC

Original title: Docteur Laennec.

Other titles: Dr. Laennec (English, international).

Country: France.

Year: 1949.

Director: Maurice Cloche.

Music: Jean-Jacques Grunenwald.

Photography: Claude Renoir.

Film editor: Renée Gary.

Screenwriter: Jean Bernard Luc based on an idea by Maurice Cloche.

Cast: Nicolas Amato, Florent Antony, Pierre Blanchar, Charles Bouillaud, René Clermont, Paul Demange, France Descaut, Christian Duvaleix, Pierre Dux, Jacques Dynam, Saturnin Fabre, Guy Favières, Georges Galley, Jany Holt, Lannier, Léon Larive, Palmyre Levasseur, Henri Maïk, Raphaël Patorni, Georges Paulais, Mireille Perrey and Geymond Vital.

Runtime: 95 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Biography and Medical.

Language: French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 17 June 1949 (France). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Interfilm, Interfrance Film and Les Films Maurice Cloche.

Synopsis: The film tells the story of the fight against tuberculosis by doctor René T.H. Laennec (Pierre Planchar) (1781-1826). This austere doctor, a native of Brittany, confronted a tuberculosis epidemic with a high mortality rate that affected hundreds of patients seeking help for their health problems at the Necker Hospital in Paris. The invention of the stethoscope allowed him to advance considerably in the diagnosis of the illness. He put all his energy into fighting this disease, until he himself became affected and decided to return to his native land.

Comments: The film’s historical accuracy and the way it deals with the real problems of tuberculosis at the beginning of the 19th century are noteworthy. The invention of the stethoscope allowed considerable advances in the diagnosis of pneumonia and tuberculosis to be made. Laennec died of tuberculosis at the age of 45.

References:

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DOCTOR BULL

Original title: Doctor Bull.

Country: USA.

Year: 1933.

Director: John Ford.

Music: Samuel Kaylin.

Photography: George Schneiderman.

Film editor: Louis R. Loeffler.

Screenwriter: Paul Green, Philip Klein and Jane Storm. Based on James Gould Cozzens’ novel The Last Adam.

Cast: Will Rogers, Vera Allen, Marian Nixon, Howard Lally, Berton Churchill, Louise Dresser, Andy Devine, Rochelle Hudson, Tempe Pigott, Elizabeth Patterson, Nora Cecil, Ralph Morgan, Patsy O’Byrne, Veda Buckland and Effie Ellsler.

Runtime: 77 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Drama, Romance and Medical.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 22 September 1933 (USA).

Production Company: 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: The story takes place in the 30s in a village of Connecticut. Dr George Bull is charged with negligence for failing to carry out an inspection when there was an outbreak of typhoid fever. The real reason, however, is a different matter. Part of the population is convinced that Bull has been having an affaire with a widow. The good doctor visits the woman’s house every night. While the elderly women of the village whisper about the shameful things they must be getting up to, the widow is reading Alice in Wonderland to George. To silence the puritans, it seems best to quieten them and ignore their vicious tongues, and Bull does so by marrying the widow and leaving the village after winning recognition. He leaves on a train, the same train with which the plot opened.

Comments: One of Dr Bull’s patients is a young woman who, by what is seen in the film, dies of tuberculosis, although the cause of her death is not explicitly mentioned.

References:

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¿DÓNDE VAS ALFONSO XII?

Original title: ¿Dónde vas Alfonso XII?

Country: Spain.

Year: 1958.

Director: Luis Cesar Amadori.

Music: Guillermo Cases.

Photography: José F. Aguayo (as Jose F. Aguayo).

Film editor: Antonio Ramírez de Loaysa (as Antonio Ramirez).

Screenwriter: Gabriel Marquina and Luis César Amadori (as Luis Peña). Based on the script Carita de cielo by Manuel Tamyo and on its homonymous drama play by Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena.

Cast: Paquita Rico, Vicente Parra, Mercedes Vecino, Tomás Blanco, José Marco Davó, Lucía Prado, Félix Dafauce, Ana María Custodio, Jesús Tordesillas, Mariano Azaña, Aurora García Alonso, Antonio Riquelme, Rafael Bardem, Isabel Pallarés and María Luisa Ponte.

Runtime: 112 minutes.

Genre: Biography, History, Drama and Romance.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 24 December 1958 (Spain).

Production Company: Interpeninsular and PECSA Films.

Synopsis: The revolution of September 1868 ends with the establishment of the Republic following the overthrow of Isasbella II. The Royal Family is in exile in Paris. Two years later, the Queen renounces in favour of her son, young Alfonso. The future king Alfonso XII (Vicente Parra) falls in love with his cousin María de las Mercedes (Paquita Rico). Monarchy is restored in 1874 following the intervention of Prime Minister Cánovas Del Castillo. The film focuses on the tragic love story between Alfonso and Mercedes, which Isabella II opposes. Queen Mercedes dies shortly after the wedding.

Additional information: In 1960, Alfonso Balcázar filmed ¿Dónde vas, triste de ti?, a sequel to ¿Dónde vas, Alfonso XII? with part of the cast (Vicente Parra, Tomás Blanco, etc.) and the same director of photography (José Aguayo). Alfonso XII died of tuberculosis in 1985.

Comments: After getting completely soaked in a rainstorm, Mercedes starts to feel bad ("it's a constant ailment") and goes to Aranjuez to get some rest. She has a fever (the doctors takes her pulse); she doesn't want to eat, and she looks poorly Although she tries to hide her health status from Alfonso on a boat trip, she begins to hear strange noises and sees the light around her fade, until she faints. A few days later she dies. The clinical picture is not solved in the film; it lasts for weeks and coiuld be considered a tuberculosis, although the character does not have a cough.

References:

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DR. AKAGI

Original title: Kanzo Sensei.

Other title: Dr. Akagi (USA). Kanzo sensei: Dr. Akagi (Argentina).

Country: Japan and France.

Year: 1998.

Director: Shohei Imamura.

Music: Yashuke Yamashita.

Photography: Shigeru Komatsubara.

Film editor: Hajime Okayasu.

Screenwriter: Shohei Imamura, adaptation of the novel Doctor Liver by Ango Sakaguchi.

Cast: Akira Emoto, Kumiko Aso, Jacques Gamblin, Juro Kara, Masanori Sera, Keiko Matsuzaka, Misa Shimizu, Shinya Yamamoto, Yukiya Kitamura, Masato Yamada, Komoro Taguchi, Masato Ibu, Wayne Doster, Shoten Kadokawa, Kazuhiko Kanayama, Tsutomu Miura, Tohoku Shinsha, and Hatsuo Yamaya.

Runtime: 128 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, History, Drama, War and Medical.

Language: Japanese and German.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 October 1998 in Japan. 28 September 1998 in the USA at the New York Film Festival. 28 July 2000 in Spain.

Production Companies: Catherine Dussart Productions (CDP), Comme des Cinémas, Imamura Productions, Kadokawa Shoten Publishing Co. Ltd., Toei Co. Ltd. and Tohokashinsha Film Company Ltd.

Synopsis: The action takes place in 1945 and concludes with the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. Humour, pity and love are mixed in the film. The protagonist, doctor Akagi (Akira Emoto), works as a doctor in a fishing village, having as accomplices young Sonoko (Kumiko Aso), a prostitute he takes in at the request of her father, who dies of hepatitis, and who from that moment onwards will take care of him, the owner of a geisha house (Keiko Massuzaka), a morphine-addicted surgeon (Masanori Sera), and a drunken Buddhist monk (Juro Kara). The doctor, aided by his great patriotic spirit and a large dose of humanity, begins a crusade against a hepatitis epidemic that has broken out in Japan and that the authorities refuse to acknowledge. Because of this he becomes known as Doctor Liver.

Additional information: The final images show the liver-shaped nuclear explosion, which is a clear allegory of the problem that had become Dr Akagi’s obsession.

Comments: The film essentially focuses on the hepatitis epidemic, although it also broaches other problems of the same nature such as typhus, smallpox, malaria, cholera, flu, pneumonia, the common cold, and tuberculosis.

References:

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DR. BETHUNE

See Bethune: The Making of a Hero.

DR. EHRLICH’S MAGIC BULLET

Original title: Dr. Ehrlich´s Magic Bullet.

Other titles: The Story of Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet. La bala mágica (Venezuela).

Country: USA.

Year: 1940.

Director: William Dieterle.

Music: Max Steiner.

Photography: James Wong Howe.

Film editor: Warren Low.

Screenwriter: Norman Burnstine (as Norman Burnside), Heinz Herald and John Huston.

Cast: Edward G. Robinson, Ruth Gordon, Otto Kruger, Donald Crisp, Maria Oupenskaya, Montagu Love, Sig Rumann, Donald Meek, Henr O'Neill, Albert Bassermann, Edward Norris, Harry Davenport, Louis Calhern, Louis Jean Heydt and Charles Halton.

Runtime: 103 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Biography and Medical.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 8 February 1940 (USA).

Production Company: Warner Bros. Pictures.

Synopsis: A cinematographic biography of German doctor Paul Ehrlich. The first part shows his work at a hospital, of which he is not very satisfied; his first contact with syphilis; his relationship with Emil Von Behring (O. Kruger) and Robert Koch (A. Bassermann), his work-relationship with the latter after succeeding in staining the tuberculosis bacillus; his suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis and his recovery in Egypt, and his role in the discovery of antidiphtheria serum. The second part of the film focuses on his effort in fighting syphilis and the discovery of 606 (Salvarsan).

Additional information: The film is based on an idea by Norman Burstine and on letters and notes belonging to the Ehrlich family. In 1940, it was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. In the 1972 Academy Awards Ceremony, Edward G. Robinson was posthumously awarded a special prize in recognition of his achievements in cinema and his career of over 50 years. Filmed almost entirely in a studio, it reconstructs the oppressive atmosphere of Berlin. It is one of Dieterle’s best biographical films.

Comments: Very early on in the film, there is a sequence that recreates the conference delivered on 24 March 1882 by Robert Koch before the Physiological Society of Berlin, where he announced the discovery of the etiologic agent of tuberculosis. One of those present at this announcement was Ehrlich, who, thanks to a culture provided by Koch, was able to stain Mycobacterium tuberculosis and prove its acid resistance. The film recreates the anecdote of how serendipity favoured him with the accidental overheating of a preparation, in this case, as opposed to what really happened, caused by his wife. This event is thus dramatically reinforced with the presence of Emil Von Behring. Later, Ehrlich faints at a party due to his pulmonary tuberculosis. He therefore goes to Egypt with his wife to recover. The dry climate of this country, together with rest and a good diet, where milk is essential due to its calcium content, leads to the scientist’s recovery.

References:

García-Sánchez JE, García E, Lucila Merino M. Cien años de la bala mágica del Dr.Ehrlich (1909–2009). Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2010.doi:10.1016/j.eimc.2009.07.009. Available at: link

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DRUNKEN ANGEL

Original title: Yoidore Tenshi. ??????.

Other titles: Drunken Angel (English). El ángel borracho/ El angel ebrio (Spain).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1948.

Director: Akira Kurosawa.

Music: Fumio Hayasaka.

Photography: Takeo Ito.

Film editor: Akira Kurosawa (uncredited).

Screenwriter: Keinosuke Uegusa and Akira Kurosawa.

Cast: Takashi Shimura, Choko Iida, Toshirô Mifune, Michiyo Kogure, Chieko Nakakita, Eitarô Shindô, Yoshiko Kuga, Noriko Sengoku and Reisaburo Yamamoto.

Runtime: 102 minutes. The director’s edition was 150 minutes long.

Genre: Drama, Crime and Medical.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 27 April 1948 (Japan). 30 December 1959 (USA). On TV and DVD in Spain.

Production Company: Toho Company Ltd.

Synopsis: Tokyo, after World War Two. Doctor Sanada (Takashi Shimura), an alcoholic doctor, receives a patient, Matsunaga (Toshirô Mifune), who has supposedly hurt himself with a door. However, the doctor finds a bullet. The patient is a petty gangster who suffers from tuberculosis. From then on, the doctor, recalling his own past, will attempt to save him despite the violent confrontations that arise between them.

References:

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DUSHMAN

Original title: Dushman.

Other title: Jiban Maran.

Country: India.

Year: 1938.

Director: Nitin Bose.

Music: Pankaj Mullick.

Photography: Nitin Bose.

Screenwriter: Mitin Bose and Sudarshan.

Cast: K.L. Saigal, Lia Desai, Najam, Shiraz Farooque, Nemo, Devbala, Panorama, Elias Chowla, Jagdish Sethi, Dhumi Khan, Boken Chatto, Indu Mukherjee and Bhanu Bannerjee.

Runtime: 144 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Medical.

Language: Hindi.

Color: Black and White.

Synopsis: Mohan (K. L. Sargal), a radio singer, and doctor Kedan (Najam), are in love with Geeta (Lia Desai). The former contracts tuberculosis and gives up the fight to win the heart of the young woman, who marries the doctor. Moham is admitted to a tuberculosis sanatorium from where he runs a radio programme as part of the campaign against tuberculosis.

Additional information: Made with the collaboration of the Indian Agency responsible for the fight against tuberculosis. It achieved considerable success, both because of the actors chosen and because of the appeal of the musical acts. There are four other films with the same original title, though not the same plot, that were premiered in 1957, 1971, 1990 and 1998 respectively.

References:

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EDVARD MUNCH

Original title: Edvard Munch.

Country: Sweden and Norway.

Year: 1974.

Director: Peter Watkins.

Photography: Odd-Geir Sæther (as Odd Geir Sæther).

Film editor: Peter Watkins.

Screenwriter: Peter Watkins.

Cast: Geir Westby, Gro Fraas, Eric Allum, Amund Berge, Kerstii Allum, Inger-Berit Oland, Susan Troldmyr, Camilla Falk, Gro Jarto, Ragnvald Caspari, Erik Kristiansen, Gunnar Skjetne, Katja Pedersen, Anne-Marie Daehli and Berit Rytter Hasle.

Runtime: 210 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama, Fantasy, History and Mystery.

Language: French, English, Norwegian, German, Swedish and Danish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 November 1974 (Norway).

Production Company: Norsk Film, Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK) and Sveriges Radio.

Synopsis: The plot revolves around the character of Norwegian painter Edvard Munch (Geir Westby). It focuses on the years between 1884 and 1894 and tells of his artistic evolution and relationships with different characters of the time. His mother’s death when he was five years old, and that of his sister when he was a teenager, both as a consequence of tuberculosis, marked his artistic career and become the core of some of his most polemical paintings.

Additional information: A film made for TV and performed by amateur actors. Many of the dialogues were taken from the painter’s diary.

References:

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EINER TRAGE DES ANDEREN LAST

Original title: Einer Trage Des Anderen Last.

Country: Germany (GDR).

Year: 1988.

Director: Lothar Warneke.

Screenwriter: Lothar Warneke. Based on a plot by Wolfgang Held.

Cast: Karin Gregorek, Heinz-Dieter Knaup, Susanne Lüning, Manfred Möck, Jörg Pose, Doris Thalmer, Peter Holzel, Hermann Stovesand, Monika Lennartz and Gert Gutschow.

Runtime: 115 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Comedy.

Language: German.

Color: Color.

Release date: 28 January 1988 (GDR). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Deutsche Film (DEFA).

Synopsis: This political comedy is a satire of communist ideology. The action takes place during the first years of the decade of the 50s of the last century in the German Democratic Republic. Tuberculosis forces two patients with opposing ideals to live together in the same room at a sanatorium. Josef Heiliger (Jörg Pose), a member of the police force, is admitted to the same room as Hubertus Koschenz (Manfred Möck), an Evangelical vicar. Josef has a picture of Stalin, reads Marx and Lenin, and sings The Internationale. Hubertus, on the other hand, has a picture of Jesus, reads the Bible, and sings Our God He is a Castle Strong. After many confrontations they arrive at the conclusion that they are not so different and might even become friends.

Additional information: In 1988, the film received several awards at the Berlin International Film Festival: Jury Award and Silver Bear for Best Actor (Manfred Möck and Jörg Pose).

References:

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EL AÑO DE LAS LUCES

Original title: El año de las luces.

Other titles: Year of Enlightment (undefined). The Year of Awakening (English, international).

Country: Spain.

Year: 1986.

Director: Fernando Trueba.

Music: Francisco Guerrero.

Photography: Juan Amorós.

Film editor: Carmen Frías.

Screenwriter: Rafael Azcona and Fernando Trueba, based on a story by Manuel Huete.

Cast: Jorge Sanz, Maribel Verdú, Manuel Alexandre, Rafaela Aparicio, Chus Lampreave, Verónica Forque, Santiago Ramos, Violeta Cela, Lucas Martín, José Sazatornil, Juan de Pablos, Pedro Reyes, Diana Peñalver, Gabriel Latorre, Antonio Sequeira, María Jesús Hoyos, Sonia Tarin and Jesús Fernández.

Runtime: 104 minutes.

Genres: Comedy and Drama.

Language: Spanish and French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 December 1986 (Spain).

Production Company: Iberoamericana Films Producción.

Synopsis: In May 1940 Manolo (Jorge Sanz) and Jesús (Lucas Martín) are sent to a tuberculosis sanatorium for children located in the Sierra de Gata, on the border with Portugal. They are 16 and 8 years old respectively and orphans, their father having died in the recently ended Civil War. At the sanatorium, Manolo experiences his sexual awakening and falls hopelessly in love with a girl from the village, María Jesús (Maribel Verdú), with whom he begins a relationship that will mark their lives forever.

Additional information: The film won the Silver Berlin Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival and the Goya Award for Best Supporting Actress (Verónica Forqué).

References:

link

EL EMBRUJO DE SHANGHAI

Original title: El embrujo de Shanghai.

Other titles: The Shanghai Spell (English, International).

Country: Spain, France and UK.

Year: 2002.

Director: Fernando Trueba.

Music: Antoine Duhamel.

Photography: José Luis López-Linares.

Film editor: Carmen Frías.

Screenwiter: Fernando Trueba based on Juan Marsé’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Fernando Tielve, Aida Folch, Ariadna Gil, Eduard Fernández, Fernando Fernán Gómez, Antonio Resines, Rosa María Sardà, Jorge Sanz, Juan José Ballesta, Cristina Dilla, Joan Borràs, Götz Otto, Ferran Rañé, Philippe Beglia and Féodor Atkine.

Runtime: 119 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Mystery.

Language: Spanish and Catalan.

Color: Color (real story) and Black and White (fictional story).

Release date: 12 April 2002 (Spain). 10 May 2005 (DVD, USA).

Production Company: Antena 3 Televisión, Lolafilms S. A., Orsans Productions, Pyramide Productions, TeleMadrid and Vía Digital.

Synopsis: The story takes place in Barcelona during the 40s. Dani (Fernando Tielve), a fourteen-year-old boy who has lost his father in the Civil War spends the summer idling about his neighbourhood. His neighbour, Ms Conxa (Rosa María Sardà), “la Betibú”, asks him to look after her husband, captain Blay (Fernando Fernán Gómez), who lost his mind during the armed conflict. Susana (Aida Folch), daughter of Anita (Ariadna Gil) and Kim (Antonio Resines), is a pretty fifteen-year-old girl who has been confined to her room because of tuberculosis and who lives expecting the return of her father, who is supposedly carrying out a secret mission in Shangai.

References:

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EL LÁPIZ DEL CARPINTERO

Original title: El lápiz del carpintero.

Other titles: O lapis do carpinteiro España (Galician). The Carpenter's Pencil (Europe, English title).

Country: Spain.

Year: 2003.

Director: Antón Reixa.

Music: Lucio Godoy.

Photography: Andreu Rebés.

Film editor: Guillermo Represa.

Screenwriter: Xosé Morais and Antón Reixa based on the homonymous novel by Manuel Rivas.

Cast: Tristán Ulloa, Luis Tosar, María Adánez, Nancho Novo, María Pujalte, Manuel Manquiña, Anne Igartiburu, Maxo Barjas, Carlos Sobera, Sergio Pazos, Monti Castiñeiras, Miguel de Lira, Gonzalo Uriarte and Celso Parada.

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 23 April 2003 (Spain).

Production Companies: Morena Films, Portozás Visión S.L., Sociedad General de Cine (SOGECINE) S.A., TeleMadrid and Televisión de Galicia (TVG) S.A.

Synopsis: The action takes place in Galicia, starting in Santiago de Compostela not long before the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. The protagonist is Daniel Da Barca (Tristán Ulloa), a doctor, a Republican activist, and the son of a Galician who emigrated to Mexico. He is in love with Marisa Mallo (María Adánez), who loves him in return in spite of her father’s opposition. A group of the Civil Guard are investigating him because of his left-wing political affiliation, and the report made by Corporal Herbal (Luis Tosar), who had been in love with his girlfriend since he was a child, is a determinant factor for his arrest after Franco takes control of the country. Nevertheless, he manages to survive in the Galician prisons he is confined in.

Additional information: The story is told by Herbal, who tells it to one of the girls of the club where he works as a cleaner. A client pushes him on his way out and he drops a carpenter’s pencil. The girl picks it up and gives it to him: -“Duval, your pencil never leaves you”. -“Do you want to know why? It´s a long story”…

Comments: Three characters could be linked to tuberculosis. The first is the Corporate, who opens the film with a coughing fit and who once thought he had the illness until Daniel told him that what he really had was angina pectoris. The second one is a painter who goes to portray the patients at the psychiatric hospital where the protagonist works. Upon seeing his former works the following conversation takes place:

- Daniel: “Most of these portraits are of people with tuberculosis”.

- Pintor: “Yes”…“How do you know that?”.

- Daniel: “Because you’ve portrayed the symptoms. The consumptive beauty”.

The third character is a convict that is transferred with Daniel to the prison in La Coruña. All the prisoners are checked by the prison doctor when they arrive, and therefore the doctor listens to his chest.

- Doctor (after listening to his chest while he coughs): “Bronchitis“.

- Daniel: “Doctor, if you allow me, I believe you’ve got the diagnosis wrong”.

-…

- Doctor: “What makes you think I’m wrong?”

- Daniel: “I’m a doctor, sir, Daniel Da Barca”.

- Doctor: “So you are Da Barca. And according to you, what’s wrong with this patient?”

- Daniel: Tuberculosis”.

References:

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EL MAR

Original title: El mar.

Other title: The Sea.

Country: Spain.

Year: 2000.

Director: Agustín Villaronga.

Music: Javier Navarrete.

Photography: Jaume Peracaula.

Film editor: Raúl Román.

Screenwriter: Antoni Aloy, Biel Mesquida and Agustín Villaronga. Based on Blai Bonet’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Roger Casamajor, Bruno Bergonzini, Antonia Torrens, Hernán González, Juli Mira, Simón Andreu, Angela Molina, David Lozano, Nilo Mur, Tony Miquel Vanrell, Victoria Verger, Sergi Moreno, Llorenc Santamaría, María del Mar Bonet and Blai Llopis.

Runtime: 107 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Catalan.

Color: Color.

Release date: 14 April 2000 (Spain). 22 June 2000 (USA, San Francisco International Lesbian and Gay Film Festival).

Production Company: Massa d´Or Produccions, TVE and TV3.

Synopsis: The story begins in 1936 during the Spanish Civil War. Two boys, Manuel (David Lozano) and Andreu (Nilo Mur), help their friend Pau (Tony Miquel Vanrell) to murder the son of the man who killed his father. Pau commits suicide and Manuel and Ramallo part after sealing a pact of silence regarding these events. In 1947, Francisca (Antonia Torrens), a girl who had witnessed the cruel childhood scene, has become a nun and works as a nurse at a tuberculosis sanatorium. There she meets Manuel (Bruno Bergonzini) and Andreu Ramallo (Roger Casamajor) again, both of them sick with tuberculosis. From that moment on, the hidden passions of the protagonists, who face the disease in different ways, will emerge: Manuel seeks shelter in religion, whereas Ramallo ignores it.

Additional information: It was filmed in the Balearic Islands and at the Hospital of Thoracic Diseases of Terrasa (Barcelona). Agustí Villaronga won the Manfred Salzgeber award at the Berlin International Film Festival and was nominated for the Golden Berlin Bear. It was nominated for the Goya award in the categories of Best New Actress (Antonia Torrens) and Best Cinematography in the year 2000. It was also nominated for the Cinema Writers Circle award in the category of Best Cinematography.

References:

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EL OTRO

Original title: El otro.

Other titles: The Other (English, international).

Country: Argentina.

Year: 2007.

Director: Ariel Rotter.

Photography: Marcelo Lavintman.

Film editor: Eliane Katz.

Screenwriter: Ariel Rotter.

Cast: Julio Chávez, María Onetto, María Ucedo, Inés Molina, Arturo Goetz and Osvaldo Bonet.

Runtime: 83 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 10 May 2007 (Argentina). 23 January 2009 (Spain).

Production Companies: Aquafilms, Celluloid Dreams, Selavy, AireCine and Visions Sud Est.

Synopsis: “A mature man, who lives between the guidelines stated by his father and those stated by his wife, finds that everything that seemed to guarantee his own soundness - even his own identity - shows symptoms of fragility. His body, his feelings and his consciousness, are all fragile. The man will distance himself from what up to then seemed to make up his daily life and, thus, by taking that step of detachment, he will study the reasons for such fragility. A regular midday business trip inland turns into a different journey altogether. When he reaches his destination, Juan Desouza, finds that the man travelling next to him fails to wake up. Secretly, as if it was a game, he decides to assume the identity of this man, to make up a profession, to find a place to stay the night: the possibility of never returning, the possibility of being someone else, of being lots of people. In these new days of freedom, in a state of availability, the man will embark, unawares, on a journey towards nature and a reunion with his likes and basic instincts, in an attempt to embrace the idea that the life he used to have, and had chosen to live, was not the only possibility…” (filmaffinity).

Additional information: Golden Bear for Best Actor (Julio Chávez) at the Berlin International Film Festival. Ariel Rotter was awarded the Silver Bear and nominated for the Golden Bear (2007).

Comments: The only detail related to tuberculosis in this film are some old letters the protagonist finds in a house and that have stamps bearing the Cross of Lorraine, a symbol related to tuberculosis

References:

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EL PRÓXIMO ORIENTE

Original title: El próximo Oriente.

Other titles: The Near East (International: English title).

Country: Spain.

Year: 2006.

Director: Fernando Colomo.

Music: Juan Bardem.

Photography: Néstor Calvo.

Film editor: Antonio Lara and María Lara.

Screenwriter: Fernando Colomo.

Cast: Javier Cifrián, Nur Al Levi, Asier Etxeandia, Ash Varrez, Lalita Ahmed, Gayathri Kesavan, Laskmi Khabrani, Laura Cepeda, Víctor Benjumea, Lilian Caro, Carlos Bañuelos, Kira Miró, Carmen Parra, María Parra and Azmi Ayyashi.

Runtime: 95 minutes.

Genre: Comedy.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 18 August 2006 (Spain).

Production Companies: Fernando Colomo Producciones Cinematográficas S.L. and Sogecine.

Synopsis: Caín (Javier Cifrián) is fat, shy and invisible for women. He works as a butcher in the district of Lavapies in Madrid, surrounded by immigrants from Morocco, Bangladesh, China, Senegal, Bulgaria, Peru… However, Caín feels lonely. His family is reduced to his brother Abel (Asier Etxeandia), who has everything Caín longs for: he is handsome, he is charming, he is married to a beautiful woman and he is the father of two lovely twin girls. When Caín finds out that his brother Abel has got Aisha (Nur Al Levi), an attractive neighbour, the daughter of Muslim immigrants from Bangladesh, pregnant, he surprises everybody by deciding to pretend to be the father and taking charge of the upkeep and education of the child (public synopsis).

Additional information: Nominated for Goya Awards in the categories of Best New Actor and Best Original Song (2007).

Comments: The female protagonist’s father, an immigrant from Pakistan, goes into a coma when he discovers the real identity of his future grandson’s father. The doctor who sees him tells the family, after studying the appropriate images, that he has a tumor and that its aetiology, which is nothing but a tuberculous granuloma that will require long-term treatment, will be clarified by the performance of a biopsy. The doctor dismisses this form of tuberculosis as an illness related to immigration. Encephalic tuberculosis in HIV-negative patients is an increasingly frequent disease in developed countries, especially among immigrants, and can present a pseudotumoral symptomatology.

References:

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ELINA - SOM OM JAG INTE FANNS.

Original title: Elina - Som om jag inte fanns.

Other title: As If I Didn't Exist (English, international). Elina: As If I Wasn't There (English, international). Näkymätön Elina (Finland). Elina, como si no estuviera aquí (Spain).

Country: Sweden and Finland.

Year: 2002.

Director: Klaus Härö.

Music: Tuomas Kantelinen.

Photography: Jarkko T. Laine.

Film editor: Riitta Poikselkä and Tomas Täng.

Screenwriter: Jimmy Karlsson and Kjell Sundstedt. Based on Kerstin Johansson i Backe’s novel Som om jag inte fanns.

Cast: Natalie Minnevik, Sara Arnia, Tind Soneby, Bibi Anderson, Marjaana Maijala, Henrik Rafaelsen, Björn Granath, Jarl Lindblad, Peter Rogers, Carolina Berggren, Amanda Andersson and Zorro Svärdendahl.

Runtime: 77 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Family.

Language: Swedish and Finnish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 November 2002 (Finland, Oulu International Children's Film Festival). 24 October 2003 (USA, Chicago International Children's Film Festival). June 2003 (Spain, Cinema Jove International Film Festival).

Production Company: Filmlance International AB, Filmpool Nord AB, Kinoproduction and Svenska Filminstitutet (SFI).

Synopsis: Elina (Natalie Minnevik) is a nine-year-old girl who lives in the north of Sweden in the early 50s. She belongs to the Finnish-speaking minority. Her father died of tuberculosis some years ago but she believes she can still talk with him in the marshland that is behind her house. She is also sick with tuberculosis, owing to which she has missed school for quite a long period and has had to repeat a whole academic year. Her new teacher, Ms Tora Holm (Bibi Andersson), believes she is careless and negligent and sets about to turn her into a neat and tidy schoolgirl. This involves speaking perfect Swedish, without using Finnish expressions and, above all, respecting people of authority. Shy Elina, proud and offended by so little willingness to understand her situation, rebels against her teacher’s ways. Elina repeatedly wanders about the marshlands trying to get in touch with her father. One day she sinks into the mud and is almost swallowed up. This is when she realizes that she is not alone, but that she is loved and needed. When she goes to school the following morning everything is different.

Additional information: Winner of the Golden Moon of Valencia in the official film section at the 18th edition of the Cinema Jove International Film Festival (2003).

References:

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ENTERTAINING ANGELS: THE DOROTHY DAY STORY

Original title: Entertaining Angels: The Dorothy Day Story.

Other titles: Entertaining Angels. La fuerza de un ángel (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1996.

Director: Michael Ray Rhodes.

Music: Bill Conti and Ashley Irwin.

Photography: Mike Fash.

Film editor: George Folsey Jr.

Screenwriter: John Wells.

Cast: Moira Kelly, Martin Sheen, Lenny Von Dohlen, Melinda Dillon, Paul Lieber, Heather Graham, Boyd Kestner, James Lancaster, Geoffrey Blake, Brian Keith, Heather Camille, Thom Adcox-Hernandez, David Beron, Pamela Shafer, Allyce Beasley, Tracey Walter, Paul Weaver, Val Betting, Mary Greening and Brian Libby.

Runtime: 110/112 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 September 1996 (USA). Released for TV in Spain.

Production Company: Paulist Pictures.

Synopsis: This is a story based on the life of Dorothy Day (Moira Kelly), a woman of extraordinary faith who is remarkably committed to the most important social causes of her time. She was born in Brooklyn in 1897 and grew up in Chicago in the heart of a Protestant family. In 1916 she moved to New York where she pursued her career as a revolutionary journalist, made contributions to several publications and supported the feminist movement. She had a series of lovers; she was made pregnant by one of them and had an illegal abortion. She married, but the marriage only lasted one year. In 1926 she became pregnant again and decided to have the child. The birth of her daughter triggers a spiritual change in her. She becomes a Catholic and the deep faith she feels moves her to tirelessly help the disadvantaged through her deeds (providing shelter, feeding and clothing the needy) and publications. She spends time in prison for opposing the Vietnam War. Her work lives on in the form of shelters and dining halls and, above all, in her struggle for peace and justice (public synopsis).

Comments: Several sets of infectious symptoms are mentioned such as: “people suffer from dysentery, hunger and now the flu epidemic”; “they have tuberculosis, bedbugs, cholera and syphilis and we don’t have enough medicines”.

References:

link

EROICA

Original title: Eroica.

Other titles: Heroica (Argentina). Heroism (undefined).

Country: Poland.

Year: 1958.

Director: Andrzej Munk.

Music: Jan Krenz.

Photography: Jerzy Wójcik.

Film editor: Miroslawa Garlicka and Jadwiga Zajicek.

Screenwriter: Jerzy Stefan Stawinski.

Cast: Edward Dziewonski, Barbara Polomska, Józef Nowak, Ignacy Machowski, Leon Niemczyk, Kazimierz Opalinski, Zofia Czerwinska, Eleonora Lorente, Emil Karewicz, Tomasz Lengren, Jerzy Turek, Roman Wilhelmi, Tomasz Zaliwski, Jerzy Felczynski, Roman Hubczenko, Zygmunt Listkiewicz, Kazimierz Rudzki, Henryk Bak, Mariusz Dmochowski, Roman Klosowski, Bogumil Kobiela, Józef Kostecki, Tadeusz Lomnicki and Wojciech Siemion.

Runtime: 87 minutes.

Genres: War, Comedy and Drama.

Language: Polish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 4 January 1958 (Poland). 11 February 1966 (USA). In Spain it was released during the 18th Experimental Film Week of Madrid which took place from 21 to 28 November, 2008.

Production Company: ZRF "Kadr".

Synopsis: The film comprises two stories about life in Poland during World War Two; in fact, in Spanish it was even called Heroica. Sinfonía heroica en dos partes (Heroic. Two-part heroic symphony). In the first part Scherzo Alla Pollaca, "Dzidzius" Górkiewicz (Edward Dziewonski) unintentionally becomes a hero during the 1944 Warsaw Uprising. At first he deserts, but when he arrives home on the outskirts of the city, his wife’s lover, a lieutenant of the Hungarian army (an official ally of the Germans), makes him an offer he cannot refuse: the Hungarian army wants to join the Polish forces of the AK (national army), but needs official confirmation that the Red Army will treat them as allies and not, as was the case up to the time, as enemies. Dzidzius will witness how his patriotism will force him to cross the German lines once again to contact the AK headquarters in Warsaw.

The second part, Ostinato Lugubre, begins when the Warsaw Uprising has already been quenched. The story takes place in a prison camp at the foot of the Alps. The prisoners of the Uprising will find themselves together with the Polish prisoners of the 1939 defensive war. The action takes place in one of the barrack huts for officials, where two different sets of experiences and two completely different worlds will be thrust together. While the officials of the Warsaw uprising are conscious of their efforts and heroism, they have been defeated again so they are aware of the need to leave romantic heroism behind (they ironically say that they have come to the camp to have a well-deserved rest). However, the officials of the 39 war, most of them probably cavalry officials (those who were to charge against the German tanks riding Wajda’s mare Lotna), are anchored in the past, still using the codes, behaviour and language of the officials from the Polish lancers’ battalion at the service of Napoleon.

Comments: Lieutenant Zawistowski (Tadeusz Lomnicki) manages to escape from the prisoncamp, raising the hopes of the prisoners; however, few of them know that he is really hidden in the loft of a barrack hut and that he is sick with tuberculosis, from which he finally dies.

References:

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FACCIA A FACCIA

Original title: Cara a cara (Spain).Faccia a faccia (Italy).

Country: Spain and Italy.

Year: 1967.

Director: Sergio Sollima.

Music: Ennio Morricone.

Photography: Emilio Foriscot and Rafael Pacheco.

Film editor: Eugenio Alabiso.

Screenwriter: Sergio Donati and Sergio Sollima.

Cast: Gian María Volonté, Tomás Milián, William Berger, Jolanda Modio, Gianni Rizzo, Carole André, Lydia Alfonsi, Paco Sanz, Ángel del Pozo, Lorenzo Robledo, Nello Pazzafini, Linda Veras, Frank Braña, Rossella D'Aquino, Antonio Casas, Aldo Sanbrell, José Torres, Ivan Scratuglia and Guy Heron.

Runtime: 108 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: Italian and Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 23 November 1967 (Italy). 14 October 1968 (Spain).

Production Company: Arturo González Producciones Cinematográficas S. A. and Produzioni Europee Associati.

Synopsis: Brad Fletcher (Gian María Volonté) is a history teacher who suffers from tuberculosis, which is why he gives up teaching and goes to Texas in search of the beneficial effects that the sun and a dry climate have for his disease. Once in the south, Beauregard Bennett (Tomás Milián), a dangerous outlaw arrested by a sheriff and his helper, takes him hostage to be able to escape. Brad ends up becoming a member of the gang and, subsequently, its leader.

References:

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FALLING LEAVES

Original title: Falling leaves.

Other titles: La caída de las hojas (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1912.

Director: Alice Guy?

Cast: Mace Greenleaf, Blanche Cornwall, Marian Swayne, Magda Foy (as The Solax Kid) and Darwin Karr.

Runtime: 12 minutes.

Genre: Short and Drama.

Language: Silent and English (Intertitles).

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 15 March 1912 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Solax Film Company.

Synopsis: The story takes place in New York in autumn during the early 20th century. Dr. Earl Headley (Mace Greenleaf) discovers an effective treatment for tuberculosis. In a wealthy household, Winifred Thompson (Marian Swayne) is playing the piano when she suddenly begins to cough and faints. She is seriously ill with pulmonary tuberculosis. She is visited by a doctor who tells the family that by the time the last leaf has fallen the young woman will be dead. Later on, in the garden, Trixie (Magda Foy), the Thompsons’ youngest child, ties the fallen leaves to the trees so that her sister won’t die. Dr. Headley passes by and asks the child why she is doing that and she tells him. The doctor tells her he has discovered a serum to treat consumption that might save her sister. He uses it on her and Winifred is healed. Love arises between the patient and the bacteriologist who cures her.

Additional information: The film can be viewed at link. It is available on DVD (More Treasures from American Film Archives 1894-1931).

Comments: The film reflects the effects of tuberculosis on the population of the time when it was filmed and the expectations there were of finding a treatment that would be really effective.

References:

link

FAMILY DIARY or FAMILY PORTRAIT

Original title: Cronaca Familiare.

Other titles: Family Diary (USA, original subtitled version). Family Portrait (USA). Crónica familiar (Spain).

Country: Italy.

Year: 1962.

Director: Valerio Zurlini.

Music: Goffredo Petrassi.

Photography: Giuseppe Rotunno.

Film editor: Mario Serandrei.

Screenwriter: Mario Missiroli, Valerio Zurlini and Vasco Pratolini. Based on Vasco Pratolini’s homonymous novel [Cronaca familiare (1947)].

Cast: Marcello Mastroianni, Jacques Perrin, Sylvie, Salvo Randone, Valeria Giangottini, Serena Vergano, Marco Guglielmi and Franca Pasut.

Runtime: 109 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Italian.

Color: Color.

Release date: September 1962 (Italy, Venice International Film Festival). 30 January 1963 (Spain).

Production Company: Titanus Film.

Synopsis: In 1945 Enrico (Marcello Mastroianni), a young journalist, receives a phone call informing him of the death of Dino (Jacques Perrin), his younger brother. Enrico recalls how after years of separation they met again, how he became infected with tuberculosis and had to go to a sanatorium while his brother suffered from an incurable disease.

Additional information: Golden Lion at the 23rd Venice Film Festival in 1962.

References:

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FIELDS OF HONOR

Original title: Fields of Honor.

Other titles: Campos de honor (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1918.

Director: Ralph Ince.

Screenwriter: Irvin S. Cobb, based on a short story with the same title that was published on 13 May 1916 in the Saturday Evening Post.

Cast: Mae Marsh, Marguerite Marsh, George Cooper, John Wessel, Vernon Steele, Neil Moran, Maud Cooling, Ned Hay, Edward Lynch and 'Mother' Marsh.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent and English (Intertitles).

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 14 January 1918 (USA).

Production Company: Goldwyn Pictures Corporation.

Synopsis: “Marie Messereau, with her sister Helene and brother Paul, emigrates from France to America, the land of promise, accompanied by Helene's German fiancé, Hans Grossman. The four find employment, and all goes well until Paul and Hans are called back to Europe to fight in World War I. Robert Vorhis falls in love with Marie, but because a rejected suitor tells him that Marie's reputation is stained, he goes to California with his parents to forget her. Helene contracts tuberculosis, and when Marie, seeking the location of a hospital for consumptives, asks several men their address, she is arrested for streetwalking. Robert's father, Judge Vorhis, acquits her, but upon returning home, she discovers that Paul and Hans have been killed in battle and that her sister has committed suicide. Broken, Marie decides to return to France and is about to sail when Robert, who has been unable to forget her, rushes up the gangplank and takes her in his arms (AFI).

References:

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FIGHT CLUB

Original title: Fight Club.

Other titles: El Club de la Pelea (Argentina and Mexico). El club de la lucha (Spain).

Country: Germany and USA.

Year: 1999.

Director: David Fincher.

Music: The Dust Brothers (John King and Michael Simpson).

Photography: Jeff Cronenweth.

Film editor: James Haygood.

Screenwriter: Jim Uhls. Based on Chuck Palahniuk’s homonymous novel (The Fight Club).

Cast: Brad Pitt, Edward Norton, Pat McNama, Helena Bonham Carter, Meat Loaf Aday, Jared Leto, Zach Granier, Richmond Arquette, Eugenie Bondurant, David Andrews, George Maguire, Christina Cabot, Rachel Singer, Christie Cronenweth and Sydney Colston.

Runtime: 140 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 21 September 1999 (USA, CMJ Film Festival). 5 November 1999 (Spain).

Production Company: Fox 2000 Pictures, Regency Enterprises, Linson Films, Atman Entertainment, Knickerbocker Films and Taurus Film.

Synopsis: The film tells the story of The Narrator (Edward Norton), a nameless young man who suffers from insomnia. To fight it he attends support group meetings for alcoholics, people with cancer, people with tuberculosis, people with parasitism… One day he meets Tyler Durden (Brad Pitt) and everything starts to change. They establish a secret club where businessmen can fight in order to release their frustrations. The popularity of the club increases together with Tyler’s fame, leading him to become a kind of new Messiah for the people of his generation who are seeking answers to their lives. This situation is not well received by The Narrator.

Comments: “…And again, at Seize The Day, my tuberculosis, Friday night…” ”… I saw you at tuberculosis…” “…You take lymphoma and tuberculosis. You take tuberculosis. My smoking doesn't go over at all…”

Additional information: In 2000 it was nominated for Oscar in the category of Best Effects, Sound Effects Editing.

References:

link

FINDING NEVERLAND

Original title: Finding Neverland.

Other titles: Descubriendo nunca jamás (Spain). Descubriendo el país de nunca jamás (Argentina). Descubriendo la tierra del Nunca Jamás (Chile).

Country: USA and UK.

Year: 2004.

Director: Marc Forster.

Music: Jan A.P. Kaczmarek.

Photography: Roberto Schaefer.

Film editor: Matt Chesse (as Matt Chessé).

Screenwriter: David Magee. Based on the play The Man Who Was Peter Pan by Allan Knee.

Cast: Johnny Depp, Kate Winslet, Julie Christie, Radha Mitchell, Dustin Hoffman, Freddie Highmore, Joe Prospero, Nick Roud, Luke Spill, Ian Hart, Kelly Macdonald, Mackenzie Crook, Eileen Essel, Jimmy Gardner and Oliver Fox.

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Biography and Family.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 4 September 2004 (USA) at the Telluride Film Festival. 11 February 2005 (Spain).

Production Company: Miramax Films and FilmColony.

Synopsis: The plot begins when the famous Scottish playwright J.M. Barrie (Johnny Depp) sees how his latest play captivates and surprises the refined English society of the 19th century. Barrie is a literary genius, but is bored with always dealing with the same topics in his novels and therefore urgently needs to find a new source of inspiration. One day, he unexpectedly finds it while taking a stroll through the Kensington gardens in London with his St. Bernard, Porthos. There, Barrie comes across the Llewelyn Davies family: four fatherless children and their beautiful mother, Sylvia Llewelyn Davies (Kate Winslet), who has recently been widowed. Despite the disapproval of the children’s strict grandmother, Emma du Maurier (Julie Christie), and the resentment of his own wife (Radha Mitchell), Barrie befriends the family. He amuses the children with magic tricks, dressing up, and creating imaginary worlds of kings and castles, cowboys and Indians, and pirates and shipwrecks. He turns hillsides into galleons, sticks into powerful swords, kites into fairy godmothers and the children of the Llewelyn Davies family into The Lost Children of Neverland. From these incomparable emotions and the thirst for adventure that rules childhood will stem Barrie’s most daring and famous work, Peter Pan. At first, his drama company seems reluctant. Its loyal producer, Charles Frohman (Dustin Hoffman), fears that Barrie might end up in penury with this childish fantasy, but Barrie begins with the rehearsals, shocking the actors with his strange demands: to fly over the set, to talk with shining fairies, or to wear dog or crocodile costumes. When Barrie is about to present the world of Peter Pan, a tragic turn forces him and his loved ones to come to terms with what living really means.

Additional information: This film won the Academy Award for Best Original Score (Jan A.P. Kaczmarek) and received nominations in six other categories: Best Film, Best Actor in a Leading Role (Johnny Depp), Best Adapted Screenplay (David Magee), Best Achievement in Art Direction, Best Achievement in Costume Design (Alexandra Byrne) and Best Achievement in Editing (Matt Chesse).

Comments: Sylvia suffers from tuberculosis, although this word is never mentioned in the film, and dies of it.

Peter: “But why did she have to die?”

James: “I don't know, Peter. When I think of your mother, I will always remember how happy she looked, sitting there in the parlour watching a play about her family, about her boys that never grew up. She went to Neverland. And you can visit her any time you like if you just go there yourself.”

References:

link

FIRES ON THE PLAIN

Original title: Nobi.

Other titles: Fires on the Plains(English, international). Fuego en la llanura (Spanish translation).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1959.

Director: Kon Ichikawa.

Music: Yasushi Akutagawa.

Photography: Setsuo Kobayashi and Setsuo Shibata.

Film editor: Tatsuji Nakashizu.

Screenwriter: Natto Wada based on Shohei Ooka’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Eiji Funakoshi, Osamu Takizawa, Mickey Curtis, Mantarô Ushio, Kyû Sazanka, Yoshihiro Hamaguchi, Asao Sano, Masaya Tsukida and Hikaru Hoshi.

Runtime: 108 minutes.

Genre: War and Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 3 November 1959 (Japan). 25 July 1962. It not released in Spain.

Production Company: Daiei Studios and Kadokawa Herald Pictures.

Synopsis: The plot develops in the Philippines in early 1945. The Japanese army is in the process of being defeated; it is beating a retreat and fighting desperately in the jungle. The men are afraid of the Americans, who they try to flee from while they suffer the ravages of malaria and other infections, together with food shortage. The position they are in is so bad that they even engage in inhuman acts such as cannibalism. Tamura (Eiji Funakoshi) is one of these men.

Additional information: An anti-war film. It is considered to be a film of high artistic and historical value.

Comments: Tamura is sick with tuberculosis and cannot be treated at his army’s hospital since there are no beds for a doomed man.

- “You idiot! The hospital sends you back and you obey? There's no room here for consumptives like you! Go back! Tell 'em you have nowhere to go. They'll have to take you”.

-…

-You're coughing up blood and can't even lift a sack of potatoes”. In the thick of war, your comrades gave you five days' food to take to the hospital. Three days later you returned, saying they'd pronounced you cured. TB cured in three days?”.

-…

- Why don't you just kill me and eat me? I could've done that long ago, but I've got no hankering for TB germs.

References:

link

FOR HIS SAKE

Original title: For His Sake.

Other titles: Por su bien (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1922.

Director: John S. Lawrence.

Screenwriter: John S. Lawrence.

Cast: John Francis Dillon, Hilda Nord, Charles Jackson and Jane Jennings.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: April 1922 (USA).

Production Company: Zerner Film Co.

Synopsis: “Ethel Dean is left an orphan when her mother dies of consumption, because of insufficient care. Her mother's brother, Sidney Bentham, is a wealthy financier, but has isolated himself from all his relatives. Ethel and her pal, Jimmy, the newsie, set out to find Bentham. They happen to arrive at his home, and Bentham, who has heard of his sister's death, repents sufficiently to take Ethel into his home. Jimmy, too, finds shelter there and the two plot to reform Bentham, who is bent on destroying his brother on the stock market. The two children plan a clever campaign and succeed in restoring the friendship between the two brothers (AFI from Moving Picture World, 10 Jun 1922, p577).

Additional information: Short films under the same title were released in 1911 (two of them), 1912 and 1913.

References:

link

link

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FORBIDDEN FRUIT

Original title: Forbidden Fruit, Who's to Blame? (Re-release).

Other titles: La fruta prohibida (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Director: Ivan Abramson.

Screenwriter: Ivan Abramson.

Cast: Paula Shay, Everett Butterfield, Minna Phillips, James Cooley, Kittens Reichert, Walter Gould, June Janin and J.H. Lewis (as Daddy Lewis).

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent and English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: December 1915 (USA).

Production Company: Ivan Film Productions.

Synopsis: “Ruth Ancaster breaks her engagement to Edward, a broker, when she learns of his other affairs, and marries Edward's friend Henry, who lives a clean life. Deep in financial difficulties, Henry forges Edward's name on a stock certificate in order not to get into debt and is caught. Edward, in revenge for being jilted, sues. When Ruth pleads for Henry, Edward offers to withdraw his charges if she will "pay the price." The suit is dropped and Henry is released from prison. A few years later, Edward dies from tuberculosis that his weakened system, resulting from his dissipated life, could not combat. Traces of consumption in their son Walter, plus other evidence, lead Henry to suspect that the child's father was Edward, and Ruth admits that he is right. Henry drives her and the boy away and lives alone with his legitimate daughter Emily until Emily runs away to find Ruth. After locating Emily, Henry forgives Ruth” (AFI).

Additional information: Other films under the same title were released in 1907 and 1921.

References:

link

link

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FOREVER MY LOVE

Original title: Forever My Love.

Country: Austria.

Year: 1962.

Director: Ernst Marischka.

Music: Burt Bacharach and Anton Profes.

Photography: Burt Bacharach and Anton Profes.

Film editor: Bruno Mondi.

Screenwriter: Ernst Marischka.

Cast: Romy Schneider, Karlheinz Böhm, Magda Schneider, Vilma Degischer, Gustav Knuth, Josef Meinrad, Uta Franz, Walter Reyer, Erich Nikowitz, Karl Fochler, Peter Weck, Hilde Wagener, Senta Wengraf, Helene Lauterböck, Klaus Knuth, Egon von Jordan, Hans Ziegler, Albert Rueprecht, Sonia Sorel, Peter Neusser and Johannes Ferigo.

Runtime: 147 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Romance and Biography.

Language: German.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 March 1962.

Production Company: Erma-Film.

Synopsis: In the 1850s Archduchess Sophie (Vilma Degischer) of Austria chooses Princess Helene (Uta Franz) to become the wife of her son, Emperor Franz Josef (Karlheinz Böhm). However, the latter falls in love with Helene’s younger sister Elisabeth, Sissi (Romy Schneider), who he at first believes to be a country girl. After announcing their engagement they get married. Upon returning from their honeymoon her performance, far from the strict court protocol, pleases her husband and wins over the restless Hungarian nation. The Count of Andrassy (Walter Reyer) confesses her his love, but Sissi, although attracted to him, remains faithful to her husband, and together they enjoy a second honeymoon in the Alps. Sick with tuberculosis she recovers in Spain under the care of her mother, Duchess Ludovika (Magda Schneider). Back with her husband they go to Italy where they are received coldly, but the manners, friendliness and charm of the Empress win the heart of the Italians, after which they return to Austria.

Additional information: This film results from the combination of Sissi (1955), Sissi: The Young Empress/ Sissi, Die Junge Kaiserin (1956) and Sissi, Fateful Years of an Empress/ Sissi, Schicksalsjahre Einer Kaiserin (1957), made for the English-speaking market.

References:

link

FULL METAL JACKET

Original title: Full Metal Jacket. Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket.

Other titles: Cara de guerra (Mexico). Nacido para matar (Argentina). La chaqueta metálica (Spain).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1987.

Director: Stanley Kubrick.

Music: Vivian Kubrick (as Abigail Mead).

Photography: Douglas Milsome.

Film editor: Martin Hunter.

Screenwriter: Stanley Kubrick, Michael Herr and Gustav Hasford based on the novel The Short-Timers by Gustav Hasford.

Cast: Matthew Modine, Adam Baldwin, Vincent D'Onofrio, R. Lee Ermey (as Lee Ermey), Dorian Harewood, Arliss Howard, Kevyn Major Howard, Ed O'Ross, John Terry, Kieron Jecchinis, Kirk Taylor, Tim Colceri, Jon Stafford, Bruce Boa and Ian Tyler

Runtime: 116 minutes.

Genre: War and Drama.

Language: English and Vietnamese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 June 1987 (USA). 2 January 1989 (Spain).

Production Company: Natant, Stanley Kubrick Productions and Warner Bros. Pictures.

Synopsis: A group of recruits is being trained at Parris Island, a boot camp of the American Navy. Sergeant Hartman (R. Lee Ermey) is there, harsh and unforgiving, his only mission in life being to harden the recruits’ bodies and souls so that they can fight the enemy. However, not all the young men are able to endure his methods in the same way (public synopsis).

Additional information: Nominated for an academy Award in the category of Best Adapted Screenplay (1988).

Comments: The following comment can be heard:

- Recruit: “You know, half of these gook whores are serving officers in the Vietcong. The other half have got TB. Be sure you only fuck the ones that cough”.

References:

link


-G-

GANGS OF NEW YORK

Original title: Gangs of New York.

Other titles: Pandillas de Nueva York (Argentina).

Country: USA and Italy.

Year: 2002.

Director: Martin Scorsese.

Music: Howard Shore.

Photography: Michael Ballhaus.

Film editor: Thelma Schoonmaker.

Screenwriter: Jay Cocks, Steve Zaillian and Kenneth Lonergan based on a plot by Jay Cocks, based on the homonymous book by Herbert Asbury.

Cast: Leonardo DiCaprio, Daniel Day-Lewis, Cameron Diaz, Jim Broadbent, John C. Reilly, Henry Thomas, Liam Neeson, Brendan Gleeson, Brendan Gleeson, Gary Lewis, Stephen Graham, Eddie Marsan, Alec McCowen (as Alec Mccowen), David Hemmings, David Hemmings, Cara Seymour and Roger Ashton-Griffiths.

Runtime: 167 minutes.

Genre: Action, Crime and Drama.

Languages: English, Gaelic Irish, Chinese and Latin.

Color: Color.

Release date: 9 December 2002 (USA). 28 February 2003 (Spain).

Production Companies: Miramax Films, Initial Entertainment Group (IEG) and Alberto Grimaldi Productions.

Synopsis: Set in New York between 1840 and 1863. Manhattan is controlled by merciless gangs. The background of the story is the Civil War and the riots in the poverty stricken district of Five Points. The so-called “Native Americans”, born in the USA, see immigrants as invaders who steal their jobs and means for making a living. Amsterdam Vallon (Leonardo DiCaprio), a youg Irish immigrant, is the leader of the Dead Rabbits, while Bill “The Butcher” (Daniel Day-Lewis) is the leader of their rival gang, the Native Americans. Amsterdam wants to take revenge on Bill, the man who killed his father. With the help of Jenny Everdeane (Cameron Diaz), Amsterdam’s revenge becomes more dangerous as he finds out that his father was killed as a result of one of the confrontations between two of the most powerful gangs of Manhattan.

Additional information: It was nominated for ten Academy Awards in 2003: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor in a Leading Role (Daniel Day-Lewis), Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design, Best Film Editing, Best Original Song, Best Sound and Best Writing.

Comments: The infectious pathology common to the time is mentioned. Thus, when Amsterdam asks:

- “Who are the gangs around now?”

The following sentence is included in the answer:

- “Bendrick carries a germ. If you try to leave the gang, he hacks up blood on you”.

It is quite clear that Bendrick suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis.

References:

link

GINGER SNAPS 2: UNLEASHED

Original title: Ginger Snaps 2: Unleashed.

Other titles: Aullidos de terror (Argentina). Feroz 2 (Mexico). Ginger Snaps II: Los malditos (Spain).

Country: Canada.

Year: 2004.

Director: Brett Sullivan.

Music: Kurt Swinghammer.

Photography: Henry Less y Gavin Smith.

Film editor: Michele Conroy.

Screenwriter: Megan Martin based on characters created by Karen Walton.

Cast: Emily Perkins, Brendan Fletcher, Katharine Isabelle, Tatiana Maslany, Susan Adam, Janet Kidder, Chris Fassbender, Pascale Hutton, Michelle Beaudoin, Eric Johnson, David McNally, Patricia Idlette, Lydia Lau, Coralie Cairns and Shaun Johnston.

Runtime: 94 minutes.

Genre: Horror and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 30 January 2004 (Canada). 13 April 2004 (USA). 27 October 2004 (Spain), in DVD format.

Production Companies: 49th Parallel Productions and Combustion.

Synopsis: After suffering an overdose of the drug that prevents her from becoming a werewolf, Brigitte is locked up in a centre for the rehabilitation of drug addicts. Without her dose, her transformation begins to speed up. The situation gets even worse when she is also haunted by the ghost of her sister and by another lycanthrope (public synopsis).

Additional information: Sequel to Ginger Snaps (2000) by John Fawcett (link).

Comments:“The hospitaI was built in the 1920s to quarantine tubercuIosis patients,…”

References:

link

GIRL OF MY HEART

Original title: Girl of my Heart. The Girl of My Heart.

Other titles: Chica de mi corazón (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1920.

Director: Edward LeSaint.

Photography: Friend Baker.

Screenwriter: Mildred Considine and Edward LeSaint based on the novel Joan of Rainbow Springs by Frances Marian Mitchell.

Cast: Shirley Mason, Raymond McKee, Martha Mattox, Al Fremont, Cecil Van Auker, Calvin Weller, Hooper Toler and Alfred Weller.

Genre: Western and Adventure.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: November 1920 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: “On Christmas Eve, Joan runs away from a cruel woman who had taken her from an orphanage and finds shelter at the Whites' mansion. Joan saves Rodney White (Raymond McKee) from killing himself because he is a victim of the white plague. Impressed with Joan's faith, Rodney adopts her, taking her out West with his aunt Prudence (Martha Mattox) in hopes of recovering his health. There, at an Indian settlement, they discover that Major Philips (Al Fremont) is selling whiskey to the Indians; Philips retaliates by hiring the Indian Chawa (Hooper Toler) to kill Rodney and kidnap Joan. Rodney is only injured, however, and with the aid of the hermit Dr Norman (Cecil Van Auker), he recovers. They eventually rescue Joan from her kidnapper, Rodney learns that he is cured, and he and Joan fall in love” (AFI).

References:

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link

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GOBEN NO TSUBAKI

Original title: Goben no tsubaki. ????.

Other titles: The Scarlet Camellia (USA).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1964.

Director: Yoshitaro Nomura.

Music: Yasushi Akutagawa.

Photography: Takashi Kawamata.

Screenwiter: Masato Ide based on the homonymous novel by Shûgorô Yamamoto.

Cast: Shima Iwashita, Yoshi Katô, Sachiko Hidari, Takahiro Tamura, Yûnosuke Itô, Shoichi Ozawa, Kô Nishimura, Eiji Okada, Go Kato, Tamotsu Hayakawa and Matsuko Shiga.

Runtime: 117 (USA)/ 163 minutes.

Genre: Crime and Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 26 February 1965 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Shôchiku Eiga.

Synopsis: After a fire in a merchant’s house, three bodies are found: those of his wife, his daughter and a man who suffered from tuberculosis. Some time after a series of murders begin to take place, all of them of men and sharing a common feature: a red camellia is always found next to the body.

References:

link

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GOOD

Original title: Good.

Other titles: El principio del mal (Argentina).

Country: Great Britain and Germany.

Year: 2008.

Director: Vicente Amorim.

Music: Simon Lacey.

Photography: Andrew Dunn.

Film editor: John Wilson.

Screenwriter: John Wrathall based on the homonymous play by Cecil Philip Taylor.

Cast: Viggo Mortensen, Mark Strong, Jason Isaacs, Steven Mackintosh, Mark Strong, Gemma Jones, Anastasia Hille, Ruth Gemmell, Ralph Riach, Steven Elder, Kevin Doyle, David de Keyser, Guy Henry, Adrian Schiller and Rick Warden.

Runtime: 96 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Nazism.

Language: English, German and French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 11 December 2008 (USA) premiered in New York. 22 May 2009 (Spain).

Production Company: Good Films and Miromar Entertainment.

Synopsis: John Haldeer (Viggo Mortensen) was a “good” German in the strictest sense of the word. Or wouldn’t it be so for a citizen who in the Germany of 1938 swam against the tide of what was happening in his country? A good university lecturer, he motivated his students, he advocated freedom of thought and he was against the banning of books. He fulfilled his duties as a family man by looking after a neurotic wife, two children and a mother who was sick with tuberculosis and suffered from dementia. A good soldier during World War One, he became friends with a Jewish doctor and psychoanalyst, alongside whom he fought on the front and who treated his psychological problems. He was against the National Socialist Regime, which he thought of as something temporary, and he did not join the party in spite of pressures from his father-in-law and of the fact that taking this step would help him to progress at university. However, the publication in 1933 of a romantic novel in which a man killed his wife out of pity put him in touch with the Nazi Regime in 1938. A work of this kind completely agreed with the party’s ideals and he was put in charge of writing an essay that would justify their eugenic activities as stemming “from love”. For fear, no doubt, and also, why not, out of self-respect, he agreed to write it. He joined the party and even became a member of the SS. He broke up with his wife and married a former student who had become his lover while still at university. He began to turn away from his friend and to think that the “Jewish issue” was not that serious. Gradually, the “good” John Halder became more and more involved in The Shoah, until one day he found his friend, whom he had never forgotten, in an extermination camp in Silesia.

Comments: The tuberculosis that the protagonist’s mother suffers from is part of the setting and therefore not well developed. It is pulmonary and said to be chronic (of course!); it is treated with pills (?) and is seemingly overcome, since in one of the scenes John tells his mother that her lungs are clean. Nevertheless, later on, he finds her in bed, not looking well at all and coughing, which is when the good woman tries to kill herself by ingesting the pills she takes. Shortly after, she dies.

References:

link

link

GOODBYE, MR. GERM

Original title: Goodbye Mr. Germ.

Other titles: Adios Sr. Germen (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1940.

Director: Edgar G. Ulmer.

Photography: Joseph Noble.

Film editor: Hans E. Mandl.

Animation: H.L. Roberts.

Cast: James Kirkwood.

Runtime: 14 minutes.

Genre: Short, Health Information, Drama and partly Animation.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: National Tuberculosis Association (as The National Tuberculosis Association) and Springer Pictures.

Synopsis: “A father (James Kirkland), probably a doctor or a bacteriologist, explains to his two children what pulmonary tuberculosis is (how it is transmitted, how the body fights the germs, how these can remain latent in the human body for years until the host’s defences drop, how haemoptysis takes place, how it can be prevented,…) through a conversation he has in his laboratory with a tuberculosis germ by means of a microscope and a device that is similar to a radio” (“germ radio”).

Additional information: Ulmer made other educational films for the National Tuberculosis Association such as: Let My People Live (1938), Cloud in the Sky (1939), Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis (1940), They Do Come Back (1940), Another to Conquer (1941). They are all freely available from link.

Comments: The animation part coincides with the narrative segment where the tuberculosis germ speaks while his fellow germs act on the lung. The laboratory where the doctor works is rather “naïf”, with loose animals such as a dog, a cat, a monkey, a parrot… The National Tuberculosis Association dealt with tuberculosis but not with the harmful effects of tobacco, so the story begins with a scene of the father calmly reading and smoking a pipe.

References:

link

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GRAND ILLUSION

Original title: La grande illusion.

Other titles: Grand Illusion (USA). La gran ilusión (Spain).

Country: France.

Year: 1937.

Director: Jean Renoir.

Music: Joseph Kosma.

Photography: Christian Matras.

Film editor: Marthe Huguet, Renée Lichtig (in the 1958 version) and Marguerite Renoir (as Margueritte).

Screenwiter: Charles Spaak and Jean Rendir.

Cast: Jean Gabin, Dita Parlo, Pierre Fresnay, Erich von Stroheim (as Eric von Stroheim), Julien Carette (as Carette), Georges Péclet (as Peclet), Werner Florian, Jean Dasté (as Daste), Sylvain Itkine (as Itkine), Gaston Modot (as Modot) and Marcel Dalio (as Dalio).

Runtime: 114 minutes.

Genre: Drama and War.

Language: French, German, English and Russian.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 12 September 1938 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Réalisation d'art cinématographique (RAC) (as Réalisations d'Art Cinématographique).

Synopsis: The action takes place during World War One. The plot revolves around the hardships endured by a group of French soldiers in the German prisoner-of-war camps. This is a film with high social content.

Additional information: The film was nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Picture (1939).

Comments: An interesting “social classification” of diseases, including infectious ones, depending on the kind of life of each of the classes, is made during a conversation among the prisoners. In this classification, tuberculosis is considered a disease typical of the intellectual classes. War involves a democratization of the disease because it brings all germs together:

-“The pox used to be our privilege”.

- “But we've lost it”.

- “Like so many others”.

- “Everything is popularised”.

- “Cancer and gout aren't working-class diseases, but they will be, believe me”.

- “How about intellectuals?”

- “With us it's tuberculosis”.

-…

- “And the middle class?”

- “Liver and intestinal ailments. They eat too much”.

- “We'd each die of our own class diseases, if war didn't make all germs equal”.

References:

link

GRAVEYARD OF HONOR

See Jingi no hakaba.

GREAT WOMEN WRITERS: THE BRONTË SISTERS

Original title: Great Women Writers: The Brontë Sisters.

Country: USA.

Year: 2000.

Director: Dominique Mougenot.

Screenwriter: Dominique Mougenot.

Runtime: 45 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 2000 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: “Emily Bronte was born in England in 1818. Emily's only close friends were her brother Branwell and her sisters Charlotte and Anne. Emily began writing poems at an early age and published twenty-one of them, together with poems by Anne and Charlotte. The slim volume only sold two copies, and the failure led all three to begin work on novels: Emily on Wuthering Heights, Charlotte on Jane Eyre, and Anne on Agnes Grey. Emily died of tuberculosis at the age of thirty, and never knew the great success of her only novel Wuthering Heights" (G. Forman, imdb).

Additional information: video-DVD movie.

References:

link

GREEN EYES

Original title: Green Eyes.

Other titles: Ojos verdes (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1918.

Director: Roy William Neill.

Photography: John Stumar (as John S. Stumar)

Screenwriter: Ella Stuart Carson (uncredited), John Lynch (uncredited) and R. Cecil Smith.

Cast: Dorothy Dalton, Jack Holt, Emory Johnson, Doris May, Robert McKim, Clyde Benson and Charles K. French (as Charles French).

Runtime: 50 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 26 August 1918 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Thomas H. Ince Corporation

Synopsis: “Pearson Hunter, a jealous Southern plantation owner, returns home with his new wife Shirley (Dorothy Dalton), a Northerner. Shirley's socializing enrages Pearson when he finds her in the company of Alexander Chapman (Robert McKim), a drunken wastrel, but after a bitter quarrel, they reconcile. Pearson's younger brother Morgan (Emory Johnson) soon arrives accompanied by his fiancée, Margery Gibson (Doris May). Shirley befriends Morgan, making Margery jealous, who goes to Pearson for consolation and advice, but instead rekindles Pearson's own jealousy. Later, at a dance in the Hunter home, Chapman reappears uninvited. Morgan, aware of the situation, removes Chapman to the garden where the latter says insulting things about Shirley. Morgan knocks Chapman out, then returns to the house just as Jim Webb (Clyde Benson), a poor man with consumption, enters the garden. Upon seeing Chapman, Webb kills him in revenge for a past conflict, but when a servant discovers the body, Morgan assumes that he is guilty and seeks council from Shirley. Pearson breaks in on them and, assuming a romance between them, despondently goes to the garden where he overhears Webb's confession, which results in a reconciliation among all the parties” (AFI).

Additional information: Other films under the same title were released in 1916, 1934 (by Richard Thorpe) and for TV in 1977 (by John Erman).

References:

link

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GUNFIGHT AT THE O.K. CORRAL

Original title: Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.

Other titles: Duelo de titanes (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1957.

Director: John Sturges.

Music: Dimitri Tiomkin.

Photography: Charles Lang (as Charles B. Lang Jr.).

Film editor: Warren Low (uncredited).

Screenwriter: Leon Uris.

Cast: Burt Lancaster, Jo Van Fleet, Kirk Douglas, Rhonda Fleming, John Ireland, Lyle Bettger, Frank Faylen, Earl Holliman, Ted de Corsia, Dennis Hopper, Whit Bissell, George Mathews, John Hudson, DeForest Kelley and Martin Milner.

Runtime: 122 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 30 May 1957 (USA). 27 October 1958 (Spain).

Production Company: Paramount.

Synopsis: Dodge City’s sheriff, Wyatt Earp (Burt Lancaster), is chasing some gunmen when he saves John Holliday “Doc” (Kirk Douglas) -a dentist who is also a gambler and a drunkard, and who suffers from tuberculosis- from getting lynched. The film, which is a true legend in the history of the Wild West, finishes with the duel between Wyatt Earp and Doc Holyday against the Clanton gang.

Additional information: The film is based on George Scullin’s article The Killer. The main characters are real and in this and other films about them and the topic, real events are recreated, generally with a considerable degree of fantasy. Doc was a dentist and suffered from tuberculosis which eventually led to his death. Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Sound and Best Film Editing in 1957.

Comments: Doc’s tuberculosis manifests itself with bouts of coughing and a gradual deterioration of his health. Wyatt suggests a healthier atmosphere than that of the saloons, and later tells him he should go to a hospital. When Wyatt and Doc meet for the first time in the film, Doc says: “he put himself in my hands ten year ago”…“ if I had known when I pulled out his tooth that he was going to become the sheriff…”

Movies with "Doc" Holliday as a character:

See Doc (1971).

References:

García Sánchez JE, Merino Marcos ML, García Sánchez E. The tuberculosis of "Doc" Holliday in the cinema. My Darling Clementine (1946) and Gunfight at the O. K. Corral (1957). J Med Mov 2005; 1(4):115-125. Available at: link

link

GUNS OF THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN

Original title: Guns of the Magnificent Seven.

Other titles: La furia de los siete magníficos (Spain). Vuelven los siete magníficos (Venezuela).

Country: USA.

Year: 1969.

Director: Paul Wendkos.

Music: Elmer Bernstein.

Photography: Antonio Macasoli.

Film editor: Walter Hannemann (as Walter A. Hannemann).

Screenwriter: Herman Hoffman.

Cast: George Kennedy, James Whitmore, Monte Markham, Reni Santoni, Bernie Casey, Scott Thomas, Joe Don Baker, Tony Davis, Michael Ansara, Frank Silvera, Wende Wagner, Sancho Gracia, Luis Rivera, Georges Rigaud (as Jorge Rigaud) and Fernando Rey.

Runtime: 105 minutes.

Genre: Western, Adventure, Action and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 30 July 1969 (USA). 20 September 1969 (Spain).

Production Company: The Mirisch Production Company and The Mirisch Corporation.

Synopsis: The Magnificent Seven have to rescue Quintero (Fernando Rey), a revolutionary Mexican leader who is in the hands of Colonel Diego (Michael Ansara), an unscrupulous man known to his victims as a tireless punisher.

Additional information: Set in the 19th century, this is the third part of the series opened by The Magnificent Seven (1960). It was filmed in Spain.

Comments: P. J. (Scott Thomas), one of the seven, suffers from tuberculosis, which shows up in his coughing.

References:

link

link


-H-

HER BODY IN BOND

Original title: Her Body in Bond.

Other titles: The Eternal Columbine. The Heart of an Actress. The Morals of an Actress.

Country: USA.

Year: 1918.

Director: Robert Z. Leonard.

Photography: Fred LeRoy Granville (as Fred L. Granville).

Screenwriter: H. Sheridan Bickers.

Cast: Mae Murray, Kenneth Harlan, Alan Roscoe (as Albert Roscoe), Joseph W. Girard, Paul Weigel and Maie B. Havey (as Mabelle Harvey).

Runtime: 60 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 20 June 1918 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Universal Film Manufacturing Company.

Synopsis: “The cabaret act of husband-and-wife dancing team Peggy (Mae Murray) and Joe Blondin (Kenneth Harlan) is broken up when Joe becomes consumptive and is ordered west to recover. Peggy remains in New York to maintain the couple's income, but gradually becomes desperate when in the letters sent to her by her husband he asks for more and more money. Joe's letters actually are being intercepted and rewritten by millionaire Harlan Quinn (Alan Roscoe), who has designs on Peggy and wishes to portray Joe's situation as hopeless. After receiving a particularly alarming letter, Peggy consents to sell her honor to Harlan, but then Joe arrives, fully recovered, just as the villain knocks on her door. The two men fight until Peggy's stepfather, a drug addict who has been acting as Harlan's dupe, shoots Quinn. The police arrive and shoot the old man, after which Peggy and Joe begin a new life together” (AFI).

References:

link

link

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HEAVENLY CREATURES

Original title: Heavenly Creatures.

Other titles: Criaturas celestiales (Spain).

Country: New Zealand, Germany and UK.

Year: 1994.

Director: Peter Jackson.

Music: Peter Dasent.

Photography: Alun Bollinger.

Film editor: Jamie Selkirk.

Screenwriter: Frances Walsh and Peter Jackson.

Cast: Diana Kent, Sarah Peirse, Melanie Lynskey, Kate Winslet, Clive Merrison, Simon O’Connor, Jed Brophy, Peter Elliott, Gilbert Goldie, Geoffrey Heath, Kirsti Ferry, Elizabeth Moody, Darien Takle and Liz Mullane.

Runtime: 99 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama, Romance and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 14 October 1994 (New Zealand). 16 November 1994 (USA). 9 May 1995 (Spain).

Production Company: Fontana Productions, Miramax Films, New Zealand Film Commission, Senator Film Produktion GmbH and WingNut Films.

Synopsis: The story begins in 1952. Pauline Parker (Melani Lunskey) and Juliet Hulme (Kate Winslet), two teenagers from New Zealand, meet at school and become best friends, both sharing a passion for writing and an extraordinary imagination. Juliet falls ill of pulmonary tuberculosis and spends several months at a hospital. This prevents them from seeing each other as they used to, so they start to exchange extremely long letters. Their families begin to suspect that there is something more than mere friendship between them; they spend too much time together, and they sometimes go hand in hand very lovingly.

Additional information: The film is based on real events, on a murder that took place in 1954 in Christchurch, on the east coast of the South Island (New Zealand). Pauline Parker and Juliet Hulme were sentenced to prison for the murder of Pauline’s mother, Honora Parker. In 1994 it was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay.

Comments: Juliet is affected by pulmonary tuberculosis (cough, haemoptysis and clinical and radiological diagnosis), “… Juliet has tuberculosis on one lung”. She spends several months in a tuberculosis sanatorium. When Pauline visits her, risk of contagion is mentioned: “Don't get too close. She's still not”.

References:

link

HITCHHIKING VIETNAM: LETTERS FROM THE TRAIL

Original title: Hitchhiking Vietnam: Letters from the Trail.

Other titles: Autostop en Vietnam: cartas desde la carretera (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1997.

Director: Karin Muller.

Music: Jeanine Cowen and Mason Daring.

Photography: Karin Muller.

Screenwriter: Karin Muller.

Runtime: 60 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 30 June 1997 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: KCET.

Synopsis: The title of the documentary (Hitchhiking Vietnam: Letters from the Trail) reflects its contents, which are the author’s experiences, filmed by herself, during her journey to Vietnam.

Additional information: TV film.

Comments: The author describes certain experiences she lived in Vietnam related to tuberculosis.

References:

link

HOLD BACK THE DAWN

Original title: Hold Back the Dawn.

Other titles: Si no amaneciera (Spain). La puerta de oro (Mexico).

Country: USA.

Year: 1941.

Director: Mitchell Leisen.

Music: Victor Young.

Photography: Leo Tover.

Film editor: Doane Harrison.

Screenwriter: Charles Brackett, Billy Wilder, Richard Maibaum (uncredited) and Manuel Reachi (uncredited) based on Ketti Frings’ story Memo to a Movie Producer.

Cast: Charles Boyer, Olivia de Havilland, Paulette Goddard, Victor Francen, Walter Abel, Curt Bois, Rosemary DeCamp, Eric Feldary, Nestor Paiva, Eva Puig and Micheline Cheirel.

Runtime: 116 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 26 September 1941 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Paramount Pictures (as Paramount Pictures, Inc.).

Synopsis: At a hotel on the Mexican border, Georges Iscovescu (Charles Boyer), a Romanian gigolo, is waiting for his visa to be able to get into the States. To speed up the formalities he decides to marry Emmy Brown (Olivia de Havilland), a naïve American teacher. This is what his lover Anita Dixon (Paulette Goddard), who he hopes to join, did. The problem is that he ends up falling in love with Emmy.

Additional information: Told with many flashbacks, the plot is highly topical. It was nominated for six Academy Awards in the categories of Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role (Olivia de Havilland), Best Black and White Cinematography, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Music, and Best Art Direction.

Comments: Among other refugees at the hotel awaiting permission to enter the States are the Kurz’s, a German couple. The wife, Berta (Rosemary DeCamp), is heavily pregnant and the husband, Josef (Eric Feldary), is seriously affected by tuberculosis.

- “Good morning, Mr Hammock. What’s wrong?”

- “Is it immigration?”.

- “Bad news? Won’t the child be able to be born there? ”

- “I’ve just spoken to the immigration doctor”.

- “He said I was well”.

- “It’s not you, but him [her husband]. His lungs. No one is admitted with...”

- “¿Tuberculosis?”.

- “It would be better if you told him”.

- “Thank you”.

- “But not now, he is very worried about me”.

- “When you think its right”.

- “Mr Hammock, does this mean we won’t be able to get in?”.

- “Of course you will, when he recovers, and he will”.

References:

link

HONKYTONK MAN

Original title: Honkytonk Man.

Other titles: El guerrero solitario (Argentina). El aventurero de medianoche (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1982.

Director: Clint Eastwood.

Music: Steve Dorff.

Photography: Bruce Surtees.

Film editor: Joel Cox, Michael Kelly and Ferris Webster.

Screenwriter: Clancy Carlile. Based on his homonymous novel.

Cast: Clint Eastwood, Bette Ford, John McIntire, Marty Robbins, Gary Grubbs, Tim Thomerson, Ray Price, Shelly West, Johnny Gimble, Porter Wagoner, Macon McCalman, Kyle Eastwood, Jerry Hardin, David Frizzell, Alexa Kenin, Rebecca Clemons, Linda Hopkins, Matt Clark, Verna Bloom, Barry Corbin and Joe Regalbuto.

Runtime: 122 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Comedy and Musical.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 15 December 1982 (USA). 6 May 1983 (Spain).

Production Company: The Malpaso Company.

Synopsis: The story takes place in the thirties, during the Great Depression in America. Red Stovall (Clint Eastwood) is a country singer, sick with pulmonary tuberculosis, who intends to travel to Nashville, Tennessee, and perform at the Grand Ole Opry, where he might have the last chance of his life to succeed. With the excuse of taking care of him and keeping him company, his fourteen-year-old nephew Whit (Kyle Eastwood) decides to go with him. Together they will begin a journey during which they will share kilometres, dreams, and lots of adventures.

Comments: Red’s health declines as the film progresses. Due to the pulmonary tuberculosis he suffers from, he coughs, presents haemoptysis and finally dies.

References:

link

HOPE, A RED CROSS SEAL STORY

Original title: Hope, a Red Cross Seal Story.

Country: USA.

Year: 1912.

Director: Charles J. Brabin.

Cast: George Lessey (as George A. Lessey), William West, Gertrude McCoy, Robert Brower and Charles Ogle.

Runtime: 14 minutes.

Genre: Short and Drama.

Language: English (title cards) and silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 16 November 1912 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Edison Company.

Synopsis: The film shows the devastating effects of tuberculosis in the USA at the time it was filmed and how a small town worked together to fight the illness.

Additional information: Available from Treasures from American Film Archives III.

Comments: The Edison Company made several films about tuberculosis for informative purposes: The Red Cross Seal (1910), The Awakening of John Bond (1911), A curable disease (1912), Hope: A Red Cross Seal Story (1912), The Temple of Moloch (1914) and The Lone Game (1915).

References:

Pernick MS. Thomas Edison's tuberculosis films: mass media and health propaganda. Hastings Cent Rep. 1978 Jun;8(3):21-7.

link

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HOUR OF THE GUN

Original title: Hour of the Gun.

Other titles: La hora de las pistolas (Spain). La hora de la pistola (Mexico).

Country: USA.

Year: 1967.

Director: John Sturges.

Music: Jerry Goldsmith.

Photography: Lucien Ballard.

Film editor: Ferris Webster.

Screenwriter: Edward Anhalt.

Cast: James Garner, Jason Robards, Robert Ryan, Albert Salmi, Charles Aidman, Steve Ihnat, Michael Tolan, William Windom, Lonny Chapman, Larry Gates, William Schallert, Bill Fletcher, Karl Swenson, Austin Willis, Monte Markham and Richard Bull.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 November 1967 (USA). 22 June 1968 (Spain).

Production Company: The Mirisch Corporation and Kappa Corporation Production.

Synopsis: The action begins in Tombstone (Arizona) on 26 October 1881. Wyatt Earp (James Garner) and his brothers Morgan (Sam Melville) and Virgil (Frank Converse), all in the company of “Doc” Holliday (Jason Robards), are walking towards the OK Corral in Tombstone. Their idea is to disarm Billy Clanton (Walter Gregg) and the McLaury gang, who have just arrived in the city. The two groups face up: Billy and the two McLaury men are killed, and Morgan and Virgil are wounded. The whole scene and its consequences are witnessed by Ike Clanton, who is unarmed, and by the rest of his men, who do not intervene. As from that time, the showdowns between both groups follow one another until Wyatt kills Ike.

Additional information: The location shots were filmed in Mexico. The plot is based on the novel The Tombstone Epitaph by Douglas D. Martin. John Sturges had directed the same story in Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957).

Comments: In an inquiry led by a district attorney, it is made clear that “Doc” is a dentist, a gambler, a sufferer of tuberculosis, and a killer:

- “Why did you give up practice in dentistry and take up gambling?”

- “What's the word they use? Irrelevant?”

- “Was it because of your illness?”

-“Partially.”

- “Or of your reputation as a killer?”

And he also drinks. He has coughing fits and dyspnea. The worsening and deterioration become so intense that “Doc” ends up in the Sanatorium at Glenwood Springs (Colorado), taken there by Earp. There, “Doc” can enjoy a sunny, cold and dry environment, fresh food and rest (he goes around in a wheelchair, covered with blankets). In one scene the physician checks up on his health and they start talking:

- “How am I?”

- “If you could put pipes in those lungs, you could play a hymn. Terrible.”

-“But I’ve been following your orders. Rest, fresh air, fresh eggs…”

-“Go on… You know, you’re going to have to get well to please me. I’m used to people dying on me.”

-“So am I.”

- “Don’t laugh too long, those lungs won’t stand it. My friend, if you don’t give up drinking you’ll go like (snaps fingers) that!”

- “I’ll say this for you; you got one hell of a bedside manner”

-“Put him back in the ice-box.” (Refering to the clean, fresh outdoor air)

Movies with "Doc" Holliday as a character:

See Doc (1971).

References:

García Sánchez JE, Merino Marcos ML, García Sánchez E. The tuberculosis of "Doc" Holliday in the cinema. Hour Of The Gun (1967) and “Doc” (1971). J Med Mov 2006; 2(1): 29-39. Available from: link

link

HOW TO DIAGNOSE TUBERCULOSIS

See Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis.

HUBERT SELBY JR: IT/LL BE BETTER TOMORROW

Original title: Hubert Selby Jr: It/ll Be Better Tomorrow.

Other titles: Hubert Selby Jr: Mañana será mejor (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2005.

Director: Michael W. Dean and Kenneth Shiffrin.

Music: Martyn LeNoble.

Photography: Michael W. Dean and Ray Michel.

Film editor: Ryan Brown.

Screenwriter: Michael W. Dean.

Cast: Darren Aronofsky, Alexis Arquette, Amiri Baraka, Arthur Boyars, Bill Buell, Ellen Burstyn, John Calder, Jem Cohen, Susan Compo, Luke Davies, Carmine 'Tony' DeFeo, Anthony Di Novi, Robert Downey Jr., Uli Edel, Cameron Johann, Anthony Kiedis, Michael David Lally, Stephen Lang, Kaytie Lee and Jennifer Jason Leigh.

Runtime: 79 minutes.

Genre: Documentary and Biography.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 22 June 2006 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Squitten Pix LLC.

Synopsis: “An exploration into the life and art of the renowned author of Last Exit To Brooklyn and Requiem For A Dream. Hubert Selby Jr., a self-described "scream looking for a mouth," reached international acclaim against all odds with his controversial novels. His is a classic story of the great American novelist, overcoming tuberculosis, drug addiction and financial ruin, Selby eventually triumphed in his life and penned seven of the most remarkable and distinctly American books ever written” (imdb).

Comments: After abandoning his studies in the eighth year he became affected by tuberculosis while a sailor on a boat transporting infected cattle for the troops fighting in Europe during World War Two. He spent four years in hospital and survived thanks to smuggled antibiotics and at the cost of losing one of his lungs. In spite of the fact that the doctors had given him two months of life, he was the only patient in his ward to survive.

References:

link

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HUNCHBACK OF THE MORGUE

Original title: El jorobado de La Morgue.

Other titles: Hunchback of the Morgue (USA). The Hunchback of the Morgue (English, undefined).

Country: Spain.

Year: 1972.

Director: Javier Aguirre.

Music: Carmelo A. Bernaola.

Photography: Raúl Pérez Cubero.

Screenwriter: Javier Aguirre, Alberto S. Insúa (as Alberto S. Insua) and Paul Naschy (as Jacinto Molina).

Cast: Paul Naschy (Jacinto Molina), Rosana Yanni (as Rossana Yanni), Víctor Alcázar (as Vic Winner), María Elena Arpón (as Maria Elena Arpón), Manuel de Blas, Antonio Pica, Kiko Pueyo (as Joaquín Rodríguez 'Kinito'), Adolfo Thous, Ángel Menéndez (as Angel Menendez), Fernando Sotuela, Antonio Ramis, Alfonso de la Vega, Sofía Casares, Antonio Mayans, Susan Taff, José Luis Chinchilla, Alberto Dalbes and María Perschy.

Runtime: 82 minutes.

Genre: Horror.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 13 July 1973 (Spain). September 1975 (USA).

Production Company: Eva Films and Janus Films (uncredited).

Synopsis: The story takes place in Feldkirch, a German village. Gotho (Paul Naschy) is a hunchback who is in charge of a morgue. He is alienated by everyone except by Ilse (María Elena Arpón), a young woman who is seriously sick with tuberculosis, and who he tenderly looks after. She is his only friend and he is in love with her. When she dies of tuberculosis Gotho goes insane and steals her body with the sole purpose of finding a way of bringing her back to life.

Additional information: In the 2nd International Festival of Fantastic and Science-Fiction Cinema of Paris (1973), Paul Naschy was awarded a prize for his performance.

References:

link

HVERT SYVENDE SEKUND

Original title: Hvert syvende sekund.

Other titles: Every seven seconds (English translation).Cada siete segundos (Spanish translation).

Country: Denmark.

Year: 1948.

Director: Per Holst.

Photography: Ib Dam and Hagen Hasselbalch.

Screenwiter: Hagen Hasselbalc.

Speaker: Karl Roos.

Runtime: 3 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: Danish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 29 October 1948 (Denmark). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Minerva Film AB.

Synopsis: A short film supporting the UN in its fight against tuberculosis after World War Two. Every 7 seconds a person died in the world because of the effects of tuberculosis.

References:

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HVOR BJERGENE SEJLER

Original title: Hvor bjergene sejler.

Other titles: Where Mountains Float (English, undefined).

Country: Denmark.

Year: 1955.

Director: Bjarne Henning-Jensen.

Music: Herman D. Koppel.

Photography: Werner Hedman and George Stretton.

Screenwriter: Bjarne Henning-Jensen.

Speaker: Lars Henning-Jensen.

Runtime: 48 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: Danish and Greenlandic.

Color: Color.

Release date: 22 December 1955 (Denmark). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Arnø Studio A/S, Brandon Films and Ministeriernes Filmudvalg (MfU).

Synopsis: the action takes place in Greenland at a trade station inhabited by Inuit who live in traditional peat huts. The plot focuses on a family made up of a couple, their two children, a girl of around 12 and a boy of around 10, and the grandfather. They catch seal for a living, which is not easy, since the rising of the sea water temperature is causing the ice-cap to melt, which is why they now survive by fishing shrimp and cod. The mother dies of tuberculosis and her son also contracts the disease, which is why he is sent to a tuberculosis sanatorium in Jakobshavn (Ilulissat). In the city, he finds a world that is completely unknown to him.

Additional information: Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary (1957).

References:

link

link


-I-

IMPROMPTU

Original title: Impromptu.

Other titles: Nocturno de amor (Argentina). Pasiones privadas de una mujer (Spain).

Country: UK and France.

Year: 1991.

Director: James Lapine.

Music: John Strauss.

Photography: Bruno de Keyzer.

Film editor: Michael Ellis.

Screenwriter: Sarah Kernochan.

Cast: Judy Davis, Hugh Grant, Mandy Patinkin, Bernadette Peters, Julian Sands, Ralph Brown, Georges Corraface, Anton Rodgers, Emma Thompson, Anna Massey, David Birkin, Nimer Rashed, Fiona Vincente, John Savident and Lucy Speed.

Runtime: 107 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Comedy, Romance and Musical.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 April 1991 (USA). 7 February 1992 (Spain).

Production Company: C. L. G. Films, Governor Productions, Les Films Ariane and Sovereign Pictures.

Synopsis: The film deals with the relationship between George Sand -Aurora Dupin- (Judy Davis) and Frederic Chopin (Hugh Grant) while in Paris during the first decades of the 19th century. The composer, who possessed an excellent technique and great romantic sensibility, managed to win the love of Aurora, a controversial character at the time, since her way of dressing and her love affairs defied the prevailing social and moral mores.

Additional information: It is interesting to note the relationship, not only at a professional level, that existed between Frederic Chopin and Franz Liszt (Julian Sands).

Comments: The film shows Frederic Chopin’s weak health and the coughing fits he was prey to (compatible with the symptoms of tuberculosis). They decide to travel to Majorca in an attempt to “restore” the musician’s health.

- “This summer dust is ruinous to my lungs.|I hope the air will be better in Angers”.

-…

- “What the devil’s the matter with him?”

- “He has trouble with his lungs. Makes a misery of his life”.

- “He should be bled. We have an excellent physician. He’s developed a special variety of leeches. Painless, and they leave very little mark”.

- “Better yet, send in George to Monsieur Chopin... She leaves no mark at all”.

-…

-“They say Majorca|is the most magical island in the world. The sun will bake that silly cough out of your lungs in no time. Think of it! Spain!

-…

- “May we shut this, please?”

- “No, darling, the air is good for you”.

Films about Chopin:

See A Song to Remember (1945) by Charles Vidor.

References:

link

INFINITY

Original title: Infinity.

Country: USA.

Year: 1996.

Director: Matthew Broderick.

Music: Bruce Broughton.

Photography: Toyomichi Kurita.

Film editor: Bill Johnson, Elena Maganini and Amy Young.

Screenwriter: Patricia Broderick. Based on the books Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman! and What Do You Care What Other People Think? by Richard Feynman and Ralph Leighton.

Cast: Matthew Broderick, Jeffrey Force, Peter Riegert, David Drew Gallagher, Raffi Diblasio (as Raffi Diblasio), Josh Keaton (as Joshua Wiener), Patricia Arquette, James Hong, Emerson Tran, Melissa Delizia, Dori Brenner, John Hammil, Jack Lindine, Helene Moore, Carl Strano, Mary Pat Gleason, Horton Foote Jr., Peter Michael Goetz, Joyce Van Patten, Mary Kay Wulf, James LeGros, Zeljko Ivanek, Laurence Haddon, Tom Kurlander, Mark Burnham, Googy Gress and Joshua Goldin.

Runtime: 119 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 4 October 1996 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: First Look International, Neo Productions and Overseas FilmGroup.

Synopsis: In 1934 Richard Feynman (Matthew Broderick) and Arline Greenbaum (Patricia Arquette) meet at secondary school. It is the beginning of a love that will continue at Princeton University while he studies physics, achieving brilliant results. During this period, they wanted to get married but their financial situation prevented them from doing so. In 1941m Arline falls ill, and what was first catalogued as Hodgkin’s disease was finally found to be lymphatic tuberculosis. Ignoring his family, who believed he might become infected, Richard marries the young woman and accepts a government post, becoming involved in the Manhattan project at Los Alamos. Arline goes to a sanatorium in Albuquerque where Richard visits her every weekend. It is a time of happiness that ends two years later when his wife’s health deteriorates, leading to her death.

Additional information: Based on the life of Richard Feynman, Nobel Prize in Physics. The screenwriter (Patricia Broderick) is the mother of the director (Matthew Broderick).

References:

link

IN THE HANDS OF A PUPPET MASTER

See Xi meng ren sheng

INSTINCT DE L'ANGE

Original title: Instinct de L'ange.

Other titles: Angel's Wing (USA, DVD). El instinto del ángel (Spanish translation).

Country: France, Belgium and Switzerland.

Year: 1993.

Director: Richard Dembo.

Music: Gabriel Yared.

Photography: Renato Berta.

Film editor: Catherine Quesemand.

Screenwriter: Richard Dembo.

Cast: Lambert Wilson, François Cluzet, Jean-Louis Trintignant, Hélène Vincent, Marianne Denicourt, Sandrine Kiberlain, Bernard Ballet, Antoine Basler, Jacques Bourgaux, Philippe Demarle, Pierre Dherte, Luc Lavandier. Redjep Mitrovitsa, Pascal Pistacio and Hubert Saint-Macary.

Runtime: 113/ 115 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 January 1992 (France). It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Ciné Manufacture, France 3 Cinéma, French Productions, Metaboles et Compagnie and Zenab.

Synopsis: The story develops during World War One. Henry (Lambert Wilson), a young man from a wealthy French family, suffers from tuberculosis and is admitted to a sanatorium for treatment. When he is released he attempts to join the French Air Force but is rejected because of his medical history.

References:

link

IT HAPPENED HERE

Original title: It Happened Here

Other titles: La invasión de Inglaterra (Argentina).

Country: UK.

Year: 1965.

Director: Kevin Brownlow and Andrew Mollo.

Music: Jack Beaver.

Photography: Kevin Brownlow y Peter Suschitzky.

Screenwriter: Kevin Brownlow, Andrew Mollo, Dinah Brook and Jonathan Ingrams based on a plot by Kevin Brownlow.

Cast: Pauline Murray, Sebastian Shaw, Bart Allison, Reginald Marsh, Frank Bennett, Derek Milburn, Nicolette Bernard, Nicholas Moore, Rex Collett, Michael Passmore, Peter Dineley, Barrie Pattison, Honor Fearson, Ronald Phillips, Frank Gardner, Bertha Russell, Miles Halliwell, Chris Slaughter, Carole James (as Carol James), Pat Sullivan, Pat Kearney, Bill Thomas, Stella Kemball, Ralph Wilson, Fiona Leland and Alfred Ziemen.

Runtime: 93 / 97 minutes.

Genre: Drama, War and Fantasy.

Language: English and German.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: May 1966 (UK). 8 August 1966 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Rath Films.

Synopsis: Following the Dunkirk disaster, England falls into German hands in July 1940. It is occupied and becomes a fascist state associated with a puppet government and a large number of collaborators. Pauline (Pauline Murray) is a nurse who flees from the confrontations between the Resistance and the new rule. In order to exercise her profession she is forced to join the Nazi party, but will end up not accepting this new situation.

Additional information: The filming took ten years. Told using the voice-over technique and filmed in granular black and white.

Comments: Pauline takes part in a euthanasia programme giving injections to Russian and Polish prisoners affected by tuberculosis, who die the following day. People affected by tuberculosis were used to film this scene.

References:

link

link

The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States: Feature Films, 1961-1970. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1997.


-J-

JANE EYRE

Original title: Jane Eyre.

Other titles: Alma rebelde (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1944.

Director: Robert Stevenson.

Music: Bernard Herrmann.

Photography: George Barnes.

Film editor: Walter Thompson.

Screenwriter: John Houseman, Aldous Huxley, Henry Koster and Robert Stevenson. Based on the novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë.

Cast: Orson Welles, Joan Fontaine, Margaret O'Brien, Peggy Ann Garner, John Sutton, Sara Allgood, Henry Daniell Agnes Moorehead, Aubrey Mather, Edith Barrett, Barbara Everest, Hillary Brooke, and Elizabeth Taylor (uncredited).

Runtime: 97 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 7 April 1944 (USA).

Production Company: Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: Jane Eyre (Joan Fontaine, Peggy Ann Garner when young) tells the story of her life since her childhood at the home of her uncle and aunt until she arrives at the mansion of Edward Rochester (Orson Welles), who she falls in love with, passing through her stay at the “Lowood Institution”. This period of her life was full of difficulties which she managed to overcome with strength and perseverance.

Additional information: The film has the narrative form of a book. The character of Helen Burns, Jane’s childhood friend, was played by a child who was to go on to become a great actress: Elizabeth Taylor. At the time she was unknown and does not even appear in the credits.

Comments: This is probably the most famous adaptation of the work of Charlotte Brontë. In the film, the word tuberculosis does not appear once, and nor do any of the other words used to refer to the disease in the 19th century. However, the disease is present, although somewhat diffusely, in Helen Burns’ lungs.

In her childhood, Jane is sent to the Lowood Institution, where she meets Helen and becomes her friend. One day, one of the pupils –Helen- is being attended to by Dr. Rivers, (John Sutton), the school physician, and has a short bout of dry coughing. The Doctor says that her cough does not seem to be getting any better and that she will have to be looked after. Then there is a bit of amusing dialogue when he tells Mr Brocklehurst to keep the rooms very cool, Henry Brocklehurst: “A matter of principle, Dr. Rivers. Our aim is not to pamper the body but strengthen the soul”. Dr. Rivers: “I should not have thought that a bad cough was any aid to salvation, but then I'm not a theologian. Good day, sir”.

It is clear that the child had a clinical picture of chronic pulmonary tuberculosis, since the physician was familiar with the disease.

Then, as a result of this fact, the two girls are punished and made to walk around the school in the pouring rain with two notes around their necks referring to vanity and rebellion. At that moment, the Doctor comes back with an ointment to be spread on the girl’s chest. When he sees the other girls’ punishment, he makes the teacher put an end to it. He puts Helen to bed with damp heat. The child worsens and dies while sleeping with Jane, as told in the book.

The cinematographic version of Helen Burns’ disease is very different from the one described by Charlotte Brontë. However, in both cases we can see the impact of the disease during childhood, the importance in those days of closed educational institutions to avoid its transmission, and its potential fatal nature.

Other versions (Jane Eyre):

Jane Eyre (1910) by Theodore Marston. Silent. link

Jane Eyre/ The Mad Lady of Chester (1910). Silent. link

Jane Eyre (1914) by Frank Hall Crane. Silent. link

Jane Eyre (1914) by Martín Faust. Silent. link

Jane Eyre (1915) by Travers Vale. Silent. link

Il castello di Thornfield (1915) by Travers Vale. Silent. link

Le memorie di una istitutrice (1917) by Riccardo Tolentino. Silent. link

Woman and Wife/ The Lifted Cross (1918) by Edward José. Silent. link

Jane Eyre (1921) by Hugo Ballin. Silent. link

Shirley (1922) by A.V. Bramble. Silent. link

Die Waise von Lowood/ Orphan of Lowood (1926) by Curtis Bernhardt. Silent. link

Jane Eyre (1934) by Christy Cabanne. link

I Walked with a Zombie (1943) by Jacques Tourneur. link

Jane Eyre/Alma rebelde (1944) by Robert Stevenson. link

Sangdil (1952) by R.C. Talwar. link

Mei gu (1956) by Chun Yen. Made for TV. link

Jane Eyre (1958) by Peter Hoen. Made for TV. link

Jane Eyre (1961) by Marc Daniels. Made for TV. link

Jane Eyre (1968) by Yiorgos Lois. link

Jane Eyre (Alma rebelde) (1970) by Delbert Mann. link

Jane Eyre (1996) by Franco Zeffirelli. link

Jane Eyre (1997) by Robert Young. Made for TV. link

References:

link

link

JANE EYRE

Original title: Jane Eyre.

Country: France, Italy, UK and USA.

Year: 1996.

Director: Franco Zeffirelli.

Music: Claudio Capón and Alessio Vlad.

Photography: David Watkin.

Film editor: Richard Marden.

Screenwriter: Hugh Whitemore and Franco Zeffirelli. Based on Charlotte Brontë’s homonymous novel.

Cast: William Hurt, John Wood, Charlotte Gainsbourg, Joan Plowright, Anna Paquin, Elle McPherson, Geraldine Chaplin, Billie Whitelaw, Fiona Shaw, Amanda Root, Samuel West, Josephine Serre (as Josephine Serre) and Leanne Rowe.

Runtime: 112 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 April 1996 (USA). 9 February 1996 (Spain).

Production Company: Cineritino S.r.L., Flach Film, Mediaset, Miramax Films, RCS Editori S.p.A. and Rochester.

Synopsis: the story takes place in England in the 19th century and stars Jane Eyre (Anna Paquin when a child and Charlotte Gainsbourg when an adult). Jane was born in 1820 and, after becoming orphaned, ended up living with an aunt and uncle who mistreated her until her aunt finally sent her to the gloomy Lowood School. There she suffered the head teacher, Mr Brocklehurst (John Wood) and his assistant, Ms Scatcherd (Geraldine Chaplin). With time she became a governess and went to work to Thornfiled Hall, where she was in charge of the education of Adele (Joséphine Serre), the daughter of Edward Rochester (William Hurt). Jane falls in love with Edward, but his wife, affected by mental illness, is confined in the attic…

Comments: one of the girls in Jane’s orphanage, Helen Burns, is affected by pulmonary tuberculosis, of which she dies.

Other versions:

See Jane Eyre (1944).

References:

link

JINGI NO HAKABA

Original title: Jingi no hakaba. ?????

Other titles: Graveyard of Honor (English, USA). Cementerio de Honor y de Humanidad (Spanish translation).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1975.

Director: Kinji Fukasaku.

Music: Toshiaki Tsushima.

Photography: Hanjiro Nakazawa.

Film editor: Osamu Tanaka.

Screenwriter: Tatsuhiko Kamoi, Hirô Matsuda and Fumio Kônami based on the novels Kanto yakuza mono and Jingi no hakaba by Goro Fujita.

Cast: Tetsuya Watari, Tatsuo Umemiya, Yumi Takigawa, Eiji Go, Noboru Ando, Hajime Hana, Mikio Narita, Kunie Tanaka, Shingo Yamashiro, Reiko Ike, Hideo Murota and Meika Seri.

Runtime: 94 minutes.

Genre: Action and Crime.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 15 February 1975 (Japan). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Toei Company.

Synopsis: Rikio Ishikawa (Tetsuya Watari) is a misfit, wanted by his kumi (Mafia gang) and the police, betrayed by the law and by the Jingi code (described crudely by many as a modern version of the Samurai’s Bushido Code) of the Yakuza. The only help Ishikawa finds comes from a prostitute whom he had previously raped. She falls in love with her raper, which is typical in Yakuza films, and ends up marrying him. When she dies of tuberculosis, Ishikawa pays a visit to his Oyabun (Yakuza leader) to ask him for money which he is denied, so that Ishikawa begins to grind the bones of his dead wife, which are stored in a small casket, until the Oyabun finally agrees to give him some money (redsiglo21).

Additional information: Based on the life of gangster Rikio Ishikawa.

References:

link

link

JOHNNY GUITAR

Original title: Johnny Guitar.

Other titles: Mujer pasional (Argentina).

Year: 1954.

Country: USA.

Director: Nicholas Ray.

Music: Victor Young.

Photography: Harry Stradling.

Film editor: Richard L. Van Enger.

Screenwriter: Philip Yordan based on novel by Roy Chanslor.

Cast: Joan Crawford, Sterling Hayden, Mercedes McCambridge, Scott Brady, Ward Bond, Ben Cooper, Ernest Borgnine, John Carradine, Royal Dano, Frank Ferguson, Paul Fix, Rhys Williams and Ian MacDonald.

Runtime: 110 minutes.

Genre: Western and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 May 1954 (USA). It was also released in Spain.

Production Company: Republic Pictures.

Synopsis: “Johnny Logan (Sterling Hayden), a prodigious gunman, has exchanged his gun for a guitar. With it he heads for the gambling house ran by Vienna (Joan Crawford) where a job as a musician awaits him, as well as a former love. Emma Small (Mercedes McCambridge) hates Vienna because Dancin’Kid (Scott Brady) prefers her. Thus, when the stagecoach is held up and Emma’s brother is killed, she does not hesitate to blame Dancin’Kid and his band. She will fight to destroy Vienna and her dreams of wealth with the railroad (es.wikipedia)”.

Comments: Corey (Royal Dano), one of the characters, coughs in several scenes and it is said that dust is not good for him. Could it be tuberculosis?

References:

link

link

JUSTINE

Original title: Justine.

Country: USA.

Year: 1969.

Director: George Cukor and Joseph Strick (uncredited).

Music: Jerry Goldsmith.

Film editor: Rita Roland.

Screenwriter: Lawrence B. Marcus and Andrew Sarris (uncredited). Based on the tetralogy The Alexandria Quartet (Justine, Balthazar, Mountolive, and Clea) by Lawrence Durrell.

Cast: Anouk Aimée, Dirk Bogarde, Robert Forster, Anna Karina, Philippe Noiret, Michael York, John Vernon, Jack Albertson, Cliff Gorman, George Baker, Elaine Church, Michael Constantine, Marcel Dalio, Michael Dunn, Barry Morse, Severn Darden, Amapola Del Vando, Abraham Sofaer and Stanley Waxman.

Runtime: 116 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English and French.

Color: Color

Release date: 6 August 1969 (USA).

Production Company: Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: “In 1938 Justine (Anouk Aimée), an enigmatic Jew in Alexandria, and her husband, Nessim Hosnani (John Vernon), a Coptic Christian millionaire, conspire to send arms to Palestine. Among Justine's numerous friends and lovers are Pursewarden (Dirk Bogarde), a British official incestuously obsessed with his blind sister, Liza (Elaine Church); Darley (Michael York), a young Irish schoolmaster; Narouz (Robert Forster), Justine's fanatic brother-in-law; and Toto (Cliff Gorman), a homosexual. Arriving in Alexandria, Darley befriends Melissa (Anna Karina), a tubercular Greek belly dancer and the mistress of wealthy Jewish furrier Cohen (Jack Albertson), an intimate friend of Justine. Fearing that Melissa has revealed the conspiracy to Darley, Justine takes the Irishman as her lover. Enraged by Darley's liaison with Justine, Melissa consoles herself with Pursewarden, to whom she reveals the Hosnanis' scheme. Shocked that Justine has provided munitions for use against British forces, Darley informs his superior, Mountolive, and then commits suicide. Although the Hosnanis are placed under house arrest, Justine quickly charms her captor, the Moslem Minister of Security” (AFI).

Comments: Melissa is admitted to a tuberculosis sanatorium.

References:

The American Film Institute catalog. Feature Films 1961-1960. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1976.p.567-8.

link

JUTRZENKA

Original title: Un invierno en Mallorca o Jutrzenka (Un invierno en Mallorca).

Other titles: A Winter in Majorca (English, international).

Country: Spain.

Year: 1969.

Director: Jaime Camino.

Photography: Luis Cuadrado.

Screenwriter: Jaime Camino and Román Gubern based on the novel Un hiver à Majorque by George Sand.

Cast: Lucia Bosé, Christopher Sandford, Henri Serre, Enrique San Francisco, Daria Esteva, Serena Vergano, Manuel Beltrán, Román Gubern, Jeannine Mestre, Els Joglars, Isidro Novellas, Arturo García Paladini, Núria Espert and Miguel Beltrán

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Biographical and Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was released in Spain.

Production Companies: Estela Films and Tibidabo Films S.A.

Synopsis: The society of Majorca does not approve of the adulterous relationship between George Sand and the musician Frédéric Chopin, six years her junior and seriously affected by tuberculosis. When they both travel to the island to spend a warmer winter, which would be better for Chopin’s health, nobody wants to rent them lodgings. All they manage to do is to find lodgings in the semi-abandoned Chartusian monastery of Valldemossa, inhospitable and lacking any kind of comfort. The lack of sympathy and hospitality of the people of Majorca is compounded by the difficulties their relationship is undergoing, Chopin’s frail health, and the presence of George Sand’s children.

Comments: The Chopin portrayed in the film has an asthenic typology, tainted by tuberculosis that often forces him to remain in bed.

Films about Chopin:

See A Song to Remember.

References:

link


-K-

KAFKA

Original title: Kafka.

Other titles: Kafka, la verdad oculta (Spain).

Country: France and USA.

Year: 1991.

Director: Steven Soderbergh.

Music: Cliff Martinez.

Photography: Walt Lloyd.

Film editor: Steven Soderbergh.

Screenwriter: Lem Dobbs.

Cast: Jeremy Irons, Theresa Russell, Joel Grey, Ian Holm, Jeroen Krabbé, Armin Mueller-Stahl, Alec Guinness, Brian Glover, Keith Allen, Simon McBurney, Robert Flemyng, Matyelon Gibbs, Ion Caramitru, Hilde Van Meighem, Jan Nemejovsk, Toon Agterberg, Maria Miles, Vladimir Gut, Emil Wolf, Josef Abrham, Guy Fithen, Zuzana Halustokova and Ondrej Havelka.

Runtime: 98 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Sci-Fi and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 15 November 1991 (USA). 25 May 1994 (Spain).

Production Company: Baltimore Pictures, Princel S. A. and Renn Productions.

Synopsis: Prague, 1919. “Kafka (Jeremy Irons), an insurance worker, gets embroiled in an underground group after Eduard Raban, a co-worker, is murdered. The underground group is responsible for bombings all over town. He eventually penetrates the secret organization and must confront them” (Ed Sutton. imdb).

Comments: Surrealist film that pays homage to German expressionism. It combines parts of Kafka’s biography with his works. Jeremy Irons’ gaunt figure provides a good reflection of the tuberculosis Kafka suffered from.

References:

link

KAMELIADAMEN

Original title: Kameliadamen.

Other titles: The Lady of the Camellias (English translation).La dama de las camelias (Spanish translation).

Country: Denmark.

Year: (1907).

Director: Viggo Larsen.

Photography: Axel Graatkjaer (as Axel Sörensen).

Screenwriter: based on the novel The Lady of the Camellias, by Alexandre Dumas (fils).

Cast: Oda Alstrup, Viggo Larsen, Gustave Lund, Lauritz Olsen and Robert Storm Petersen.

Runtime: 12 minutes (266 meters).

Genre: Short, Drama and Romance.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 16 October 1907 (Denmark). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Nordisk Films Kompagni.

Synopsis: the story takes place in Paris in the mid 19th century. Marguerite Gauthier, “Kameliadamen” (Oda Alstrup), a beautiful woman with affaires, falls for the young and promising Armand (Viggo Larsen), but sacrifices her love for him for the sake of his future and reputation (Jim Beaver, imdb).

Additional information: A 5-act drama that is very faithful to the novel despite its short length. It can be freely viewed at: link.

Comments: From the first act it becomes crystal clear that Marguerite suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis. While dancing, she faints, she sits on a couch and sends everybody away, her symptoms include dyspnea and coughing and a maidservant brings her a glass of water and makes her lie down. The fifth and last act ends when the young woman dies of consumption.

Other versions:

1.- From the novel (La Dame aux camélias/ The Lady of the Camellias) by Alexandre Dumas (fils)

Kameliadamen (1907) by Viggo Larsen, Silent. (link)

Camille (1909) by Ugo Falena, Silent. (link)

La dame aux camélias (1911) by Louis Mercanton, Silent. (link)

Camille (1912) director unknown, Silent. (link)

Camille/ La dame aux camélias (1912) by André Calmettes and Henri Pouctal, Silent. (link)

Camille (1915) by Albert Capellani, Silent. (link)

La Signora delle camelia (1915) by Gustavo Serena, Silent. (link)

La Signora delle camelia (1915) by Baldassarre Negroni, Silent. (link)

Camille (1917) by J. Gordon Edwards, Silent.(link)

Prima Vera (1917) by Paul Leni, Silent. (link)

Arme Violetta (1920) by Paul L. Stein, Silent. (link)

Camille (1921) by Ray C. Smallwood, Silent. (link)

La dama de las camellias / The Lady of the Camellias (1922) by Carlos Stahl, Silent. (link)

Tense Moments from Great Plays (1922) by Edwin J. Collins, H.B. Parkinson, Challis Sanderson and George Wynn, Silent. (one of its segments is from The lady of the Camellias. (link)

The Lady of the Camellias (1922) by Edwin J. Collins, Silent. (link)

Damen med kameliorna (1925) by Olof Molander, Silent. (link)

Camille (1926), Silent. (link)

Camille by Fred Niblo (1926), Silent. (link)

La dame aux camélias (1934) by Fernand Rivers and Abel Gance. (link)

Camille (1936) by George Cukor. (link)

Cha hua nu (1938) by Pingqian Li. (link)

Xin cha hua nu (1941) by Feng Yueh. (link)

La signora di tutti (1941) by Max Ophüls. (link)

La dama de las camelias (1944) by Gabriel Soria. (link)

La mujer de todos (1946) by Julio Bracho. (link)

La dama de las camelias/ The Lady of the Camelias (1947) by José Bohr. (link)

Camille (1948) chapter of "The Philco Television Playhouse". (link)

La dame aux camélias/ A Lady Without Camelias by Raymond Bernard (1953). (link)

La mujer de las camelias/ The Lady of the Camelias (1954) by Ernesto Arancibia. (link)

Camelia (1954) by Roberto Gavaldón. (link)

Cha hua nu (1955) by Wen Yi and Shankun Zhang. (link)

Kamelyali kadin (1957) by Sakir Sirmali. (link)

The Lady of Camellias (1958) by George More O'Ferrall, chapter of "Armchair Theatre". (link)

Irthes arga (1961) by Maria Plyta. (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0231802)

A Dama das Camélias (1962) by Nuno Fradique, film made for TV. (link)

La bella Lola (1962) by Alfonso Balcázar. (link)

La dame aux camélias (1962) by François Gir, film made for TV. (link)

Marguerite Gautier (1963) by Willy van Hemert, film made for TV.. (link)

“Festival” The Lady of the Camellias (1964) by Rudolph Cartier, film made for TV. (link)

Ben bir sokak kadiniyim (1966) by Ertem Egilmez. (link)

Dama s kamelijama (1968) by Milenko Maricic, film made for TV. (link)

Camille 68 (1968) by John Frankau, episode of "ITV Playhouse". (link)

Camille 2000 (1969) by Radley Metzger. (link)

La signora delle camelie (1971) by Vittorio Cottafavi, film made for TV. (link)

La dame aux camélias (1972) by Robert Maurice, film made for TV. (link)

A Dama das Camélias (1972) by Walter Avancini, film made for TV. (link)

Crónica de un amor (1974) by Toni Sbert.(link)

The Lady of the Camellias (1976) by ToRobert Knights, film made for TV. (link)

Kameliendame (1978) by Tom Toelle, film made for TV. (link)

La dama de les camèlies (1978) by Antonio Chic, episode of "Lletres catalanes".(link)

La Vera Storia Della Signora Delle Camelia (1981) by Mauro Bolognini. (link)

La dame aux camélias (1983) by Agnès Delarive, episode of "Les amours romantiques". (link)

Camille (1984) by Desmond Davis,episode of “Hallmark Hall of Fame”. (link)

Die Kameliendame (1987) by John Neumeier. (link)

Pretty Woman (1990) de Garry Marshall based undoubtedly on Dumas’ novel in spite of its happy ending. (link)

Dama kameliowa (1995) by Jerzy Antczak. (link)

A Dama das Camélias (1997), film made for TV. (link)

La dame aux camélias (1998) by Jean-Claude Brialy, film made for TV. (link)

Moulin Rouge (2001)by Baz Luhrmann. (link)

La signora delle camelie (2005) by Lodovico Gasparini, film made for TV. (link)

The best known version of those that are faithful to Dumas’ original text is Camille (1936) by George Cukor, played by Greta Garbo, who won an Academy Award in 1995 in recognition of her career.

2.- From La Traviata (the libretto by Francesco Maria Piaveesta’s based on Dumas’ novel)

See La Traviata (1982) by Franco Zeffirelli.

References:

link

link

KAMPEN MOD TUBERKULOSEN

Original title: The fight against tuberculosis (English translation).La lucha contra la tuberculosis (Spanish translation).

Country: Denmark.

Year: 1943.

Director: Mogens Skot-Hansen.

Photography: C. H. Helm.

Runtime: 32 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: Danish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: A film aimed at providing the Danish population with information about tuberculosis.

References:

link

KAMPEN MOD TUBERKULOSEN

Original title: La lucha contra la tuberculosis (Spanish translation). The fight against tuberculosis (English translation).

Country: Denmark.

Year: 1953.

Director: Carl Otto Petersen.

Music: Bernhard Christensen.

Photography: Paul Solbjerghøj.

Screenwriter: Carl Otto Petersen.

Cast: Kate Mundt, Poul Overgaard Nielsen, Ruth Brejnholm y Hanne Lindorff.

Runtime: 27 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: Danish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Teknisk Film Co.

Resumen: A film aimed at providing the Danish population with information about tuberculosis (stages of its treatment, periodical inspections, BCG vaccination).

References:

link

link

KING OF THE HILL

Original title: King of the hill.

Other titles: El rey de la colina (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1993.

Director: Steven Soderbergh.

Music: Cliff Martinez.

Photography: Elliot Davis.

Film editor: Steven Soderbergh.

Screenwriter: Steven Soderbergh based onKing of the hill, the memoirs of A. E. Hotchner.

Cast: Jesse Bradford, Jeroen Krabbe, Lisa Eichhorn, Karen Allen, Spalding Gray, Elizabeth McGovern, Cameron Boyd, Adrien Brody, Joe Chrest, John McConnell, Amber Benson, Kristin Griffith, Chris Samples, Peggy Freisen, Katherine Heigl, John Durbin, Lauryn Hill, Jesse Zeigler, Remak Ramsay, Fred Cherrick, Joseph Patrick Moynihan, Don Richard, Mak Takano, Craig Hawksley, Aelred Rosser, Jason Feiner, Jared Joplin, David Jensen, Harry Governick, Sarah Mermelstein, Kimberly Jenkins, Gabriel Levinson and Ron Yerka.

Runtime: 98 minutes.

Genre: Drama and History.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 20 August 1993 (USA). 19 November 1993 (Spain).

Production Company: Wildwood; Bona Fide Production (as Bona Fide).

Synopsis: The story takes place in San Luis during the Great Depression. Aaron Kurlander (Jesse Bradford), his parents and his brother are one of the many families that suffered its consequences. They live crammed into a rundown hotel, like many others who are in their same situation and who carry with them the burden of their poverty and problems. Aaron is 12 years old and very bright; indeed, so much so that he will have to cope with the situation he is left in when his brother is sent away with other relatives, his father leaves because of his job as a travelling salesman, and his mother is admitted to a tuberculosis sanatorium because of a relapse of pulmonary tuberculosis.

References:

link

KO TO TAMO PEVA

Original title: Ko to tamo peva. ????????????

Other titles: Who's Singing Over There? Aka Who Sings Over There (English, USA) Who's That Singing Over There (English, International). ¿Quién está cantando allí? (Spanish translation).

Country: Yugoslavia.

Year: 1980.

Director: Slobodan Sijan.

Music: Vojislav Kostic.

Photography: Bozidar 'Bota' Nikolic (as Bozidar Nikolic).

Film editor: Ljiljana-Lana Vukobratovic (as Lana Vukobratovic).

Screenwriter: Dusan Kovacevic.

Cast: Pavle Vujisic, Dragan Nikolic, Danilo 'Bata' Stojkovic, Aleksandar Bercek, Neda Arneric, Milivoje Tomic, Tasko Nacic, Boro Stjepanovic, Slavko Stimac, Miodrag Kostic, Nenad Kostic, Bora Todorovic, Slobodan Aligrudic, Petar Lupa and Stanojlo Milinkovic.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Comedy.

Language: Serbo-Croatian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 January 1980 (Yugoslavia). It was also released in USA and Spain.

Production Company: Centar Film.

Synopsis: On the 5th of April 1941, one day before the Nazi invasion of Yugoslavia, a picturesque group of passengers on a country road in the depths of Serbia board a lorry belonging to the Krstic & Son company that is on its way to the capital, Belgrade: two gypsy musicians, a World War One veteran, a Nazi supporter, a singer, a consumptive, and a hunter with a rifle. The lorry belogns to Krstic the father and is driven by his impressionable son Misko.

Additional information: “In 1996, members of the Yugoslavian Board of the Academy of Film Art and Science (AFUN) voted this movie as the best Serbian movie made in the 1947-1995 period” (imdb).

Comments: The condition of the man who suffers from tuberculosis can be seen from his repeated coughing fits. At the beginning of the film a passenger asks him whether it is something serious, such as tuberculosis, to which he answers: “They don’t know what it is, but it seems there is no cure for me”. Further on in the film, he looks at an X-ray of his chest. Some passengers keep their distance with him to avoid contagion.

References:

link

KOCHANKOWIE Z MARONY

Original title: Kochankowie Z Marony.

Other titles: The Lovers of Marona (English translation). Los amantes de Marona (Spanish translation).

Country: Poland.

Year: 2005.

Director: Izabella Cywinska.

Music: Jerzy Satanowski.

Photography: Marcin Koszalka.

Film editor: Anna Wagner.

Screenwriter: Izabella Cywinska and Cezary Harasimowicz. Based on Jaroslaw Iwaszkiewicz’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Karolina Gruszka, Lukasz Simlat, Krzysztof Zawadzki, Danuta Stenka, Janusz Michalowski, Ewa Kasprzyk, Jadwiga Jankowska-Cieslak, Lukasz Sikora, Andrzej Róg, Aleksander Wysocki, Tomasz Sapryk and Malgorzata Zawadzka.

Runtime: 107 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Polish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 23 June 2006 (Poland). Released in the USA at the 11th Annual Polish Film Festival (Los Angeles, April- May 2010). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Agencja Media Plus, Agencja Produkcji Filmowej and Techfilm.

Synopsis: “The village of Marona is situated near a beautiful lake. Marona is a small village that only has a school and a convalescent home for people sick with tuberculosis. The local schoolteacher falls in love with one of the patients. Her love is strong, intense and full of sacrifice. When another man, the patient's friend, enters the scene, an unusual love triangle comes into play” (public synopsis).

Other versions:

Kochankowie z Marony (1966) by Jerzy Zarzycki. link

References:

link

link

link

link


-L-

L'ALCOOL ENGENDRE LA TUBERCULOSE

Original title: L'alcool engendre la tuberculose.

Other titles: Alcohol and Its Victims (English, USA). El alcohol genera la tuberculosis (Spanish translation).

Country: France.

Year: 1905.

Director: Ferdinand Zecca.

Genre: Short.

Language: Silent, French (title cards).

Color: Black and White.

Release date: December 1905 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Pathé Frères.

Synopsis: The film shows the harmful effects of alcohol on a working man and his family.

References:

link

link

LA BOHÈME

There are many films under this original title that are adaptations of the novel Scènes de la vie de Bohème and of the play made from it La vie de bohème, both by Henry Murger, or of the libretto by Giuseppe Giacosa and Luigi Illica made from the opera version La Bohème with Giacomo Puccini?s music. Some films that are also based on the aforementioned works have been given other titles. The main character in both Murger?s work and in Puccini?s opera is Mimi, who suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis. This disease is present in virtually all the cinematographic versions. The most well known is probably La Bohème (1926) by King Vidor (see).

Versions of Scènes de la vie de Bohème, La vie de bohème and La Bohème:

La Bohème (1911) (¿?). (link).

La Bohème (1912) by Albert Capellani. (¿?). (link).

La vie de Bohème (1916) by Albert Capellani. Silent. (link).

La Bohème (1917) by Amleto Palermi. Silent. (link).

Bohème ? Künstlerliebe (1923) by Gennaro Righelli. Silent. (link).

La Bohème (1926) by King Vidor. Silent. (link).

Mimi (1935) by Paul L. Stein. (link).

Zauber der Boheme (1937) by Geza von Bolvary. (link).

Bohemios (1939) by Francisco Elías. (link).

La vie de bohème by Marcel L´Herbier (1942). (link).

Grounds for Marriage (1951) by Robert Z. Leonard (uncredited adaptation) (link).

La Bohème (1965) by Wilhelm Semmelroth (uncredited adaptation). (link).

Capricci (1969) by Carmelo Bene. (link).

La Bohème (1974) by Jonas Cornell. Made for TV. (link).

La Boheme (1982) by André Flédérick. Made for TV. (link).

La Boheme (1982) by Brian Large. Made for TV. (link).

La Bohème (1986) (link).

La Bohème (1988) by Luigi Comencini. (link).

La Bohème (1988) by Brian Large. (link).

La vie de bohème (1992) by Aki Kaurismäki. (link).

La Boheme (1998). Made for TV. (link).

La Boheme (2002) by Brian Large. Made for TV. (link).

La Boheme (2003) by Carlo Battistoni. Made for TV. (link).

La Boheme (2004) by Mikael Melbye. Made for TV. (link).

La Boheme (2008) by Robert Dornhelm. (link).

La bohème (2009) by Werner Herzog. Short. (link).

'La bohème' im Hochhaus (2009) by Felix Breisach. Made for TV. (link).

LA BOHÈME

Original title: La Bohème.

Other titles: La bohemia (Venezuela). Vida bohemia (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1926.

Director: King Vidor.

Music: William Axt.

Screenwriter: Fred De Gresac, Ray Doyle, William M. Conselman and Ruth Cummings based on Henri Murger?s novel Scènes de la vie de bohème.

Cast: Lillian Gish, John Gilbert, Renee Adoree, George Hassell, Roy d'Arcy, Edward Everett Horton, Karl Dane, Mathilde Comont, Gino Corrado, Eugene Pouyet, Frank Currier, David Mir, Catherine Vidor and Valentina Zimina.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Runtime: 95 minutes.

Language: Silent, English (intertitles).

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 24 February 1926 (USA). 24 March 1927 (Spain).

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: A story about poor bohemians in Paris in 1830. The plot focuses on the unfortunate love lives of Rodolphe (John Gilbert) and Mimi (Lillian Gish). He aspires to become a writer, whereas she is a seamstress who dies of tuberculosis in the arms of her beloved after a reunion that also marks Rodolphe?s success as a writer.

Comments: The last minutes of the plot recount how Mimi returns home and is reunited with Rodolphe. She does not have much time left and she feels very tired:

- ?Your room is still the same... just as you left it. Mimi, my love... you?re back... you?re back...?

- ?It?s getting dark, Rodolphe... I can?t see you... and I want to see you...?

- ?Don?t cry... you?ll get better... your pretty cheeks will be rosy again?.

- ?Pretty... will I be pretty again??

- ?Be patient! You?ll be the most beautiful lady in Paris...!?

- ?... your play... Rodolphe??

- ?... a success... thanks to you!?

- ?It?s like the old days. My beloved Rodolphe, my dear friends... all of them smiling... all of them happy...?

- ...

- ?No... no... she can?t leave me now. I will never abandon her, never!?

Other versions: See La bohème (1917).

References:

link

LA CHARRETTE FANTÔME

Original title: La charrette fantôme.

Other titles: The Phantom Wagon (USA).

Country: France.

Year: 1939.

Director: Julien Duvivier.

Music: Jacques Ibert.

Photography: Jules Kruger (as J. Kruger).

Film editor: L. Bognar and Jean Feyte.

Screenwiter: Alexandre Arnoux and Julien Duvivier based on the novel Körkarlen by Selma Lagerlöf.

Cast: Pierre Fresnay, Marie Bell, Micheline Francey, Louis Jouvet, Jean Mercanton, Ariane Borg, Alexandre Rignault, Robert Le Vigan (as Le Vigan), Palau, René Génin (as Genin), Marie-Hélène Dasté, Philippe Richard, Georges Mauloy (as Mauloy), Joffre and Marcel Pérès (as Peres).

Runtime: 93 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Fantasy.

Language: French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 14 February 1940 (France). 27 May 1940 (USA). Not released in Spain.

Production Company: Columbia Films S. A. and Transcontinental Film S. A.

Synopsis: According to a Scandinavian legend, whoever dies with the last toll of the bell on Saint Sylvester?s day must drive a ghost wagon collecting the souls of those who have died during the year. Georges (Louis Jouvet) tells the story without imagining that he wil be the next driver.

Comments: David Holm (Pierre Fresnay), one of George?s friends suffers from tuberculosis and passes his disease on to Edith (Micheline Francey).

Other versions:

Körkarlen (1921) by Victor Sjöström. link

Körkarlen (1958) by Arne Mattsson. link

References:

link

link

LA CIUDAD (THE CITY)

Original title: La Ciudad (The City). The City.

Other titles: La ciudad (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1998.

Director: David Riker.

Music: Tony Adzinikolov.

Photography: Harlan Bosmajian.

Film editor: Harlan Bosmajian.

Screenwriter: David Riker.

Cast: Anthony Rivera, Joseph Rigano, Miguel Maldonado, Ricardo Cuevas, Moisés García, Marcos Martínez García, Mateo Gómez, Cezar Monzón, Harsh Nayyar, Fernando Reyes, Víctor Sierra, Carlos Torrentes, Cipriano Garcia, Leticia Herrera, Jose Rabelo, Stephanie Viruet, Gene Ruffini, Eileen Vega, Denia Brache and Marta de la Cruz.

Runtime: 88 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English, Spanish and Korean.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 22 October 1999 (USA). 7 July 2000 (Spain).

Production Company: Journeyman Pictures, Echo Lake Productions, Independent Television Service (ITVS) and North Star Films.

Synopsis: The film describes, through several stories, the dramatic situation of Latin American immigrants in New York. In the first story (Bricks), a builder is crushed by a collapsing wall. In another one (Home), a young Mexican who is a newcomer to the city falls in love with a girl and loses her in a labyrinth of apartments. The next story (The Puppeteer) revolves around a helpless puppeteer, sick with tuberculosis, who dreams of a better life for his daughter. And the last story (Seamstress) stars a seamstress who needs money to send it to her country to be able to pay for her daughter?s medical treatment.

References:

link

LA COLMENA

Original title: La colmena.

Other titles: The Beehive (English, undefined).

Country: Spain.

Year: 1982.

Director: Mario Camus.

Music: Antón García Abril.

Photography: Hans Burman.

Film editor: José María Biurrún.

Screenwriter: José Luis Dibildos based on the homonymous novel by Camilo José Cela.

Cast: Victoria Abril, Ana Belén, Concha Velasco, Francisco Rabal, Mario Pardo, , Fiorella Faltoyano, José Sazatornil, José Luis López Vázquez, Mary Carrillo, Mary Carrillo, José Bódalo, Charo López, Marta Fernández Muro, Emilio Gutiérrez Caba, Elvira Quintillá, Luis Ciges, José Sacristán, Francisco Algora, Imanol Arias, Agustín González, Rafael Alonso, Antonio Resines, Queta Claver, Antonio Mingote and Camilo José Cela.

Runtime: 112 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 11 October 1982 (Spain). 16 November 1983 (USA, Chicago International Film Festival).

Production Company: Televisión Española and Agata Films.

Synopsis: The café La Delicia gathers different characters who represent the Spanish society of the postwar years. Most of them meet there to forget their hunger and the cold. The film reflects a raw view of the winter of 1942 in Madrid, during the early postwar years. Hunger, restrictions and ration books are some of the ingredients of the film.

Additional information: It received the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival. The author of the novel on which the script is based, Camilo José Cela, suffered from tuberculosis.

Comments: El Tisico (The Consumptive) (Imanol Arias) is looked after by his girlfriend Victorita (Ana Belén). He is a patient in one of the wards of a hospital in Madrid.

References:

link

LA CONTAGION PAR LES CRACHATS

Original title: La Contagion par les crachats.

Other titles: Contagion due to sputa (English translation). El contagio por los esputos (Spanish translation).

Country: France.

Year: 1929.

Director: Jean Benoit-Lévy.

Runtime: 2 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: “It is an Informative film about the spreading of tuberculosis which places the mother, in charge of hygiene in the home, at the centre of the battle” (www.evene.fr).

Additional information: Other documentaries about tuberculosis by Jean Benoit-Lévy are: La Tuberculose (1927), Un terrible ennemi invisible: la Tuberculose (1928), Le BCG nouveau (1929), La préservation des nouveaux nés contre la tuberculose (1930), Préservation des nourrissons contre la tuberculose par le placement familial (1931), La préservation contre la tuberculose par la vaccination par le BCG (1931) or Santé des cités-jardins tuberculose des taudis (1932).

References:

link

LA NOTE BLEUE

Original title: La note bleue.

Other titles: La nota azul (Spanish translation).

Country: France and Germany.

Year: 1991.

Director: Andrzej Zulawski.

Music: Frederick Chopin.

Photography: Andrzej Jaroszewicz.

Film editor: Marie-Sophie Dubus.

Screenwriter: Andrzej Zulawski.

Cast: Janusz Olejniczak, Marie-France Pisier, Sophie Marceau, Noëmi Nadelmann, Féodor Atkine, Aurélien Recoing, Benoît Le Pecq, Roman Wilhelmi, Grazyna Dylong, Pavel Slaby, Gilles Detroit, Redjep Mitrovitsa, Beatrice Buchholz, Serge Ridoux and Serge Renko.

Runtime: 135 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Musical and Biography.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 June 1991 (France). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Erato Films, G Films and Oliane Productions.

Synopsis: Nohant, summer of 1846: the sickly Frédéric Chopin (Janusz Olejniczak) is spending a few days at the villa of Aurora Dudevant ? George Sand (Marie-France Pisier), his former lover. Both know their love has ended, but she begs him to go on concealing their personal situation in front of the many friends they have invited to a party at her mansion (public synopsis).

Comments: Chopin suffers the consequences of his pulmonary tuberculosis.

Other films about Chopin:

See A Song to Remember (1945) by Charles Vidor.

References:

link

LA PASSION DE BERNADETTE THE PASSION OF BERNADETTE

Original title: La passion de Bernadette.

Other titles: The Passion of Bernadette (USA).

Country: France.

Year: 1989.

Director: Jean Delannoy.

Music: Francis Lai.

Photography: Jean Penzer (as Jean-Bernard Penzer).

Film editor: Annie Charvein.

Screenwriter: Jean Aurenche and Jean Delannoy.

Cast: Sydney Penny, Emmanuelle Riva, Catherine de Seynes, Malka Ribowska, Georges Wilson, Michèle André, Maurice Jacquemont, Roland Lesaffre, Michel Ruhl, Michèle Simonnet, Maurice Vaudaux, Dorothée Jemma, Céline Bellanger, Jean-Marie Bernicat and Bernard Brieux.

Runtime: 105 minutes.

Genre: Biographical, Historical, Religious and Drama.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: In USA it was released in DVD format. It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Rachel Productions, ECM Geneve Y Michel Turin.

Synopsis: The film tells the story of Bernadette (Sydney Penny) from the time she spent at the convent at Nevers until her death.

Additional information: Sequel to Bernadette (1988).

Comments: The film shows the effects of a physically disabled Bernadette as a result of bone tuberculosis; thus, Bernadette either uses crutches, or is carried about by other nuns.

Cinematographic versions of the life of Bernadette Soubirous:

See The Song of Bernadette.

References:

link

LA TRAVIATA

Original title: La traviata.

Country: Italy.

Year: 1982.

Director: Franco Zeffirelli.

Music: Giuseppe Verdi.

Photography: Ennio Guarnieri.

Film editor: Franca Silvi and Peter Taylor.

Screenwriter: Franco Zeffirelli, based on the libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, which is based on the novel The Lady of the Camellias by Alexandre Dumas, fils.

Cast: Teresa Stratas, Plácido Domingo, Cornell Macneil, Allan Monk, Axelle Gall, Pina Cei, Maurizio Barbacini, Robert Sommer, Ricardo Oneto, Renato Cestie, Dominique Journet, Luciano Brizi, Tony Ammirati, Ariel Bybee and Geraldine Decker.

Runtime: 109 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Musical.

Language: Italian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 18 February 1983 (Italy). 22 April 1983 (USA). 28 October 1983 (Spain).

Production Company: Accent Films B.V. and Radiotelevisione Italiana.

Synopsis: “Violetta Valéry (Teresa Stratas) is a courtesan of one of the high Parisian circles. Threatened by tuberculosis and bewildered, one day she falls in love with a rich provincial heir, Alfredo Germont (Placido Domingo). The daring housewife desires to be free from all her past wrongs. They both take refuge in the French countryside to live a love like they had never felt before. Germont´s father, Giorgio (Cornell MacNeil), fearful of the consequences of their relationship, is able, nevertheless, to convince Violetta to abandon her love, pretending not to love Alfredo anymore and returning to Paris under the protection of Baron Douphol (Allan Monk). Upon returning to the city, Alfredo publically humiliates her and pays money to a prostitute in exchange for her favors. Violetta feels extremely uneasy. Sick and alone, she waits for Alfredo to understand her sacrifice and return to her. When he finally arrives with his repented father, Violetta is on the verge of death” (Bottasso).

Additional information: An adaptation of the opera by Giussepe Verdi which bears the same title, with a libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. Based on the novel by Alexandre Dumas, fils, The Lady of the Camellias. In 1982 it was nominated in the Academy Awards (Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design).

Versions:

Of the opera:

La traviata (1909). Short. (link).

La traviata (1922) by Challis Sanderson. (link).

La traviata (1927) by H.B. Parkinson. (link).

La signora dalle camelie/The Lost One (1947) by Carmine Gallone. (link).

La traviata (1955) by George R. Foa. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1967) by Mario Lanfranchi. (link).

La traviata (1975) by Brian Large. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1976) by Kirk Browning. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1981) by Brian Large. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1982) by Franco Zeffirelli. (link).

La traviata (1987) by Peter Hall. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1992) by Liliana Cavani. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1992) by Derek Bailey. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1994) by Humphrey Burton and Peter Maniura. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1995) by Francesco Maria Piave. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (1997) by Ariane Adriani. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (2000) by Pierre Cavassilas. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (2001) by Patrizia Carmine. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (2002) by Fausto Dall'Olio. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (2003) by Don Kent. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (2004) by Patrizia Carmine. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (2005) by Brian Large. Made for TV. (link).

La traviata (2006) by Brian Large. (link).

Of the novel (La Dame aux camélias/ The Lady of the Camellias) by Alexandre Dumas (fils):

See Kameliadamen (1907) by Viggo Larsen.

References:

Bottasso O. The Traviata in the movie of Zeffirelli. A history of tuberculosis and other ailments.J Med Mov 2005; 1(3): 60-65. Available from: link

link

LA TUBERCULOSE MENACE TOUT LE MONDE

Original title: La tuberculose menace tout le monde.

Other titles: Tuberculosis Threatens Everyone (English translation). La tuberculosis amenaza a todos (Spanish translation).

Country: France.

Year: 1918.

Director: Robert Lortac and Jean Comandon.

Runtime: 2 minutes.

Genre: Short and Animation.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Pathé Cinéma.

Synopsis: The film shows how the absence of hygiene is a favourable condition for the appearance of tuberculosis.

Additional information: Film for informative and preventive purposes.

References:

link

LA TUBERCULOSE SE PREND SUR LE ZINC

Original title: La Tuberculose se prend sur le zinc.

Country: France.

Year: 1919.

Director: Jean Comandon and Marius O'Galop.

Runtime: 2 minutes.

Genre: Short and Animation.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: Short film for informative and health-education purposes.

Comments: It shows the dangers of spitting on the floor.

References:

link

link

LA VERDAD SOBRE EL CASO DEL SEÑOR VALDEMAR

Original title: La verdad sobre el caso del señor Valdemar.

Country: Ecuador.

Year: 2009.

Director: Carlos Andrés Vera.

Photography: Francisco Cevallos.

Film editor: Frantz Jaramillo.

Screenwriter: Carlos Andrés Vera based on the short story by Edgar Allan Poe.

Cast: Manuel Calisto, Octavio de Barros and Pedro Pérez.

Runtime: 25 minutes.

Genre: Short and Horror.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: The story is set in the year 1873, in Quito. President García Moreno has set up a paradoxical government: on the one hand, a State with fundamentalist religious principles is overbearing; on the other, science is strongly encouraged. Within this context, one of the best-known psychiatrists in Quito, Dr Romero experiments on his patients using hypnosis as a therapeutic tool, finding that he had never before tried this technique on a dying patient. Dr Romero (Pedro Pérez) wonders whether he will be able to stop or at least delay the moment of death by means of hypnosis, for which he finds a patient who is willing to collaborate: Genesio Valdemar (Octavio de Barros), a Brazilian ex-ambassador who suffers from tuberculosis and who has been told that he only has a few hours left. Dr Romero?s experiment with Valdemar will give rise to endless rumours, ending with him being accused of satanic practices that are against the State and God. Romero will be arrested and sentenced to death by García Moreno. His only chance to live will be to reveal the truth about the case of Mr Valdemar to the president?s secretary, thus denying the rumours accusing him of Satanism (official Synopsis).

Additional information: It can be viewed on link.

Other films about The Facts in the Case of Mr Valdemar:

An episode of Obras maestras del terror (1960) by Enrique Carreras.

References:

link

LAS DE MÉNDEZ

Original title: Las de Méndez.

Other titles: Le roman d’une infirmière (France).

Country: Spain.

Year: 1927.

Director: Fernando Delgado.

Photography: Enrique Blanco.

Screenwriter: Fernando Delgado.

Cast: Isabel Alemany, Manuel Aliacar, Alfredo Corcuera, Miguel Del Castillo, Juana Espejo, Fernando Fernández de Córdoba, Eduardo García Maroto, Francisco Martí, José Mata, Lina Moreno, Víctor Pastor, Javier de Rivera, Clotilde Romero, Carmen Tejada, Tomás Venegas, Carlos Verger and Carmen Viance.

Length: 3400 metres.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 16 April 1927 (Spain).

Production Company: Reunión de Artistas Film Español (RAFE).

Synopsis: “Gertrudis (Juana Espejo), the widow of Méndez, and her daughters Irene (Isabel Alemany), Julia (Lina Moreno) and Soledad (Carmen Viance) live in poverty. The latter decides to find a job, which at the time was inconceivable in the Méndez family. Soledad meets the Viscount of Moncada, who hires her as a nurse in a hospital in Guadarrama. There she falls in love with Juan (Javier de Rivera), who is the Viscount’s mechanic. Shortly after, the aristocrat dies of tuberculosis and in his will he leaves everything to Juan and Soledad” (López Yepes, 1996).

Additional information: This film shows how “appearances can be deceptive”: the “Méndez” are penniless but appear to be wealthy. Lost film.

References:

Borao JE. Elementos para un análisis del cine español en los años veinte. D’art 1985; 11: 313-334. Available from: link

López Yepes A. Enciclopedia del Cine Español [CD-ROM]. Madrid: Micronet; 1996.

link

LE DROIT D?AIMER

Original title: Le droit d'aimer.

Other titles: The Right to Love (English translation). El derecho de amar (Spain).

Country: France and Italy.

Year: 1972.

Director: Eric Le Hung.

Music: Philippe Sarde.

Photography: Henri Decaë.

Screenwriter: Jean-Claude Carrière, Eric Le Hung, based on the novel Elle lui dirait dans l'île by Françoise Xenakis.

Cast: Betty Beckers, Florinda Bolkan, Xavier Depraz, Jacques Dhéry, Georges Douking, Didier Haudepin, Didier Haudepin, Jean Hébey, Bernard La Jarrige, Guy Mairesse, Pierre Michaël, Giancarlo Pannese, Gilles Ségal and Omar Sharif.

Runtime: 90 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 16 August 1972 (France). January 1977 (USA). It was also released in Spain.

Production Companies: Les Productions Fox Europa, Lira Films and Pegaso Cinematografica.

Synopsis: Helena (Florinda Bolkan) has been living alone for two years. Every day she gazes at a faraway island where Pierre, her husband, a political prisoner, remains confined together with hundreds of other men, forced to carry out hard labour. Dozens of convicts die of tuberculosis and Pierre could be the next one. Helena only thinks of seeing her husband again. Every week she requests the authorities permission to visit him, a request that for one reason or other is never granted. One day, the postman arrives with a permit. Helena is allowed to spend an hour with Pierre, although she knows that it will be the last time she sees him (public synopsis).

References:

link

LE TAUDIS DOIT ÊTRE VAINCU or LA TUBERCULOSE DOIT ETRE VAINCU

Original title: Le taudis doit être vaincu or La tuberculose doit etre vaincu.

Other titles: Los barrios pobres deben ser vencidos (Spanish translation).

Country: France.

Year: 1918.

Director: Marius O’Galop and Jean Commandon.

Runtime: 2 minutes.

Genre: Short and Animation.

Language: Silent, French (title cards).

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: “A skeleton breathes air contaminated with tuberculosis into a bedridden patient. The doctor arrives with his “hygiene” rules and buries the skeleton” (www.ficam.ma).

Comments: A short film for informative and health-education purposes.

References:

link

link

link

LEAVE ALL FAIR

Original title: Leave All Fair.

Country: France and New Zealand.

Year: 1985.

Director: John Reid.

Music: Stephen McCurdy.

Photography: Bernard Lutic.

Film editor: Ian John.

Screenwriter: Jean Betts, Stanley Harper, Maurice Pons and John Reid.

Cast: John Gielgud, Jane Birkin, Feodor Atkine, Simon Ward, Louba Guertchikoff, Maurice Chevit, Mireille Alcantara, Léonard Pezzino, Jean Betts and Michelle Bordier.

Runtime: 88 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Production Company: Pacific Films.

Release date: October 1985 (USA, Chicago International Film Festival). It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: “It was only after her death that the work of New Zealand writer, Katherine Mansfield, became well known, thanks to her editor and husband, John Middleton-Murry. She had left New Zealand to travel around France, and she died there from tuberculosis. Thirty-three years later, Middleton-Murry is invited to France to approve a new edition of her collected letters and journals, and there he meets a young woman, Marie Taylor (Jane Birkin) (also from NZ), who reminds him strongly of his dead wife. As the two become friends, Marie starts reading old correspondence between Mansfield and her husband, and discovers the true nature of their relationship and that Mansfield's dying wishes regarding her writings have been ignored by the manipulative, and less-than-honest, Middleton-Murry” (splice, imdb).

References:

link

link link

LEKCJA MARTWEGO J?ZYKA

Original title: Lekcja martwego j?zyka.

Other titles: Lesson of a Dead Language (English, USA, review title). La lección de lengua muerta (Spanish translation).

Country: Poland.

Year: 1979.

Director: Janusz Majewski.

Music: Andrzej Kurylewicz.

Photography: Zygmunt Samosiuk.

Film editor: Elzbieta Kurkowska.

Screenwriter: Janusz Majewski based on the homonymous novel by Andrzej Ku?niewicz.

Cast: Olgierd ?ukaszewicz, Ewa Da?kowska, Ma?gorzata Pritulak, Gustaw Lutkiewicz, Juliusz Machulski, Irena Karel, Marek Kondrat, Piotr Pawlowski, Mieczyslaw Voit, W?odzimierz Boru?ski, Zygmunt Malanowicz, Kazimierz Iwor-Szczygielski, Franciszek Trzeciak, Tadeusz Bartosik, Ryszard Kotys, Andrzej Mrowiec, Eugeniusz Priwieziencew, Piotr Probosz and Krystyna Sznerr-Mierzejewska.

Runtime: 96 minutes.

Genre: Drama and War.

Language: Polish.

Color: Color.

Release date: September 1979 (Poland). It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Film Polski, P.P. Film Polski and Zespol Filmowy.

Synopsis: Close to the end of World War One, Lieutenant Alfred Kiekeritz (Olgierd Lukaszewicz), an art lover, is transferred to a military hospital in a small village of the Carpathians because he suffers from terminal tuberculosis. The Austro-Hungarian Empire is coming to its end.

Comments: Alfred coughs and has a fever, and he eventually dies from his illness.

References:

link

link

LES DESTINÉES SENTIMENTALES

Original title: Les destinées sentimentales.

Other titles: Les destinées (USA). Los destinos sentimentales (Argentina).

Country: France and Switzerland.

Year: 2000.

Director: Olivier Assayas.

Photography: Eric Gautier.

Film editor: Luc Barnier.

Screenwriter: Olivier Assayas and Jacques Fieschi based on the homonymous novel by Jacques Chardonne.

Cast: Emmanuelle Beart, Charles Berling, Isabelle Huppert, Olivier Perrier, Dominique Reymond, André Marcon, Alexandra London, Julie Depardieu, Louis-Do de Lencquesaing, Valérie Bonneton, Pascal Bongard, Didier Flamand, Jean-Baptiste Malartre, Nicolas Pignon, Catherine Mouchet, Mia Hansen-Løve and Sophie Aubry.

Runtime: 180 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 July 2000 (France). 5 April 2002 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Arcade, Arena Films, CAB Productions, Canal+, Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC), Cofimage 11, Office Fédéral de la Culture; Procirep, TF1 Films Productions and Télévision Suisse-Romande (TSR).

Synopsis: “The action spans from the early 1900s to after World War One. Pauline (Emmanuelle Beart) and Jean (Charles Berlina) meet at a ball in Barbazac, in the region of Charente. She is twenty years old and he is a Protestant minister, married and a family man, resigned to the failure of his marriage with Nathalie (Isabelle Huppert). From then on, the pressures of the Puritan society that surrounds them are pushed to the background, since their “love fates” are joined forever” (filmaffinity).

Comments: The story is divided into four parts. In the second part, titled Pauline, Jean feels unwell and is sick with tuberculosis, from which he recovers at a hotel in Paris where he is visited by Pauline, his wife to be:

- Bellboy: “A lady to see you”.

- Jean: “A lady?”

- Bellboy: “Pauline Pommerel”.

- Jean to the Bellboy: “Wait, clear the chair|and move it up to the bed“.

Pauline enters the room.

-Jean: “You've come so quickly. Thank you. Sit down. You see, I’ve been very ill”.

- Pauline: “Who looks after you, Jean?

- Jean: “A nurse from time to time. l was in a clinic. l don't know what they did. Sit down. l had a lump like a nut under my skin. They said it was tuberculosis|but l'm not sure”.

-?

- Pauline: “Do you eat well?”

- Jean: “I don't know. Illness tends to cut one off”.

-?

- Pauline: “You must get better. Start by leaving this seedy hotel”.

- Jean: “I’m very poor”.

-?

- Pauline: “You should go to the mountains. To Switzerland, say”.

-?

- Pauline: “l must leave now, you'll get feverish”.

Years later, Jean dies of the tuberculosis he suffers from.

-Pauline: ? “He fell and put his knee out. The trauma awoke something older. He has already had tuberculosis”.

References:

link link

link

LES MISERABLES

Original title: Les Miserables.

Other titles: Los Miserables (Argentina, Spain and Peru).Los miserables, la leyenda nunca muere (Spain).

Country: UK, Germany and USA.

Year: 1998.

Director: Bille August.

Music: Basil Poledouris.

Photography: Jörgen Persson.

Film editor: Janus Billeskov Jansen (as Janus Billeskov-Jansen).

Screenwriter: Rafael Yglesias based on the homonymous novel by Victor Hugo.

Cast: Geoffrey Rush, Tony Vogel, Alex Norton, Liam Neeson, Uma Thurman, Claire Danes, James Saxon, Liam Neeson, Christopher Adamson, Tim Barlow, Timoty Bateson, Ian Cregg, Edna Dore, Louis Hammond, Shane Hervey, Kelly Hunter, Lennie James, Pavel Cocí and Terry Taplin.

Runtime: 134 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Crime, History and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 May 1998 (USA). 9 October 1998 (Spain).

Production Company: Mandalay Entertainment and TriStar Pictures.

Synopsis: France, early 19th century. Jean Valjean (Liam Neeson) is convicted and sent to prison for stealing a loaf of bread. He manages to break out of prison and takes shelter in the impoverished town of Vigau of which he will become the mayor turning it into a prosperous city. Meanwhile, finding him has become an obsession for Inspector Javert, who devotes his life to relentlessly chasing him (public synopsis).

Comments: There are a series of very realistic scenes that show the symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis in the mother of the child who will become Jean Valjean?s foster daughter (wasted, coughing, tired and exhausted).

Other versions:

Les Miserables (1909) (Parts I and II). Silent.

Les Miserables (1909) (Part III) by Van Dyke Brooke. Silent.

Les Miserables (1909) by J. Stuart Blackton. Silent.

Les Misérables (1911 or 1913) by Albert Capellani. Silent.

Les Misérables (1917) by Frank Lloyd. Silent.

Les Misérables (1922). Silent.

Les Miserables (1925) by Henri Fescourt. Silent.

Les Miserables (1933) (in two parts)by Raymond Bernard.

Les Miserables (1935) by Richard Boleslawski.

Los Miserables (1943) by Fernando A. Rivero.

Les Miserables (1944) by Kamal Selim.

I  Miserabili (1947) by Riccardo Freda.

Re mizeraburu: kami to akuma (1950) by Daisuke Itô and Masahiro Makino.

Les Miserables (1952) by Lewis Milestone.

Les Miserables (1957) by Jean-Paul Le Chanois.

Les Miserables (1978) by Glenn Jordan. Made for TV.

Les Misérables (1982) by Robert Hossein.

Les Miserables (1985) by Robert Hossein. Made for TV.

Les Misérables / Les Misérables du vingtième siècle (1995) by Claude Lelouch.

References:

link

LES MOTS POUR LE DIRE

Original title: Les mots pour le dire.

Other titles: Las palabras para decirlo (Spanish translation). Words to say it (English translation).

Country: France.

Year: 1983.

Director: Jose Pinheiro.

Music: Jean Marie Senia.

Photography: Gerry Fisher.

Film editor: Claire Pinheiro.

Screenwriter: Suso Cecchi D´Amico, Marie François Leclere, Marie Cardinal and José Pinheiro, based on the homonymous autobiographical novel by Marie Cardinal.

Cast: Nicole Garcia, Marie Christine Barrault, Daniel Mesguich, Claude Rich, Jean-Luc Boutté, Michèle Baumgartner, Jean-Louis Foulquier, Robin Renucci, Céline Blanc-Potard, Violaine Gonce, Denise Noël, Bernard Montagner, Annie Noël, Robert Party and Rudolph Monori.

Runtime: 92 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Biography.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 October 1983 (France). Not released in Spain.

Production Company: Stephan Films, Filmédis, Union Générale Cinématographique (UGC), Belstar Productions and TF1 Films Productions.

Synopsis: The film deals with the relationship between Marie (Nicole García) and her mother Eliane (Marie-Christine Barrault). At the age of thirty and with two children, in the midst of a severe crisis and just before she is due to undergo serious surgery, she decided to be psychoanalyzed. Her confessions bring to the surface her problems with an excessively authoritarian mother.

Comments: Eliane, Marie?s mother, was a woman marked by her hatred of her consumptive husband, whom she blamed for the death of her first child (allmovie).

References:

link

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LES SOEURS BRÖNTE

Original title: Les soeurs Brönte.

Other titles: The Brönte Sisters (English translation, international). Las hermanas Brönte (Spain).

Country: France.

Year: 1979.

Director: André Téchiné.

Music: Philippe Sarde.

Photography: Bruno Nuytten.

Film editor: Claudine Merlin.

Screenwiter: Pascal Bonitzer, André Téchiné and Jean Gruault.

Cast: Isabelle Adjani, Marie France Pisier, Isabelle Huppert, Pascal Greggory, Patrick Magee, Helene Surgere, Roland Bertin, Alice Sapritch, Xavier Depraz, Adrian Brine, Julian Curry, Renee Goddard, Jean Sorel, Katherine Apanovitch, Pierre Baillot and Roland Barthes.

Runtime: 120 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 9 May 1979 (France). Released for TV and DVD in Spain (2005).

Production Company: Action Films, Gaumont and France 3 (FR 3) (as FR3).

Synopsis: Cinematographic biography of the Brontë children, Charlotte (Marie France Pisier), Emily (Isabelle Adjani), Anne (Isabelle Huppert) and Branwell (Pascal Greggory). It recalls the time they spent living with their father and their aunt on the Yorkshire moors, Charlotte and Anne?s stay in Belgium, Anne and Branwell?s job as teachers of the children of a wealthy couple, Branwell?s affair with his pupil?s mother, which brought about his addiction to alcohol, laudanum, and finally his death, the return home, the publishing difficulties and the literary success of the sisters, the death of both?

Additional information: The film is based on the true story of the Brönte family. Branwell (1817-1848), a poet and a painter, Emily (1818-1848), the author of Wuthering Heights, and Anne (1820-1849), the author of Agnes Grey, all suffered and died from tuberculosis. Charlotte (1816-1855), the author of Jane Eyre probably died of this disease too.

Comments: This film shows real characters suffering from tuberculosis. The first to show the symptoms of the disease is Anne when, while leaving the house where they worked as private tutors together with her brother, she feels a stab of pain in her side. Later on Branwell dies of wasting, which can be caused among other things by tuberculosis. The plot goes on and Emily has a severe fit of coughing. As a consequence of this they are visited by a doctor who prescribes a mixture they are to take regularly (cod liver oil?) and, when interviewing them he takes an interest in the characteristics of the cough, which is deep and resounding, and in the frequency of the shoots of pain in their sides that both sisters present. Emily, who had a slight fever, suffers from mild tachycardia, her health clearly declines and she ends up dying; Anne undergoes the same process shortly after. During the first half of the 19th century tuberculosis was widespread throughout early industrialized England and the Bröntes are a good example of this epidemic. The film shows how the infection spread in close environments such as homes.

References:

link

LOST HORIZON

Original title: Lost Horizon.

Other title: Horizontes perdidos (Spain). Horitzons perduts (Catalan). Lost Horizon of Shangri-La (USA reissue title).

Country: USA.

Year: 1937.

Director: Frank Capra.

Music: Dimitri Tiomkin.

Photography: Joseph Walker.

Film editor: Gene Havlick and Gene Milford.

Screenwriter: Robert Riskin and Sidney Buchman (uncredited). Based on James Hilton’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Ronald Colman, Jane Wyatt, Edward Everett Horton, John Howard, Thomas Mitchell, Margo, Isabel Jewell, H.B. Warner, Sam Jaffe, Norman Ainsley (uncredited), Chief John Big Tree (uncredited), Wyrley Birch (uncredited), Beatrice Blinn (uncredited) and Hugh Buckler (uncredited).

Runtime: 132 minutes.

Genre: Adventure, Drama, Fantasy and Mystery.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 2 March 1937 (USA). 25 March 1940 (Spain).

Production Company: Columbia Pictures.

Synopsis: British colonel Robert Conway (Ronald Colman) and a group of English and American citizens, among which there is a young woman affected by tuberculosis, flee from a war in China on board a plane. Their initial plans are stumped and take an unexpected turn when the plane is hijacked and forced to change course. It crash-lands in the Himalayas and, when all seems lost, they are rescued by a caravan and led to Shangri-La, a valley where the sun shines and people live long lives. There, Conway is appointed the successor of the legendary Great Lama (Sam Jaffe).

Additional information: This film turned Shangri-La into a legend, a paradise where time has stopped. In 1937 it won the Academy Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Film Editing and was nominated in the categories of Best Film, Best Actor in a Supporting Role (H.B. Warner), Best Assistant Director, Best Music, and Best Sound.

Comments: Gloria Stone (Isabel Jewell), a prostitute, is affected by terminal tuberculosis (“A year ago a doctor gave me six months to live”). She coughs and does not look good, which she tries to conceal with make-up. The atmosphere at Shangri-La will heal her.

Other versions:

Lost horizon by Charles Jarrott (1973). link

References:

link

LOURDES

Original title: Lourdes.

Country: Italy, France and Luxembourg.

Year: 2001.

Director: Lodovico Gasparini.

Music: Carlo Siliotto.

Photography: Fabio Zamarion.

Film editor: Carla Simoncelli.

Screenwriter: Alessandra Canela, Mario Falcone, Alessandro Jacchia, Vittorio Messori and Francesco Scardamaglia.

Cast: Alessandro Gassman, Angèle Osinsky, Florence Darel, Roger Souza, Sydne Rome, Helmut Griem, Günther Maria Halmer, Andréa Ferréol, Stefania Rocca, Umberto Orsini, Nicolau Breyner, Vítor Norte and Maria d'Aires.

Runtime: 180 minutes

Genre: Drama, Historical and Religious.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 4 June 2001 (France).

Production Companies: KirchMedia, Lux Vide and Rai Fiction.

Synopsis: Bernadette (Angèle Osinsky) is a sickly young woman who lives in poverty with her family. When the Virgin Mary appears to her in a cavern near Lourdes, nobody takes her seriously; even when she digs up a wellspring at Our Lady’s instructions, the local authorities try to hush up the matter. However, they are forced to give in when Empress Eugénie requests water from the spring for her sickly son. The village priest is finally convinced and Dr Henri Guillaumet (Alessandro Gassman), while on his way to send his consumptive fiancé Claire (Florence Darel) to a sanatorium, meets Bernadette. The water from the Lourdes spring heals Claire’s disease overnight, but the scientist in Henri doubts the miracle and wants to expose Bernadette as a liar. It is not until the next time he meets Bernadette, who has in the meantime become a nun, that he finds a way to balance Faith and modern science, and his love for Claire is strengthened as well (public synopsis).

Additional information: A film made for TV in two parts.

Cinematographic versions of the life of Bernadette Soubirous:

See The Song of Bernadette.

References:

link


-M-

MADAME PEACOCK

Original title: Madame Peacock.

Country: USA.

Year: 1920.

Director: Ray C. Smallwood.

Screenwriter: Alla Nazimova based on a plot by Rita Weiman.

Cast: Alla Nazimova, George Probert, John Steppling, William Orlamond, Rex Cherryman, Albert R. Cody, Gertrude Claire and Georgia Woodthorpe.

Runtime: 60 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Nazimova Productions.

Synopsis: “The movie tells the story of Jane Goring (Alla Nazimova), who leaves her humble surroundings -including her husband and small daughter- to pursue a stage career. She becomes a big success, but her stardom is threatened by a rival, Gloria Cromwell who, unbeknownst to Jane, is her own grown-up daughter (also played by Nazimova). They both land roles in the same play and Jane watches Gloria steal her thunder. Finally she begins to feel twinges of guilt over the way she has treated her family and goes home to her old mother. Her husband arrives with Gloria and they are all happily reunited” (allmovie).

Comments: She abandons her tubercular husband and her daughter by sending them to a sanatorium in Colorado (AFI).

References:

link

link

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MAP OF THE HUMAN HEART

Original title: Map of the Human Heart.

Other titles: Mapa del corazón humano (Argentina). Mapa de un corazón humano (Chile). Map of the human heart (mapa del sentimiento humano) (Spain).

Country: Australia, UK, France and Canada.

Year: 1993.

Director: Vincent Ward.

Music: Gabriel Yared.

Photography: Eduardo Serra.

Film editor: John Scott and Frans Vandenburg.

Screenwriter: Louis Nowra based on a plot by Vincent Ward.

Cast: Jason Scott Lee, Patrick Bergin, Anne Parillaud, Ben Mendelsohn, Robert Joamie, Annie Galipeau, Jeanne Moreau, Clotilde Courau, John Cusack, Jerry Snell, Jayko Pitseolak, Matt Holland, Rebecca Vevee, Josape Cópale and Reepah Arreak.

Runtime: 109 minutes.

Genre: Adventure, Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 23 April 1993 (USA). 26 October 1995 (Spain).

Production Company: Australian Film Finance Corporation (AFFC); Les Films Ariane; Map Films, PolyGram Filmed Entertainment, Sunrise Pictures Company, Vincent Ward Films and Working Title Films.

Synopsis: The story begins in 1931. Walter Russell (Patrick Bergin), a young R.A.F. officer, travels to the Arctic to draw a map of the frozen continent. There he meets Avik (Robert Joamie as a child and Jason Scott Lee as an adult), an Inuit orphan child who is sick with pulmonary tuberculosis. Walker takes him to a hospital in Montreal. His recovery takes longer than expected, but he finally returns to his village. During his stay at the hospital he meets a girl of mixed race, Albertine (Annie Galipeau as a child and Anne Parillaud as an adult), who he will end up meeting again in London during World War Two. They are in love with each other, but there is a problem: Albertine has married Walter.

Comments: Avik, who is an Inuit, presents severe haemoptysis: he stains his hand and leaves a trail of blood on the snow At the Montreal hospital, where he is admitted in 1931, his general state of health is poor, and he is placed in an oxygen tent and radiographies are made of his thorax.

References:

link

MARTYRS OF THE ALAMO or THE BIRTH OF TEXAS

Original title: Martyrs of the Alamo or The Birth of Texas.

Other titles: Mártires del Álamo (El Nacimiento de Texas) (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Director: Christy Cabanne.

Screenwriter: Christy Cabanne based on Theodosia Harris’ homonymous novel.

Cast: Sam De Grasse, Allan Sears (as A.D. Sears), Walter Long, Alfred Paget, Fred Burns, John T. Dillon (as John Dillon), Douglas Fairbanks, Juanita Hansen, Ora Carew, Tom Wilson and Augustus Carney.

Runtime: 71 minutes.

Genre: Drama, History, War and Western.

Language: Silent.

Release date: 21 November 1915 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Fine Arts Film Company.

Synopsis: Texas, 1936. A handful of Texans confront General Santa Anna (Walter Long) defending the Alamo, a mission turned into a fortress and located on the outskirts of San Antonio de Béxar.

Comments: James Bowie (Alfred Paget) suffered from tuberculosis.

Other versions: See The Alamo (2004).

References:

link

MEGHE DHAKA TARA

Original title: Meghe Dhaka Tara. ???? ???? ???? (Bengali).

Other titles: The Cloud-Capped Star (English title). Hidden Star (undefined). La estrella oculta por las nubes (Spanish translation).

Country: India.

Year: 1960.

Director: Ritwik Ghatak.

Music: Jyotirindra Moitra.

Photography: Dinen Gupta.

Film editor: Ramesh Joshi.

Screenwriter: Ritwik Ghatak based on Shaktipada Rajguru’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Supriya Choudhury, Anil Chatterjee, Niranjan Ray, Gita Ghatak, Bijon Bhattacharya, Gita De, Dwiju Bhawal, Gyanesh Mukherjee and Ranen Ray Choudhury.

Runtime: 126 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Musical.

Language: Bengali.

Release date: In Spain it was screened in the Andalusian Centre of Contemporary Art on 17 October, 2009.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Chitrakalpa.

Synopsis: The film tells the tragic story of Nita (Supriya Choudhury), a girl belonging to a middle class family from Eastern Pakistan who live as refugees on the outskirts of Calcutta. She sacrifices everything: happiness, money and health, for the sake of her family but her efforts are not recognised by the people around her. She loses her boyfriend, her job, and, to cap it all, she contracts tuberculosis.

References:

link

MIDNIGHT COWBOY

Original title: Midnight Cowboy.

Other titles: Perdidos en la noche (Argentina and Venezuela). Cowboy de medianoche (Spain). Cowboy de mitjanit (Catalan).

Country: USA.

Year: 1969.

Director: John Schlesinger.

Music: John Barry (uncredited).

Photography: Adam Holender.

Film editor: Hugh A. Robertson.

Screenwriter: Waldo Salt. Based on James Leo Herlihy’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Dustin Hoffman, Jon Voight, Sylvia Miles, Brenda Vaccaro, Ruth White John McGiver, Bernard Hughes, Jennifer Salt, Bob Balaban, Georgann Johnson, Jan Tice, Jonathan Kramer, Anthony Holland, Gastone Rossilli, Gil Rankin, Gary Owens, Paul Morrissey and Joan Murphy.

Runtime: 113 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English and Italian.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 25 May 1969 (USA). 14 June 1978 (Spain).

Production Company: Florin Productions and Jerome Hellman Productions.

Synopsis: The film describes the deprived areas of New York through the friendship between Joe Buck (Jon Voight) and Ratso (Dustin Hoffman). Joe is a young cowboy from Texas who arrives in the great city willing to make a living as a gigolo; but things do not turn out as easily as he thought they would, and the world of wealth and women he had imagined is very far from the reality he faces. By chance he meets Ratso Rizzo, a trickster of Italian origin and a tramp, crippled and affected by tuberculosis, and whose dream is to go to live to the warm lands of Florida. Both of them not only help each other survive, but they cling to the only thing that is left to them, their friendship.

Additional information: The film was premiered as X-rated in the USA. It won three Academy Awards in 1969: Best Film (Jerome Hellman), Best Director (John Schlesinger), and Best Adapted Screenplay (Waldo Salt), and it received four nominations in the categories of Best Actor in a Leading Role (Dustin Hoffman and Jon Voight), Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Sylvia Miles), and Best Film Editing (Hugh A. Robertson).

Comments: The set of symptoms associated to tuberculosis in the film includes: progressive decline, coughing, high temperature, dyspnea, and haemoptysis.

References:

link

MI?O?? CI WSZYSTKO WYBACZY

Original title: Mi?o?? Ci Wszystko Wybaczy.

Other titles: Love Forgives All.

Country: Poland.

Year: 1981.

Director: Janusz Rzeszewski.

Music: Waldemar Kazanecki.

Photography: Wieslaw Zdort.

Film editor: Malgorzata Orlowska.

Screenwriter: Krzysztof Teodor Toeplitz.

Cast: Dorota Stalinska, Stanislawa Celinska, Bozena Dykiel, Piotr Fronczewski, Piotr Garlicki, Borys Marynowski, Jan Kobuszewski, Czeslaw Wollejko, Wojciech Pokora, Jerzy Bonczak, Leonard Andrzejewski, Hanna Banaszak and Wlodzimierz Bednarski.

Runtime: 108 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Musical.

Language: Polish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 15 February 1982 (Poland). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Filmové Studio Barrandov, Filmstudio Bojana and Zespol Filmowy "Iluzjon".

Synopsis: “Singing in a cabaret offered Hanka Ordonowna (Dorota Stalinska) a chance to rise above her grim circumstances during the Depression, but she came to face even more dire struggles during World War II as a nurse serving in North Africa. Then, she battled tuberculosis and endured separation from her husband, a soldier serving in the Polish army” (DVD synopsis).

Additional information: The story is told using the flashback technique.

References:

link

link

MISHIMA: A LIFE IN FOUR CHAPTERS

Original title: Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters.

Other titles: Mishima / Mishima, una vida en cuatro capítulos (Spain).

Country: USA and Japan.

Year: 1985.

Director: Paul Schrader.

Music: Philip Glass.

Photography: John Bailey.

Film editor: Michael Chandler and Tomoyo Oshima.

Screenwriter: Chieko Schrader, Leonard Schrader and Paul Schrader, based on the life and novels of Yukio Mishima.

Cast: Ken Ogata, Masayuki Shionoya, Hiroshi Mikami, Junya Fukuda, Shigeto Tachihara, Junkichi Orimoto, Naoko Otani, Gô Rijû, Masato Aizawa, Yuki Nagahara, Kyuzo Kobayashi, Yuki Kitazume, Haruko Kato, Yasosuke Bando, Hisako Manda, Naomi Oki, Miki Takakura, Imari Tsujikoichi Sato, Kôichi Satô, Kenji Sawada, Reisen Lee, Setsuko Karasuma, Tadanori Yokoo, Yasuaki Kurata, Mitsuru Hirata and Toshiyuki Nagashima.

Runtime: 121 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: Japanese and English.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 20 September 1985 USA). 12 April 1986 (Spain, as Mishima) and 26 June 2009 (reshowing as Mishima, una vida en cuatro capitulos).

Production Company: American Zoetrope, Lucasfilm, M Company, Toho Film (Eiga) Co. Ltd. (uncredited) and Tristone Entertainment Inc.

Synopsis: A biography in four chapters: Beauty, Art, Action, and Harmony of Pen and Sword, by Yukio Mishima (Ken Ogata), perhaps the most controversial and important Japanese writer of the 20th century. The story begins with his ritual suicide in public, his seppuku, on 25 November 1970 at the Army’s Headquarters. This is followed by several black and white flashbacks that explore his life (facts, ideas, thoughts, obsessions, contradictions and attitudes) from his childhood, combining all this with colour recreations from some of his novels: The Temple of the Golden Pavilion, Kyoko’s House and Runaway Horses.

Comments: The film shows how Mishima feigned tuberculosis to avoid being recruited during World War Two.

- “Cough. Enough. Do you sometimes cough blood?

- “Yes, sir”.

- “How long have you had a fever?”

-“About six months, sir”.

- “Unfit for military service; incipient tuberculosis. Get dressed and go home. Next”.

- “l'd always dreamed of dying on the battlefield. So why did l lie? Why did l exaggerate my ilnessl, My words were lies. I was a coward”.

References:

link

MISS EVERS’ BOYS

Original title: Miss Evers' Boys.

Other titles: El experimento Tuskegee (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1997.

Director: Joseph Sargent.

Music: Charles Bernstein.

Photography: Donald M. Morgan.

Film editor: Michael Brown.

Screenwriter: Walter Bernstein. Based on David Feldshuh’s homonymous play.

Cast: Alfre Woodard, Thom Gossom, Von Coulter, Laurence Fishburne, Craig Sheffer, Ossie Davis, E.G. Marshall, Joe Morton, Obba Babatunde, Robert Benedetti, Larry Black, Judson Vaughn, Tommy Cresswell, Donzaleigh Abernathy and Peter Stelzer.

Runtime: 118 minutes.

Genres: Drama, History and War.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 22 February 1997 (USA). In Spain on TV (Canal +).

Production Company: Anasazi Productions and Home Box Office (HBO).

Synopsis: In 1932 syphilis had become an epidemic in the rural communities of the south of the USA. Because of this, the authorities decided to create a special programme for its treatment at the Tuskegee Hospital, the only hospital for black people available at the time. When funds decreased, the programme was turned into an experiment to study the fatal evolution of the disease by denying these patients treatment.

Additional information: Film made for TV.

Comments: Tuberculosis is mentioned.

References:

link

MODIGLIANI

Original title: Modigliani.

Country: USA, France, Germany, Italy, Romania and UK.

Year: 2004.

Director: Mick Davis.

Music: Guy Farley.

Photography: Emmanuel Kadosh (as Manu Kadosh).

Film editor: Emma E. Hickox.

Screenwriter: Mick Davis.

Cast: Andy García, Elsa Zyberstein, Omid Djalili, Hippolyte Girardot, Eva Herzigova, Udo Kier, Susie Amy, Peter Capaldi (as Peter Capadli), Louis Hilyer, Stevan Rimkus, Dan Astileanu, George Ivascu, Michelle Newell, Frederico Ambrosino and Miriam Margolyes.

Runtime: 128 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 December 2004 (USA). 27 October 2006 (Spain).

Production Company: Lucky 7 Productions LLC, Media Pro Pictures, Alicéléo, Bauer Martinez Studios, Buskin Film, CineSon Entertainment, Frame Werk Produktion GmbH & Co. KG, France 3 Cinéma, Istituto Luce, The Tower Limited Liability Partnership and UKFS.

Synopsis: The film recounts events that took place in Paris during the last year in the life of outstanding Italian painter Amedeo Modigliani (Andy García): his rivalry with Pablo Picasso (Omid Djalili); his love for Jeanne Hebuterne (Elsa Zylberstein); his paternity, his passion for painting; his hardships; his alcoholism and drug abuse, his participation in the in the “Paris' annual art competition” and, of course, his tuberculosis. The white plague put an end to his life and brilliant career in Paris.

Comments: The film presents “Modi” as having tuberculosis since his childhood, the disease manifesting itself almost exclusively by coughing. It worsens due to alcohol, tobacco and drug abuse and he sees a doctor, in this case a woman, which is a peculiar circumstance in those days: a hidden message from the director in support of equality? After checking him with a stethoscope, she tells him that if he keeps up his habits he will not last a year, since he has lost half of his lung capacity. He is surprised by this, since he thought he had overcome the disease when he was a child. The doctor suggests cough medicine as a treatment:

- “You said you had tuberculosis as a child”.

- “But I feel much better now”.

- “It never left you. You can dress now. Your lungs are working with less than half their capacity. If you continue to use drugs and alcohol you will not live past this year .This medicine will help your cough”.

Following a beating he is admitted to hospital where he finally dies.

Films about Amedeo Modigliani:

Les amants de Montparnasse (Montparnasse 19) (1957) by Jacques Becker. (link)

Modì (1990) by Franco Brogi Taviani. (link)

Modigliani (2004) by Mick Davis. (link)

References:

link

MODIGLIANI OF MONTPARNASSE

Original title: Les amants de Montparnasse (Montparnasse 19). Montparnasse 19.

Other titles: Modigliani of Montparnasse (USA). Hero of Montmatre, Heroes in White (USA, TV titles). The Lovers of Montparnasse (UK). Los amantes de Montparnasse (Spain).

Country: France and Italy.

Year: 1958.

Director: Jacques Becker.

Music: Paul Misraki.

Photography: Christian Matras.

Film editor: Marguerite Renoir.

Screenwriter: Jacques Becker and Henri Jeanson.

Cast: Gerard Philipe, Lilli Palmer, Lea Padovani (as Léa Padovani), Gerard Sety, Lino Ventura, Ainouk Aimee, Lila Kedrova, Arlette Poirier, Pâquerette (as Madame Pâquerette), Marianne Oswald, Judith Magre, Denise Vernac, Robert Ripa, Jean Lanier, Chantal de Rieux (as C. de Rieux), Jany Clair and Antoine Tudal (as A. Tudal).

Runtime: 108 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Biography.

Language: French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 4 April 1958 (France). 28 February 1961 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Franco London Films, Astra Cinematografica and Pallavicini (as Sandro Pallavicini I.N.C.).

Synopsis: Montparnasse is the bohemian area of Paris, full of artists who coexist while struggling to reach the almost impossible success that very few achieve. In 1919, Modigliani (Gerard Philippe), the painter, led a stormy life there, since his art was not understood and his poverty was only relieved by alcohol and women. Sick and drunk, his life was reduced to Rosalie, a landlady, and Beatrice, a rich English woman who paid his bills and provided him with opium. One morning at the drawing school, ‘Modi’ meets Jeanne, a middle class young woman with whom he immediately falls in love. Determined to begin a new life, he suggests they live together.

Additional information: The setting of the film is very successful at accurately reflecting the bohemian life of Paris in the early 20th century.

Comments: The film tells the story of the last years of the life of Modigliani (Gerard Philippe). Society fails to understand his artistic style, but gallery owners do not, and aware of the precarious state of his health - he suffers from tuberculosis - and of his love of drink, they patiently await the moment of his death to be able to market his paintings at increased value. In the last twenty-five minutes of the film, the decline in Modi’s health is clear: he does not feel well, he climbs the stairs at home with difficulty and he sweats. He goes out to see if he can earn some money but is unable to sell his sketches at 5 francs. On the streets he walks staggeringly, followed by an art dealer, Morel (Lino Ventura), with whom he exchanges some words, until he loses consciousness. In a hospital ward, restless and unable to communicate with the doctor, he dies. Modigliani died on 24 January 1920 of tubercular meningitis.

Films about Amedeo Modigliani:

Les amants de Montparnasse (Montparnasse 19) (1957) by Jacques Becker. (link)

Modì (1990) by Franco Brogi Taviani. (link)

Modigliani (2004) by Mick Davis. (link)

References:

link

MÓJ NIKIFOR

Original title: Mój nikifor.

Other title: My Nikifor (English). Mi Nikifor (Spanish translation).

Country: Poland.

Year: 2004.

Director: Krzysztof Krauze.

Music: Bartlomiej Gliniak.

Photography: Krzysztof Ptak.

Film editor: Krzysztof Szpetmanski.

Screenwriter: Joanna Kos and Krzysztof Krauze.

Cast: Krystyna Feldman, Roman Gancarczyk, Jerzy Gudejko. Jowita Miondlikowska, Lucyna Malec, Katarzyna Paczynska, Karolina Paczynska, Artur Steranko, Marian Dziedziel, Magda Celówna, Ewa Wencel, Krzysztof Bochenek, Anna Lopatowska, Maria Robaszkiewicz and Krzysztof Gordon.

Runtime: 97 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: Polish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 24 September 2004 (Poland). 9 October 2005 (USA at the Chicago International Film Festival). 28 October 2005 (Spain at the 50 Valladolid International Film Week [Seminci]).

Production Company: Agencja Produkcji Filmowej, Canal+ Polska, Studio Filmowe Zebra and Telewizja Polska (TVP).

Synopsis: The film recounts the last years of Nikifor (Krystyna Feldman), the great Polish “naïf” painter. The story begins in 1960, in the apartment that Marian W?osi?ski (Roman Gancarczyk) has in the mountain resort of Krynica. Nikifor settles thereagainst its owner’s wishes. W?osi?ski wants to get rid of him but finds out that he does not have a family or even a birth certificate. He gradually gets to know him and appreciates his art, becomiing involved in his care; so much so that his wife leaves him, taking their children because of the Nikifor’s open pulmonary tuberculosis, which involves a risk for all the family. He becomes Nikifor’s legal guardian in order to have him hospitalized. He looks after Nikifor until 1968. when Nikifor finally dies.

Additional information: The role of Nikifor is played by a woman, Krystyna Feldman.

Comments: Chest X-ray reveals Nikifor’s disease and its seriousness. Milk with honey is suggested as a treatment that might relieve Nikifor’s lungs. The members of the W?osi?ski family undergo a check-up to find out whether they also might have tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

link

MONEY MAGIC

Original title: Money magic.

Other titles: Dinero mágico (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1917.

Director: William Wolbert.

Photography: W. Steve Smith Jr.

Screenwriter: A. Van Buren Powell. Based on Hamlin Garland’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Antonio Moreno, Laura Winston, Edith Storey, William Duncan and Florence Dye.

Runtime: 50 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 5 February 1917 (USA).

Production Company: Vitagraph Company of America.

Synopsis: “Mrs. Gilman (Laura Winston), who runs a camp hotel in a rugged mining town, is doomed to a life of drudgery. Her daughter Bertha (Edith Storey) can't bear to watch her struggle anymore, so she marries a rich invalid, even though she doesn't love him. But complications arise when she meets Ben Fordyce (Antonio Moreno) who has come West to be with his consumptive fiancée, Alice Heath (Florence Dye). Bertha and Ben fall in love. Alice tells Bertha's husband that they are both standing in the way of the lovers' happiness, and then she breaks off her engagement and returns East. Bertha's husband, meanwhile, deliberately travels up a mountain, even though his doctor has told him his heart can't stand altitudes, and obligingly dies” (allmovie).

References:

link

link

link

MONTE WALSH

Original title: Monte Walsh.

Other titles: Monty Walsh (Argentina, Mexico, Spain and Uruguay).

Country: USA.

Year: 1970.

Director: William A Fraker.

Music: John Barry.

Photography: David M. Walsh.

Film editor: Richard K. Brockway (as Dick Brockway), Ray Daniels, Gene Fowler Jr. and Robert L. Wolfe.

Screenwriter: Davis Zelang Goodman and Lucas Heller. Based on Jack Shaefer’s novel Monte Walsh.

Cast: Lee Marvin, Jeanne Moreau, Jack Palance, Mitch Ryan, Jim Davis, G.D. Spradlin, John Hudkins, Raymond Guth, John R. McKee, Michael Conrad, Tom Heaton, Ted Gehring, Bo Hopkins, John McLiam, Allyn Ann McLerie, Matt Clark, Billy Green Bush (as Billy Bush), Eric Christmas, Charles Tyner and Jack Colvin.

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 7 October 1970 (USA). December 1970 (Spain).

Production Company: Cinema Center Films.

Synopsis: “Monte Walsh (Lee Marvin) and his pal Chet Rollins (Jack Palance) are two over-the-hill cowboys seeking work in the town of Harmony, Arizona, in the final days of the Old West. They take a job at the ranch of Cal Brennan (Jim Davis) and meet an old friend, Shorty (Mitch Ryan). Monte goes off to visit old flame Martine (Jean Moreau), a saloon girl suffering from tuberculosis. The ranch closes and Chet marries Mary Eagle (Allyn Ann McLerie), a widow who owns a profitable hardware store. He tries to talk Monte into giving up his cowboy life and settling down. He asks Martine to marry him, but she declines and cites her deteriorating health as the reason for her refusal. Monte goes on a drinking binge and rides a wild horse through town. He is indignant when a rodeo owner offers him a job. Monte states he would rather spit on himself that resort to such degrading work. Shorty is soon unemployed and guns down a local lawman (LeRoy Johnson). Distraught after the death of his beloved Martine, Monte goes after Shorty when he guns down Chet” (allmovie).

Additional information: This is a Western that uses a melancholy tone to recount the decline of the cowboys through the eyes of one of their veterans.

Other versions:

Monte Walsh (2003) by Simon Wincer. Made for TV. link

References:

link

link

MONTE WALSH

Original title: Monte Walsh.

Other titles: El último vaquero (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 2003.

Director: Simon Wincer.

Music: Eric Colvin.

Photography: David Eggby.

Film editor: Alan Baumgarten.

Screenwriter: Michael Brandman, Robert B. Parker, David Zelag Goodman and Lukas Heller based on the novel Monte Walsh, by Jack Schaefer (as Jack Schaffer).

Cast: Tom Selleck, Isabella Rossellini, Keith Carradine, George Eads, Robert Carradine, Barry Corbin, James Gammon, Rex Linn, John Michael Higgins, William Sanderson, Wallace Shawn, Marshall R. Teague (as Marshall Teague), Rick Ravanello, Joanna Miles and Lori Hallier.

Runtime: 117 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 January 2003 (USA). On DVD in Spain.

Production Company: Brandman Productions Inc., Georgian Bay Productions, TWS Productions II Inc. and Turner Network Television (TNT).

Synopsis: The story is about the adventures of two cowboys, Monte Walsh (Tom Selleck) and Chet Rollins (Keith Carradine), during the last days of the Wild West. Monte has a relationship with a prostitute, Martine (Isabella Rossellini), and Chet with a widow.

Additional information: Film made for TV.

Comments: Martine suffers from tuberculosis.

Other versions:

Monte Walsh (1970) by William Fraker (link).

References:

link

MOTHER TERESA: IN THE NAME OF GOD?S POOR

Original title: Mother Teresa: In the Name of God´s Poor.

Other titles: Madre Teresa: en el nombre de los pobres (Spain).

Country: UK, Germany and USA.

Year: 1997.

Director: Kevin Connor.

Music: Irwin Fisch.

Photography: Mike Frift.

Film editor: Barry Peters.

Screenwriter: Jan Hartman and Dominique LaPierre.

Cast: Geraldine Chaplin, Keene Curtis, Helena Carroll, David Byrd, William Katt, Ravindra Randeniya, Belle Connor, Neil Daluwatte, Chamintha De Silva, Upali De Silva, Nimmi Harasgama, Sunil Hettiarachchi, Veena Jayakody, W. Jayasiri and Leonie Kotalawela.

Runtime: 95 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 October 1997 (USA). Released on TV in Spain.

Production Company: The Family Channel and Hallmark Entertainment.

Synopsis: The story begins in Calcutta in 1946. Mother Teresa (Geraldine Chaplin) is a geography teacher at the Loreto nunnery. In the middle of a riot she finds herself in the streets hunting for food. This situation leads her to experience the other reality of India (famine and illiteracy outside the nunnery walls) and will lead her reflect deeply on this. Years later, she obtains permission to leave the convent for a year, during which time she will devote her efforts to helping the poor. With this in mind, she settles in the Moti Jihl neighbourhood, one of the poorest in Calcutta. There she begins her apostolate task and founds the Order of the Missionaries of Charity. In 1979 she is awarded the Nobel Prize in recognition of her work with the most disadvantaged.

Comments: Several infectious diseases such as leprosy and tuberculosis are either present or mentioned in the film.

References:

link

MOUCHETTE

Original title: Mouchette.

Country: France.

Year: 1967.

Director: Robert Bresson.

Music: Jean Wiener.

Photography: Raymond Lamy.

Film editor: Raymond Lamy.

Screenwriter: Robert Bresson based on the novel Nouvelle Histoire de Mouchette by Georges Bernanos.

Cast: Nadine Nortier, Jean-Claude Guilbert, Marie Cardinal, Paul Hebert, Jean Vimenet, Marie Susini, Liliane Princet, Suzanne Huguenin, Marine Trichet and Raymonde Chabrun.

Runtime: 78/ 90 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 28 March 1967 (France). 12 March 1970 (USA). It was also released in Spain.

Production Companies: Argos Films and Parc Film.

Synopsis: The film tells the store of Mouchette, a girl who leads a miserable existence in the French countryside. Daughter of an alcoholic father and a terminally ill mother, she is a misfit teenager who confronts the world with defiance but who dreams about escaping her fate. When she meets a local hunter, her dreams seem about to come true (public synopsis).

Comments: Mouchette?s mother suffers from tuberculosis. She complains of chest pains and breathing difficulties and the disease ends up killing her.

References

link

MOULIN ROUGE

Original title: Moulin Rouge.

Other title: Moulin Rouge, amor en rojo (Argentina and Peru). Amor en rojo (Colombia and Mexico).

Country: USA and Australia.

Year: 2001.

Director: Baz Luhrmann.

Music: Craig Amstrong and David Bowie.

Photography: Donald McAlpine (as Donald M. McAlpine).

Film editor: Jill Bilcock.

Screenwriter: Baz Luhrmann and Craig Pearce.

Cast: Nicole Kidman, Ewan McGregor, John Leguizamo, Jim Broadbent, Richard Roxburgh, Garry McDonald, Jacek Koman, Matthew Whittet, Kerry Walker, Caroline O´Connor, Christine Anu, Natalie Jackson Mendoza, Lara Mulcahy, David Wenham and Kylie Minogue.

Runtime: 127 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Musical.

Language: English, French and Spanish.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 16 May 2001 (USA). 11 October 2001 (Spain).

Production Company: Angel Studios, Bazmark Films (as A Bazmark Production) and Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (as Twentieth Century Fox).

Synopsis: A film set in Paris in 1899. A young poet, Christian (Ewan McGregor), leaves his home to settle in Montmartre, a Bohemian district of the end of the century, which is the dwelling of peculiar characters such as Toulouse-Lautrec (John Leguizamo). This district is the heart of Parisian nightlife and presiding over it is the Moulin Rouge. This night club lives its most glorious moments thanks to Satine (Nicole Kidman), the most desired cabaret star, whose main aspirations are to become an actress. When Christian meets her, he falls violently in love with her and turns her into his muse.

Additional information: It won Academy Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design, and it was nominated in six categories: Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role (Nicole Kidman), Best Cinematography, Best Editing, Best Sound and Best Makeup (2002).

Other versions:

The plot is based on that of the novel The Lady of the Camellias by Alexandre Dumas (fils). For further versions of this work see Kameliadamen (1907). Moulin Rouge (1952) by John Huston is based on the life of Toulouse-Lautrec. Other films were premiered under the same title in 1928, 1934 and 1940, respectively directed by Ewald André Dupont, Sidney Lanfield and the tandem André Hugon-Yves Mirande.

Comments: Satine?s destiny will be marked by tuberculosis. She has bouts of coughing, and dyspnea that increase as the film progresses; weakness (fainting), pallor and haemoptysis. Indeed, the most beautiful haemoptysis in the history of cinema.

References:

link

MURDERERS AMONG US

See Die Mörder Sind Unter Uns.

MUTCHAN NO UTA

Original title: Mutchan no uta. ??????.

Country: Japan.

Year: 1985.

Director: Hiromichi Horikawa.

Photography: Jun'ichirô Hayashi.

Cast: Mari Sato, Yukiko Takabayashi, Takanobu Yamanoi, Akiko Isozaki and Hiroshi Arikawa.

Genre: Drama and War.

Language: Japanese.

Synopsis: A war story set in World War Two featuring an orphaned girl who suffers from tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

MUSUME TO WATASHI

Original title: Musume to Watashi. ???.

Other title: My Daughter and I. Mi hija y yo (Spanish translation).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1962.

Director: Hiromichi Horikawa.

Music: Sei Ikeno.

Photography: Asakazu Nakai

Screenwriter: Sakae Hirosawa. Based on Bunroku Shishi’s novel.

Cast: Yuriko Hoshi, Sô Yamamura, Setsuko Hara, Tsutomu Yamazaki, Haruko Sugimura, Eitarô Ozawa, Reiko Kobashi and Francois Morechand.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Tokyo Eiga Co Ltd.

Synopsis: “A distinguished writer is left to rear his 4-year-old daughter, Mari, when his French wife dies from tuberculosis. Placed in a convent, the child becomes seriously ill. Realizing his neglect, the father takes Mari home and arranges to remarry, thus providing his daughter with a mother and allowing himself more time to devote to his writing. The new wife cherishes Mari, although she and the writer never consummate their marriage. The family grows closer, despite the writer's inability to sell his work, the daughter's racial harassment at school, and the wife's unrequited yearning for affection. By the end of World War II, the author has gained success but is left again to tend Mari alone when his wife dies of a heart attack. Mari, now 20 years old, decides to leave home and marry” (AFI).

References:

link

link

MY BROTHER

Original title: My Brother.

Other titles: Mi hermano (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2006.

Director: Anthony Lover.

Music: John Califra.

Photography: John Sawyer.

Film editor: Christian Baker.

Screenwriter: Anthony Lover.

Cast: Vanessa Williams, Tatum O'Neal, Nashawn Kearse, Christopher Scott, Rodney Henry, Donovan Jennings, Fredro Starr, Talent Harris, Eric Michael Gillett, Michael Luggio, Brian Delate, Basil Pologianis, Nasser Metcalf, Danny Johnson and Roger Shamas.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 22 July 2006 (USA) (American Black Film Festival). It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Angel Baby Entertainment, Liberty Artists and My Brother Productions LLC.

Synopsis: Aware that her end is near because of tuberculosis, and given her scarse resources, L’Tisha Morton (Vanesa Williams) struggles so that her two sons, Isaiah (Rodney Henry as a child and Nashawn Kearse as an adult) and James (Donovan Jennings as a child and Christoper Scott as an adult) will be adopted together. Since James suffers from a mental disability, she tries to encourage a sense of attachment between both brothers.

References

link

MY DARLING CLEMENTINE

Original title: My Darling Clementine.

Other titles: Pasión de los fuertes (Spain). La meva estimada Clementine (Catalan).

Country: USA.

Year: 1946.

Director: John Ford.

Music: Cyril J. Mockridge (as Cyril Mockridge) and David Buttolph (uncredited).

Photography: Joseph MacDonald (as Joe MacDonald).

Film editor: Dorothy Spencer.

Screenwriter: Samuel G. Engel and Winston Miller based on a plot by Sam Hellman based on the novel Wyatt Earp, Frontier Marshal by Stuart N. Lake.

Cast: Henry Fonda, Linda Darnell, Victor Mature, Cathy Downs, Walter Brennan, Tim Holt, Ward Bond, Alan Mowbray, John Ireland, Roy Roberts, Jane Darwell, Grant Withers, J. Farrell MacDonald and Russell Simpson.

Runtime: 97/102 minutes.

Genre: Western and Drama.

Language: English and Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 3 December 1946 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: After the murder of his youngest brother and the robbery of his cattle, Wyatt Earp (Henry Fonda) decides to accept the position as marshal of Tombstone with his two brothers as assistants. Once they have discovered who were actually responsible, they decide to confront them at the O.K. Corral, relying on the help of “Doc” Holliday (Victor Mature).

Movies with "Doc" Holliday as a character:

See Doc (1971).

Comments: Doc Holliday (Victor Mature) is presented as a professional gamer, a heavy drinker, a person who is sick with tuberculosis, and a doctor. All of this complies with reality except for the last aspect, since he was actually a dentist, a profession which is attributed to him in other versions. Coughing is the only manifestation of “Doc” Holliday’s pulmonary tuberculosis. The scene where he quotes Hamlet may have been reflecting haemoptysis, for the handkerchief with which he covers his mouth appears bloodstained. This phenomenon appears abruptly, either as attacks or in isolation, and judging by what can be heard in the movie it might not have been a productive cough. When it does appear, “Doc” usually covers his mouth with a handkerchief. It is a clearly evident cough that leads the viewer to unconsciously become aware that the character is sick and that he is suffering from tuberculosis, although the name of the condition is never mentioned. It appears at key moments, such as during his first meeting with Wyatt, when he is quoting Hamlet; when Clementine arrives, and right before he receives the deadly shot. On occasions, his coughing is triggered by the consumption of alcohol. Liquor is considered to be an aggravating factor in the disease. A bartender says to ¨Doc¨: "This is what is killing you" and even Wyatt indirectly suggests upon his arrival that he should abandon it, receiving a gruff answer: "That is none of your business”. The dry reply was: “Just keep on doing like that and it will become your undertaker’s business”. In his first meeting with Clementine we can infer that he must have left Boston and his girlfriend because of his illness, and that his condition is becoming exacerbated with time. Tuberculosis is a millstone in his life, and his ex-girlfriend says: "Now I know why you don’t have any fondness for life". Right after the meeting with his girlfriend, “Doc” returns to his room and throws a glass at the glass covering his credentials. His illness has destroyed everything he might have ever loved.

References:

José Elías García Sánchez, María Lucila Merino Marcos, Enrique García Sánchez, The tuberculosis of "Doc" Holliday in the cinema. My Darling Clementine (1946) and Gunfight at the O. K. Corral (1957). J Med Mov 2005; 1(4):115-125. Available at: (link)

link

MY DAUGHTER AND I

See Musume to Watashi.

MY LIFE AS A DOG

Original title: Mitt liv som hund.

Other title: My Life as a Dog (USA, UK). Mi vida como un perro (Spain).

Country: Sweden.

Year: 1985.

Director: Lasse Hallström.

Music: Björn Isfält.

Photography: Jörgen Persson.

Film editor: Christer Furubrand and Susanne Linnman.

Screenwriter: Lasse Hallström, Reidar Jönsson, Brasse Brännström and Per Berglund based on Reidar Jönsson?s novel Mit Liv som Hund.

Cast: Anton Glanzelius, Tomas von Bromssen, Anki Liden, Melinda Kinnaman, Kicki Runderen, Lennart Hjulström, Ing-Marie Carlsson, Leif Ericsson, Christina Carlwind, Ralph Carlsson, Viveca Dahlén, Arnold Alfredsson, Didrik Gustavsson, Jan-Philip Hollström, Vivi Johansson, Per Ottosson and Magnus Rask.

Runtime: 101 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Comedy.

Language: Swedish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 December 1985 (Sweden). 24 March 1987 (USA).

Production Company: FilmTeknik and Svensk Filmindustri (SF).

Synopsis: Set in the 50s. The youngest son of the Ingemar family (Anton Glanzalius) recalls his childhood and teenage years. His father?s abandoning them and the tuberculosis his mother (Anki Liden) suffered from are determinant factors in his life. He recalls his first summer stay with some relatives so that his mother could rest and, later on, he remembers the period spent with a cousin, which took place simultaneously to his mother?s admission to hospital and her subsequent death, which forced him to return to the relatives that first took him.

Additional information: The film won several awards (among them the Golden Globe in 1987) and was nominated for Academy Awards in the categories of Best Director and Best Screenplay (1988).

Comments: The presentation of the symptoms related to tuberculosis is very well done. The mother?s health declines until she dies. Her symptoms include coughing, dyspnea, haemoptysis, weakness, loss of weight and convalescence in bed. The severe deterioration of her health forces her admission to hospital.

References:

link

MY NEIGHBOR TOTORO AKA MY NEIGHBOUR TOTORO

Original title: Tonari no Totoro. ???????.

Other title: My Neighbor Totoro (USA). My Neighbour Totoro (UK). Mi vecino totoro (Spain).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1988.

Director: Hayao Miyazaki.

Music: Joe Hisaishi.

Photography: Mark Henley.

Film editor: Takeshi Seyama.

Screenwriter: Hayao Miyazaki.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Animation.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 16 April 1988 (Japan). 7 May 1993 (limited), 23 October 2005 (USA). 30 October 2009 (Spain).

Production Company: Tokuma Japan Communications Co. Ltd. (as Tokuma-Shoten), Studio Ghibli and Nibariki.

Synopsis: In a small Japanese village surrounded by woodland, two little girls -Satsuki and her younger sister Mei, whose mother is in hospital with tuberculosis- meet some strange creatures called Totoros. These creatures live in the woods and come out at night; they sleep during the daytime and, although they can fly, they use the Cat Bus to travel. These creatures are only visible to children with a pure heart. When one of the sisters runs away to the city to find her mother, the whole village sets out to search for her because they believe she has got lost. Her sister goes to the Totoros for help.

Comments: Satsuki and her sister Mei go to the countryside with their father, a teacher called Tatsuo Kusakabe, to be near their mother, Yasuko, who has been admitted to a sanatorium in the country.

References:

link

MY WORLD DIES SCREAMING

Original title: My World Dies Screaming.

Other titles: Terror in the Haunted House (undefined).Mi mundo muere gritando (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1960.

Director: Harold Daniels.

Music: Darrell Calker.

Photography: Frederick E. West (as Fredrick E. West).

Film editor: Tholen Gladden.

Screenwriter: Robert C. Dennis.

Cast: Gerald Mohr, Cathy O'Donnell (as Kathy O'Donnell), William Ching (as Bill Ching), John Qualen and Barry Bernard.

Runtime: 85 minutes.

Genre: Horror and Mystery.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Precon Process & Equipment Corporation.

Synopsis: As a child Sheila Wayne (Cathy O?Donell) travelled to Switzerland to a sanatorium to recover from tuberculosis, and later she stayed in that country. Just married, she returns to the USA, to Florida, where she goes to live in a house in the countryside which is the same as a mansion she had often dreamed about.

References:

link

link


-N-

NEDODRZANÝ SLUB

Original title: Nedodrzaný slub.

Other titles: Promesa rota (Spanish translation).Broken Promise (English, USA).

Country: Slovakia, Czech Republic and USA.

Year: 2009.

Director: Jirí Chlumský.

Music: Michal Novinski.

Photography: Ján Duris.

Film editor: Vassilis Skalenakis.

Screenwriter: Jan Novák based on the autobiography of Martin Friedmann-Petrásek.

Cast: Samuel Spi?ák, Ondrej Vetchý, Ina Marojevic, Vlado Cerny, Lubomir Bukovy, Peter Oszlik, Sergej Sanza, Ina Gogálová, Andrej Mojzis, Dusan Kapralik, Vica Kerekes, Ivan Romancík, Josef Tkác, Viera Topinkova, Marián Slovák and Jaroslav Kadlec.

Runtime: 129 minutes.

Genre: Biographical, Drama, Family, Sports, War and Nazism.

Language: Slovakian and Russian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 30 April 2009 (Slovakia). 25 April 2009 Los Angeles Jewish Film Festival (USA). 5 July 2010 Barcelona Jewish Film Festival (Spain).

Production Companies: GENTA Film, Alena Nováková, Slovenská Televízia, Ceská Televize, Ivan Hronec, SPI International, JPEF, Studio 727 and Jewish Partisan Educational Fund.

Synopsis: Based on the true story of the teenage Martin Friedman (Samuel Spi?ák), who managed to avoid being deported several times between 1938 and 1945. The film reveals the decisions people would make while Hitler’s government encouraged hatred with total impunity. From the work camp of a monastery, going through a Catholic hospital, Martin escapes extermination by concealing his identity by sheer luck and thanks to the help of kind-hearted people. His being an extremely good football player also helps. In 1943, as Martin Petrasek, he joins the Partisan Resistance to take up arms against the Germans.

Comments: Among other hardships, Martin had to overcome tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

link

NICHOLAS NICKLEBY

Original title: Nicholas Nickleby.

Other titles: Nicholas Nickleby (Argentina). La Leyenda de Nicholas Nickleby (Spain).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 2002.

Director: Douglas McGrath.

Music: Rachel Portman.

Photography: Dick Pope.

Film editor: Lesley Walker.

Screenwriter: Douglas McGrath based on the novel Nicholas Nickleby by Charles Dickens.

Cast: Stella Gonet, Andrew Havill, Henry McGrath, Hugh Mitchell, Poppy Rogers, Jessie Lou Roberts, Charlie Hunnam, Romola Garai, Tom Courtenay, Christopher Plummer, Anne Hathaway, Jim Broadbent, Angela Curran, Jamie Bell and Juliet Stevenson.

Runtime: 132 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 December 2002 (USA). 11 June 2004 (Spain).

Production Companies: Hart-Sharp Entertainment, United Artists Film Corporation (as United Artists Films Inc.) and Potboiler Productions (as Cloud Nine Films).

Synopsis: Set in the 19th century. Young Nicholas and his family lead a comfortable life until his father dies leaving the family penniless. Nicholas, his sister and his mother travel to London to seek help from his uncle Ralph, but Ralph’s only intention is to split the family apart and exploit them (public synopsis).

Comments: Smike (Jamie Bell), Nickleby’s cousin suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis and, in spite of the latter’s care, eventually dies from it.

- Doctor to Smike, while listening to his chest: “Inhale. Again”.

- Doctor to Nicholas: “He’s seriously ill. All his symptoms suggest fatal tuberculosis. He could be saved if you take him away from London immediately. Devonshire would be wonderful? Whoever looks after him should be ready for the worst. He may never return”.

Films about Nicholas Nickleby:

Nicholas Nickleby (1903) by Alf Collins. linkNicholas Nickleby (1912) by George Nichols. link

The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby (1947) by Alberto Cavalcanti. link

Nicholas Nickleby (1985). link

The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby (2001) by Stephen Whittaker. Made for TV. link

Nicholas Nickleby (2002) by Douglas McGrath link

References

link

link

NIXON

Original title: Nixon.

Country: USA.

Year: 1995.

Director: Oliver Stone.

Music: John Williams.

Photography: Robert Richardson.

Film editor: Brian Berdan and Hank Corwin.

Screenwriter: Stephen J. Rivele, Christopher Wilkinson and Oliver Stone.

Cast: Anthony Hopkins, Joan Allen, Powers Boothe, Ed Harris, Bob Hoskins, E.G. Marshall, David Payner, David Hyde Pierce, Paul Sorvino, Mary Steenburgen, J.T. Walsh, James Woods, Brian Bedford, Kevin Dunn, Fyvush Finkel, Annabeth Gish, Tom Bower, Tony Goldwyn, Larry Hagman and Edward Herrmann.

Runtime: 192 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Biography.

Language: English, Mandarin and Russian.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 20 December 1995 (USA). 8 March 1996 (Spain).

Production Company: Cinergi Productions, Hollywood Pictures and Illusion Entertainment.

Synopsis: A cinematographic approach to the biography of Richard Nixon (Anthony Hopkins). The death of his two brothers as a result of tuberculosis played an important role in shaping his character and complex personality.

Additional information: Nominated for four Academy Awards (1996): Best Actor in a Leading Role (Anthony Hopkins), Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Joan Allen), Best Original Screenplay and Best Original Score. The story is told using many flashbacks.

Comments: The life of Richard Nixon was marked by tuberculosis. Two of his brothers died very young of this disease: Arthur died of tuberculous meningitis in 1925 and Harold in 1933. There are images of both of them suffering from the disease: the film shows how a lumbar puncture is performed on Arthur and how Harold coughs as his health declines seriously for the first time in a tuberculosis sanatorium in Arizona in 1933.

Certain parts of the script are illuminating:

- My brother, Harold, was the same age as those kids, John. Tuberculosis got him.

- Richard Nixon: ...my mother was a saint. And I think of her..., two boys dying of tuberculosis and seeing each of them die..., and when they died...

When the president suffered from viral pneumonia he feared it would be tuberculosis.

- ?“he's sure that he has T.B.! “

- “Why T.B.?”

- Because his family had it. His brother had it”.

References:

link

NOBI

See Fires on the Plains

NOI VIVI

Original title: Noi Vivi.

Other titles: We the Living (UK). Oprimidos (Argentina). Los que vivimos (Spain).

Country: Italy.

Year: 1942.

Director: Goffredo Alessandrini.

Music: Renzo Rossellini.

Photography: Giuseppe Caracciolo.

Film editor: Eraldo Da Roma.

Screenwriter: Anton Giulio Majano, Goffredo Alessandrini (uncredited) and Oreste Biancoli (uncredited) based on the novel We the Living by Ayn Rand, adapted by Orio Vergani and Alvaro Corrado.

Cast: Alida Valli, Fosco Giachetti, Rossano Brazzi, Emilio Cigoli, Giovanni Grasso, Annibale Betrone, Elvira Betrone, Sennuccio Benelli, Cesarina Gheraldi, Silvia Manto, Gioia Collei, Bianca Doria, Lamberto Picasso, Claudia Marti, Evelina Paoli and Mario Pisu.

Runtime: 94 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Italian.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 15 September 1942 (Italy, Venice Film Festival). 20 April 1950 (Spain).

Production Company: Era Film and Scalera Film S.p.a.

Synopsis: The plot develops in Russia in the Twenties. Kira (Alida Valli) does not agree with the changes that have taken place after the October revolution. She falls in love with Leo (Rossano Brazzi), the son of an aristocrat, wanted by the Police and sick with tuberculosis. She looks after him and does all she can to find money to pay for his treatment. She even has sex with Andrei (Fosco Giachetti), a young Communist who is in love with her, and the money he believes is intended for the young woman’s parents is really used to send Leo to a sanatorium.

Other versions:

We the Living (1986). link

References:

link

link

NOSOTROS LOS POBRES

Original title: Nosotros los pobres.

Other titles: We the Poor (English translation)

Country: Mexico.

Year: 1948.

Director: Ismael Rodríguez.

Music: Manuel Esperón.

Photography: José Ortiz Ramos.

Film editor: Fernando Martínez (as Fernando Martínez Álvarez).

Screenwriter: Carlos González Dueñas and Ismael Rodríguez based on a plot by Ismael Rodríguez and Pedro de Urdimalas.

Cast: Pedro Infante, Evita Muñoz, Carmen Montejo, Blanca Estela Pavón, Miguel Inclán, Rafael Alcayde, Katy Jurado, María Gentil Arcos, Delia Magaña, Amelia Wilhelmy, Pedro de Urdimalas, Ricardo Camacho, Lidia Franco, Jorge Arriaga and Abel Cureño.

Runtime: 128 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Producciones Rodríguez Hermanos.

Synopsis: The story takes place in a poor neighbourhood in Mexico City and its protagonist is Pepe “el Toro” (Pedro Infante), a carpenter who lives with his daughter Chacita (Evita Muñoz) and his paralytic mother (María Gentil Arcos) and who tries to win the love of Celia (Blanca Estela Pavón), “La Chorreada”. Tragedy strikes when Pepe is charged with theft and a murder he did not commit, landing him in prison.

Comments: One of the characters is Yolanda (Carmen Montejo), a prostitute nicknamed “la Tísica” (“The Consumptive”), the mother of Chacita and Pepe’s sister.

References:

linklink


-O-

OBRAS MAESTRAS DEL TERROR

Original title: Obras maestras del terror.

Other titles: Master of Horror (USA). Masterworks of Terror (English, international). Short Stories of Terror (English, international).

Country: Argentina.

Year: 1960.

Director: Enrique Carreras.

Music: Víctor Slister (as Víctor Schlichter).

Photography: Américo Hoss.

Film editor: José Gallego.

Screenwriter: Chicho Ibáñez-Serrador (as Luis Peñafiel) and Rodolfo M. Taboada based on Edgar Allan Poe’s short stories The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar, The Cask of Amontillado and The Tell-Tale Heart.

Cast: Narciso Ibáñez Menta, Manuel Alcón, Alberto Barcel, Francisco Cárdenas, Mercedes Carreras, Rafael Diserio, Carlos Estrada, Roberto Germán, Narciso Ibáñez Serrador, Adolfo Linvel, Armando Lopardo, Silvia Montanari, Inés Moreno, Silvia Montanari, Inés Moreno, Luis Orbegozo, Osvaldo Pacheco, Jesús Pampín, Miguel Paparelli, Gilberto Peyret, Luis Sorel and Lilian Valmar.

Runtime: 115 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Horror, Fantasy and Mystery.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 28 June 1960 (Argentina). 1965 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Argentina Sono Film S. A. C. I.

Synopsis: A maidservant reads three short stories by Poe. In The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar Dr Ekstrom (Narciso Ibáñez Menta) hypnotizes Valdemar (Osvaldo Pacheco), an apprentice who dies of tuberculosis. When he is forced to break the hypnosis, Valdemar’s body immediately decays.

References:

link

OF HUMAN BONDAGE

Original title: Of Human Bondage.

Other titles: Cautivo del deseo (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1934.

Director: John Cromwell.

Music: Max Steiner.

Photography: Henry W. Gerrard.

Film editor: William Morgan.

Screenwriter: Lester Cohen. Based on W. Somerset Maugham’s novel Of Human Bondage (1915).

Cast: Bette Davis, Leslie Howard, Frances Dee, Kay Johnson, Reginald Denny, Alan Hale, Ethel Griffies, Reginald Owen, Reginald Sheffield, Desmond Roberts, Temp Pigott and John Carradine.

Runtime: 83 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 28 June 1934 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: RKO Radio Pictures.

Synopsis: Phil Carey (Leslie Howard) is a student of medicine who suffers from congenital clubfoot and is obsessed with Mildred (Bette Davis), who takes advantage of his feelings towards her and constantly uses him to solve her problems. Phil cannot manage to rid himself of this obsessive love. When his limp is successfully operated on, his view of life changes. Mildred finally dies of tuberculosis, which means Philip’s complete liberation.

Additional information: In the original version Mildred is affected by syphilis but, in order to adapt to the requirements of censorship, this “shameful” disease was replaced by a more “honourable” one, tuberculosis. The images in the film suggest that the protagonist dies of neurosyphilis rather than of tuberculosis, since the cause of death is not mentioned. In 1934 Bette Davis was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role.

Other versions: Other versions of this film have been made:

Of Human Bondage by E. Goulding (1946). link

Of Human Bondage by Ken Hughes (1964). link

References:

Black GD. Hollywood censored. Madrid: Cambridge University Press; 1999.

link

ON CONNAÎT LA CHANSON

Original title: On connaît la chanson.

Other titles: Same Old Song (English, USA). Coneixem la cançó (Catalan).

Country: France, Switzerland and UK.

Year: 1997.

Director: Alain Resnais.

Music: Bruno Fontaine and Henri Christiné (from the aria Dans la vie faut pas s'en faire from the operetta Dédé).

Photography: Renato Berta.

Film editor: Hervé de Luze.

Screenwriter: Jean-Pierre Bacri y Agnès Jaoui.

Cast: Pierre Arditi, Sabine Azéma, Jean-Pierre Bacri, André Dussollier, Agnès Jaoui, Lambert Wilson, Jane Birkin, Jean-Paul Roussillon, Nelly Borgeaud, Götz Burger, Jean-Pierre Darroussin, Charlotte Kady, Jacques Mauclair, Pierre Meyrand and Claire Nadeau.

Runtime: 120 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Drama, Musical and Romance.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: 12 November 1997 (France). 26 September 1998 New York Film Festival (USA). 17 April 1998 (Spain).

Production Companies: Arena Films, Caméra One, France 2 Cinéma, Vega Film, Greenpoint, Canal+, Cofimage 9, Sofineurope, Alia Film, Télévision Suisse-Romande (TSR), European Co-production Fund, Eurimages, Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC), Procirep and L'Office Federal de la Culture Suisse.

Synopsis: Simon (André Dussollier) is secretly in love with the attractive and intelligent Camille (Agnès Jaoui). Because of a mistake, Camille falls head over heels in love with Simon’s boss, Marc (Lambert Wilson), an attractive real estate agent who tries to sell a wonderful Parisian apartment to Camille’s sister, Odile (Sabine Azéma). In spite of the objections of her husband Claude (Pierre Arditi), Odile has already decided to buy. Claude is overwhelmed by the dominant character of his wife and at the same time he is quite angry because of the sudden return of Nicolas (Jean-Pierre Bacri), an old friend of Odile who has become Simon’s inseparable companion. Misunderstandings and several twists of fate will determine the lives of these characters, whose moods are reflected in the best contemporary French songs performed by artists of the measure of Charles Aznavour, Jacques Dutronc, Dalida, Jane Birkin, Sylvie Vartan, Serge Gainsbourg, Claude François... (public synopsis).

Comments: Nicolas tells a doctor: “My chest hurts, I can’t breathe. I think it might be tuberculosis”.

References:

link

ON THE FIRING LINE

Original title: On the Firing Line.

Other titles: En la línea de fuego (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1936.

Runtime: 20 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Courier Productions, Inc.

Synopsis: “The film shows the efforts made by the National Tuberculosis Association of the United States in its fight against tuberculosis, including many interesting scenes from the 1930s. It reports statistics, always up to date, that link poverty to the disease, and it also provides surprising breakdowns on the racial demographics of tuberculosis victims. The film also includes fascinating footage of sanatoriums in their early days (treatment centres) and of mobile health clinics” (www.archive.org).

Additional information: Freely available from link.

Comments: Promoted by the National Tuberculosis Association of the United States. A film used for the fight against tuberculosis.

References:

link

ON THE LAKE: LIFE AND LOVE IN A DISTANT PLACE

Original title: On the Lake: Life and Love in a Distant Place.

Other titles: En el lago: la vida y el amor en un lugar a distancia (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2009.

Director: David Bettencour.

Music: Ben Mesiti y Lonnie Montaquila.

Screenwriter: G. Wayne Miller.

Cast: Lionel Beauchemin, Patricia J. Bowie Mageau, Russ Denham, Cecelia Dones, Ray Dones, Tim Downs, Janet Dudones, Drew Greene, Mary Hotaling, Christopher Kinsella, Glenn Laxton, John M. Lynes, Alexandra McDougall, Margot Muraszkiewicz, Debra O'Brien, Sheila O'Brien, Patricia Painter, Barbara Parkos, Ken Rinn and Yemi Sekoni.

Runtime: 56 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 13 February 2009 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Midway Pictures.

Synopsis: “This film tells the true story of the 1900s tuberculosis epidemic in America and elsewhere. More than scientific facts and figures, this film focuses on what life was like for millions of people infected with TB, while providing a glimpse into human nature when faced with a large-scale epidemic. Through powerful storytelling, the film shines new light on a neglected part of America's collective history and on a disease that many nowadays think is "controlled" but that is in fact number two on the infectious killer diseases list, after HIV/AIDS” (www.onthelakemovie.com).

Additional information: A film made for video format. Recommended as an educational resource by the CDC.

References:

link

link

ON THE TRAIL OF THE GERMS

Original title: On the Trail of the Germs.

Other titles: En la ruta de los gérmenes (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1912.

Director: William V. Mong.

Screenwriter: William V. Mong.

Cast: Kathlyn Williams, Frank Weed, Joe Koster, Nettie Evans, Maud Cleveland and Fannie Green.

Genre: Drama and Short.

Language: Silent and English (Intertitles).

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 22 July 1912 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Selig Polyscope Company.

Synopsis: An educational film about tuberculosis.

Additional information: possibly lost film, references to it are limited. No other known data.

References:

link

ONCE UPON A TIME IN THE WEST

Original title: C'era una volta il West.

Other titles: Once Upon a Time in the West (USA). Erase una vez... en el oeste (Argentina). Hasta que llegó su hora (Spain). Fins que li va arribar l'hora (Catalan).

Country: Italy and USA.

Year: 1968.

Director: Sergio Leone.

Music: Ennio Morricone.

Screenwriter: Sergio Leone and Sergio Donati based on a plot by Dario Argento, Bernardo Bertolucci and Sergio Leone.

Cast: Henry Fonda, Claudia Cardinale, Jason Robards, Charles Bronson, Gabriele Ferzetti, Paolo Stoppa, Woody Strode, Jack Elam, Keenan Wynn, Frank Wolff and Lionel Stander.

Runtime: 165 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: Italian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 21 December 1968 (Italy). 18 October 2008 (USA, Chicago International Film Festival). 29 January 1971 (Spain).

Production Company: Finanzia San Marco (as A Rafran-San Marco Production), Rafran Cinematografica (as A Rafran-San Marco Production) and Paramount Pictures.

Synopsis: The film tells of the confrontations and conflicts of interests that take place among five characters during the building of a railway line through the Wild West and the ownership of a well. Morton (Gabriele Ferzetti), who suffers from bone tuberculosis, is the owner of the railway system and his greatest dream is for the train to reach the ocean. Jill (Claudia Cardinale) is a prostitute who is married to McBain (Frank Wolf), the owner of the only well within a fifty-kilometre radius. When she goes to her husband she finds him dead.

Additional information: Seen by certain critics as Sergio Leone’s masterpiece after directing films such as Per un pugno di dollari / A fistful of Dollars (1964), Per qualche dollaro in più / For a Few Dollars More (1965) and Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo / The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966), which proloogued Clint Eastwood’s international launch as an actor. A number of the “grand old names” of Westerns also took part in this film.

Comments: There are very revealing dialogues related to bone tuberculosis: “Even tuberculosis of the bones travels fast”? “Don't play the sick man with me, Mr. Morton?I knew you when you were just barely limping...I watched that dry rot rise a little more every day”.

References:

link

ONE YEAR LATER

Original title: One Year Later.

Other titles: Un año después (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1933.

Director: E. Mason Hopper.

Photography: Faxon M. Dean (as Faxon Dean) and Tom Galligan.

Film editor: Mildred Johnston.

Screenwriter: Will Ahern and F. Hugh Herbert. Based on a plot by F. Hugh Herbert and Paul Perez.

Cast: Mary Brian, Russell Hopton, Donald Dillaway, DeWitt Jennings, Will Ahern, Gladys Ahern, George Irving, Jackie Searl, Pauline Garon, William Humphrey, Harry Holman, Marjorie Beebe, Herbert Evans, Jessie Arnold, Virginia True Boardman, Glen Boles, Walter Brennan, Kit Guard, Nina Guilbert, Al Hill, John Ince, Edward Keane, Jane Keckley, Al Klein and Tom London.

Runtime: 69 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 25 August 1933 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Alliance Communications Corporation.

Synopsis: “In this drama, Jim Collins (Don Dillaway), a recently convicted criminal, boards a train bound for the prison where he will be hanged. His wife, Molly (Mary Brian), rides with him and en route tells a reporter how her husband had accidentally killed a man while protecting her. The reporter, Tony Richards (Russell Hopton), who is dying of tuberculosis, is touched by the story and decides to help them by knocking out a guard, helping the man to escape and jumping off the train to his death. When the authorities find the corpse, they assume it belongs to the young convict, and the real killer and his wife are free to start a new life” (allmovie).

Comments: Tony Richards has a cough and is travelling by train to a tuberculosis sanatorium.

References:

link

link

ONLY THE VALIANT

Original title: Only the Valiant.

Other titles: Sólo el valiente (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1951.

Director: Gordon Douglas.

Music: Franz Waxman.

Screenwriter: Edmund H. North and Harry Brown based on Charles Marquis Warren’s homonymous novel (Only the Valiant).

Cast: Gregory Peck, Barbara Payton, Ward Bond, Gig Young, Lon Chaney Jr. (as Lon Chaney), Neville Brand, Jeff Corey, Warner Anderson, Steve Brodie, Dan Riss, Terry Kilburn, Herbert Heyes, Art Baker, Hugh Sanders and Michael Ansara.

Runtime: 105 minutes.

Genre: Western and Adventure.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 13 April 1951 (USA). 14 February 1964 (Spain).

Production Companies: Warner Bros. Pictures and William Cagney Productions (as A William Cagney Production).

Synopsis: “Capt. Richard Lance (Gregory Peck) is unjustly held responsible, by his men and girlfriend, for an Indian massacre death of beloved Lt. Holloway. Holloway is killed while escorting a dangerous Indian chief to another fort's prison. The chief escapes. Knowing their fort is in danger of an Indian attack, Lance takes a small group of army misfits to an abandoned nearby army fort to defend a mountain pass against the oncoming Indian assault. Their mission is to stall for time until reinforcements from another fort arrive. The men in this small group of malcontents, deserters, psychopaths and cowards all hate Capt. Lance and wish him dead. Much to their chagrin, the men recognize that Lance's survival instincts, military knowledge, and leadership are the only chance the group has of staying alive” ( E.W. DesMarais, imdb).

Additional information: The story takes place in New Mexico after the Civil War.

Comments: Lieutenant Jerry Winters, one of the men chosen for the patrol, suffers from tuberculosis. When Captain Richard Lance tells his men why they have been chosen and he reaches the Lieutenant, he tells him he has a right to be told privately because he is an officer. However, the Lieutenant prefers him to do so before the rest, so Richard says:

  • “You're here, Lieutenant, because you're an extremely ill man”.

Right then Jerry is seized by a coughing fit.

References:

link

OTOUTO

Original title: Otouto, ????.

Other titles: Her Brother (English, undefined). Younger Brother (English translation). Su hermano pequeño (Spanish translation).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1960.

Director: Kon Ichikawa.

Music: Yasushi Akutagawa.

Photography: Kazuo Miyagawa.

Screenwriter: Yôko Mizuki based on Aya Koda’s autobiographical homonymous novel.

Cast: Keiko Kishi, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Kinuyo Tanaka, Masayuki Mori, Kyôko Kishida, Noboru Nakaya, Kyôko Enami, Jun Hamamura, Hikaru Hoshi, Juzo Itami and Noriko Hodaka.

Runtime: 98 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 November 1960 (Japan). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Daiei Eiga.

Synopsis: The story takes place in Japan, in 1926. A girl, Gen (Keiko Kishi), and her younger brother, Hekiro (Hiroshi Kawaguchi), get on very well in spite of living in a household where not much love is expressed. Their father, a writer, has remarried. Hekiro has terminal tuberculosis. He is sad because of his disease, but above all because he thinks his sister is going to get married. The young boy dies and the girl begins a struggle to overcome the sadness and suffering that this event brings her.

References:

link

link

OUTCAST LADY

Original title: Outcast Lady.

Other titles: A Woman of the World (English, undefined). Mujer desterrada (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1934.

Director: Robert Z. Leonard.

Screenwriter: Zoe Akins and Monckton Hoffe (uncredited). Based on Michael Arlen’s novel The Green Hat.

Cast: Constance Bennett, Herbert Marshall, Mrs. Patrick Campbell, Hugh Williams, Elizabeth Allan, Henry Stephenson, Robert Loraine, Lumsden Hare, Leo G. Carroll, Ralph Forbes and Alec B. Francis.

Runtime: 77 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 28 September 1934 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: In spite of her love for Napier Harpenden (Herbert Marshall), and tired of waiting in face of the obstacles set by his family, Iris March (Constance Bennet) marries Boy Fenwick (Ralph Forbes), a friend of her brother Gerald (Hugh Williams). Boy commits suicide on their wedding night after reading a note given to him at the wedding by a woman his wife has never seen before. In it there were allusions to his having been in prison for a crime. After her husband’s death she never tells why her husband was driven to commit suicide and is rejected by everyone, including her brother. A year later, upon finding out that Gerald is dying, she returns to England?

Comments: Iris’ brother, Gerald (Hugh Williams), is an alcoholic and suffers from tuberculosis.

Other versions:

A Woman of Affairs (1928) by Clarence Brown. link

References:

link

link

OUTSIDE THE WALL

Original title: Outside the Wall.

Other titles: Fuera del muro (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1950.

Director: Crane Wilbur.

Photography: Irving Glassberg.

Film editor: Edward Curtiss.

Screenwriter: Crane Wilbur. Based on a plot by Henry Edward Helseth.

Cast: Richard Basehart, Marilyn Maxwell, Signe Hasso, Dorothy Hart, Joseph Pevney, John Hoyt, Harry Morgan (as Henry Morgan), Lloyd Gough and Mickey Knox.

Runtime: 80 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 8 February 1950 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Universal International Pictures (UI).

Synopsis: After 15 years in a Philadelphia prison, Larry Nelson (Richard Basehart), aged 29, is released. He finds it difficult to adapt to life on the outside, especially where women are concerned. He falls into the clutches of Charlotte Maynard (Marilyn Maxwell), a blonde who nearly manages to get involved in a million-dollar robbery. However, with the help of nurse Ann Taylor (Dorothy Hart), he will continue on the right track.

Additional information: based on the story of Henry Edward Helseth.

Comments: Larry finds a job at a tuberculosis sanatorium, where he meets the two main female characters.

References:

link


-P-

PAINTED LIPS

See Boquitas pintadas.

PAYING HIS DEBT

Original title: Paying His Debt.

Other titles: Pagando su deuda (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1918.

Director: Clifford Smith.

Screenwriter: Alan James (plot).

Cast: Roy Stewart, Josie Sedgwick, Walter Perkins, William Ellingford, Dixie Doll, Harry Yamamoto, William Dyer and Arthur Millett.

Genre: Western.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 28 April 1918 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Triangle Film Corporation.

Synopsis: “Frank Borden heads westward to recover from tuberculosis. En route, Frank makes the acquaintance of an outlaw, Pete Morton (Roy Stewart), who happens to be his exact double. The outlaw decides to use his look-alike as a convenient alibi for his own various acts of skullduggery, causing no end of trouble for the convalescing Frank. On the verge of being lynched, Frank is saved by the deathbed confession of his double” (allmovie).

Additional information: Film that is presumably lost.

References:

link

link

link

PECHKI-lAVOCHKI

Original title: Pechki-lavochki. ?????-??????? (Russian).

Other titles: Happy Go Lucky. The Ship Crowd. Stones and Benches.Bench by the Stove (English, international). Almacén de estufas(Spanish translation).

Country: Soviet Union.

Year: 1972.

Director: Vasili Shukshin.

Music: Pavel Chekalov.

Photography: Anatoli Zabolotsky.

Film editor: Natalya Loginova (as N. Loginova).

Screenwriter: Vasili Shukshin.

Cast: Lidiya Fedoseyeva Shukshina (as Lidiya Fedoseyeva), Vasili Shukshin, Vsevolod Sanayev, Georgi Burkov, Zinovi Gerdt, Ivan Ryzhov, Stanislav Lyubshin, Vadim Zakharchenko, Yelizaveta Uvarova (as Ye. Uvarova), Lyubov Mysheva (as L. Mysheva), Lyubov Sokolova (como L. Sokolova), Viktor Filippov (as V. Filippov), Alexei Loktev (as A. Loktev) and Yuri Filimonov (as Y. Filimonov).

Runtime: 100 minutes

Genre: Comedy.

Language: Russian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 2 April 1972 (Soviet Union). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Gorky Film Studios.

Synopsis: “A poor man suffering from tuberculosis is accompanied by his wife as he journeys by train to a sanatorium in Yalta. During their journey, the couple runs into a variety of people, from the abusive city-dweller to an unexpectedly generous thief. Once there, they are informed that there is no room in the sanatorium for his wife, and they have no money to enable her either to stay or to return home” (allmovie).

Additional information: Vasili Shukshin was the director and scriptwriter of the film, and he also played a role in it.

References:

link

link

PETER BORIK

Original title: Peter Borik.

Country: USA.

Year: 1942.

Cast: June Merz, Frances Joyner, Mary Pillips and Joe Davidson.

Runtime: 21 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Michigan State Department of Health.

Synopsis: “Peter Borik, a farmer, contracts tuberculosis but avoids seeking medical assistance. The film shows the grave consequences of his decision without ever showing Peter himself” (www.archive.org).

Additional information: Freely available from link .

Comments: A film used for the fight against tuberculosis.

References:

link

PICTURE BRIDE

Original title: Picture Bride.

Other titles: La foto de compromiso (Spain). Bijo Photo (Japan).

Country: Japan and USA.

Year: 1994.

Director: Kayo Hatta.

Music: Mark Adler.

Photography: Claudio Rocha.

Film editor: Mallory Gottlieb and Lynzee Klingman.

Screenwriter: Kayo Hata and Mari Hatta based on a plot by both of them and by Diane Mei Lin Mark.

Cast: Youki Kudoh, Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Tamlyn Tomita, Akira Takayama, Yôko Sugi, Christianne Mays, Toshirô Mifune, Michael Ashby, James Grant Benton, Glenn Cannon, Lito Capiña, Peter Clark, Warren Fabro, Michael Hasegawa, Kyle Kakuno, Moe Keale, Kati Kuroda, Jessica Louie, Natasha Mamiya, Melvin Miranda and Keiji Morita.

Runtime: 95/ 98 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: January 1995 (USA, Sundance Film Festival). 10 May 1996 (Spain).

Production Company: Cecile Films, Miramax Production and Thousand Cranes Filmworks.

Synopsis: Japan. In 1918, Riyo (Youki Kudoh), at the young age of 16, loses her parents to tuberculosis. Her aunt persuades her to marry quickly. A matchmaker suggests she should marry Matsuji (Akira Takayama), whose picture he shows her. The suitor had moved to Hawaii to work in the sugar cane fields. She finds the picture and the letters Matsuji sends her convincing. However, once in Hawaii the disappointment is mutual, the man is 20 years older than the girl and she is not the strong woman, suitable for work in the fields, that he was expecting.

Other information: Based on a true story.

References:

link

PI7ONG TAGPO

Original title: Pi7ong tagpo.

Country: The Philippines.

Year: 2007.

Director: Rahyan Carlos.

Music: Von de Guzman.

Photography: Rodolfo Aves Jr (as Jun Aves) and Romeo Vitug (as Romy Vitug).

Film editor: Miren Fabregas (as Miren Alvarez-Fabregas) and Ian Hontanosas.

Screenwriter: Rahyan Carlos.

Cast: Vangie Labalan, Vaness del Moral, Sheena Halili, Ira Pozon, Jabo Mones, Arpee Bautista, Jay Banzuelo, LJ Reyes, Jake Macapagal, Robert Seña, Grace Berida, Wardy Trinidad, Elaine Dominguez, Sining Lumbera and Nish Berida.

Runtime: 103 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Drama and Romance.

Language: Filipino and Tagalog.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 October 2007 (The Philippines). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Creative Futures (as C Features).

Synopsis: “Seven stories with no connection at all but with the common universal theme of doing good deeds and making the right decision” (imdb).

Comments: The part called Ninoy is about a boy who only lives for the sake of his consumptive mother and who spends most of his earnings on buying medicines for her treatment.

References:

link

POE: LAST DAYS OF THE RAVEN

Original title: Poe: Last Days of the Raven.

Other titles: Poe: últimos días del cuervo (Spanish translation).

Country: Canada.

Year: 2008.

Director: Brent Fidler and Eric Goldstein.

Music: Tuomas Kantelinen.

Photography: Eric J. Goldstein.

Film editor: Barry Backus.

Screenwriter: Brent Fidler.

Cast: Brent Fidler, Mackenzie Gray, Richard Keats, Emily Tennant, Lisa Langlois, Alex Diakun, Alec Willows, Jerry Rector, Shannon Jardine, Sarah Deakins, Olivia Rameau, Stanley Katz, Michael Sunczyk, Dave Newham and Arjun Shapovalov.

Runtime: 80 minutes.

Genre: Biographical, Drama and Horror.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: Biopic on Edgar Allan Poe.

Comments: His life was marked by tuberculosis to such an extent that this disease was responsable for the death of his mother, his stepmother, his stepfather, his first love, his brother, and his wife.

References

link

POUR RÉSISTER À LA TUBERCULOSE

Original title: Pour résister à la tuberculose.

Other titles: To Resist Tuberculosis (English translation). Para resistir a la tuberculosis (Spanish translation).

Country: France.

Year: 1918.

Director: Marius O'Galop.

Photography: Marius O'Galop.

Film editor: Marius O'Galop.

Screenwriter: Marius O'Galop.

Runtime: 2 minutes.

Genre: Short and Animation.

Language: Silent and French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1918 (France). It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: The following words appear early in the first still: “Pour résister à la tuberculose soyons fortes”. This short film shows that, in spite of medicines, the human being is sensitive to tuberculosis. The elderly and thin people are sensitive to skeleton (tuberculosis), which is not the case of young people who practise sports. The practice of open-air sports is recommended.

Additional information: Available on DVD (Retour de Flamme 02).

Comments: Short film with informative and educational purposes aimed at society at large for disease prevention.

References:

link

PRETTY SMOOTH

Original title: Pretty Smooth.

Other title: Sin problemas (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1919.

Director: Rollin S. Sturgeon.

Screenwriter: Waldemar Young based on a plot by Bayard Veiller.

Cast: Priscilla Dean, Francis McDonald, George A. McDaniel (as George McDaniels), Gertrude Astor, Walt Whitman, Clara Greenwood (as Claire Greenwood), Josef Swickard (as Joseph Swickard) and Milton Ross (as H. Milton Ross).

Genre: Mystery and Comedy.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 16 June 1919 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Universal Film Manufacturing Company.

Synopsis: “Gertie (Priscilla Dean) works as a maid in the home of a wealthy family, but she's actually a thief who plans to rob them. After breaking open the safe, she is in danger of being caught. She calls the police, claiming that a burglar has broken in. Ironically, Jimmy Hartigan, a famed safecracker (Francis McDonald) just happens to show up before the police do. The cops cart him off to jail, but not before he and Gertie fall in love. She helps him escape from prison and they marry and head for New York. They are planning a big job, but have a change of heart and decide to go straight. After settling down on a farm in New Jersey, the couple discovers that Kersey, a detective (Milton Ross), is hot on Hartigan's trail. With the help of a couple of other crooks, they arrange a scenario where it appears that Hartigan has saved Kersey's life. Kersey, who realizes that Hartigan has gone straight, is glad to use this as an excuse to let him go” (allmovie).

Comments: Gertie’s sister has tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

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PRIEST OF LOVE

Original title: Priest of Love.

Other titles: Sacerdote del amor (Spain).

Country: UK.

Year: 1981.

Director: Christopher Miles.

Music: Francis James Brown (as Joseph James) and Stanley Joseph Seeger (as Joseph James).

Photography: Ted Moore.

Film editor: Paul Davies.

Screenwriter: Alan Plater. Based on Harry T. Moore’s book The Priest of Love: A Life of D. H. Lawrence.

Cast: Ian McKellen, Janet Suzman, Ava Gardner, Penelope Keith, Jorge Rivero, Maurizio Merli, John Gielgud, James Faulkner, Mike Gwilym, Massimo Ranieri, Marjorie Yates, Wendy Allnutt, Jane Booker, Sarah Miles and Elio Pandolfi.

Runtime: 125 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 11 October 1981 (USA). Released on TV in Spain.

Production Companies: Milesian Films, Ronceval and Viscount.

Synopsis: Set in the 20s. “Following the banning and burning of his novel, The Rainbow, D.H. Lawrence (Ian McKellen) and his wife, Frieda (Janet Suzman) move to the United States, and then to Mexico. When Lawrence contracts tuberculosis, they return to England for a short time, then to Italy, where Lawrence writes Lady Chatterley's Lover “(George S. Davis, imdb).

Comments: The main symptoms of D.H. Lawrence’s tuberculosis are a decline in his health, coughing and haemoptysis.

References:

link

PRINCESS OF THE DARK

Original title: Princess of the Dark.

Other title: Princesa de la oscuridad (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1917.

Director: Charles Miller.

Music: Victor Schertzinger (as Victor L. Schertzinger).

Photography: Clyde De Vinna.

Screenwriter: Monte M. Katterjohn based on a plot by Lanier Bartlett.

Cast: Enid Bennett, John Gilbert (as Jack Gilbert), Gayne Whitman (as Alfred Vosburgh), Walt Whitman and J. Frank Burke.

Runtime: 50 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 18 February 1917 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Kay-Bee Pictures and New York Motion Picture Corporation.

Synopsis: “In a squalid mining town in West Virginia, James Herron, a consumptive, lives with his little daughter Fay, who has been blind since birth, but has a wonderful imagination. In Fay's mind, the secret cavern where she plays with hunchback "Crip" Halloran is a fairyland and her disfigured playmate is Prince Charming. One day John Rockwell, the son of a rich mine owner, comes to look after his property. By chance he meets Fay and becomes enchanted with her charm and idealism. He is admitted to the magic kingdom and gradually dethrones Crip, much to the hunchback's distress. In love and with pity for Fay's misfortune, John arranges for an operation to restore her sight. Her eyes now opened to the harsh reality that she had idealized, Fay shrinks from the misshapen Crip. Brokenhearted, the hunchback takes his life in the cavern, and when Fay and John visit their old haunt, they discover his body” (AFI).

Additional information: another film under the same title was released in 1928 (link).

References:

link

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PROCÈS AU VATICAN

Original title: Procès au Vatican.

Other titles: Miracle of Saint Therese (English, undefined).Trial at the Vatican (English, undefined). Teresita del Niño Jesús (Spain).

Country: France.

Year: 1952.

Director: André Haguet.

Music: Maurice-Paul Guillot

Photography: Lucien Joulin.

Film editor: Charlotte Guilbert.

Screenwriter: André Haguet and André Legrand.

Cast: France Descaut, Jean Debucourt, Suzanne Flon, Catherine Fonteney, Jean Yonnel, Valentine Tessier, Marcelle Géniat, Denis d'Inès, Jean Meyer, Josette Arno, Anne Carrère, François Darbon, Hélène Delval, Albert Dinan, Jane Faber, Jeanne Herviale, Guy Kerner, Charles Lemontier, Marie-France, Suzanne Nivette, Michèle Rolla, Martine Sarcey and Magali Vendeuil.

Runtime: 115 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Religious.

Language: French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 29 August 1952 (France). 9 February 1959 (USA). 13 August 1953 (Spain).

Production Company: Les Films Artistiques and Les Films Fernand Rivers.

Synopsis: The film recounts the life of Saint Therese of Lisieux (France Descaut) from the time of her birth to her admission to the convent, her devotion to others, her spiritual values, and her tragic death from pulmonary tuberculosis in 1897 at the age of 24.

Additional information: Abate André Combes was in charge of the historical supervision of the film.

Other films about Therese of Lisieux:

Thérèse (1986) by Alain Cavalier. link

Thérèse: The Story of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (2004) by Leonardo Defilippis. link

References:

link


-R-

RAMBLING ROSE

Original title: Rambling Rose.

Other titles: Noches de rosa (Argentina). El precio de la ambición (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1991.

Director: Martha Coolidge.

Music: Elmer Bernstein.

Photography: Johnny E. Jensen.

Film editor: Steven Cohen.

Screenwriter: Calder Willingham based on the homonymous autobiographical novel by Calder Willingham.

Cast: Laura Dern, Robert Duvall, Diane Ladd, Lukas Haas, John Heard, Kevin Conway, Robert John Burke (as Robert Burke), Lisa Jakub, Evan Lockwood, Matthew Sutherland (as Matt Sutherland), D. Anthony Pender, David E. Scarborough, Robin Dale Robertson, General Fermon Judd Jr., Richard K. Olsen, Michael Mott, James Binns, Gelene Krug and Jeffrey Smith.

Runtime: 112 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 20 September 1991 (USA). 31 October 1991 (Spain).

Production Company: Carolco Pictures.

Synopsis: The film begins in Georgia in 1971. Buddy (Lukas Haas) returns to the family mansion to visit his father and recall his childhood experiences, which were marked by Rose (Laura Dern), a beautiful woman with a strong personality who wentto work in their house. Aware of how attractive she is to men, it does not take long before problems start to appear, since she falls in love with Buddy’s father (Robert Duvall).

Additional information: Nominated for Academy Awards in the categories of Best Actress in a Leading Role (Laura Dern) and Best Supporting Actress (Diane Ladd) (1992).

Comments: Rose thinks she is pregnant when what she really has is an ovarian cyst. The doctor tells Buddy and his wife, among other things, that:

- “The girl is barren. She had gonorrhea at the age of 15, and it was left untreated? She also had tuberculosis. The X-rays plainly show scarring”.

Rose recounts how her mother died of typhoid fever and tuberculosis.

References:

link

RASSKAZ NEIZVESTNOGO CHELOVEKA

Original title: Rasskaz neizvestnogo cheloveka. ??????? ???????????? ???????? (Russian).

Other title: Story of an Unknown Man (English, International). Relato de un hombre desconocido (Mexico).

Country: Soviet Union.

Year: 1980.

Director: Vytautas Zalakevicius.

Music: Georgiy Firtich.

Photography: Georgiy Firtich.

Screenwriter: Vytautas Zalakevicius. Based on Antón Chekhov’s homonymous story.

Cast: Yevgeniya Simonova, Aleksandr Kaidanovsky, Georgi Taratorkin, Lyudmila Zajtseva, Pavel Kadochnikov, Sergei Muchenikov, Boris Romanov, Ion Ungureanu and Anatoli Skoryakin.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Russian.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Mosfilm.

Synopsis: The story takes place in Russia in the late 19th century. “This drama centers around a desire for revenge and the tragedy of a star-crossed love. After a general ruins some men under him in punishment for a rebellion, a friend of the broken men vows revenge. The friend, a naval officer, takes a job as a valet in the general's son's house. While he plots his revenge, the son has an affair with a woman whom the valet begins to fall in love with. She is fired after becoming pregnant, and the valet has his own troubles; he has contracted tuberculosis. Sick and unable to follow through on his plans for vengeance, he leaves for France with the pregnant woman hoping to declare his love and seek a cure for his illness” (allmovie).

References:

link

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RAVENOUS

Original title: Ravenous.

Other titles: Voraz (Argentina, Mexico).

Country: Czech Republic, UK and USA.

Year: 1999.

Director: Antonia Bird.

Music: Damon Albarn and Michael Nyman.

Photography: Anthony B. Richmond.

Film editor: Neil Farrell.

Screenwriter: Ted Griffin.

Cast: Guy Pearce, Robert Carlyle, David Arquette, Jeremy Davies, Jeffrey Jones, John Spencer, Stephen Spinella, Neal McDonough, Joseph Runningfox, Bill Brochtrup, Sheila Tousey, Fernando Becerril, Gabriel Berthier, Pedro Altamirano and Joseph Boyle.

Runtime: 101 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Horror, Thriller, War and Western.

Language: English, Italian, Spanish and Washo.

Color: Color.

Release date: 16 March 1999 (USA). 13 August 1999 (Spain).

Production Companies: ETIC Films, Engulf & Devour Productions Inc., Fox 2000 Pictures, Heyday Films and Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: In 1847, Captain John Boyd (Guy Pearce) is sent to a remote fort in Sierra Nevada after committing a serious mistake during the war between USA and Mexico. One day Colqhoun (Robert Carlyle) appears; he is a strange character who assures that he was trapped in a cave by an avalanche for a long time with other colonists and that they managed to survive by practicing cannibalism. However, the real story is yet to be disclosed? (public synopsis).

Comments:

-Ives: “You know, not that long ago, I couldn't do that [breathe in]. Could barely take a breath without coughing up blood. Tuberculosis. That, along with fierce headaches, depression, suicidal ambition. I was in pretty horrible shape. In fact, I was on my way to a sanatorium to convalesce more likely to die en route, this Indian scout told me a curious story A man eats the flesh of another he steals his strength. He absorbs the other man's spirit. Well I just had to try. Consequently, I ate the scout first and, you know, he was absolutely right. I grew... stronger. Later, through circumstance my wagon train got lost in the Rockies”.

- Boyd: “I've heard this story before”.

-Ives: “I ate five men in three months. Tuberculosis? Vanished as did the black thoughts. I reached Denver that spring feeling... happy”.

References

link

RAY OF SUNSHINE

See Zonnestraal.

RESTORATION

Original title: Restoration.

Other titles: Restauración (Spain).

Country: USA and UK.

Yeaar: 1995.

Director: Michael Hoffman.

Music: James Newton Howard.

Photography: Oliver Stapleton.

Film editor: Garth Craven.

Screenwriter: Rupert Walters based on the homonymous novel by Rose Tremain.

Cast: Robert Downey Jr., Sam Neill, David Thewlis, Polly Walker, Meg Ryan, Ian McKellen, Hugh Grant, Ian McDiarmid, Mary MacLeod, Mark Letheren, Sandy McDade, Rosalind Bennett, Willie Ross, David Gant and Benjamin Whitrow.

Runtime: 117 minutes.

Genre: Biographical, Drama, Historical and Romance.

Language: English and Latin.

Color: Color.

Release date: 29 December 1995 (USA). 21 October 1996 (Spain).

Production Companies: Avenue Pictures Productions, Miramax Films, Segue Productions and The Oxford Film Company.

Synopsis: Towards the middle of the 16th century, right in the midst of the Restoration of the Monarchy in England, a young doctor, Robert Merivel (Robert Downey Jr.), after being summoned to the palace by King Charles II (Sam Neill), succumbs to the pleasures of the court, losing his wonderful aptitudes as a doctor and falling in love with the very king’s mistress (public synopsis).

Additional information: The film won two Academy Awards: Best Costume Design and Best Art Direction (1996).

Comments: John Pearce (David Thewlis) is a friend and colleague of Robert Merivel whom the latter resorts to when he abandons the court. John falls ill with consumption and is cared for by Merivel until he dies. Part of the action takes place during the Great Plague of London.

- Robert: “For a month now, and I'm telling this to you and nobody else, I've felt certain symptoms come upon me”.

- Robert: [after listening to his chest] “First, you must rest. Only then, Pearce, can I prescribe my remedy, Pearce”.

- John: “John”.

- Robert: “Ah, John, then, but you'll be neither one nor the other if you allow yourself to die. I cannot stay in bed, there's so much work to do...Please do not make me lose my temper! Have I not a hundred times since we've met allowed you to command me...and done this or that at your bidding? I have. So do not even consider contradicting me!”

- John: “What do you prescribe?”

- Robert: “Syrup of roses to warm your blood and soothe your coughing. A burdock poultice for your head”.

- John: “And for the slime in the lung?”

- Robert: “Sal ammoniac”.

- John: “And a balsam?”

- Robert: “Yes, we shall try severa, dissolved in boiling water and inhaled”.

References:

link

RIDIN’ WILD

Original title: Ridin' Wild.

Other titles: Montando salvajemente (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1925.

Director: Leon De La Mothe.

Screenwriter: Robert J. Horner y Matilda Smith. Based on a plot by Robert J. Horner.

Cast: William Barrymore (as Kit Carson), Pauline Curley, Jack Richardson, Walter Maly and C.L. James.

Genre: Western.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Robert J. Horner Productions.

Synopsis: “Like many Easterners who suffer from consumption, "The White Plague," Jim Warren (William Barrymore) goes to Arizona for the curative powers of its dry climate. When he arrives in Tucson, though, he cannot find a room because he is a "lunger." Ill and despondent, Jim is befriended by Betty Blake (Pauline Curley), the daughter of rancher and town sheriff Frank Blake (Walter Maly), who suggests that he try the open desert. Wandering the desert, Jim happens upon members of the gang headed by Scar-face Jordan (Jack Richardson), a notorious rustler. The gang teases Jim, but when Jordan, who had earlier thrown Jim out of the town hotel, sees him, he orders his men to make Jim stay with the horses so that he will not reveal their location to the sheriff. Some time later, Blake, who has received a wanted poster and a letter from another sheriff, warning him that Jordan’s gang may be near, is concerned that the gang will rob the incoming stagecoach. Because Betty will be on the stagecoach, which is carrying a large shipment of gold, Frank organizes a posse. When the stagecoach approaches Tucson, the Jordan gang stops it, but the driver kicks one of the horses to make the stage dart away. Seeing the runaway stagecoach, Jim, who has learned to ride, chases and stops it. When Frank and his deputies arrive, he is grateful to Jim and deputizes him to stay with Betty while he and the others chase down the gang. The gang gets away, but when Frank returns to the stagecoach, Jim is still there and asks for a job. Frank agrees, and soon Jim becomes stronger and very adept at riding. One day, Jim happily returns from town to tell Betty, with whom he has fallen in love, that the doctor has told him he no longer has a lung problem. He then asks Betty to marry him, and she agrees, on condition that he enters the upcoming rodeo and wins one of the prizes. That same day, Jordan, whose true identity is unknown to Betty, warns her against Jim, then tries to attack her. Jim prevents the attack but incurs Jordan’s wrath. On the day of the rodeo, one of Jordan’s men puts on a phony badge and "arrests" Jim, then rides out of town with him. As the rodeo starts, Betty and Frank wonder where Jim has gone. Out on the trail, Jim sees the rest of the gang and realizes what has happened. He gets away from them and arrives in time to enter several rodeo events. Also at the rodeo is visiting Sheriff Waddell, who recognizes Jordan and ties him and his men up. At the end of the rodeo, Jim reminds Betty of her promise, saying that he won all of the prizes. Frank then congratulates his future son-in-law and says he won another prize, too” (AFI).

Additional information: Other westerns under the same title were premiered in 1919 (short film), 1922 (short film) and 1935, respectively directed by Harry Harvey and Nat Ross, Bruce M. Mitchell, and David Selman.

References:

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RIFIFI

Original title: Du rififi chez les hommes.

Country: France.

Year: 1955.

Director: Jules Dassin.

Music: Georges Auric.

Photography: Philippe Agostini.

Film editor: Roger Dwyre.

Screenwriter: Jules Dassin, René Wheeler and Auguste Le Breton. Based on Auguste Le Breton’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Jean Servais, Carl Möhner, Robert Manuel, Janine Darcey, Pierre Grasset, Robert Hossein, Marcel Lupovici, Dominique Maurin, Magali Noël, Marie Sabouret, Claude Sylvain and Jules Dassin.

Runtime: 122 minutes.

Genre: Crime, Drama, “Film Noir” and Thriller.

Language: French, Italian and English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 13 April 1955 (France). 5 June 1956 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Pathé Consortium Cinéma (as Pathé-Consortium Cinéma), Indusfilms, Société Nouvelle Pathé Cinéma (as S.N.Pathé Cinéma) and Primafilm.

Synopsis: Tony le Stephanois is released from prison after years of confinement and finds his former girlfriend with a well-known gangster. Suddenly, he realizes that now that he is free again, the life he had planned to lead is vanishing before his eyes. Penniless, he has no choice but to resume his life as a criminal, together with his former partners. However, they are no longer reckless youngsters, but experienced men willing to do a “job” in full style. The goal is a jeweller’s in the centre of Paris that is seemingly inaccessible. They spend weeks meticulously preparing a plan that is studied down to the very last detail so that nothing can go wrong. It must be perfectly orchestrated (public synopsis).

Additional information: The name Rifamycins was given as a tribute to this film. Jules Dassin made this film in France fleeing McCarthyism.

Comments: Tony le Stephanois suffers from tuberculosis.

References:

Sensi P. History of the development of rifampin. Rev Infect Dis. 1983;5 Suppl 3:S402-S406.

link

ROBERT KOCH, DER BEKÄMPFER DES TODES

Original title: Robert Koch, der Bekämpfer des Todes.

Other titles: Robert Koch (Short title). Roberto Koch, el vencedor de la muerte (Spain).

Country: Germany.

Year: 1939.

Director: Hans Steinhoff.

Music: Wolfgang Zeller.

Photography: Fritz Arno Wagner.

Film editor: Martha Dübber.

Screenwriter: Walter Wassermann, Paul Josef Cremers, Gerhard Menzel and Lotte Neumann (as C.H. Diller). Based on Hellmuth Unger’s novel Robert Koch, Roman eines großen Lebens.

Cast: Emil Jannings, Werner Kraus, Viktoria von Ballasko, Raimund Schelcher, Hilde Körber, Theodor Loos, Otto Graf, Hildegard Grethe, Josef Sieber, Peter Elsholtz, Elisabeth Flckenschildt, Bernhard Minetti, Paul Bildt, Paul Dahlke, Rolf Prasch, Paul Otto, Rudolf Klein-Rogge, Walter Werner, Jakob Tiedtke and Friedrich Otto Fischer.

Runtime: 113 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama, History and Medical.

Language: German.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 26 September 1939 (Germany). 24 November 1939 (USA). 4 November 1940 (Spain).

Production Company: Tobis Filmkunst.

Synopsis: A distorted view of the life of Robert Koch (Emil Jannings) as a doctor and scientist, both during his period in the countryside and his period in Berlin. Koch faces a tuberculosis epidemic and has to deal with the beliefs people have concerning the disease, not only plain country folk, but also figures of the stature of Geheimrat Rudolf Virchow (Werner Krauss). The scientist discovers the bacillus and defeats death.

Additional information: Based on Hellmuth Unger’s novel Robert Koch, Roman eines großen Lebens. The author makes eliminates Robert Koch’s Jewish helpers from tyhe film. It is a self-censored work derived from the one entitled Helfer der Menschheit. Der Lebensroman Robert Kochs (1929). The year when the film was released is significant: first, it was a time when the names of the main characters were adapted to Spanish; and second, it was made in Nazi Germany. Therefore, as is the case with all regimes that do not take their citizens into account, it was made in praise of the ideals of the Third Reich; i.e.., the superiority of the Aryan race.

Among the disciples that appear in the film are Georg Gaffky (Theodor Loos), who established the aetiology of typhoid fever, and Friedrich Loeffler (Otto Graf), who cultured the diphtheria bacillus. However, Paul Ehrlich obviously does not appear, since his origins were Jewish, while the former two characters were every inch Teutonic.

References:

linklink

RONEY

Original title: Roney.

Country: USA.

Year: 1950.

Director: Shamus Culhane.

Runtime: 11 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Film Graphics, Inc.

Synopsis: Young Roney is diagnosed with active pulmonary tuberculosis in a routine check-up and is sent to a tuberculosis sanatorium for treatment. When he recovers, he returns home to his beloved.

Comments: This was a health information film produced by the National Tuberculosis Association. Apart from explaining how this disease might affect the young, the film gives positive consideration to periodic check-ups, including chest X-rays, early treatment, rest in bed and finding contacts.

References:

link

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-S-

SADIE MCKEE

Original title: Sadie McKee.

Other title: Así ama la mujer (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1934.

Director: Clarence Brown.

Music: William Axt (uncredited).

Photography: Oliver T. Marsh.

Film editor: Hugh Wynn.

Screenwriter: John Meehan. Based on the short story Pretty Sadie MacKee by Viña Delmar.

Cast: Joan Crawford, Gene Austin, Gene Raymon, Franchot Tone, Edward Arnol, Esther Ralston, Earl Oxford, Jean Dixon, Leo Carrillo, Akim Tamiroff, Leo G Carroll, Candy Candido, Zelda Sears and Minerva Urecal.

Runtime: 93 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 9 May 1934 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: The film tells of the love problems of Sadie McKee (Joan Crawford). Her mother, cook for the Andersons, tells her to marry Michael (Franchot Tone), her bosses’ son, but Sadie is in love with Tommy Wallace (Gene Raymon) and goes to New York with him to get married. Fate lead Tommy to leave her and she begins to work in a night club. There, she meets Jack Brennan (Edward Arnol), an alcoholic millionaire who she ends up marrying. Since she is unable to forget Tommy, the love of her life, she asks for a divorce Jack. She findsTommy thanks to Michael. Tommy is in hospital, thanks to the mediation of Michael, for his tuberculosis and when he sees Sadie he gets worse and dies before she can say that Michael has helped him.

References:

link

SANDS OF SACRIFICE

Original title: Sands of Sacrifice.

Other titles: Arenas del Sacrificio (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1917.

Director: Edward Sloman.

Photography: Ira H. Morgan (as Joe Morgan)

Screenwriter: Harvey Gates (plot).

Cast: William Russell, Francelia Billington, George Periolat, John Gough and Joe King.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 24 September 1917 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: American Film Company.

Synopsis: “Big Bill Darcey (William Russell) is a young man with money but no ambition. That changes when he meets Nora Farnes (Francelia Billington), whose mother has been duped out of her savings by Enoch Foyle (George Periolat). Darcey is an acquaintance of Foyle's and when he sees Nora being accosted by a number of Foyle's friends, he protects her. Foyle tries to get to her, so Darcey hides her in his lodge for the night. To save her honour (young unmarried ladies did not spend the night at a man's home in those days), Darcey marries her. Before they can leave on their honeymoon, he finds out that Foyle has stolen his fortune, too. He storms over to Foyle's office, only to find Nora there. He believes she was in league with Foyle and leaves for the desert with Sammy Goode, a friend suffering from consumption (John Gough). Before he dies, Goode insists that Darcey return to Nora to hear her side of the story. Nora, meanwhile, has trapped Foyle into confessing all his wrongdoing. When Darcey finds them together in her apartment, he believes his suspicions were correct -- until the police show up. Nora is finally able to explain that she was only out to get Foyle, and the couple are reunited” (allmovie).

References:

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SCANDAL

See Shûbun.

SEVEN SISTERS: A KENTUCKY PORTRAIT

Original title: Seven Sisters: A Kentucky Portrait.

Country: USA.

Year: 2000.

Director: Patrick Donohew.

Music: The Crooked Jades.

Photography: Patrick Donohew.

Film editor: John Douglas White.

Cast: Carole, Charlotte, Cora, Ethel, Glenna and Scarlette Cox.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Documentary, Biographical and Musical.

Language: English.

Release date: November 2000 (USA) (San Francisco Film Arts Festival). It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: The film tells the story of six Cox sisters born in the Appalachian Mountains during the Great Depression.

Additional information: The film director is the son of one of these sisters (Ethel Cox).

Comments: The mother suffered from tuberculosis and eventually died from it after being quarantined. Charlotte also suffered from the disease.

References:

link

link

SHAKESPEARE IN LOVE

Original title: Shakespeare in Love

Other titles: Shakespeare apasionado (Argentina, Mexico and Peru).

Country: USA and UK.

Year: 1998.

Director: John Madden.

Music: Stephen Warbeck.

Photography: Richard Greatrex.

Film editor: David Gamble.

Screenwriter: Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard.

Cast: Geoffrey Rush, Tom Wilkinson, Steven O'Donnell, Tim McMullan, Joseph Fiennes, Steven Beard, Antony Sher, Patrick Barlow, Martin Clunes, Sandra Reinton, Simon Callow, Judi Dench, Bridget McConnell, Georgie Glen, Georgie Glen, Gwyneth Paltrow, Imelda Staunton, Colin Firth, Desmond McNamara and Barnaby Kay.

Runtime: 123 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color

Release date: 3 December 1998 (USA) (“Premiere”). 12 March 1999 (Spain).

Production Companies: Universal Pictures, Miramax Films and Bedford Falls Productions.

Synopsis: Shakespeare (Joseph Fiennes) is going through a bad patch as a writer because he is lacks the necessary inspiration. When he meets the beautiful Lady Viola (Gwyneth Paltrow) his work takes a new turn, even though she is engaged to another man. He manages to start writing a new play that will amaze all theatre lovers, including the queen (Judi Dench), with whom he will place a 50-pound bet. This play, after changing its name several times, was to become known worldwide as Romeo and Juliet.

Additional information:This comedy won 7 Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role (Gwyneth Paltrow), Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Judi Dench), Best Original Screenplay, Best Art Direction, Best Costume Design and Best Comedy Score; and was nominated in six more categories: Best Director, Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Geoffrey Rush), Best Cinematography, Best Sound, Best Film Editing and Best Makeup (1998).

Comments: Several infectious diseases are mentioned, the most important being the plague. Thus, as the story progresses, bubonic plague is mentioned as the reason that leads to the closing of the theatres of the time (late 16th century) to avoid the spreading of the infection. Regarding tuberculosis, Will says:

- “You see? The consumptives plot against me. "Will Shakespeare has a play, let us go and cough through it".

References:

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SHAZDEH EHTEJAB

Original title: Shazdeh Ehtejab.

Other titles: Prince Ehtejab (English, undefined). Principe Ehtejab (Spanish translation).

Country: Iran.

Year: 1974.

Director: Bahman Farmanara.

Music: Ahmad Pezhman.

Photography: Nemat Haghighi.

Film editor: Abbas Ganjavi.

Screenwriter: Bahman Farmanara and Houshang Golshiri based on a plot by Houshang Golshiri.

Cast: Firouz Behjat-Mohamadi, Nuri Kasrai, Hossien Kasbian, Fakhri Khorvash, Jamshid Mashayekhi, Parvin Solaymani and Vali Tirandami.

Runtime: 93 minutes

Genre: Drama.

Language: Persian.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Telefilm.

Synopsis: “Prince Ehtejab (Jamshid Mashayekhi), one of the last remaining heirs of the Qajar royal family, is suffering from tuberculosis, which he knows is fatal. He spends his last days alone in the magnificent rooms of his wintry palace, from where he recollects the glory days of his ancestors as well as days of degradation. Among the latter are the gruesome manner in which his cruel grandfather murdered his mother and brother, and the way that he himself caused the death of his wife” (imdb).

References:

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SHE DEVIL

Original title: She Devil

Other titles: La diabla (Spanish translation). La diablesa (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1957.

Director: Kurt Neumann.

Music: Paul Sawtell and Bert Sheffer.

Photography: Karl Struss.

Film editor: Carl Pierson.

Screenwriter: Kurt Neumann and Carroll Young based Stanley G. Weinbaum’s short story The Adaptive Ultimate.

Cast: Mari Blanchard, Jack Kelly, Albert Dekker, John Archer, Fay Baker, Marie Blake, Paul Cavanagh, George Baxter, Helen Jay, Joan Bradshaw, X Brands and Tod Griffin.

Runtime: 77 minutes.

Genre: Horror and Sci-Fi.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: April 1957 (USA). Released on DVD in Spain.

Production Company: Regal Films.

Synopsis: Doctor Scout (Jack Kelly) obtains a serum that has miraculous effects on several animal problems from the common fruit fly. To test its efficacy on humans he injects it into Kyra Zelas (Mari Blanchard), a young woman who is dying of tuberculosis. The woman recovers but something goes wrong and the consequences are disastrous.

Additional information: Kurt Neumann was in charge of the screenplay, the direction and the production. There is a 1989 film that is also called She Devil, directed by Susan Seidelman and released in Spain in 1990 under the title Vida y amores de una diablesa, which has nothing to do with the 1957 version.

References:

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SHÛBUN

Original title: Shûbun. ??

Other titles: Scandal (English, International). Escándalo or El Escándalo (Spain).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1950.

Director: Akira Kurosawa.

Music: Fumio Hayasaka.

Photography: Toshio Ubukata.

Screenwriter: Ryûzô Kikushima and Akira Kurosawa.

Cast: Toshirô Mifune, Shirley Yamaguchi, Yôko Katsuragi, Noriko Sengoku, Eitarô Ozawa, Takashi Shimura, Shinichi Himori, Ichirô Shimizu, Fumiko Okamura, Masao Shimizu, Tanie Kitabayashi, Sugisaku Aoyama, Kokuten Kôdô, Kichijirô Ueda and Bokuzen Hidari.

Runtime: 104/ 105 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 30 April 1950 (Japan). 17 July 1964 (USA). 29 September 1983 (Spain), released for TV and in DVD format.

Production Companies: Shochiku Company and Shôchiku Eiga.

Synopsis: “A picture is taken of a beautiful opera singer, Miyaki Saijo (Shirley Yamaguchi), in the company of a painter, Ichiro Aoye (Toshir? Mifune), in a health resort of Izu. The picture is published a few weeks later in the tabloid press Amour, with a completely false text. The painter decides to sue the newspaper, hiring an ambitious lawyer, Masako Hiruta (Yoko Katsugari)” (filmaffinity).

Comments: The daughter of Masako Hiruta (Yoko Katsuragi) suffers from tuberculosis.

References:

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SISSI-SCHICKSALSJAHRE EINER KAISERIN

Original title: Sissi-Schicksalsjahre Einer Kaiserin.

Other title: Sissi: The Fateful Years of an Empress (English, International). El destino de Sissí (Spain).

El destí de Sissí (Catalan).

Country: Austria.

Year: 1957.

Director: Ernst Marischka.

Music: Anton Profes.

Screenwriter: Ernst Marischka.

Cast: Romy Schneider, Karl Heinz Böhm, Magda Schneider, Erich Nikowitz, Walther Reyer, Vilma Degischer, Gustav Knuth, Peter Weck, Uta Franz, Josef Meinrad, Senta Wengraf, Hans Ziegler, Sonia Sorel, Klaus Knuth and Peter Neusser.

Runtime: 109 minutes.

Genre: Biography, History, Drama and Romance.

Language: German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian and Portuguese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 19 December 1957 (Germany). 16 February 1959 (Spain).

Production Company: Erma-Film.

Synopsis: The story takes place during the 19th century. Archduchess Sophie (Vilma Degischer), the mother of Franz Josef (Karl Heinz Böhm), does not accept the personality and way of doing things of her daughter-in-law, Sissi (Romy Schneider). Sophie’s influence over her son is very powerful and she tries by all means to confront them and break the marriage. The couple sees how their happiness is put in danger. All these circumstances are made worse by Sissi’s pulmonary tuberculosis, which becomes evident during their journey to Hungary. From that moment onwards the disease becomes the main focus of the plot.

References:

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SMIERC PREZYDENTA

Original title: Smierc prezydenta.

Other titles: Death of a President (English translation). Death of the President (English translation). La muerte de un presidente (Argentina).

Country: Poland.

Year: 1978.

Director: Jerzy Kawalerowicz.

Music: Adam Walacinski.

Photography: Jerzy Lukaszewicz and Witold Sobocinski.

Film editor: Wieslawa Otocka.

Screenwriter: Jerzy Kawalerowicz and Boleslaw Michalek.

Cast: Jerzy Adamczak, Marek Walczewski, Henryk Bista, Czeslaw Byszewski, Jerzy Duszynski, Edmund Fetting, Kazimierz Iwor, Julian Jabczynski, Erwin Kohlund, Zbigniew Krynski, Leszek Kubanek, Wlodzimierz Saar, Jerzy Sagan, Janusz Sykutera and Tomasz Zaliwski.

Runtime: 144 minutes.

Genre: History, Biography and Drama.

Language: Polish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 10 October 1977 (Poland). It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Film Polski and Zespól Filmowy "Kadr".

Synopsis: “Set at the historic moment of the rebirth of Poland after World War I, the newly organized National Assembly elected Gabriel Narutowicz (Zdzislaw Mrozewski), a professor returning home from Switzerland, to enter public life, as the first President in the history of the Polish Republic. The film shows the turmoil leading to Narutowicz's election by a National Assembly divided between Polish Nationalists and the minorities, comprising one third of the population. A few days after the election, the President was assassinated by a fanatic Nationalist while opening an art exhibit” (imdb).

Additional information: The film obtained a Silver Berlin Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival of 1978.

Comments: Professor Gabriel Narutowicz (Zdzislaw Mrozewski) suffered from tuberculosis.

References:

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SNOW COUNTRY

See Yukiguni (1965).

SOME THINGS THAT STAY

Original title: Some Things That Stay.

Other titles: Run Away Home (USA). Algunas cosas que quedan (Spanish translation).

Country: Canada and UK.

Year: 2004.

Director: Gail Harvey.

Music: Michael Price.

Photography: Frank Tidy.

Film editor: Simon Cozens.

Screenwriter: Catherine Gourdier based on Sarah Willis’ homonymous novel.

Cast: Katie Boland, Stuart Wilson, Alberta Watson, Geraint Wyn Davies, Maria Ricossa, Nadia Litz, Kevin Zegers, Megan Park, Jack Knight, Tatum Knight, Brenda Robins, Julian Richings, Yannick Bisson, Ken James and Barry Flatman.

Runtime: 96 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 5 November 2004 (Canada). 20 March 2007 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Companies: Don Carmody Productions, Grosvenor Park Productions, Ladyhawke Ventures Inc. and Reality Pictures In Motion.

Synopsis: “Artist Stuart Anderson (Stuart Wilson) keeps moving all over the States with his wife and offspring to inspire his painting pallet. In 1954, they arrive in a rural town, where the kids Robert (Jack Knight), Megan (Tatum Knight) and Tamara (Katie Boland) soon really feel at home, although the previous owners moved out after their academically gifted son died from leukemia. Tamara (15 years) tastes of Christian faith and love with neighbor farm-boy Rusty Murphy (Kevin Zegers). Then their mother is institutionalized with advanced tuberculosis, and people are scared to visit the 'cursed' house” (KGF Vissers, imdb).

Comments: When Liz Anderson (Alberta Watson) is diagnosed with tuberculosis, it comes as unexpected news:

- “Where's Mommy, Daddy?”

- “She couldn't come back with me”.

- “What do you mean by that?”

- “Let's all go through to the living room. I need to sit down. Listen, your mother has tuberculosis. Now, it's extremely contagious, which means that she can pass it on to all of us. It's in her lungs, but it may well have spread by now”.

- “When is she coming back?”

- “Well, they don't know that yet. Um, right now, she's in a special wing in the hospital, but they're gonna have to transfer her to a sanitarium. That's a place just for tuberculosis patients”.

The rest of the family members must be checked to see whether they are infected:

- “Finish your breakfasts. We're all going to the hospital“.

- “Yeah! We're going to get Mommy back? “

- “No, sweetheart. We all have to have tuberculosis tests“.

Since the family had a cow that was milked by the mother, the vet checks it and finds out that the animal is infected but:

- “Your mother does not have bovine tuberculosis, which is the type that you get from cows. She has regular tuberculosis, which means that Edith caught it from her. Now, the doctor thinks that it must've been lying dormant for a while and then became active again, probably due to stress”.

References:

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SAME OLD SONG

See On connaît la chanson.

SOOKY

Original title: Sooky.

Other title: Dos soldaditos (Spanish, country?).

Country: USA.

Year: 1931.

Director: Norman Taurog.

Music: Jack King.

Photography: Arthur L. Todd.

Screenwriter: Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Norman Z. McLeod and Sam Mintz based on Percy Crosby’s illustrated novel Dear Sooky.

Cast: Jackie Cooper, Robert Coogan, Jackie Searl, Willard Robertson, Enid Bennett, Helen Jerome Eddy, Guy Oliver, Harry Beresford, Gertrude Sutton, Oscar Apfel, Tom Wilson and Leigh Allen.

Runtime: 85 minutes

Genre: Drama, Adventure and Family.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 26 December 1931 (USA) (“Premiere”). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Paramount Pictures.

Synopsis: The film tells the adventures of Sooky Wayne (Robert Coogan) and his kind-hearted friend Skippy. Sooky is a little boy who lives with his mother (Helen Jerome Eddy), who is sick with tuberculosis. They are so poor that Sooky cannot even become a member of a boys’ club. Skippy (Jackie Cooper), is the son of the Skinners. His father (William Robertson) stands in the elections for mayor, and after Mrs Wayne dies he adopts Sooky.

Additional information: A sequel to Skippy (1931), also directed by Norman Taurog. Both films are based on Percy Crosby’s comic Skippy.

References:

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SOPHIE’S CHOICE

Original title: Sophie's Choice.

Other titles: La decisión de Sophie (Spain).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1982.

Director: Alan J. Pakula.

Music: Marvin Hamlisch.

Photography: Néstor Almendros (as Nestor Almendros).

Film editor: Evan A. Lottman (as Evan Lottman).

Screenwriter: Alan J. Pakula based on the novel Sophie's Choice by William Styron.

Cast: Meryl Streep, Kevin Kline, Peter MacNicol, Rita Karin, Stephen D. Newman, Greta Turken, Josh Mostel, Marcell Rosenblatt, Moishe Rosenfeld, Robin Bartlett, Eugene Lipinski, John Rothman, Joseph Leon, David Wohl and Nina Polan.

Runtime: 150/157 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Languages: English, Polish, German, French and Russian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 8 December 1982 (USA). 4 March 1983 (Spain).

Production Companies: Incorporated Television Company (ITC) (as IFC Entertainment) and Keith Barish Productions (as a Keith Barish Production).

Synopsis: The film tells the story of a Polish woman (Meryl Streep), marked by the hard choices she had to take in life, especially during the time she spent in a Nazi concentration camp.

Additional information: Academy Award to Best Actress in a Leading Role (Meryl Streep) and four more nominations in the categories of Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design, Best Score and Best Adapted Screenplay (1983).

Comments: Sophie tells how her mother suffered from tuberculosis and how she had to try to find meat and ham in the concentration camp.

-“My mother got ? tubercu? tuberculosis and was very ill. She began to die and I couldn’t do anything, But I thought that if I could get meat, if I could at least get meat for my mother, it would give her strength, so I went to the country and some folk were selling?ham”.

References:

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SPRINGTIME IN A SMALL TOWN

See Xiao cheng zhi chun.

STEVIE

Original title: Stevie.

Country: UK.

Year: 1978.

Director: Robert Enders.

Music: Patrick Gowers.

Photography: Freddie Young.

Film editor: Peter Tanner.

Screenwriter: Hugh Whitemore based on his homonymous play.

Cast: Glenda Jackson, Mona Washbourne, Alec McCowen, Trevor Howard and Emma Louise.

Runtime: 102 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: September 1978 (USA). In Spain it was shown on Televisión Española on 3 June 1988.

Production Companies: Bowden Productions Limited, First Artists and Grand Metropolitan.

Synopsis: A biographical film based on the life of British poetess Stevie Smith (Florence Margaret Smith’s pen name) (Glenda Jackson as an adult, and Emma Louise Fox as a child). The conversations with her aunt (Mona Washbourne), with whom she spent her last years, play an essential role.

Additional information: There are many flashbacks throughout the plot and the story is told using a narrator (Trevor Howard) who, in the same way as the protagonist, addresses the viewers. In the film there are only four characters, which were played by five actors.

Comments: Stevie Smith suffered from tuberculosis when she was a child.

References:

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SUNSHINE

Original title: Sunshine.

Other titles: El amanecer de un siglo (Chile).

Country: Germany, Austria, Canada and Hungary.

Year: 1999.

Director: István Szabó.

Music: Maurice Jarre.

Photography: Lajos Koltai.

Film editor: Michel Arcand and Dominique Fortin.

Screenwriter: István Szabó and Israel Horovitz based on a plot by István Szabó.

Cast: Ralph Fiennes, Rosemary Harris, Rachel Weisz, Jennifer Ehle, Deborah Kara Unger, Molly Parker, James Frain, David de Keyser, John Neville, Miriam Margolyes, Rüdiger Vogler, Mark Strong, Bill Paterson, Trevor Peacock, Hanns Zischler, Mari Töröcsik, Katja Studt, Péter Andorai, Péter Halász and William Hurt.

Runtime: 180 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Historical and Romance.

Language: English and French.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 13 September 1999 (Canada) (Toronto International Film Festival). 9 June 2000 (USA). 12 February 2001 (Spain).

Production Companies: Alliance Atlantis Communications, Bavaria Film and Television Fund (comoBavaria Film and TV Fund), Channel Four Films, Dor Film Produktionsgesellschaft Eurimages, Hungarian Motion Picture Fund, ISL Film, InterCom, Kinowelt Filmproduktion, Movie Network, The (TMN), Serendipity Point Films, TV2, Téléfilm Canada, Vienna Film Financing Fund and Österreichischer Rundfunk (ORF).

Synopsis: The film follows a Jewish femily, the Sunshines, through three generations, reviewing the history of Hungary from the late 19th century to the fall of Communism. The first of the protagonists, Ignatz (Ralph Fiennes), becomes a lawyer thanks to the income his father obtains from selling a tonic discovered by his grandfather. After changing his surname to Sors, which sounded more Hungarian, he worked as a judge in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, whose fall he was not able to take in. The second protagonist, Adam (Ralph Fiennes), one of his sons, was an Olympic fencing champion, although to be successful he had to become a Catholic. The third, Ivan (Ralph Fiennes), his grandson, joined the Communist Party after World War Two, influenced in this by his great-uncle Gustave, and as a member of the police force he became a merciless hunter of former Nazi collaborationists, and later of Jews until his own reality, the death of his grandfather, and a letter from his great-grandfather bring him back to his Sunshine roots.

Additional information: The three protagonists are played by Ralph Fiennes.

Comments: Gustave (James Frain), who was a doctor, mentions tuberculosis (tubercular workers) as a consequence of political corruption in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

References:

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SYMPTOMS

Original title: Symptoms.

Country: USA.

Year: 2009.

Director: Chase Finn.

Music: Matthew Martin.

Photography: Edward Raines.

Film editor: Chase Finn, Bryant Joseph and Ben Witten.

Screenwriter: Chase Finn.

Cast: Valerie Anthony, Erin Fouraker, Asia Gagnon, Tomo Ito, James Mahoney, Eric Mcleary, Cameron Paul (as Cameron Parker), Sarah Thornton and Sherry Wolfe.

Runtime: 18 minutes.

Genre: Short film, Comedy and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 23 January 2009 (USA) (Jacksonville, Florida). It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: “Shane (Cameron Paul), a middle-school hypochondriac is convinced by his health teacher that he has tuberculosis. With this newly gained fear, Shane attempts to approach his mother who ensures him that there is nothing to worry about. Feeling as if no one understands the severity of the issue at hand, Shane takes it upon himself to right his wrongs and confess his love to his middle-school sweet heart” (Chase Finn, imdb).

References:

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-T-

TA DELFINAKIA TOU AMVRAKIKOU

Original title: Ta delfinakia tou Amvrakikou. ?? ?????????? ??? ??????????.

Other titles: The Little Dolphins (English, international). Los Delfines de Amvrakikos (Spanish translation).

Country: Greece.

Year: 1993.

Director: Dinos Dimopoulos.

Music: Christos Leontis.

Photography: Walter Lassally.

Film editor: Ioanna Spiliopoulou.

Screenwiter: Dinos Dimopoulos based on the homonymous novel.

Cast: Konstadina Alevra, Konstantina Andriopoulou, Lambros Bavetas, Giannis Dimothodoros, Stavros Dogiakos, Fotis Gaveras, Giannis Golomazos, Nikitas Hronis, Freideriki Koliou, Giorgos Krontiris, Mihalis Maragakis, Haris Panayotou, Spyros Pantazis, Foteini Papadamaki, Nikos Papadimitriou, Stamatia Papadimitriou, Dimitris Papagiannis, Alexandros Rigas, Panos Salonitis, Villy Sideratou and Vangelis Vazakas.

Runtime: 98 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Drama and Family.

Language: Greek.

Color: Color.

Release date: September 1993 (Greece, Thessaloniki International Film Festival). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Angelos Sideratos & Co. and Greek Film Center.

Synopsis: “Set in the period between the two world wars in a seaside village in the bay of Amvrakikos. Two children, Petros (8 years old) and Anthoula (7 years old) are spending their summer holidays. During a walk in an isolated shack they discover a boy who lives with his mother. He has been rejected by the community because of tuberculosis. Petros and Anthoula become friends with the boy. They discover the cruelty of adults and they decide to defy them” (Alkistis Zografou, imdb).

References:

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TB OR NOT TB: THE FATE OF TUBERCULOSIS IN THE US AND INDIA

Original title: TB or not TB: The Fate of Tuberculosis in the US and India.

Other titles: TB o TB no: El destino de la tuberculosis en los EE.UU. y la India (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2007.

Director: Samir Kakodkar.

Film editor: Samir Kakodkar.

Screenwiter: Samir Kakodkar.

Runtime: 25 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English and Gujarati.

Color: Color.

Release date: 20 April 2007 (USA, Northwestern University). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Samir Kakodkar (producer).

Synopsis: “In the US, tuberculosis is considered more of a special case than a common occurrence. Effective preventive measures have thus far been successful in keeping the disease at bay while third world countries are struggling to treat their patients. Tuberculosis can infect almost any organ in the body, but it is most commonly seen in the lungs. Coughing releases millions of airborne bacteria that can infect anyone who inhales these pathogens. Therefore, tuberculosis is considered the most infectious disease of all infectious diseases, and controlling it is no easy task. The Indian government has adopted the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) to deal with its TB epidemic. Its system of directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS), ensures that patients undergo the full drug treatment regimen from start to finish. DOTS has proven successful in reducing the spread of TB throughout the country. However, the HIV-TB epidemic, along with the proliferation of drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis, have brought new challenges for the whole world, including the US. This film investigates the methods that India has adopted to attempt to eradicate the disease once and for all and the reasons why the US should pay close attention to a potential epidemic at home” (imdb).

Additional information: Available at: link, link and link

References:

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TEXAS RANGERS

Original title: Texas Rangers.

Other titles: Texas rangers: Los justicieros (Argentina).

Country: USA.

Year: 2001.

Director: Steve Miner.

Music: Trevor Rabin.

Photography: Daryn Okada.

Film editor: Gregg Featherman and Peter Devaney Flanagan.

Screenwiter: Scott Busby and Martin Copeland, based on the novel The Story of McNelly's Rangers by George Durham.

Cast: James van der Beek, Rachael Leigh Cook, Ashton Kutcher, Dylan McDermott, Usher Raymond, Tom Skerritt, Randy Travis, Jon Abrahams, Leonor Varela, Brian Martell, Alfred Molina, Billy Morton, Kate Newby, Robert Patrick, Gordon Michaels, Joe Renteria, Jon Abrahams, Bob Bancroft and Stephen Bridgewater.

Runtime: 90 minutes

Genre: Western, Drama and Adventure.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 30 November 2001 (USA). 5 December 2002 (Spain).

Production Company: Greisman Productions, Larry Levinson Productions and Price Entertainment.

Synopsis: The story is set in Texas in 1875. Leander McNelly (Dylan McDermott) is chosen to lead a group of heroes, the Texas Rangers, through a lawless land ruled by chaos. They must fight an army of rebels lead by the ruthless John King Fisher (Alfred Molina) to establish law and order and protect the innocent and the women they love. The struggle for freedom is the Texas Rangers’ motto (public synopsis).

Comments: Leander McNelly dies of tuberculosis.

From his bed, and with his health in very poor condition, he says:

-“When they remember us, Rangers...let them remember us not as men of vengeance... (coughing) but... as men of law...and justice” (He dies).

References:

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THE ABSENTEE

Original title: The Absentee.

Other titles: El ausente (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Director: Christy Cabanne.

Photography: William Fildew.

Screenwiter: Plot by Frank E. Woods and Christy Cabanne.

Cast: Robert Edeson, Allan Sears (as A.D. Sears), Arthur Paget (as Alfred Paget), George Beranger (as George A. Beranger), Augustus Carney, Charles Lee, Elmo Lincoln (as Otto Lincoln), Olga Grey, Loretta Blake, Juanita Hansen (as Wahnetta Hanson) and Mildred Harris.

Runtime: 60 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 8 May 1915 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Majestic Motion Picture Company.

Synopsis: “In a prologue, Success leaves Might in charge of his affairs and goes off with Pleasure. Might, influenced by Extravagance and Vanity, forces the Toilers, including Ambition, to suffer. Justice tells Success, who returns and ends the misery. In the main story, Nathaniel Crosby (Success) (Robert Edeson), who owns the National Hat Works, leaves Sampson Rhodes (Might) (Allan Sears), his general manager, in charge, while he goes on a vacation to recover his health. Rhodes, urged by his wife (Extravagance) and daughter (Vanity) (Juanita Hansen), cuts the employees' wages and uses the increased earnings to further his family's social ambitions. When the workers strike, Tom Burke (Ambition) (George Beranger), a young inventor, is unable to give financial help to his mother, who has tuberculosis, or to marry Happiness (Loretta Blake), the daughter of foreman David Lee (Contentment) (Augustus Carney). After Happiness becomes Tom's mistress, and Lee's younger daughter Innocence (Mildred Harris) elopes with bounder Edmund Rolfe, Lee leads the strikers to riot. When Rhodes summons the militia, Crosby's stenographer Ruth Farwell (Justice) (Olga Grey) tells Crosby, who sends them away, but is then attacked by the strikers. Although Ruth, trying to protect Crosby, is shot by Lee, she recovers and marries Crosby, who sends Tom and Happiness money to wed” (AFI).

Comments: A film with a great deal of allegorical references.

References:

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THE ALAMO

Original title: The Alamo.

Other titles: El Álamo (Argentina). El Álamo: la leyenda (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 2004.

Director: John Lee Hancock.

Music: Carter Burwell.

Photography: Dean Semler.

Film editor: Eric L. Beason.

Screenwiter: Leslie Bohem, Stephen Gaghan and John Lee Hancock.

Cast: Billy Bob Thornton, Dennis Quaid, Patrick Wilson, Jason Patric, Emilio Echevarria, Jordi Mollà, Nick Kokich, Leon Rippy, Kevin Page, Ricardo Chavira, Craig Erickson, Matt O'Leary, Tom Davidson, Marc Blucas, Laura Clifton, Stephen Bruton and Krystal Morten.

Runtime: 137 minutes.

Genre: Drama, History, War, Western, Adventure and Action.

Language: English and Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 March 2004 (USA). 1 October 2004 (Spain).

Production Company: Touchstone Pictures and Imagine Entertainment.

Synopsis: This is the story of one of the struggles for independence of Mexican Texas that took place in the spring of 1936. For 13 days, a group of Texans commanded by Colonel Travis (Patrick Wilson), James Bowie (Jason Patric) and Davy Crockett (Billy Bob Thornton) suffered a siege by the troops of General Santa Anna (Emilio Echevarría) and were garrisoned at The Alamo, a fort located on the outskirts of San Antonio de Bejar.

Comments: James Bowie was dying of pulmonary tuberculosis. This same situation is reflected in the film version of this heroic deed, released in 1915, Martyrs of the Alamo by Christy Cabanne.

Other versions: This historical event has been screened on several occasions: Martyrs of the Alamo (1915) by Christy Cabanne, Davy Crockett at the Fall of the Alamo (1926) by Robert N. Bradbury, Heroes of the Alamo (1937) by Harry L. Fraser, The Last Command (1955) by Frank Lloyd, The Alamo (1960) by John Wayne and The Alamo: Thirteen Days to Glory (1987), a film made for TV and directed by Burt Kennedy.

References:

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THE AWAKENING OF JOHN BOND

Original title: The Awakening of John Bond.

Other titles: El despertar de John Bond (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1911.

Director: Oscar Apfel.

Screenwiter: Bannister Merwin.

Cast: Bigelow Cooper, Miriam Nesbitt, Mary Fuller, Harold M. Shaw, Philip Tannura, Kathleen Coughlin and Joseph Levering (as Joseph M. Levering).

Genre: Short and Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 4 December 1911 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Edison Company.

Synopsis: An unscrupulous landlord refuses to improve the living conditions of his tenants. When his wife contracts tuberculosis, he reforms and crusades for the Tuberculosis Committee (link).

Comments: This is one of the films about tuberculosis made by the Edison Company for educational purposes.

References:

link

link

link

THE BELLS OF ST. MARY’S

Original title: The Bells of St. Mary's. Leo McCarey's The Bells of St. Mary's (full title)

Other titles: Las campanas de Santa María (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1945.

Director: Leo McCarey.

Music: Robert Emmett Dolan.

Photography: George Barnes.

Film editor: Harry Marker.

Screenwiter: Dudley Nichols based on a plot by Leo McCarey.

Cast: Bing Crosby, Ingrid Bergman, Henry Travers, William Gargan, Ruth Donnelly, Joan Carroll, Martha Sleeper, Rhys Williams, Richard Tyler (as Dickie Tyler) and Una O'Connor.

Runtime: 126 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Religious and Family.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White. There is a color version.

Release date: 6 December 1945 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Rainbow Productions.

Synopsis: The plot is set in the 40s and takes place in a Catholic school of a busy city in the USA. It deals with the relationship, tackling the differences in opinion, between Father O’Malley (Bing Crosby) and Sister Benedict (Ingrid Bergman). They disagree in their views on how to educate and teach the students. The protagonist faints and, against her will, a doctor is summoned to examine her. After taking her pulse and temperature and establishing that she has a fever, he asks her to go to see him to his surgery. Later on, the doctor tells Father O’Malley, while showing him the X-ray he has made of the nun’s chest, that she suffers from “incipient” pulmonary tuberculosis. He advises her to go somewhere dry, Arizona, for rest, and to give up her work with the students. He says that the state of one’s mind plays an important role in the treatment of tuberculosis and he suggests that the Sister is aware of the disease she suffers from so that she might agree to the transfer based on her obedience. The Father finally tells the Sister that her transfer is due to her tuberculosis and not to their disagreement, which makes her very happy.

Additional information: The film won an Academy Award in the Category of Best Sound and was nominated in the Categories of Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor in a Leading Role (Bing Crosby), Best Actress in a Leading Role (Ingrid Bergman), Best Film Editing, Best Original Song and Best Original Score (1946).

Comments: Sister Benedict’s right lung is affected by tuberculosis. However, the doctor’s finger points at the left lung on the X-ray.

References:

link

THE BEST INTENTIONS

Original title: Den goda viljan (Sweden).

Other titles: The Best Intentions (USA, UK and international). Con las mejores intenciones (Argentina). Las mejores intenciones (Spain).

Country: Sweden, Germany, UK, Italy, France, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Iceland.

Year: 1992.

Director: Bille August.

Music: Björn Linnman and Stefan Nilsson.

Photography: Jörgen Persson.

Film editor: Janus Billeskov Jansen.

Screenwiter: Ingman Bergman.

Cast: Samuel Fröler, Pernilla August, Max von Sydow, Ghita Nørby, Björn Kjellman, Börje Ahlstedt, Gunilla Nyroos, Michael Segerström, Eva Gröndahl, Mona Malm, Keve Hjelm, Margaretha Krook, Irma Christenson, Sif Ruud, Lena Brogren, Cecilia Lagerkvist, Lena Endre, Dan Johansson, Niklas Hald and Ernst-Hugo Järegård.

Runtime: 180-182 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Romance.

Language: Swedish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 2 October 1992 (Sweden). 10 July 1992 (USA). 15 January 1993 (Spain).

Production Company: Channel Four Films, Danmarks Radio (DR), La Sept Cinéma, Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK), Radiotelevisione Italiana, Ríkisútvarpið-Sjónvarp RÚV, SVT Drama; Yleisradio (YLE) and Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF).

Synopsis: “The story of Ingmar Bergman's parents. In 1909, poor theology student Henrik Bergman (Samuel Fröler) falls in love with Anna Åkerbloom (Pernilla August), the daughter of a rich family in Uppsala. After their wedding Henrik becomes a priest in the north of Sweden. After a few years Anna can't stand living in the rural county with the uncouth people. She returns to Uppsala, Henrik stays in the north” (Robert Stroetgen, imdb).

Additional information: The plot is by Ingmar Bergman, who wrote a novel under the same title based on it. In 1922 it was awarded the Golden Palm in the categories of Best Film and Best Female Performance at the Cannes Film Festival.

Comments: Before getting married Anna suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis and spent two years as an inmate at a tuberculosis sanatorium. The clinical symptoms shown in the film are coughing and fever, which will be diagnosed as tuberculosis.

References:

link

THE BRIDGE OF SIGHS

Original title: The Bridge of Sighs.

Other titles: King of the Hoboes (English, undefined). El Puente de los Suspiros (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Screenwiter: Betty Harte.

Cast: Jeff Davis, Dorothy Welsh, Richard Carlyle and Stephen Reardon.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English (intertitles) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: March 1915 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: “Jeff Davis, known as the "King of the Hoboes" stops young hobo Bill Stevens from shooting a brakeman who threw him off a train. Davis takes Bill's gun and offers assistance at his "Hotel de Gink" in New York's Lower East Side should Bill need help. Mollie Browning, a beautiful but impoverished girl whose consumptive mother needs medicine, repeatedly fails to find work. After Davis warns Bill not to become the partner of robber Tom Carroll because, he says, that road leads to "The Bridge of Sighs," the passageway above the street connecting the Criminal Court with the Tombs, Bill becomes a porter in a saloon. Carroll, who plans to rob a safe and frame Bill, tells Mollie, who faces eviction, that he is a detective and will hire her as his assistant. Disguised as a boy, she meets him at the saloon. After Bill rescues Mollie from Carroll's advances and the police arrest Carroll, Davis tells Bill and Mollie about a $65-a-month job on a farm, and they leave together for the country” (AFI).

Additional information: Other films under the same title were released in 1915, 1921, 1925 and 1936, respectively directed by Bertram Bracken, Domenico Gaido, Phil Rosen and Phil Rosen.

References:

link

link

THE BIRCH WOOD

See Brzezina

THE BROTHERS KOWALSKI

Original title: The Brothers Kowalski.

Other titles: Los hermanos Kowalski (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2008.

Director: Jouri Smit.

Music: Julien Painot.

Photography: Zachary Roberts.

Film editor: Jouri Smit.

Screenwiter: Jouri Smit.

Cast: Jouri Smit and Chad Brigockas.

Runtime: 8 minutes.

Genre: Short and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Synopsis: “Johnny Kowalski is diagnosed with TB, and while Johnny's life is at an end, his half brother Louis' has never truly begun. Johnny's obstacle to a death faced with life is to get Louis to face his fear of life. Inevitability and fear align, and life's dance begins, in which the dying parts with a lesson of life to the living” (Jouri Smit, imdb).

Additional information: Available at: link.

References:

link

THE CITADEL

Original title: The Citadel

Other title: La ciudadela (Spain).

Country: UK.

Year: 1938.

Director: King Vidor.

Music: Louis Levy y Charles Williams (uncredited).

Photography: Harry Stradling Sr. (as Harry Stradling).

Film editor: Charles Frend.

Screenwiter: Ian Dalrymple, Frank Wead, Elizabeth Hill and Emlyn Williams based on the homonymous novel by A. J. Cronin.

Cast: Robert Donat, Rosalind Russell, Ralph Richardson, Rex Harrison, Emlyn Williams, Penelope Dudley-Ward, Francis L. Sullivan, Mary Clare, Cecil Parker, Nora Swinburne, Edward Chapman, Athene Seyler, Felix Aylmer, Joyce Bland, Percy Parsons, Dilys Davis, Basil Gill and Joss Ambler.

Runtime: 110 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Medical.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: October 1938 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer British Studios.

Synopsis: Doctor Andrew Manson (Robert Donat), an idealistic young country doctor, works in the suburbs of a Welsh mining town. There he attends workers who suffer from tuberculosis and their families, who live in a social environment of absolute oppression, while at the same time he has to face the hostility of his collegues and the distrust of the miners he takes care of. However, when he begins to take charge of wealthy patients from London, he forgets his principles and becomes greedy. His rapid rise in society forces him to choose between going on with his life as a country doctor or moving on to attending the upper-classes (partly taken from culturalianet).

Additional information: Nominated for Academy Awards in the categories of Best Screenplay, Best Director, Best Actor in a Leading Role and Best Picture (1939).

Comments: The film puts up for discussion the higher risk there is of suffering pulmonary tuberculosis among the mining population with silicosis. This is an aspect into which the protagonist does research. Archibald Joseph Cronin was a doctor. In addition to tuberculosis, typhoid fever is also dealt with, since there is an outbreak due to the contamination of the water supply with the sewage system.

References:

link

link

THE CLAIM

Original title: The Claim.

Other titles: Kingdom Come (USA, working title). El perdón (Spain).

Country: UK, France and Canada.

Year: 2000.

Director: Michael Winterbottom.

Music: Michael Nyman.

Photography: Alwin H. Kuchler.

Film editor: Trevor Waite.

Screenwiter: Frank Cottrell Boyce. Based on Thomas Hardy’s novel The Mayor of Casterbridge.

Cast: Peter Mullan, Milla Jovovich, Wes Bentley, Nastassja Kinski, Sarah Polley, Shirley Henderson, Julian Richings, Sean Mcginley, Randy Birch, Tom Mccamus, Frank Zotter, Artur Ciastkowski, Barry Ward, Karolina Muller and David Lereaney.

Runtime: 120 minutes

Genre: Western, Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color

Release date: 29 December 2000 (USA). 25 January 2002 (Spain).

Production Company: Alliance Atlantis Communications, Arts Council of England, British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), Canal+, DB Entertainment, Grosvenor Park Productions, Pathé Pictures and Revolution Films.

Synopsis: The story develops in California in the mid 20th century, during the gold rush. An Irish family, Daniel Dillon (Peter Mullan), his wife Elena (Nastassja Kinski) and their young daughter Hope (Sarah Polley), arrive there with huge expectations of making a fortune. During a storm they get lost and arrive at a cabin, starving and exhausted. Drunk, Daniel will sell his wife and daughter in exchange for the rights to exploit a gold mine. Twenty years later, both women will return to see how Daniel has become a rich and powerful man who is attached to Lucia (Milla Jovovich), the owner of a brothel.

Additional information: At the Valladolid International Film Festival of 2001 the film won the award for Best Director of Photography, and Michael Winterbottom was nominated for the Golden Spike. There are two other films under the title of Claim that do not deal with any infectious disease that were released in 1918 (silent) and 2002 respectively.

Comments: When Elena meets Daniel again she is a woman affected by pulmonary tuberculosis presenting coughing, haemoptysis and poor health in general, which declines further until she dies. Daniel is worried about his wife and manages to get her treated with electrotherapy; it is wonderful to watch the device used for this purpose.

References:

link

THE CONSTANT GARDENER

Original title: The constant gardener.

Other titles: El jardinero fiel (Spain).

Country: UK and Germany.

Year: 2005.

Director: Fernando Meirelles

Music: Alberto Iglesias.

Photography: César Charlone.

Film editor: Claire Simpson.

Screenwiter: adaptation made by Jeffrey Caine of John Le Carré’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Ralph Fiennes, Rachel Weisz, Hubert Koundé, Danny Huston, Daniele Harford, Packson Ngugi, Damaris Itenyo Agweyu, Bernard Otieno Oduor, Bill Nighy, Keith Pearson, John Sibi-Okumu, Donald Sumpter, Archie Panjabi, Nick Reding, Gerard McSorley and Pete Postlethwaite.

Color: Color.

Release date: 31 August 2005 (USA). 4 November 2005 (Spain).

Runtime: 129 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Romance and Thriller.

Language: English, Italian, Swahili and German.

Production Company: Potboiler Productions, Epsilon Motion Pictures, Scion Films Limited, UK Film Council and Vierte Babelsberg Film.

Synopsis: Justin Quayle (Ralph Fiennes) is an English diplomat who is in a faraway place in the north of Kenya. His happy marriage with Tessa Quayle (Rachel Weisz), the most engaged activist in the area, is brought to an end by her brutal murder, together with that of the local doctor who accompanied her, Arnold Bluhm (Hubert Koundé). The explanation he receives from the British High Commission, suggesting a crime of passion, is not accepted by Justin, who will set about to find out the reason for his wife’s death until he succeeds.

Additional information: The film won the Academy Award in the category of Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Rachel Weisz) and was nominated for Best Original Score, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Achievement in Editing.

Comments: The main topics dealt with in the film are always of current importance. The therapeutic issues posed by multidrug and extremely drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, the need to find new medicines that are effective against resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the carrying out of the different clinical stages for the development of medicines in Africa, the endemic presence of tuberculosis and AIDS in that continent, the relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and doctors, and the lack of ethics that research into new medicines might lead to. This topic is not new to cinema; it was also central in The Fugitive (1993) by Andrew Davis. This film shows how an international pharmaceutical company develops a new tuberculostatic, “Dypraxa”, that turns out to be toxic and lethal, and how, in spite of this, its development continues, testing it on the disadvantaged population of Africa.

References:

Cuesta Jiménez JL. El jardinero fiel (2005) o el desarrollo de nuevas medicinas. Rev Med Cine [Internet]. June 2006; 3(2):96-101. Available at: link

link

THE COOLER

Original title: The Cooler.

Country: USA.

Year: 2003.

Director: Wayne Kramer.

Music: Mark Isham.

Photography: Jim Whitaker (as James Whitaker).

Film editor: Arthur Coburn.

Screenwiter: Wayne Kramer and Frank Hannah.

Cast: William H. Macy, Alec Baldwin, Maria Bello, Shawn Hatosy, Ron Livingston, Paul Sorvino, Estella Warren, Arthur J. Nascarella, Joey Fatone, M.C. Gainey, Ellen Greene, Don Scribner, Tony Longo, Richard Israel and Timothy Landfield.

Runtime: 101 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Romance and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 January 2003 (USA, Sundance Film Festival). 22 April 2004 (Spain).

Production Company: ContentFilm, Pierce/Williams Entertainment (as Pierce-Williams), Furst Films, Gryphon Films, Dog Pond Productions, Visionbox Pictures and Zero Gravity Management.

Synopsis: Bernie Lootz (William H. Macy) is the most unfortunate guy in Las Vegas. He spoils everything he touches, including his marriage and his relationship with his son. Bernie used to be a gambler with debts throughout the city, including a considerable one due at the Shangri-la, the casino owned by Shelly Kaplow (Alec Baldwin). Since he could not pay, Shelly saved his life by paying off his debts, but he also disabled him by shooting him in the knee. After that he forced him to work for him at the Shangri-la so that he could eventually pay him back. As the years passed, Shelly realized that Bernie’s bad luck was contagious and appointed him as the official “cooler” of the casino: his only presence near a table where somebody is winning is enough to put an end to the run of good luck. There are only a few days left for Bernie to settle his debt with Shelly when he meets Natalie (Maria Bello), the new waitress of the Shangri-la (public synopsis).

Additional information: Nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Alec Baldwin) (2004).

Comments: Bernie has a son who turns up with his girlfriend, who is pregnant.

Natalie asks:

How long has it been since you saw a doctor?

Six Months ago in New Jersey. I didn’t want to go back because they treated me like a sheep just because I didn’t have insurance. Those places are full of tuberculous Hispanics.

A comment that reflects feelings.

References:

link

THE COUNTERFEITERS

See Die Fälscher.

THE CYCLE OF FATE

Original title: The Cycle of Fate.

Other titles: El ciclo del Destino (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1916.

Director: Marshall Neilan.

Screenwriter: Marshall Neilan.

Cast: Will Machin (as William Machin), Edith Johnson, Bessie Eyton, Wheeler Oakman, Al W. Filson, Lew Cody (as Lewis Cody), Marion Warner, Marshall Neilan, Fred Hearn and Frank Clark.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English (intertitles) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 3 April 1916 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Selig Polyscope Company (as Selig Red Seal Play).

Synopsis: “Maybelle Strong (Edith Jonson) and her twin brother Joe (Wheeler Oakman), separated as children, grow up to lead dramatically different lives, as the former works as a teacher in a small village, while the latter, now called "Red Hand," belongs to a gang of big city criminals. Sid Aldrich (Lew Cody), a member of Joe's gang, goes to the village, and hoping to sell Maybelle as a white slave, he convinces her to return with him and then heavily drugs her. Joe, however, sees the same red birthmark on Maybelle's hand that he has on his, and so realizes that Sid's victim is his own long-lost twin. As a result, he kills Sid, after which he takes Maybelle to Doctor Burton (Marshall Neilan) for treatment and then, vowing to go straight, moves out West with Mame, his tubercular sweetheart. Meanwhile, Maybelle and Doctor Burton fall in love and begin making plans for their wedding” (AFI).

References:

link

THE DEVIL’S ARITHMETIC

Original title: The Devil’s Arithmetic

Other titles: La aritmética del diablo or Vivencias de la guerra (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1999

Director: Donna Deitch.

Music: Frederic Talgorn.

Photography: Jacek Laskus.

Film editor: Robin Katz.

Screenwiter: Robert J. Avrech sobre la novela homónima de Jane Yolen.

Cast: Kirstern Dunst, Brittany Murphy, Paul Freeman, Mimi Rodgers, Louise Fletcher, Lilo Baur, Nitzan Sharron, Shelly Skandrani, Daniel Brocklebank, Kirsty McFarland, Rachel Roddy, Ieva Jackkeviciute, Philip Rham, Daniel Rausch, Polina Soloveicik, Stewart Bick and Rimantas Bagdzevicius.

Runtime: 95 minutes

Genre: Drama, Fantasy, Historical, War and Nazism.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 28 March 1999 (USA). In Spain it was released for TV.

Production Companies: Lietuvos Kinostudija, Millbrook Farm Productions, Punch Productions and Showtime Networks.

Synopsis: Drama that deals with the situation of the Jews in Nazi concentration camps. Hanna (Kirsten Dunst) goes to her aunt’s place to take part in the Jewish Passover. The young woman is fed up with this type of gatherings, where there is always talk about the past. During the festivities she faints and travels in time. She will suddenly find herself in the middle of World War Two, in a concentration camp. There she will live with great realism incredible situations that she will remember when this fantastic, and at the same time cruel, trip comes to an end (public synopsis).

Additional information: Film made for TV.

Comments: Some of the prisoners of the concentration camp, aunt Hanna among them, have respiratory symptoms (coughing fits) that could be compatible with pulmonary tuberculosis.

References:

link

THE DEVIL’S BACKBONE

Original title: El espinazo del diablo.

Other titles: The Devil's Backbone (English title, UK, USA).

Country: Spain and Mexico.

Year: 2001.

Director: Guillermo del Toro.

Music: Javier Navarrete.

Photography: Guillermo Navarro.

Film editor: Luis de la Madrid.

Screenwiter: Guillermo del Toro, Antonio Trashorras and David Muñoz.

Cast: Marisa Paredes, Eduardo Noriega, Federico Luppi, Fernando Tielve, Íñigo Garcés, Irene Visedo, José Manuel Lorenzo, Francisco Maestre (as Paco Maestre), Junio Valverde, Berta Ojea, Adrián Lamana, Daniel Esparza, Miguel Ortiz, Juan Carlos Vellido and Javier Bódalo (as Javier González Madrigal).

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Fantasy, Horror, Mystery and Thriller.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Color.

Release date: 2 September 2001 (USA, Telluride Film Festival). 20 April 2001 (Spain).

Production Companies: El Deseo S.A., Tequila Gang, Anhelo Producciones, Sogepaq, Canal+ España and Good Machine.

Synopsis: “It is the year 1939, the Spanish Civil War has just finished. Carlos (Fernando Tielve), a ten-year-old boy, arrives at an orphanage for the children of Republican victims. His presence will alter the daily routines of a school directed by Carmen (Marisa Paredes) and whose teacher, Mr Casares (Federico Luppi), sympathizes with the lost Republican cause. In addition, he will be haunted by the ghost of one of the former inmates of the orphanage” (filmaffinity).

Additional information: Nominated for Goya Awards in the categories of Best Costume Design and Best Special Effects (2002).

Comments: There is a reference to tuberculosis in a conversation the children have in their bedroom one evening:

- “?Even if it annoys him, there is a ghost here. The day the bomb fell, a boy disappeared, Santi. Since then, no one has dared to take Jaime on”.

-Santi used to sleep in your bed, number 12”.

-Shit, I'm telling the story! The teachers think that when the bomb fell Santi got scared and ran away and that maybe some shepherds found him and he's alive.

- Or a cutthroat got him and took his blood”.

- Yeah. They sell the blood to rich people to cure their tuberculosis”.

References:

link

link

THE DIARY OF A CHAMBERMAID

Original title: The Diary of a Chambermaid.

Other titles: Memorias de una camarera. Memorias de una doncella (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1946.

Director: Jean Renoir.

Music: Michel Michelet.

Photography: Lucien N. Andriot (as Lucien Andriot).

Screenwiter: Burgess Meredith. Based on Octave Mirbeau’s homonymous novel and on a play by André de Lorde and Thielly Nores.

Cast: Paulette Godard, Burguess Meredith, Hurd Hatfield, Francis Lederer, Judith Anderson, Florence Bates, Irene Ryan, Reginald Owen and Almira Sessions.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 15 February 1946 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Benedict Bogeaus Production (as Camden Productions) (uncredited).

Synopsis: In 1885 Celestine (Paulette Goddard) arrives at the rural house of the Lanlaires to serve as a chambermaid. Taking advantage of her beauty, she attempts to seduce wealthy men that might give her the chance to retire from her life as a maidservant. She flirts with Monsieur Lanlaire (Reginald Owen), the owner of the house, but he is not a good choice and, in addition, Madame Lanlaire (Judith Andreson) and the valet, Joseph (Francis Lederer), are control freaks. Later she tries to do the same with a neighbour, Captain Mauger (Reginer Owen), who turns out to be penniless and too old. When George Lanlaire (Hurd Hatfield) -who suffers from tuberculosis- arrives, his mother believes that if he can become attracted to Celestine she will be able to keep him at home, in spite of his intentions to go to Paris. Meanwhile, Joseph tries to seduce Celestine by promising to give her the silver he intends to steal from the Lanlaire family.

Additional information: Produced by Burguess Meredith, who plays the role of Captain Mauger, and who was Paulette Godard’s husband at the time.

Other versions: in 1964 Luis Buñuel made another adaptation of Mirbeau’s novel in Le Journal d'une Femme de Chambre (Diary of a Chambermaid).

References:

link

link

THE DOCTOR’S DILEMMA

Original title: The Doctor’s Dilemma.

Other titles: El Dilema del Doctor (Spanish translation).

Country: UK.

Year: 1958.

Director: Anthony Asquith.

Music: Joseph Kosma.

Screenwriter: Anatole de Grunwald based on George Bernard Shaw’s homonymous play.

Cast: Leslie Caron, Dirk Bogarde, Alastair Sim, Robert Morley, John Robinson, Felix Aylmer, Michael Gwynn, Maureen Delany, Alec McCowen, Colin Gordon, Gwenda Ewen, Terence Alexander, Derek Prentice, Peter Sallis, Clifford Buckton and Robert Krasker.

Runtime: 99 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Comedy.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 December 1958 (USA). Released on TV in Spain.

Production Company: De Grunwald Productions (as Comet) and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer British Studios.

Synopsis: “Mrs. Dubedat (Leslie Caron) loves and idolizes her artist husband, Louis, but he is dying of tuberculosis. She goes to a doctor and convinces him to save her husband. The doctor can keep only so many patients and must choose who is worth saving, but is convinced that Louis' artistic talents make him worthy. But when he and several colleagues meet Louis, they discover that he is in fact a smooth-talking money-grabbing scoundrel. They also learn that he has another wife, whom he has abandoned. So, the doctor has a problem: should he let Louis die, leaving Mrs. Dubedat with her idealized image, or save him and his artistic talents, but force her to face his bigamy and other flaws?” (John Oswalt. imdb).

Other versions:

Des Doktors Dilemma (1977). Made for TV. (link).

References:

link

THE DYING GAUL

Original title: The Dying Gaul.

Other titles: Muerte en Galia (Argentina). El galo moribundo (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2005.

Director: Craig Lucas.

Music: Steve Reich.

Photography: Bobby Bukowski.

Film editor: Andy Keir.

Screenwiter: Craig Lucas.

Cast: Patricia Clarkson, Campbell Scott, Peter Sarsgaard, Ryan Miller, Faith Jefferies, Robin Bartlett, Ebon Moss-Bachrach, Kelli O'Hara, Dee Dee Flores, Elizabeth Marvel, Don Johanson, Bill Camp and Linda Emond.

Runtime: 101 minutes.

Genre: Romance and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: January 2005 (USA, Sundance Film Festival). Released in Spain on 29 September, 2007, on DVD.

Production Company: Rebel Park Pictures, Holedigger Films, Muvi Films and Twopoundbad.

Synopsis: Elaine Tishop (Patricia Clarkson), an ex-scriptwriter, fed up with her marriage and her life at a luxurious Malibu villa, is the wife of Jeffrey Tishop (Scott Campbell). With not much to do and a lot of free time, Elaine discovers the world of Internet chat rooms, and it is in one of these that she meets by chance the so-called Robert (Peter Sarsgaard). The frequency of their meetings online increases and Elaine finally finds out that Robert has a relationship with a certain editor called Jeffrey Tishop (Campbell Scott), who turns out to be her husband (public synopsis).

Additional information: The script is based on the death of the director’s boyfriend of AIDS-related cerebral tuberculosis.

Comments: The scriptwriter’s lover was seropositive and had cerebral tuberculosis, which was treated with an experimental protocol consisting of injecting the drug directly into his brain. Despite the treatment, which was agony, the patient died.

References:

link

THE END OF THE AFFAIR

Original title: The End of the Affair.

Other titles: El ocaso de un amor (Argentina, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela). El Fin del Romance (Spain).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1999.

Director: Neil Jordan.

Music: Michael Nyman.

Photography: Roger Pratt.

Film editor: Tony Lawson.

Screenwiter: Neil Jordan. Based Graham Greene’s novel The End of the Affair.

Cast: Ralph Fiennes, Ian Hart, Julianne Moore, Stephen Rea, Samuel Bould, Jason Isaacs, Heather-Jay Jones, James Bolam, Cyril Shaps, Penny Morrell, Simon Fisher-Turner, Deborah Findlay, Nicholas Hewetson and Jack McKenzie.

Runtime: 102 minutes

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English

Color: Color

Release date: 2 December 1999 (USA). 17 March 2000 (Spain).

Production Company: Columbia Pictures Corporation.

Synopsis: The story takes place during the summer of 1939. Sarah Miles (Julianne Moore), a passionate woman trapped in a sterile marriage, meets novelist Maurice Bendrix (Ralph Fiennes) at a party organized by her husband Henry (Stephen Rea), a respectable but dull civil servant. They embark on a passionate, illicit and sexually liberated romance amidst travel and the threat of a more than likely war. However, during a German bombing of London, and when passion is growing stronger, Bendrix’s house is hit by a bomb while the couple are in bed and he almost dies. Sarah prays that he will not die, so that if he lives she promises to stop seeing him and be faithful to her husband. Therefore, when he is better again, Sarah breaks off their relationship leaving Bendrix devastated. Two years later, on a rainy night in 1946, Bendrix meets Henry by chance and the latter admits to be tormented because he thinks his wife is having an extramarital affair. Bendrix’s obsession with Sarah is rekindled and, succumbing to jealousy, he decides to have her followed, for which he even hires a detective to follow Sarah’s presumed new lover. Obsessed with the passionate memories of their romance, he again enters her life, once again facing the consuming love they used to feel for each other. During an unexpected confession, Bendrix will find out the reasons for the annihilation of their love.

Additional information: Based on Graham Greene’s autobiographical novel The End of the Affair. Nominated for the 1999 Academy Awards in the categories of Best Actress in a Leading Role (Julianne Moore) and Best Cinematography.

Comments: Sarah dies of tuberculosis in a few months and during her last days she is cared for by both men. The disease is evidenced by the classic symptoms: coughing (“That cough needs attending to”. “It's only a cough”), pallor, progressive decline and prostration.

Other versions:

End of the Affair by Edward Dmytryk (1955).

References:

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THE ESCAPE

Original title: The Escape.

Other titles: La escapada (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1914.

Director: D.W. Griffith.

Photography: G.W. Bitzer.

Film editor: Rose Smith and James Smith (uncredited).

Screenwiter: Paul Armstrong and D.W. Griffith (uncredited) based on a play by the former.

Cast: Donald Crisp, Earle Foxe, Earle Foxe, Robert Harron, Ralph Lewis, Walter Long, Mae Marsh, Owen Moore, Blanche Sweet, Fay Tincher, F.A. Turner and Tammany Young.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English (title cards) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1 June 1914 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Majestic Motion Picture Company and The Griffith Co.

Synopsis: “Petty crook Jim Joyce (Fred A. Turner) is the father of three: Mae (Blanche Sweet), Jenny (Mae Marsh), and Larry (Robert Harron). While Mae falls in love with a handsome and upright medical intern named Von Elden (Owen Moore), Jenny enters into a less-savory relationship with gangster Bull McGee (Donald Crisp). Meanwhile, brother Larry, seething with resentment over his father's brutality, skulks around like an accident waiting to happen. Things come to a dramatic head when Bull McGee, in a drunken delirium, sells Jenny into white slavery and crushes his own baby to death. Bull inevitably meets his comeuppance at the hands of Larry, while Mae and Von Elden are able to escape all the sordidness and enjoy a wholly unexpected happy ending” (allmovie).

Additional information: Presumably lost.

Comments: Larry is affected by syphilis and is treated by Dr Eiden. Jenny suffers from tuberculosis.

References:

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THE ETERNAL GRIND

Original title: The Eternal Grind.

Other title: El moler eterno (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1916.

Director: John B. O'Brien.

Photography: Emmett A. Williams.

Screenwiter: William H. Clifford.

Cast: Mary Pickford, Loretta Blake, Dorothy West, John Bowers, Robert Cain and J. Albert Hall.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 17 April 1916 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Famous Players Film Company.

Synopsis: “Owen (John Bowers) and Ernest Wharton (Robert Cain), sons of sweatshop owner James Wharton, become interested in two of their father's employees. Owen, a settlement worker, falls in love with Mary (Mary Pickford), while Ernest, a full time womanizer, makes her sister Amy (Loretta Blake) his mistress. Another sister, Jane (Dorothy West), grows increasingly consumptive, but when Mary asks James for some money for Jane's treatment, he refuses. Hearing of the trouble, Ernest offers money to Mary, but only if she too agrees to be his mistress. Enraged, Mary forces him at gunpoint, to marry Amy. Then Owen, knocked unconscious in an accident, calls out for Mary. James begs her to see Owen, but before agreeing to go, Mary makes him promise to improve sweatshop conditions. Finally, Owen recovers and he and Mary plan their marriage. Meanwhile, marriage has turned Ernest into a devoted husband, and James keeps his word about shop conditions” (AFI).

References:

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THE FLY GOD

Original title: The Fly God.

Other titles: La mosca de Dios (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1918.

Director: Clifford Smith.

Photography: Stephen Rounds (as Steve Rounds).

Screenwriter: Plot by Henry Wallace Phillips.

Cast: Roy Stewart, Edward Peil Sr. (as Edward Peil), Claire Anderson, Aaron Edwards, Percy Challenger and Walter Perry.

Genre: Western.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 30 June 1918 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Triangle Film Corporation.

Synopsis: Bob Allers (Edward Peil) goes to live in Arizona because he suffers from tuberculosis. He is accused of murdering a bandit who had robbed him. He is found guilty by all the members of the jury but one, William ‘Red’ Saunders (Roy Stewart), who believes he is innocent. He leaves the verdict to a fly he catches: if it alights on one of the window panes Edward will be set free, and this is what obviously happens.

References:

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THE GANGSTERS OF NEW YORK

Original title: The Gangsters of New York.

Other titles: The Gangsters (English, undefined). Los gangsters de Nueva York (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1914.

Director: James Kirkwood and Christy Cabanne (uncredited).

Screenwiter: Anita Loos (uncredited)

Cast: Henry B. Walthall, Consuelo Bailey, John T. Dillon, Ralph Lewis, C. Lambert, R. Riley, Jack Pickford, Alice Horine, Ogden Childe (as Master Ogden Child), Fred Herzog (as F. Herzog) and Blanche Craig (as B. Craig).

Genre: Crime and Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: February 1914 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Reliance Film Company.

Synopsis: “Biff Dugan (John T. Dillon), the eldest son of a poor family living in a tenement on the squalid East Side of New York, leads a gang of hoodlums, among whose members is his brother Porky. Their sister Jess is a consumptive whose health was ruined in a sweatshop. During a melee in a mission run by reformer Henry Davis, the Dugan gang encounters Billy Drew and his sister Cora, newcomers to the city. Porky saves Cora from the unwelcome attentions of Biff's rival, Spike Golden, and the two of them fall in love. Later, when Spike is killed in a gang war, Biff is wrongfully convicted of the murder and executed in the electric chair. Porky, who served a short term in prison for his part in the crime, comes back to the city to find that Jess has died and Cora has returned to the country. When his gang delivers the man who betrayed Biff, Porky, whose heart has been softened by Cora and Billy, lets the man go. Finally, Porky retires to the country to lead the quiet life of a farmer with Cora as his wife” (AFI).

Additional information: There is another short film of 1913 under the title The Gangsters directed by Henry Lehrman.

References:

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THE GIRL OF MY HEART

See Girl of my Heart

THE GO MASTER

See Wu Qingyuan

THE GREAT CARUSO

Original title: The Great Caruso.

Other titles: El Gran Caruso (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1951.

Director: Richard Thorpe.

Music: Johnny Green.

Photography: Joseph Ruttenberg

Screenwiter: Sonya Levien and William Ludwig based on Dorothy Caruso’s biography of her husband (Enrico Caruso his Life and his Death).

Film editor: Gene Ruggiero.

Cast: Mario Lanza, Ann Blyth, Dorothy Kirsten, Jarmila Novotna, Richard Hageman, Carl Benton Reid, Eduard Franz, Ludwig Donath, Alan Napier, Pál Jávor, Carl Milletaire, Shepard Menken, Vincent Renno, Nestor Paiva, Peter Price (acreditado cómo Peter Edward Price), Mario Siletti, Angela Clarke, Ian Wolfe, Yvette Duguay, Argentina Brunetti, Blanche Thebom, Teresa Celli, Nicola Moscona, Guiseppe Valdengo, Lucine Amara and Marina Koshetz.

Runtime: 109 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Musical.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 16 April 1951 (USA). In Spain in 1952.

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: The biography of the famous Italian tenor Enrico Caruso (Mario Lanza). After his beginnings as a street singer he achieved great international success in the world of opera.

Additional information: The film won the Academy Award for Best Sound in 1951 and was nominated in the categories of Best Scoring of a Musical Picture and Best Colour Costume Design.

Comments: One night, shortly before his last concert, while singing a song to his daughter, Caruso is overcome by a coughing fit. Dorothy (Ann Blyth), his wife, finds out he has been using an ether spray. The doctor says that he resorts to ether since he had his last cold. His wife begs him to cancel his performance in Marta but he ignores her. During the interval, when Dorothy goes down to the dressing room to give him encouragement, he has haemoptysis. He then collapses and dies on stage. Regardless of the real cause of Caruso’s death (pleurisy, empyema, septicaemia?), what the film shows suggests tuberculosis.

Other versions:

The Young Caruso by Giacomo Gentilomo (1951).

References:

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THE GREATEST LOVE

Original title: Europa ’51.

Other titles: The Greatest Love (USA). No Greater Love (UK). Su gran amor - Europa '51 (Argentina). Europa 1951 (Spain).

Country: Italy.

Year: 1952.

Director: Roberto Rossellini.

Music: Renzo Rossellini.

Photography: Aldo Tonti.

Film editor: Jolanda Benvenuti (as Iolanda Benvenuti).

Screenwiter: Roberto Rossellini, Sandro De Feo, Mario Pannunzio, Ivo Perilli, Brunello Rondi, Diego Fabbri (uncredited), Federico Fellini (uncredited), Antonio Pietrangeli (uncredited) and Donald Ogden Stewart (uncredited). Based on an idea by Massimo Mida and Antonello Trobadori (uncredited).

Cast: Ingrid Bergman, Alexander Knox, Ettore Giannini, Teresa Pellati, Giulietta Masina, Marcella Rovena, Tina Perna, Sandro Franchina, Giancarlo Vigorelli, Maria Zanoli, Silvana Veronese, William Tubbs, Alberto Plebani, Eleonora Barracco, Alfred Brown, Alfonso Di Stefano, Alfred Brown and Sandro Franchina.

Runtime: 113 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Italian.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 28 August 1952 (Italy, Venice Film Festival). 3 November 1954 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Ponti-De Laurentiis Cinematografica.

Synopsis: The story takes place in Rome in the early 50s. After spending the last years of World War Two in London with her son Michele (Sandro Franchina), Irene Gilrad (Ingrid Bergman), a wealthy American, leads a superficial and frivolous life in the company of her husband George (Alexander Knox). Faced with this situation, her son feels ignored and eventually commits suicide. Following this sad event, Irene feels her world is falling apart. She only finds comfort in her cousin Andrea (Ettore Giannini), a communist journalist who advises her to take care of the needy. A new life opens before her, but she is challenged by a lack of understanding from her peers. Her husband, her mother, the doctors, the priests, and the judges cannot understand her behaviour.

Additional information: This is one of the films starring Ingrid Bergman in her Italian period.

Comments: When she changes her behaviour, with Andrea’s help Irene gets in touch with the disadvantaged. One of her visits is to a family who has a sick child “who needs a recently launched American medicine”. In the household, she meets a prostitute who she will later find very ill. She has pulmonary tuberculosis, with the typical symptoms of the time in crowded environments where poor sanitary conditions, poverty and malnutrition were a constant feature. The symptoms manifest themselves with a high temperature, repeated coughing, and haemoptysis. Once the doctor arrives, he listens to her chest and says “?two years earlier we could have done something; now the disease has affected both lungs”. A little later, sweaty and breathing with difficulty, she dies.

References:

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THE GREEN BERETS

Original title: The Green Berets.

Other titles: Boinas verdes (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1968.

Director: Ray Kellogg and John Wayne.

Music: Miklós Rózsa (as Miklos Rozsa).

Photography: Winton C. Hoch.

Film editor: Otho Lovering.

Screenwiter: James Lee Barrett.

Cast: John Wayne, David Janssen, Jim Hutton, Aldo Ray, Raymond St. Jacques, Bruce Cabot, Jack Soo, George Takei, Patrick Wayne, Luke Askew, Irene Tsu, Edward Faulkner, Jason Evers, Mike Henry and Craig Jue.

Runtime: 141 minutes.

Genre: War, Drama and Action.

Language: English and Vietnamese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 4 July 1968 (USA). 6 April 1969 (Spain).

Production Company: Banjac Productions.

Synopsis: During the Vietnam War, American colonel Mike Kirby (John Wayne) of the special unit known as ‘The Green Berets’ invites a sceptical newspaper reporter to join them when they set out on a mission to capture a North Vietnamese General.

Additional information: Based on Robin Moore’s homonymous novel. Co-directed by John Wayne. An anti-communist and pro-American film, described as propaganda of American Imperialism.

Comments: tuberculosis is mentioned in certain dialogues.

References:

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THE HAND THAT ROCKS THE CRADLE

Original title: The Hand That Rocks the Cradle

Other titles: Hand That Rocks the Cradle. La mano que mece la cuna (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1917.

Director: Phillips Smalley and Lois Weber.

Photography: Allen G. Siegler.

Screenwriter: Phillips Smalley and Lois Weber.

Cast: Phillips Smalley, Lois Weber, Priscilla Dean, Wedgwood Nowell, Evelyn Selbie and Harry De More.

Runtime: 60 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English (title cards) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 13 May 1917 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Universal Film Manufacturing Company.

Synopsis: “Although she has been warned by the police chief to stop handing out literature on birth control, the wife of Dr. Broome (Lois Weber) remains committed to the cause. Visited by her former nursemaid Sarah (Evelyn Selbie), who is now overburdened by a growing family and a limited income, Mrs. Broome provides her with information on birth control. The spectacle of a consumptive woman suffering under the burden of too many pregnancies compels Mrs. Broome to address a public gathering on birth control. The police raid the meeting and arrest both Mrs. Broome and Sarah for spreading propaganda in violation of state laws. After serving a short sentence, they are finally pardoned by the governor and hopefully await the enactment of new legislation permitting the dissemination of birth control information” (AFI).

Additional information: Possibly lost. Films under the title The Hand that Rocks the Cradle were released in 1914 and 1992, the latter directed by Curtis Hanson.

References:

Sloan K, Weber L, Smalley P. The hand that rocks the cradle. Film Hist. 1987;1:341-66.

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THE HEIGHT OF THE SKY

Original title: The Height of the Sky

Other titles: La altura del cielo (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1999.

Director: Lyn Clinton.

Music: Deeji Mincey, Hans Stiritz and Boris Zelkin.

Photography: John R. Zilles.

Film editor: Lyn Clinton and Andrew Possick.

Screenwiter: Lyn Clinton and Michael Harvkey.

Cast: Jennifer Weedon, Jackie Stewart, Tom Crone, Grant Moninger, Evan Palazzo, Barry Lehman, Jack Bruno, John Haman, Mark W. Johnson, Kai Jade McHenry, Zackary Paal, Allison Pace, Ralsurai Richardson, Antonia Stout and Ryk St. Vincent.

Runtime: 116 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Production Company: Good Girl Films.

Synopsis: At the height of the Depression in 1935, a young farmer is stricken with tuberculosis. His father refuses to send the young man away to a sanatorium, and hides him in a mountain cabin. Meanwhile, daughter Leora (Jennifer Weedon) is left to take care of the farm and learns some devastating truths about her family (public synopsis).

References:

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THE HOSPITAL

Original title: The Hospital.

Other titles: El hospital (Argentina). Anatomía de un hospital (Spain).

Coutry: USA.

Year: 1971.

Director: Arthur Hiller.

Music: Morris Surdin.

Photography: Victor J. Kemper.

Film editor: Eric Albertson.

Screenwiter: Paddy Chayefsky.

Cast: George C. Scott, Diana Rigg, Barnard Hughes, Richard Dysart, Stephen Elliott, Andrew Duncan, Donald Harron, Nancy Marchand, Jordan Charney, Roberts Blossom, Lenny Baker, Richard Hamilton, Arthur Junaluska, Kate Harrington and Katherine Helmond

Runtime: 103 minutes.

Genre: Comedy and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 14 December 1971 (USA). October 1972 (Spain).

Production Company: Simcha Productions.

Synopsis: “It tells the story of Herbert Block (George C. Scott), the prestigious manager of an important medical centre in New York. His wife has left him and his children take no notice of him. Amidst all these personal problems Block will have to deal with several misterious deaths that have taken place in the hospital, while protest demonstrations grow outside his offices, signs of the agitation that is setting in New York. With malpractice and real estate fraud, both the clinic and the city itself have been plunged into a deep chaos from which there seems to be no way out.” (filmaffinity)

Additional information: It won an Academy Award in the category of Best Original Screenplay and was nominated in the category of Best Actor in a Leading Role (1972).

Comments: Tuberculosis can be counted among the pathologies quoted in the film:

- Dr Block (to a group of doctors in the corridor): “Dr. Perry said he picked the tuberculosis and liver nodes for today“.

- Dr Block: “I wonder if there is any correlation between hepatic tuberculosis and drug addiction. ? What were the results of the latex fixation test?”

- Dr. Block: “It was not performed, Sir. Don’t you think that it is an important test to differentiate SBE from miliary tuberculosis?”

References:

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THE IDOL DANCER

Original title: The Idol Dancer.

Other titles: La bailarina del ídolo (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1920.

Director: D.W. Griffith.

Music: Jim Roberge (1997 version).

Photography: Paul H. Allen and G.W. Bitzer.

Film editor: James Smith.

Screenwriter: Stanner E.V. Taylor based on the novel Blood of the Covenants by Gordon Ray Young.

Cast: Richard Barthelmess, Clarine Seymour, Creighton Hale, George MacQuarrie, Kate Bruce, Porter Strong, Anders Randolf, Walter James, Thomas Carr, Herbert Sutch, Adolph Lestina, Ben Grauer, Walter Kolomoku and Florence Short.

Runtime: 92/ 104 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English (title cards) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 21 March 1920 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: D.W. Griffith Productions.

Synopsis: “Mary (Clarine Seymour), a dancing girl who has a French father and Javanese mother, lives on a South Seas island. Two men who vie for her heart come along: McGuire (Richard Barthelmess), the drunken bum, and Walter Kincaid (Creighton Hale), the invalid nephew of an island missionary (George MacQuarrie) who has come to the tropics for health reasons. Natives from a nearby island attack, and the nephew is heroically and conveniently killed. Mary confesses that she loves McGuire, who promises to reform” (allmovie).

Additional information: Available on DVD from The Directors: Rare Films Of D.W. Griffith As Director Vol. 5.

Comments: Walter Kincaid suffers from tuberculosis (AFI).

References:

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THE INVISIBLE ENEMY

Original title: The Invisible Enemy.

Other titles: El enemigo invisible (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1916.

Director: William Stoermer.

Screenwiter: Emma K. Oswald.

Cast: Marceau Moore, Lucille Young, Frederick Vroom, Jack Cummings, William Parsons, Emma K. Oswald and Leon de la Mothe (as Leon Kent).

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 3 April 1916 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: E.K.O. Film Company.

Synopsis: “When Jack Webster (Jack Cummings), the governor's son, visits one of James Haggerty's (William Parsons) tenements, he is appalled at the conditions, and also falls in love with Faith (Lucille Young), a tubercular laundry girl. Jack marries her against his father's wishes, and then, on the advice of Doctor De La Roche (Leon de la Mothe), a tuberculosis expert, takes her to a ranch to live. Governor Webster quickly disowns Jack, and when a newspaper gets hold of the story, a series of articles exposes the conditions in Haggerty's slums. Because of the public outcry generated by the articles, the governor is forced to support tenement reform, while his daughter Muriel (Emma K. Oswald), whom he had hoped would marry Haggerty, marries De La Roche instead, and supports him in his fight against tuberculosis” (AFI).

References:

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THE JEWEL OF THE NILE

Original title: The Jewel of the Nile.

Other titles:La joya del Nilo (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1985.

Director: Lewis Teague.

Music: Jack Nitzsche.

Photography: Jan de Bont (as Jan DeBont).

Film editor: Peter Boita and Michael Ellis.

Screenwiter: Mark Rosenthal, Lawrence Konner and Diane Thomas.

Cast: Michael Douglas, Kathleen Turner, Danny DeVito, Spiros Focás, Avner Eisenberg, Paul David Magid, Howard Jay Patterson, Randall Edwin Nelson, Samuel Ross Williams, Timothy Daniel Furst, Hamid Fillali, Holland Taylor, Guy Cuevas, Peter DePalma (as Peter De Palma) and Mark Daly Richards.

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Action, Adventure, Comedy and Romance.

Language: English and Arabic.

Color: Color

Release date: 4 December 1985 (USA). 21 March 1986 (Spain).

Production Company: SLM Production Group, Stone Group Pictures and Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: Six months after writer Joan Wilder (Kathleen Turner) and adventurer Jack Colton (Michael Douglas) set off on a romantic cruise around the world, they find themselves facing adventures once again. On the one hand, they will have to confront the challenges of a stable relationship, finding out that not everything can be seen in the pink shades so characteristic of Wilder’s novels; on the other hand, they will find themselves involved in a frenetic chase with incredibly far-reaching effects that will lead them to overcome many obstacles in the heart of the African desert (public synopsis).

Other information: Sequel to Romancing the Stone (1984).

Comments: The film begins with a scene, set in a different age, where the protagonists are getting married on board a ship that is attacked by a gang of pirates. When they decide to leave the yacht, after the assault, there is only room left for one in the lifeboat. The bride tells the groom to go, since she suffers from tuberculosis and will die before the year comes to its end (“I have consumption and will be dead before the year is out”). The scenes reflect the story that Joan is writing. Other aspects of infectious diseases are also dealt with, such as malaria, skin and soft tissue infections or isolation.

THE KINEMATOGRAPH

Original title: The Kinematograph.

Country: Poland.

Year: 2009.

Director: Tomek Baginski.

Music: Adam Skorupa and Pawe? B?aszczyk.

Screenwiter: Tomek Baginski based on the homonymous comic by Mateusz Skutnik.

Runtime: 12 minutes.

Genre: Short, Animation and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 23 July 2010 (Poland). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Platige Image.

Synopsis: “The short film takes place in a small English village during the Victorian era. Inventor Francis tinkers unsuccessfully with his Kinematographen. His biggest goal is to reform the world by inventing film. Unfortunately he focuses so much on his project that he forgets everything else, especially his personal relationships. When finally his Kinematograph works without a hitch, his beloved wife dies from tuberculosis. Broken, Francis is paralysed with sorrow and doesn’t publicise his invention ? until the Lumiere brothers beat him to the punch in 1895” (festivalfocus).

Comments: Francis’ wife occasionally coughs.

References:

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www.thekinematograph.com

THE LAST GRENADE

Original title: The Last Grenade.

Other titles: La última explosión (Spain).

Country: UK.

Year: 1970.

Director: Gordon Flemyng.

Music: John Dankworth.

Photography: Alan Hume.

Film editor: Ann Chegwidden and Ernest Hosler (uncredited).

Screenwiter: James Mitchell, John Sherlock and Kenneth Ware, based on the novel The Ordeal of Major Grigsby by John Sherlock.

Cast: Stanley Baker, Alex Cord, Honor Blackman, Richard Attenborough, Rafer Johnson, Andrew Keir, Ray Brooks, Julian Glover, John Thaw, A. J. Brown (uncredited), Paul Dawkins (uncredited), Sam Kydd (uncredited), Philip Latham (uncredited), Gerald Sim (uncredited), Pamela Stanley (uncredited), Kenji Takaki (uncredited) and Neil Wilson (uncredited).

Runtime: 94 minutes.

Genre: Drama and War.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: March 1970 (USA). 9 March 1973 (Spain).

Production Company: Lockmore.

Synopsis: “Maj. Harry Grigsby (Stanley Baker) and his band of mercenaries are fighting in the Congo when they are the object of a surprise attack launched by Kip Thompson (Alex Cord), a former colleague who is now fighting for the opposition. Grigsby's troop suffers heavy casualties, and Grigsby is forced to return to London to recover. There he is contacted by a government official who proposes that Grigsby go to Hong Kong to resume his battle with Thompson, now employed by the Communist Chinese. Grigsby travels to Hong Kong, where his guerrilla command is again defeated by Thompson, and Grigsby is taken captive. Although he escapes, Grigsby is hospitalized with injuries. Katherine Whitely, the wife of Grigsby's Hong Kong liaison, visits him frequently and learns that he has tuberculosis; soon she realizes that they are falling in love with each other. They agree to begin an affair after she divorces her husband, but Katherine is killed in a car crash planned by Thompson. With renewed fervor, Grigsby goes after his enemy. In the final battle, Grigsby is mortally wounded, but before he dies, he tosses a hand grenade that kills Thompson” (AFI).

References:

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THE LITTLE DOLPHINS

See Ta delfinakia tou Amvrakikou

THE LONE GAME

Original title: The Lone Game.

Other titles: El juego solitario (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Director: Webster Cullison.

Cast: Norbert A. Myles, Edna Payne and Fred Hearn.

Genre: Short, Western and Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 20 January 1915 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Eclair American.

Synopsis: There are no available data. The film focused on tuberculosis.

Additional information: Another film under the same title and dealing with tuberculosis was released in 1915, directed by Edward C. Taylor.

References:

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THE LONE GAME

Original title: The Lone Game.

Other titles: El juego solitario (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Director: Edward C. Taylor.

Screenwiter: Mary Rider (plot).

Cast: Bessie Learn, Robert Walker and Wilfred Young.

Runtime: 16 minutes.

Genre: Short and Drama.

Language: English (title cards) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 11 December 1915 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Edison Company.

Synopsis: “After Grace Proctor (Bessie Learn) is hit by a streetcar, she is visited in the hospital by Dean Anderson, a friend of her brother Phil (Wilfred Young). They talk about Phil, who has contracted tuberculosis and has gone west to try to recover. Soon afterward, Dean's persistent cough is diagnosed as tuberculosis, and he also goes west. Then Grace herself contracts the disease. Lacking money for expenses, she goes to an open-air sanatorium near home. Now all three must play the 'lone game' of battling against the deadly disease” (Snow Leopard, imdb).

Additional information: Available on DVD in the fourth disc of “Edison: The Invention of the Movies”. Another film that dealt with tuberculosis under the same title was released in 1915, directed by Webster Cullison.

Comments: An educational film for society in general produced in cooperation with the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. The Edison Company made several films about tuberculosis with informational purposes: The Red Cross Seal (1910), Hope: A Red Cross Seal Story (1912), The Temple of Moloch (1914) and The Lone Game (1915).

References:

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THE LOOKING GLASS

Original title: The Looking Glass.

Other titles: El espejo (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 2010.

Director: Jesse Morrison.

Photography: Joe Taranto.

Film editor: David Bekoff.

Screenwiter: Jesse Morrison.

Cast: David Hanagan and Leigh Rose.

Runtime: 12 minutes.

Genre: Short, Drama and Fantasy.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: April 2010 (USA, Newport Beach International Film Festival). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Fine Cut.

Synopsis: “Noah, an old, reclusive painter created an innovative way to make his scenic paintings come to life with the turn of his magic key. The story starts on the completion of his most prized painting -a small little house against a scenic background. He struggles to control the magical worlds he creates when an older mysterious woman moves into this painting and is unaware of his existence. At first Noah is upset that someone is changing the paintings and tries to get her out, but soon she leads him to the discovery of a companionship he has never know. Unfortunately, Noah is dying from tuberculosis and a coughing fit causes him to accidentally unhinge the prairie windel -thus breaking it” (www.kcet.org).

References:

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THE MACKINTOSH MAN

Original title: The Mackintosh Man.

Other titles: El Hombre de Mackintosh (Spain).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1973.

Director: John Huston.

Music: Maurice Jarre.

Photography: Oswald Morris.

Film editor: Russell Lloyd.

Screenwiter: Walter Hill and William Fairchild (uncredited) based on Desmond Bagley’s novel The Freedom Trap.

Cast: Paul Newman, James Mason, Ian Bannen, Dominique Sanda, Harry Andrews, Michael Hordern, Nigel Patrick, Noel Purcell, Peter Vaughan, Roland Culver, Percy Herbert. Robert Lang, Jenny Runacre, John Bindon, Hugh Manning, Wolfe Morris, Donald Webster, Keith Bell, Niall MacGinnis, Eddie Byrne, Shane Briant, Michael Poole, Eric Mason, Ronald Clarke, Antony Viccars, Dinny Powell, Douglas Robinson, Jack Cooper, Marc Boyle, Marcelle Castillo, Nosher Powell, John McDarby, Donal McCann, Joe Lynch, Seamus Healy, Tom Irwin, Pascal Perry and Brendan O'Duill.

Runtime: 98 minutes.

Genre: Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 25 July 1973 (USA). In Spain in 1974.

Production Company: Newman-Foreman Company.

Synopsis: Joseph Reardon (Paul Newman) is a spy under the orders of Mackintosh (Harry Andrews). After seizing a dispatch of diamonds he is arrested and sentenced to 20 years in prison. In the prison somebody contacts him to help him escape. He does so with a convicted spy, Slade (Ian Bannen) and is led, by the organization that enabled his escape, to a mansion located in an isolated part of Ireland, where he is held and tortured. After overpowering his guards he starts a fire and flees. Further on, he will attempt to prove that conservative politician Sir George Wheeler (James Mason) is really a covert agent at the services of the USSR.

Comments: Tuberculosis is mentioned once: when Joseph is in the prison yard a convict approaches him and offers him a cigarette while saying: here, have it? I’ve only got tuberculosis.

References:

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THE MAN IN THE IRON MASK

Original title: The Man in the Iron Mask.

Other titles: El Hombre de la Máscara de Hierro (Spain).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1997.

Director: Randall Wallace.

Music: Nick Glennie-Smith.

Screenwiter: Randall Wallace based on the novels Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, père.

Cast: Leonardo DiCaprio, Jeremy Irons, John Malkovich, Gerard Depardieu, Gabriel Byrne, Anne Parillaud, Judith Godreche, Edward Atterton, Peter Sarsgaard, Hugh Laurie, David Lowe, Brigitte Boucher, Matthew Jocelyn, Karine Belly and Emmanuel Guttierez.

Runtime: 132 minutes.

Genres: Action, Adventure, Drama and History.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 13 March 1998 (USA). 8 April 1998 (Spain).

Production Company: United Artists Corporation (as United Artists).

Synopsis: On 18 September 1698, a mysterious prisoner (Leonardo DiCaprio) from St Margaret’s Island, was transferred to the Bastille. The three musketeers, Athos (John Malkovich), Porthos (Gerard Depardieu) and Aramis (Jeremy Irons), together with D’Artagnan (Gabriel Byrne), set out on their most dangerous assignment: they will attempt to overthrow King Louis XIV of France in order to replace him by his twin brother Philip, imprisoned by order of the king, his face concealed behind an iron mask.

Other versions: There are several adaptations of this work under the title The Iron Mask, such as those directed by Allan Dwan (1929), James Whale (1939), Henri Decoin (1962) and Mike Nevell (1977).

Comments: Christine’s mother (Judith Godreche) and her sister have the “lung disease” (pulmonary tuberculosis) and are sent to the countryside to recover (“My father is dead, my mother has a sickness of the lungs” “And your sister has signs of the condition. My physician saw them both and is optimistic. They will recover at my country estate”).

References:

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THE MAN WHO PLAYED GOD

Original title: The Man Who Played God.

Other titles: The Silent Voice (UK). La oculta providencia (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1932.

Director: John G. Adolfi.

Music: Leo F. Forbstein (uncredited).

Photography: James Van Trees.

Film editor: William Holmes.

Screenwiter: Julien Josephson and Maude T. Howell based on a short story by Gouverneur Morris and on the play The Silent Voice by Jules Eckert Goodman.

Cast: George Arliss, Violet Heming, Bette Davis, André Luguet (as Andre Luguet), Louise Closser Hale, Donald Cook, Ivan F. Simpson, Oscar Apfel, Charles E. Evans (as Charles Evans), Hedda Hopper, William Janney, Fred Howard and Murray Kinnell.

Runtime: 80 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 20 February 1932 (USA). 16 January 1933 (Spain).

Production Company: Warner Bros. Pictures.

Synopsis: While performing at a piano concert, Montgomery Royale (George Arliss) becomes deaf following the explosion triggered by a terrorist attack. He learns to lip read, but the impact his disability has on him is so devastating that if it were not for his butler he would have committed suicide. Using a pair of binoculars he engages in reading the lips of the people who walk about Central Park. This is how he finds out about a couple who need money for the treatment of the man’s pulmonary tuberculosis and he decides to help them. This is the beginning of a change that reaches its climax when after reading the lips of his girlfriend, Grace Blair (Bette Davis), who is willing to marry him in spite of being in love with another man, he provides the means for her to go with the man she loves.

Other information: One of the first films of Bette Davis.

Comments: The conversation between the couple helped by the the protagonist clearly comfirms that the man suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis:

- “You look tired”.

- “I’m fine”.

- “What did the doctor say?”

- “Not much”.

- “I want to know what he told you”.

- “He examined me and said I had a dark shadow on my lung”.

-?

- “I won’t be able to get better in New York if I go on working. I need rest and an environment that is free of pollution”.

-?

- “I need to find money”.

-?

- “I shouldn’t work for a year”.

Other versions: The play of Jules Eckert Goodman, The Man Who Played God, had already been taken to the screen in 1922 under the direction of F. Harmon Weight. In 1955 Gordon Douglas made a new version called Sincerely Yours.

References:

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THE MESSAGE OF HOPE

Original title: The Message of Hope.

Other titles: El Mensaje de Esperanza (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1923.

Screenwiter: Genevieve M. Murphy.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Synopsis: “Ethel Lee, a young social worker for the Charity Organization Society, brings hope to those living in poverty and suffering from tuberculosis. The unsanitary conditions under which these people live and work are shown. Ethel is determined to help the society raise the necessary funds to construct a tuberculosis hospital. Dr. Blank, a physician who also works with the poor, proposes marriage, but Ethel refuses to consider his offer until the money is raised. Ethel persuades Joy, Blank's sister, to emulate her brother and herself in helping the poor become useful citizens, and Joy obtains from her mother and Mr. Weber, a banker to whom she is secretly engaged, the funds necessary for the hospital. Ethel is then free to accept Blank's proposal” (AFI).

References:

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THE MICROSCOPE MYSTERY

Original title: The Microscope Mystery.

Other titles: El misterio del microscopio (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1916.

Director: Paul Powell.

Screenwiter: William E. Wing based on a plot by George Randolph Chester.

Cast: Wilfred Lucas, Constance Talmadge, F.A. Turner, Pomeroy Cannon, Winifred Westover, Monte Blue, Fred Warren, James O'Shea and Kate Bruce.

Genre: Drama, Mystery and Comedy.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Fine Arts Film Company.

Synopsis: “Old Ira Dayton (F.A. Turner) is a hypochondriac, so when Doc Arnold (Wilfred Lucas) says there is nothing wrong with him, he goes to a quack, Dr. Horatio Bell (Pomeroy Cannon), who proceeds to bilk him out of as much money as possible. The honest Doc Arnold is in love with Dayton's daughter, Jesse (Constance Talmadge), but Dayton disapproves of the match. Dr. Bell gets a ten thousand dollar check from Dayton, but Jesse goes to get it back. They struggle and the quack falls to the ground, mysteriously shot. Jesse is accused of murder, but Doc Arnold snoops around and discovers the shot was fired by a half-wit tubercular boy who became jealous when he saw Dr. Bell making love to the maid. After this, old man Dayton comes to his senses”(Allmovie).

Comments: The killer’s identity is revealed when Dr. Arnold puts the weapon under the microscope and determines it must be someone who suffers from tuberculosis.

References:

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THE MIRACLE OF THE BELLS

Original title: The Miracle of the Bells.

Other titles: El milagro de las campanas (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1948.

Director: Irving Pichel.

Music: Leigh Harline.

Photography: Robert De Grasse (as Robert de Grasse).

Film editor: Elmo Williams.

Screenwiter: Ben Hecht, Quentin Reynolds and DeWitt Bodeen (uncredited). Based on Russell Janney’s homonymous novel (The Miracle of the Bells).

Cast: Fred MacMurray, Alida Valli (as Valli), Frank Sinatra, Lee J. Cobb, Harold Vermilyea, Charles Meredith, James Nolan (as Jim Nolan), Veronica Pataky, Philip Ahn, Frank Ferguson and Frank Wilcox.

Runtime: 120 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 16 March 1948 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company.

Synopsis: William Dunnigan (Fred MacMurray), a Hollywood press agent, fulfils the last wishes of Olga Treskovna (Alida Valli), a film star who he had been in love with. So when she dies of pulmonary tuberculosis he takes her body to her hometown. As homage to her and with a view to promoting her last film, Joan of Arc, the church bells toll for three days. Together with Father Paul (Frank Sinatra), he organizes the funeral and during it they witness inexplicable events that are later to be considered miracles.

Additional information: The film uses the voice-over technique (Dunnigan) and flashbacks.

Comments: Olga suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis related to the inhalation of coal dust during her childhood. Coal mining was an extremely relevant activity for the economy of Glen Lyon, her hometown, colloquially known as “Coaltown”. Her symptoms are seen in her cough with expectoration, and as they grow more serious the frequency of her coughing fits increases. A hospital for patients with tuberculosis, in Olga’s honour and bearing her name, is built towards the end of the plot, which shows the importance of such hospitals in those years.

References:

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THE MIRACLE WORKER

Original title: The Miracle Worker.

Other titles: Ana de los milagros (Argentina). El milagro de Ana Sullivan (Spain). La maestra milagrosa (Venezuela).

Country: USA.

Year: 1962.

Director: Arthur Penn.

Music: Laurence Rosenthal, Don Costa and Siegel.

Photography: Ernesto Caparrós (as Ernest Caparros).

Film editor: Aram Avakian.

Screenwiter: William Gibson based on his drama play The Miracle Worker, which is based on the book The Story of My Life by Helen Keller (uncredited).

Cast: Anne Bancroft, Victor Jory, Inga Swenson, Andrew Prine, Kathleen Comegys, Patty Duke, Maribel Ayuso (uncredited), Dale Ellen Bethea (uncredited), John Bliss (uncredited), Grant Code (uncredited) and Michael Darden (uncredited).

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English and American Sign Language.

Color: Black and White

Release date: 23 May 1962 (USA). 20 September 1962 (Spain).

Production Company: Playflim Productions.

Synopsis: Anne Sullivan (Anne Bancroft) arrives at the Keller family’s household to take charge of the education of Helen (Patty Duke), a seven-year-old child with an exceptional intelligence but who, as a result of scarlet fever, has been deaf-mute and blind since she was eighteen months old. In spite of coming across great difficulties, her efforts will be rewarded and Helen will not only come out from her isolation, but she will also develop her multiple abilities.

Additional information: In 1962 the film won Academy Awards in the categories of Best Actress in a Leading Role (Anne Bancroft) and Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Patty Duke) and was nominated in the categories of Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Black-and-White Costume Design, and Best Director.

Comments: There is a scene where Anne mentions that her brother died of hip tuberculosis (He had a tubercular hip).

Other versions:

Helen Kéller and her teacher (1970)by Noah Keen. link

The miracle worker (1979) by Paul Aarón. TV Film. link

Helen Kéller: the miracle continúes (1984) by Alan Gibson. TV Film. link

Monday After the Miracle (1998) by Daniel Petrie. TV Film. link

The miracle worker (2000) by Nadia Tass. TV Film. link

References:

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THE Nth COMMANDMENT

Original title: The Nth Commandment.

Other titles: The Higher Law (UK). El mandamiento enésimo (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1923.

Director: Frank Borzage.

Screenwiter: Frances Marion based on Fannie Hurst’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Colleen Moore, James Morrison, Eddie Phillips, Charlotte Merriam and George Cooper.

Runtime: 80 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 18 March 1923 USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Cosmopolitan Productions.

Synopsis: “Sarah Juke (Colleen Moore) works in a department store, as does her sweetheart, Harry Smith (James Morrison). Jimmy Fitzgibbons (Eddie Phillips) temporarily attracts her attention, but she decides to stay with Smith and they marry. The couple live a poor but happy life while Fitzgibbons becomes a successful songwriter. Sarah is dazzled by the antics of stage actress Angine Sprint (Charlotte Merriam), and becomes dissatisfied with her marriage. She has all but decided to go away with Angine when her husband falls seriously ill (tuberculosis). The doctor recommends that he go to California before winter falls. The couple are deeply in debt, and Sarah not only has to support them, she also has to come up with 300 dollars to move them West. But she manages to come through, and wins the 300 dollars in a dance contest” (allmovie).

Additional information: Partially lost.

References:

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THE NUN’S STORY

Original title: The Nun’s Story.

Other title: Historia de una monja (Spain). Història d'una monja (Catalan).

Country: USA.

Year: 1959.

Director: Fred Zinnemann.

Music: Franz Waxman.

Photography: Franz Planer.

Film editor: Walter Thompson.

Screenwiter: Robert Anderson and James R. Webb. Based on The Nun’s Story, Kathryn C. Hulme’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Audrey Hepburn, Peter Fich, Edith Evans (as Dame Edith Evans), Peggy Ashcroff (as Dame Peggy Ashcroft), Dean Jagger, Mildred Dunnock, Beatrice Straight, Patricia Collinge, Rosalie Crutchley, Ruth White, Barbara O'Neil, Margaret Phillips, Patricia Bosworth, Colleen Dewhurst, Stephen Murray, Lionel Jeffries, Niall MacGinnis, Eva Kotthaus, Molly Urquhart, Dorothy Alison, Jeanette Sterke (as Jeannette Sterke), Errol John, Diana Lambert and Orlando Martins.

Runtime: 149 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 18 July 1959 (USA). 18 December 1959 (Spain).

Production Company: Warner Bros Pictures.

Synopsis: Gabriela (Audrey Hepburn), a young Belgian woman and a doctor’s daughter, decides to become a nun. After her admission to a nunnery, and following her novitiate period, she is sent to the School of Tropical Medicine to complete her training as a nurse. After taking her vows, and now Sister Lucas, she is sent to the Congo. There, to her surprise, she is assigned to a hospital for white people to collaborate as an assistant to doctor Fortunati (Peter Finch). What she believed would be an oasis of peace and quietness becomes a step backwards in her religious calling.

Additional information: In 1960 it was nominated for 8 Academy Awards: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actress in a Leading Role (Audrey Hepburn), Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay), Best Colour Cinematography, Best Sound, Best Original Music Score and Best Film Editing.

Comments: At the School of Tropical Medicine the students are trained in microbiology and Lucas comments on how the difference between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae can be told by microscopy. The doctor in charge of her training has sight problems owing to the many years he spent taking quinine in the Congo. In the final exam, she is asked where trypanosomes live in the tsetse fly and which the clinical forms of malaria are. In the Congo, she goes to a leper colony and the images of this visit show the consequences of lepromatous leprosy. Further on, Lucas becomes affected by pulmonary tuberculosis, which she herself diagnoses using microscopy. Doctor Fortunati treats her with gold salts and, to avoid kidney damage, recommends that she should drink lots of Belgian beer. The improvement in her health is perceived when her temperature is brought down to normal.

References:

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THE OTHER LOVE

Original title: The Other Love.

Other titles: El otro amor (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1947.

Director: Andre de Toth.

Music: Miklós Rózsa.

Photography: Victor Milner.

Film editor: Walter Thompson.

Screenwiter: Ladislas Fodor and Harry Brown. Based on Erich Maria Remarque’s novel Beyond.

Cast: Barbara Stanwyck, David Niven, Richard Conte, Ann Codee, Gilbert Roland, Joan Lorring, Lenore Aubert, Maria Palmer, Natalie Schafer, Edward Ashley, Richard Hale, Michael Romanoff, Jimmy Horne, Mary Forbes and Kathleen Williams.

Runtime: 95 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 14 May 1947 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: United Artists.

Synopsis: The famous and much admired pianist Karen Dunkan (Barbara Stanwyck) suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis and is admitted to a Swiss sanatorium. Paying no heed to the instructions of her doctor, Tony Santon (David Niven), she leaves with Paul Clermont (Richard Conte), a racing car driver. Together they travel across Europe until she must finally return to the sanatorium owing to a serious decline in her health.

References:

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THE OTHERS

Original title: Los otros.

Other titles: The Others (USA).

Country: Spain.

Year: 2001.

Director: Alejandro Amenábar.

Music: Alejandro Amenábar.

Photography: Javier Aguirresarobe.

Film editor: Nacho Ruiz Capillas.

Screenwiter: Alejandro Amenábar.

Cast: Nicole Kidman, Fionnula Flanagan, Christopher Eccelston, Alakina Mann, James Bentley, Eric Sykes, Elaine Cassidy, Renee Asherson, Gordon Reid, Keith Allen, Michelle Fairley, Alexander Vince, Ricardo López and Aldo Grilo.

Runtime: 101 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Mystery and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 2 August 2001 (USA). 7 September 2001 (Spain).

Production Company: Cruise-Wagner Productions, Sociedad General de Cine (SOGECINE) S.A., Las Producciones del Escorpión S.L., Dimension Films, Canal+ (uncredited), Lucky Red (uncredited) and Miramax Films (uncredited).

Synopsis: The film is set in 1945, after World War Two. It is a ghost story set in a haunted house where Grace (Nicole Kidman), together with her two children, awaits the return of her husband. She educates them under strict religious rules. The children suffer from a strange disease that prevents them from being exposed to daylight. For this reason, their large Victorian house is always in semidarkness. Three new servants arrive to work at the house as a replacement of the former ones who had fled in fear.

Additional information: The film received Goya Awards in the categories of Best Film, Best Director, Best Cinematography, Best Editing, Best Art Direction, Best Production Design, Best Original Screenplay and Best Sound, and was nominated in the categories of Best Costume Design, Best Actress in a Leading Role (Nicole Kidman), Best New Actor (James Bentley), Best New Actress (Alakina Mann), Best Original Score, Best Special Effects and Best Makeup and/or Hairstyles. It also received the Cinema Writers Circle awards for Best Director, Best Original Screenplay and Best Cinematography and was nominated in the categories of Best Film, Best Actress, Best Editing and Best Original Score.

Comments: Tuberculosis plays a short but important role in the plot. In fact, the servants at the main character’s house are living dead who died of tuberculosis a long time ago. These facts appear reflected in the following sentences belonging to the script:

- Grace: “Why did you leave?”

- Mrs. Mills: “Because of the tuberculosis. The whole area was evacuated”

-?

- Mrs. Mills: “Don't trouble yourself, ma'am. Tuberculosis finished us off, more than half a century ago”.

References:

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THE PAINTED WOMAN

Original title: The Painted Woman.

Other titles: La mujer pintada (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1932.

Director: John G. Blystone.

Music: Hugo Friedhofer (uncredited), Arthur Lange (uncredited) and George Lipschultz (uncredited).

Photography: Ernest Palmer.

Film editor: Alex Troffey (uncredited).

Screenwiter: Guy Boltonand Leon Gordon based on the play After the Rain by Alfred C. Kennedy.

Cast: Spencer Tracy, Peggy Shannon, William 'Stage' Boyd, Irving Pichel, Raul Roulien, Murray Kinnell, Laska Winters, Chris-Pin Martin, Paul Porcasi, Stanley Fields, Wade Boteler, Jack Kennedy and Dewey Robinson.

Runtime: 73 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 21 August 1932 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Fox Film Corporation, William Fox Studio.

Synopsis: “After becoming involved in a killing, Kiddo gets on board Boyton's ship. When he learns what happened he dumps her on a South Sea island. Tom Brian marries her, and when Boyton returns he's furious (he wanted to marry her). When Boyton is killed Kiddo is accused of the crime and even Tom thinks she's guilty” (Ed Stephan, imdb).

Comments: On an island, a woman worker at the saloon dies of tuberculosis and Kiddo takes up her position (AFI).

References:

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THE PASSION OF BERNADETTE

See La passion de Bernadette.

THE PHANTOM WAGON

See La charrette fantôme

THE PLOUGH AND THE STARS

Original title: The Plough and the Stars.

Other titles: El arado y las estrellas (Argentina). La Osa Mayor y las estrellas (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1936.

Director: John Ford.

Music: Roy Webb.

Photography: Joseph H. August.

Film editor: George Hively.

Screenwiter: Dudley Nichols based on the play The Plough and the Stars by Sean O´Casey.

Cast: Barbara Stanwyck, Preston Foster, Barry Fitzgerald, Denis O'Dea, Eileen Crowe, Peter Judge, Una O'Connor, Arthur Shields, Moroni Olsen, J.M. Kerrigan, Bonita Granville, Erin O'Brien-Moore, Neil Fitzgerald, Robert Homans and Brandon Hurst.

Runtime: 72 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 26 December 1936 (USA). Released for TV at least in Spain and broadcast on TVE on 9 September 1984.

Production Company: RKO Radio Pictures.

Synopsis: Ireland: Easter Rising of 1916. A couple from Dublin has different views of the conflict. The wife, Nora Clitheroe (Barbara Stanwyck), wants her husband Jack (Preston Foster) to keep out, while he decides to join the Irish Citizen Army.

Comments: One of the characters, Mollser Gogan (Bonita Granville), dies as a consequence of tuberculosis.

References:

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THE PORTRAIT OF A LADY

Original title: The Portrait of a Lady.

Other titles: Retrato de una dama (Spain).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1996.

Director: Jane Campion.

Music: Wojciech Kilar.

Photography: Stuart Dryburgh.

Film editor: Veronika Jenet.

Screenwiter: Laura Jones. Based on Henry James’ homonymous novel.

Cast: Nicole Kidman, John Malkovich, Barbara Hershey, Mary-Louise Parker, Martin Donovan, Shelley Winters, Richard E. Grant, Shelley Duvall, Christian Bale, Viggo Mortensen, Valentina Cervi, John Gielgud, Roger Ashton-Griffiths, Catherine Zago and Alessandra Vanzi.

Runtime: 144 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English and Italian.

Color: Color.

Release date: 24 December 1996 (USA). 6 February 1997 (Spain).

Production Company: PolyGram Filmed Entertainment and Propaganda Films.

Synopsis: Isabel Archer (Nicole Kidman) is a young American woman who lives in England and does not want to get engaged to any man until she has experienced all the possibilities life can provide. The death of her aunt, who leaves her a huge fortune, and the guardianship of her cousin Ralph Touchett (Martin Donovan), a sick man who secretly loves her, will allow Isabel to travel and acquire experience (public synopsis).

Additional information: Nominated for an Academy Award in the categories of Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Barbara Hershey) and Best Costume Design (1997).

Comments: Ralph, Isabel’s cousin, is dying of tuberculosis. The symptoms and typical health decline associated with the disease are reflected in the film.

- “You'll return to England? ”

- “Oh, dear, no. I'll stay in Rome”.

- “Rome won't do. Rome's too cold”.

- “It will have to do”.

- “Try Sicily”.

- “I can't try. I can't move further. I can't face the journey. And I haven't a cousin in Sicily”.

- “What does the doctor say? ”

- “I haven't asked him, and I don't care a fig”.

- “If I die here, you'll bury me”.

- “You shan't die here”.

- “I can't believe she's so cold”.

References:

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THE PRIVATE AFFAIRS OF BEL AMI

Original title: The Private Affairs of Bel Ami.

Other titles: Women of Paris (Re-released in 1954, USA). La Vida Privada de Bel Ami. Los asuntos privados de Bel Ami (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1947.

Director: Albert Lewin.

Music: Darius Milhaud.

Photography: Russell Metty.

Film editor: Albrecht Joseph.

Screenwiter: Albert Lewin based on the novel Bel Ami by Guy Maupassant.

Cast: George Sanders, Angela Lansbury, Ann Dvorak, John Carradine, Susan Douglas Rubes, Hugo Haas, Warren William, Frances Dee, Albert Bassermann, Marie Wilson, Katherine Emery, Richard Fraser, John Good, David Bond and Leonard Mudie.

Runtime: 112 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 25 April 1947 (USA). Broadcast in Spain on 11 May 1984 by TVE.

Production Company: David L. Loew-Albert Lewin.

Synopsis: A tale of the love life, seduction and abandonment of journalist Georges Duroy (George Sanders) in the Paris of 1880.

Additional information: Based on the novel Bel Ami by Guy de Maupassant.

Comments: Georges marries the wife of Charles (John Carradine), a friend who dies of tuberculosis.

References:

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THE RED CROSS SEAL

Original title: The Red Cross Seal.

Other titles: El Sello de la Cruz Roja (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1910.

Genre: Short, Documentary and Drama.

Language: English (title cards) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 15 December 1910 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Edison Manufacturing Company.

Synopsis: “Much of the film deals with the efforts of the Red Cross folks to clean up the deplorable sanitary conditions in New York's tenement district. Given ample screen time were the activities of the Fresh Air Fund, a program wherein slum children were bused into the country for a weekend's worth of physical regeneration. Also shown to good advantage was the open-air Vanderbilt Clinic, an establishment created on behalf of tuberculosis victims” (allmovie).

Comments: This movie was the first in a series of public health films about the ravages of tuberculosis and Red Cross efforts to prevent its spread. The Edison Company made several films about tuberculosis for informational purposes: The Red Cross Seal (1910), Hope: A Red Cross Seal Story (1912), The Temple of Moloch (1914) and The Lone Game (1915)

References:

Pernick MS. Thomas Edison's tuberculosis films: mass media and health propaganda. Hastings Cent Rep. 1978 Jun;8(3):21-7.

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THE RETURN OF PETER GRIMM

Original title: The Return of Peter Grimm.

Other titles: El regreso de Peter Grimm (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1926.

Director: Victor Schertzinger.

Photography: Glen MacWilliams.

Screenwiter: Bradley King based on David Belasco’s homonymous play.

Cast: Alec B. Francis, John Roche, Janet Gaynor, Richard Walling, Lionel Belmore and Elizabeth Patterson.

Runtime: 70 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 7 November 1926 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Fox Film Corporation.

Synopsis: “In life a selfish, mean-spirited old man, Peter Grimm (Alec B. Francis) returns from the grave to right the wrongs he committed while on Earth. The spectral Grimm pays a visit to his nasty nephew Frederick (John Roche), the husband of Grimm's ward Catherine (Janet Gaynor), who had been forced into the marriage. Literally entering Frederick's conscience, Grimm transforms his covetous, philandering nephew into a "good guy." After several similar episodes, both comic and dramatic, Return of Peter Grimm comes to a tear-stained finale as the tubercular young William (Mickey McBan) joins his grandfather Grimm in the hereafter” (allmovie).

Other versions:

The Return of Peter Grimm (1935) by George Nichols Jr. (link).

References:

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THE RISE AND FALL OF LEGS DIAMOND

Original title: The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond.

Other titles: La ley del hampa (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1960.

Director: Budd Boetticher.

Music: Leonard Rosenman, Howard Jackson (uncredited), William Lava (uncredited) and Max Steiner (uncredited).

Photography: Lucien Ballard.

Film editor: Folmar Blangsted.

Screenwiter: Joseph London.

Cast: Ray Danton, Karen Steele, Elaine Stewart, Jesse White, Simon Oakland, Robert Lowery, Judson Pratt, Warren Oates, Frank DeKova, Gordon Jones, Joseph Ruskin, Dyan Cannon and Richard Gardner.

Runtime: 101 minutes.

Genre: Crime and History.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 3 February 1960 (USA). 23 January 1965 (Spain).

Production Company: United States Pictures.

Synopsis: In the Twenties, Jack “Legs” Diamond (Ray Danton) and his brother Eddie (Warren Oates) arrive in New York as fortune seekers. They become initiated as petty jewellery thieves, but they soon begin to climb towards the heights of organized crime (public synopsis).

Additional information: This film was nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Costume Design, Black-and-White (1961). There is another film, Underworld (1927) by Josef Von Sternberg, which bears the same title in Spanish as the film addressed here.

Comments: Eddie is an alcoholic and suffers from tuberculosis, which is why he must go to a tuberculosis sanatorium in Denver.

References:

link

link

THE SCARLET CAMELLIA

See Goben no tsubaki

THE SHANGAI SPELL

See El embrujo de Shanghai.

THE SHOW GOES ON

Original title: The Show Goes On.

Other titles: El espectáculo continúa (Spanish translation).

Country: UK.

Year: 1937.

Director: Basil Dean.

Music: Harry Parr Davies, Jimmy Harper, Will Haynes, Ernest Irving and Eddie Pola.

Photography: Jan Stallich.

Film editor: Jack Kitchin.

Screenwiter: Basil Dean, Anthony Kimmins and Austin Melford.

Cast: Gracie Fields, Owen Nares, John Stuart, Horace Hodges, Edward Rigby, Amy Veness, Arthur Sinclair, Cyril Ritchard, Jack Hobbs, Dennis Arundell, Billy Merson, Frederick Leister, Patrick Barr, Nina Vanna, Tom Payne, Aubrey Dexter, Carl Randall, Fred Hutchings, Queenie Leonard and Isobel Scaife.

Runtime: 93 minutes.

Genre: Musical, Drama and Biography.

Language: English.

Release date: April 1937 (UK). It was not released in Spain.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Associated Talking Pictures (ATP).

Synopsis: “When composer Martin Fraser (Owen Nares) hears Sally Scowcroft (Gracie Fields) sing he is impressed by her potential and proposes that she interpret his compositions. However, their success is cut short by the tuberculosis the composer suffers from, which brings about a radical turn in Sally’s career” (allmovie).

Additional information: A film under the same title, directed by Herbert Wilcox, was released in 1936.

Comments: Martin dies of tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

THE SICILIAN

Original title: The Sicilian.

Other titles: El siciliano (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1987.

Director: Michael Cimino.

Music: David Mansfield.

Photography: Alex Thomson.

Film editor: Françoise Bonnot.

Screenwiter: Steve Shagan y Gore Vidal (uncredited). Based on Mario Puzo’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Christopher Lambert, Terence Stamp, Joss Ackland, John Turturro, Richard Bauer, Barbara Sukowa, Giulia Boschi, Ray McAnally, Barry Miller, Andreas Katsulas, Michael Wincott, Derrick Branche, Richard Venture, Ramon Bieri and Stanko Molnar.

Runtime: 105 minutes.

Genre: Action, Crime and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 23 October 1987 (USA). 18 December 1987 (Spain).

Production Company: Gladden Entertainment.

Synopsis: The action takes place in Sicily during the second quarter of the 20th century and it recounts the years in which Salvatore Giuliano (Christopher Lambert) became a local Robin Hood, stealing from the landowners and sharing the loot among the needy peasants. His dream was also to achieve the independence of the island, which he even believed should become integrated in the USA as an additional state. His activities were allowed thanks to the protection of Mafia boss Don Masino Croce (Joss Ackland), an ally of the corrupt Italian government and even of the Church. Salvatore’s self-centredness increases and his actions become bloodier until he loses the support of Don Masino, who convinces Salvatore’s closest adviser, Pisciotta (John Turturro), to murder him.

Additional information: Puzo’s novel is based on the real life of Salvatore Giuliano (1922-1950). This character’s life was also taken to the screens before this film was made in Salvatore Giuliano (1961) by Francesco Rosi.

Comments: The film begins with the following conversation: - “ls he better?”, - “l think so”, - “But with tuberculosis...”, - “And he still smokes”? This dialogue refers to Pisciotta, who has symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis throughout the whole film, as seen from his coughing, sometimes in fits and on one occasion with bloody sputa.

References:

link

THE SILENCE

Original title: Tystnaden.

Other titles: The Silence (USA). El Silencio (Spain).

Country: Sweden.

Year: 1963.

Director: Ingmar Bergman.

Music: Ivan Renliden (uncredited) and Johan Sebastian Bach.

Photography: Sven Nykvist.

Film editor: Ulla Ryghe.

Screenwiter: Ingman Bergman.

Cast: Ingrid Thulin, Gunnel Lindblom, Birger Malmsten, Håkan Jahnberg, Jörgen Lindström, Lissi Alandh (uncredited), Karl-Arne Bergman (uncredited), Leif Forstenberg (uncredited), Eduardo Gutiérrez (uncredited), Eskil Kalling (uncredited), Birger Lensander (uncredited) and Kristina Olausson (uncredited).

Runtime: 96 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Swedish, English, German and French.

Color: Black and White

Release date: September 1963(Sweden). 3 February 1964 (USA). 29 July 1975 (Spain).

Production Company: Svensk Filmindustri (SF).

Synopsis: Following a journey abroad, two sisters, Anna (Gunnel Lindblom) and Ester (Ingrid Thulin), return to Sweden accompanied by Johan (Jörgen Lindström), the son of the former. Ester suffers from terminal tuberculosis. She does not have much time left and, since she feels very ill, the siblings are forced to stop in Timoka, a town in a dark, strange country that is at war.

Additional information: This film is part of the Swedish director’s trilogy on the notions of God and Faith that is completed by Through a Glass Darkly/ Såsom i en spegel (1961) and Winter Light/ Nattvardsgästerna (1963).

References:

link

THE SILENT VOICE

Original title: The Silent Voice.

Other titles: La voz silenciosa (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Director: William Bowman.

Photography: William F. Adler.

Screenwiter: I.K. Freedman and Eve Unsell based on the homonymous play by Jules Eckert Goodman.

Cast: Francis X. Bushman, Marguerite Snow, Lester Cuneo, Helen Dunbar, Anne Drew, C. Henry (as Miss C. Henry), Frank Bacon and William Clifford.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English (title cards) and Silent.

Release date: 13 September 1915 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: Quality Pictures Corporation.

Synopsis: “Wealthy musician Franklyn Starr (Francis X. Bushman) turns misanthropic after his mother (Helen Dunbar), with whom he lives, dies, and he suddenly becomes deaf. With his devoted servant Spring, Starr moves to a mountain retreat, where wealthy Marjorie Blair (Marguerite Show) rescues him from a landslide when he does not hear workmen's warnings that they are using dynamite. Their courtship and marriage restore Starr's serenity until he catches his cousin, Bobbie Delorme (Lester Cuneo), embracing Marjorie and wrongly believes her unfaithful. Starr's bitterness returns and he vows to destroy all that is beautiful. While observing that a nearby park, which looks pleasant and clean to the naked eye, reveals derelicts, poverty and crime when inspected through field glasses, Starr reads the lips of a consumptive youth praying to God for money to go to another climate. Starr, blaspheming God, gives the youth money and cynically helps others, until he realizes that in doing good he is "an agent of God," and his happiness returns. He learns of Marjorie's innocence and they are reunited. Later, a specialist operates on Starr and restores his hearing” (AFI).

Additional information: It is presumably lost, as is the case with many other silent films.

References:

www.imdb.es/title/tt0006043

www.imdb.com/title/tt0006043

THE SINS OF THE CHILDREN

Original title: The Sins of the Children.

Other titles: Los pecados de los hijos (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1930.

Director: Sam Wood (uncredited).

Photography: Henry Sharp.

Film editor: Frank Sullivan and Leslie F. Wilder (uncredited).

Screenwiter: Elliott Nugent, Clara Lipman and Leslie F. Wilder (uncredited based on the short story Father's Day by Elliott Nugent and J.C. Nugent, adapted by Samuel Ornitz.

Cast: Louis Mann, Robert Montgomery, Elliott Nugent, Leila Hyams, Clara Blandick, Mary Doran, Ralph Bushman, Robert McWade, Dell Henderson, Henry Armetta, Jane Reid, James Donlan, Jeane Wood and Lee Kohlmar.

Runtime: 87 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English, German and Italian.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 28 June 1930 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Cosmopolitan Productions and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: “A German immigrant to a small American town is a widower with four children and a barber. He has saved enough money to invest in a partnership in a savings-and-loan company with a friend. But a son has been stricken with tuberculosis, and the investment money goes to pay for the son's treatment in Arizona. The man continues to be a barber. Twenty years later, the wastrel son of the now-rich man who was to have been his partner, falls in love with the barber's daughter” (Les Adams, imdb).

References:

link

link

THE SNOW WALKER

Original title: The Snow Walker

Other titles: Perdidos en la nieve (Spanish translation).

Country: Canada.

Year: 2003.

Director: Charles Martin Smith.

Music: Mychael Danna.

Photography: David Connell.

Film editor: Alison Grace.

Screenwiter: Charles Martin Smith based on the book Walk Well My Brother by Farley Mowat.

Cast: Barry Pepper, Annabella Piugattuk, James Cromwell, Kiersten Warren, Jon Gries, Robin Dunne, Malcolm Scott, Michael Bublé, Brad Sihvon, Greg Spottiswood, Samson Jorah, William MacDonald, Mariano Aupilardjuk, Peter Henry Arnatsiaq and Peter Ipkornerk.

Runtime: 103 minutes.

Genre: Adventure and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 11 September 2003 (Canada, Toronto International Film Festival). 9 January 2004 (USA, Palm Springs International Film Festival). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Astral Media, British Columbia Film Commission, CanWest Western Independent Producers Fund, Canadian Television Fund, First Look International, Infinity Media, Movie Central Network, The Movie Network (TMN), Snow Walker/Walk Well Productions, Super Écran and Téléfilm Canada (as Telefilm Canada).

Synopsis: In 1953, in the Arctic, pilot Charlie Halliday (Barry Pepper) is very well-paid to change his flight plan and bring a local native with tuberculosis, Kanaalaq (Annabella Piugattuk), to a hospital for treatment. However, he crashes the plane and they have to struggle for survival. Charlie learns with Kanaalaq how to survive in the cold region, forming a bond of respect and friendship with her (Claudio Carvalho, imdb).

References:

link

THE SOUND AND THE SILENCE

Original title: The Sound and the Silence.

Other titles: La historia de Graham Bell (Spain). Alexander Graham Bell: The Sound and the Silence (USA).

Country: Canada, New Zealand and Ireland.

Year: 1992.

Director: John Kent Harrison.

Music: John Charles.

Photography: Rene Ohashi.

Film editor: Michael Horton.

Screenwiter: Tony Foster, John Kent Harrison and William Schmidt.

Cast: John Bach, Ian Bannen, Vanesa Vaughan, Brenda Fricker, Jim McLarty, Dwight Bacquie, Lawrence Bayne, Francis Bell, Ken Blackburn, Matthew Brennan, Alistair Browning, Nicholas Clark, Clare Corridan, John Givins, Yvonne Lawley, Tim Raby, Iain Rea, Ben Scott, David Taylor, Jeffrey Thomas and Andrew Thurtell.

Runtime: 420 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Biography.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 18 April 1992 (Canada). 18 July 1993 (USA). Released for TV in Spain.

Production Company: Atlantis Films and South Pacific Pictures.

Synopsis: The story begins in Scotland, and it tells the tale of the life of Alexander Graham Bell (John Bach) from 1858 to 1876, when he invented the telephone. Graham is the son of a teacher of physiological phonetics, who also invented a teaching method for the hearing-impaired, and of a woman who suffers from serious hearing problems. Shortly after the death of his brother Ted, a victim of tuberculosis, the family moves to Canada. Years later he is offered a job as a teacher for the hearing-impaired in Boston. There he studied the transmission of sound through electrical means and he developed, in collaboration with an expert in mechanics, Thomas A. Watson (Francis Bell), a device which enabled long-distance communication: the telephone.

Additional information: The film was made for TV and initially consisted of two episodes.

Comments: Graham’s brother appears coughing, exhausted and presenting haemoptic expectoration.

Other films about the life of Graham Bell:

The Story of Alexander Graham Bell(1939) by Irving Cummings. (link).

Mr. Bell (1947) by Richard Fleischer. (link).

Alexander Graham Bell (1965) by Julia Smith. Made for TV. (link).

References:

link

THE SONG OF BERNADETTE

Original title: The Song of Bernadette. Franz Wefel’s the Song of Bernadette (full title).

Other titles: Bernadette (Argentina). La canción de Bernadette (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1943.

Director: Henry King.

Music: Alfred Newman.

Photography: Arthur C. Miller (as Arthur Miller).

Film editor: Barbara McLean.

Screenwiter: George Seaton based on the homonymous novel by Franz Werfel.

Cast: William Eythe, Jennifer Jones, Charles Bickford, Vicent Price, Lee J. Cobb, Gladys Cooper, Anne Revere, Roman Bohnen, Mary Anderson, Patricia Morison, Aubrey Mather, Charles Dingle, Edith Barrett, Sig Ruman, Blanche Yurka, Ermadean Walters, Marcel Dalio, Pedro de Cordoba (as Pedro De Cordoba) and Jerome Cowan.

Runtime: 156 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Biography and History.

Language: English and French.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: April 1943 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation).

Synopsis: The story of Bernadette Soubirous (Jennifer Jones), one of the three humble shepperds of Lourdes to whom Our Lady appeared on the 11th of February of 1858. The plot is set in the second half of the 19th century.

Additional information: It obtained Academy Awards in the categories of Best Actress in a Leading Role (Jennifer Jones), Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Charles Bickford), Best Black-and-White Cinematography and Best Original Score. It was nominated in the categories of Best Film, Best Director, Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Gladis Cooper and Anne Revere), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Film Editing and Best Sound (1944).

Comments: Clinical symptoms such as those belonging to diphteria, leprosy or scarlet fever are mentioned at different times throughout the film. There are some interesting scenes from the point of view of infectious diseases: when Bernadette’s father engages in getting rid of contaminated sanitary residues by incineration; the diagnosis and treatment of a child affected by atrophic paralysis with loss of muscle mass (poliomyelitis); the time when the public prosecutor shows the symptoms of a cold and says “I’ll drink warm wine to treat the flu”; or the interventions of the doctor who diagnoses Bernadette’s bone tuberculosis, from which she eventually dies in her convent.

Sor Marie Therese Verzous (Gladys Cooper) tells Bernadette that she cannot believe she has seen the Virgin, since Our Lady could only have appeared to a person who had suffered, suffering being the path to saintliness. Bernadette ponders this and shows her her leg. Later she is visited by the doctor, who tells the mother superior that she has had a tumour in her knee and bone tuberculosis for a while and that this must have caused her intense pain about which no one can recall her to have complained up to the time. Following this event, Bernadette’s health declines, she suffers from functional disability and must be carried about, she remains bedridden and in pain (one of the nuns asks her about it) and she dies emanating the odour of sanctity.

The dialogue in which the disease is diagnosed is as follows:

Mother Superior: “Well, Doctor?

Dr. St. Cyr: “Well, in addition to the large tumor of the knee, she has tuberculosis of the bone. She has never complained of pain?”

Mother Superior: “No. Sister?

Sister Marie Therese Verzous: [stunned by the news] “She never mentioned it”.

Dr. St. Cyr:” I can't understand it. She's had this affliction for a long time, and the suffering... is almost too horrible to describe”.

Sister Marie Therese Verzous: [Sister Marie Therese Verzous looks as if she had been struck a violent blow and walks off as if in a trance].

Cinematographic versions of the life of Bernadette Soubirous:

La vie merveilleuse de Bernadette (1929) by George Pallu. Silent. (link).

The Song of Bernadette (1943) by Henry King. (link).

Bernadette of Lourdes/ Il Suffit d’aimer (1960) by Robert Darene. (link).

A Little Maiden in White/ Aquella Joven de Blanco o Bernadette de Lourdes o El milagro de

Lourdes (1965) by León Klimovsky. (link).

L'affaire Lourdes (1967) by Marcel Bluwal. Made for TV. (link).

Bernadette by Jean Delannoy (1988). (link).

The Passion of Bernadette/ La Passion de Bernadette by Jean Delannoy (1989). (link).

Bernadette le film de sa vie (1993).

Lourdes by Lodovico Gasparini (2001). Made for TV. (link).

References:

link

THE TALE OF ZATOICHI

See Zatôichi Monogatari.

THE TEMPLE OF MOLOCH

Original title: The Temple of Moloch.

Other titles: El templo de Moloch (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1914.

Director: Langdon West.

Cast: Gayne Whitman (as Harold Vosburgh), Warren Cook, Bessie Learn, Yale Boss and Carlton S. King.

Genre: Short and Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 25 November 1914 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Edison Company.

Synopsis: “The plot of The Temple of Moloch, is laid in a small village, the chief industries of which are some potteries, owned by Harrison Pratt (Warren Cook). He also owns a group of dilapidated tenements, in which most of his employees live. Dr. Jordan (Gayne Whitman), health officer of the village, is struck with the prevalence of tuberculosis, and on investigation finds that the unsanitary working conditions in the Pratt potteries, together with the unhealthy state of the tenement homes of the workmen, have most to do with the spread of the disease. He calls the matter to the attention of Pratt, who rebuffs him and tells him it is no use to try to do anything regarding the matter. Meanwhile, Dr. Jordan has fallen in love with Eloise, the daughter of Harrison Pratt, and she has become interested in his work, particularly that at the preventorium for children from tuberculous families. Three times Jordan appeals to Pratt, and each time he is rebuffed. Finally, in despair between his love for Eloise and his duty, he exposes the conditions he has discovered through articles in the newspapers, in which he calls the Pratt potteries and tenements a modern "Temple of Moloch," in that they feed young children to the God of Greed. When Eloise, who is ignorant of conditions in the factory, sees the paper she immediately resents what she considers an insult to her father, and returns her engagement ring to Dr. Jordan. A week later Pratt's daughter and son are found to have tuberculosis. When Eric Swanson, a former employee of Pratt's, who had been discharged because he had contracted "potter's rot" in the mills and was no longer able to work, hears of it, he exults over the calamity, which he views as a sort of personal vengeance. He musters all of his strength and steals away to the Pratt home, where Eloise and her brother are taking the cure for tuberculosis on the porch, and there denounces Pratt, gloating over him and telling him that his son and daughter were originally infected as young children by Cora Swanson, when she served as nurse-girl for the Pratts several years ago. So struck is Pratt by this denunciation and the graphic story of Swanson, which is affirmed by Dr. Jordan, that he decides to clean up conditions in his potteries and tenements at once. The story ends with a Christmas scene, in which the engagement ring is returned to the hand of Eloise, and Dr. Jordan receives as a present a liberal check for the employment of visiting nurses, the establishment of open air schools and other anti-tuberculosis agencies in the town” (archive.org).

Additional information: Available from link and link

Comments: Anducational film aimed at society in general and produced in cooperation with the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. The Edison Company made several films about tuberculosis with informative purposes: The Red Cross Seal (1910), Hope: A Red Cross Seal Story (1912), The Temple of Moloch (1914) and The Lone Game (1915).

References:

link

link

link

THE TOLL OF MAMMON

Original title: The Toll of Mammon.

Other titles: El Peaje de Mammon (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1914.

Director: Harry Handworth.

Screenwriter: Harry Handworth.

Cast: Gordon de Main, Octavia Handworth, Tom Tempest and William A. Williams.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 19 June 1914 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Excelsior Feature Film Company.

Synopsis: “Dr. John Wright, (Gordon De Main) a rising young physician, is married to a woman (Octavia Handworth) who is unhappy with their financial condition. Because of her desire for "nice" things, Wright is forced by extenuating circumstances into endorsing a bogus cure for tuberculosis and working at the Promoter (Tom Tempest)'s sanitarium. Wright wants to renounce the cure, but before he can do so the police raid the sanitarium and he and the Promoter must flee in a boat. An explosion during the pursuit results in the Promoter's death and Wright is convicted of manslaughter. During this time Wright's daughter dies as a result of taking the cure after contracting tuberculosis. Years later Wright is released from prison and sent to a sanitarium because he also has the disease. Eventually Wright is cured and is reunited with his now repentant wife” (AFI).

Comments: In 1914 the impact of tuberculosis was huge, affecting especially the disadvantaged, as can be seen in the film. The director’s advice to control it: fresh milk, fresh air and exercise, is well-intentioned but far from therapeutic reality (allmovie).

References:

link

link

link

THE TWIGHLIGHT SAMURAI

Original title: Tasogare Seibei. ???????.

Other titles: The Twilight Samurai (USA). El ocaso del samurai (Spain).

Country: Japan.

Year: 2002.

Director: Yôji Yamada.

Music: Isao Tomita.

Photography: Mutsuo Naganuma.

Film editor: Iwao Ishii.

Screenwiter: Yôji Yamada and Yoshitaka Asama. Based on the novels Tasogare Seibei, Chikkou Shiatsu and Iwaibito Sukehachi by Shûhei Fujisawa.

Cast: Hiroyuki Sanada, Rie Miyazawa, Nenji Kobayashi, Ren Ôsugi, Mitsuru Fukikoshi, Kanako Fukaura, Hiroshi Kanbe, Miki Itô, Erina Hashiguchi and Reiko Kusamura.

Runtime: 129 minutes

Genres: Action, Drama and Romance.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color

Release date: 2 November 2002 (Japan). 13 February 2004 (USA, Portland International Film Festival). 20 May 2005 (Spain).

Production Company: Eisei Gekijo Company, Hakuhodo, Nippon Shuppan Hanbai (Nippan) K.K., Shochiku Company and Sumitomo Corporation.

Synopsis: The story takes place in Japan in the mid 19th century amidst the collapse of the feudal system. Seibei Iguchi (Hiroyuki Sanada), a lower rank samurai who is a widower and is in charge of two daughters and an elderly mother, is forced to work very hard to be able to support them. His life seems to take a turn when Tomoe (Rie Miyazawa), who he has been in love with for a long time, divorces her brutal and alcoholic husband. However, his economic situation makes an engagement impossible and, to his greater chaagrin, his clan sends him on a mission to kill another of its members who refuses to accept their new lord.

Additional information: Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film of 2004.

Comments: Seibei’s wife died of tuberculosis, a common disease in Japan at a time in which poverty and starvation were permanent features. To be able to afford her funeral, and given his circumstances, he was forced to get into serious debt.

After the credits, in a flash-back of the death of his mother Ito (Erina Hashiguchi), one of Sibei's daughters says:

- “After a long illness my mother died when I was five. She had consumption so from when I can remember I wasn't allowed near her, thus I have almost no memory of my mother”.

At the end of the story the person whom the clan had ordered to be killed confesses that his daughter had also died of tuberculosis.

- “I heard your wife died of consumption. Is that true?”

- “I'm surprised you know that”.

- “And her fever went up as night came on?”

- “Yes”.

- “Consumption is a hard disease and it's catching. My daughter died of consumption caught from her mother”.

-?

- “How old was your daughter?”

- “Sixteen”

-?

- “?she died? nothing but skin and bones”. 

References:

link

THE WASTED YEARS

Original title: The Wasted Years.

Other titles: Los años gastados (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1916

Director: Robert Broadwell

Cast: Jessie Burnett, Thelma Burns, Mae Gaston, George Harris, Joseph Hazelton, M.D. Morgan, John Oaker, Thelma Salter and Crane Wilbur.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Production Company: David Horsley Productions and Centaur Film Company.

Synopsis: Harry Weatherby (Crane Wilbur) is an old tramp who prefers to buy a theatre ticket in the gods instead of buying food. He used to be in love with June (Mae Gaston) and when he came into his uncle’s fortune he promised to marry her, but instead he married Billie (Jessie Burnett). Years later, abandoned by both women, he meets the daughter he had with the latter, who dies of tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

link

THE WHITE TERROR

Original title: The White Terror.

Other titles: Every Town (English, undefined). El terror blanco (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1915.

Director: Stuart Paton.

Screenwriter: Raymond L. Schrock.

Cast: Hobart Henley, Frances Nelson, William Welsh, Howard Crampton, Allen Holubar, Otto Hoffman and Frederick Sullivan.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English (title cards) and Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 18 June 1915 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Independent Moving Pictures Co. of America (IMP).

Synopsis: “Self-made man Emerson Boyd of Every-town owns the Boyd Mills, which uses child labor and disregards health regulations, and the Boyd Chemical Company, which manufactures harmful patent medicines. Crooked politician David Duncan, the mills's general manager, misinforms Boyd about factory conditions. After Boyd's beloved daughter postpones accepting the proposal of Matthew Brand, an unambitious rich young man, until he does something for humanity, Matthew reads an exposé of the mills by editor Clifford Cole. He buys Cole's newspaper when Boyd attempts to stifle it and supports the National Tuberculosis Society's proposal to build a sanitarium in Every-town to combat the rise of tuberculosis. Boyd and Duncan impose upon Mayor Alrich to defeat the measure. When Eleanor becomes ill, her physician diagnoses tuberculosis. Boyd frantically attempts to administer his "miracle cure," Saco-Ozone, but the doctor throws it out, calling it harmful. After Duncan dies dynamiting the newspaper office, Boyd listens to Matthew, and they start a reform movement. Eleanor recovers at a sanitarium and accepts Matthews' proposal” (AFI).

References:

link

THERE WILL BE BLOOD. POZOS DE AMBICIÓN

Original title: There Will Be Blood.

Other titles: Petróleo sangriento (Argentina and Mexico).There will be blood. Pozos de ambición (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 2007.

Director: Paul Thomas Anderson.

Music: Jonny Greenwood.

Photography: Robert Elswit.

Film editor: Dylan Tichenor.

Screenwiter: Paul Thomas Anderson based on the novel Oil! by Upton Sinclair.

Cast: Daniel Day-Lewis, Martin Stringer, Matthew Braden Stringer, Jacob Stringer, Joseph Mussey, Barry Del Sherman, Harrison Taylor, Stockton Taylor, Paul F. Tompkins, Dillon Freasier, Kevin Breznahan, Jim Meskimen, Erica Sullivan, Randall Carver, Coco Leigh, Paul Dano, Ciarán Hinds and Sydney McCallister.

Runtime: 158 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Thriller.

Language: English and American Sign Language.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 September 2007 (USA, Fantastic Fest). 15 February 2008 (Spain).

Production Company: Ghoulardi Film Company, Paramount Vantage and Miramax Films.

Synopsis: Set at the time of the oil boom that took place on the border of California in the early 20th century, the story tells the tale of the success of Daniel Plainview (Daniel Day-Lewis), who goes from being an extremely poor miner who raises his son without any help, to become a self-made oil magnate. Thanks to a mysterious tip-off, Plainview comes to know of the existence of an oil source under the soil of a small village in the west and goes with his son, H.W. (Harrison Taylor/ Stockton Taylor/Dillon Freasier/Russell Harvard) to try his luck in dusty Little Boston. And this lost village, where the only fun lies in the Pentecostal Church led by charismatic minister Eli Sunday (Paul Dano), is where Plainview and H.W. make the fortune of their lives. But as oil makes them richer and richer, conflicts arise: corruption, lies and great quantities of oil will seriously endanger human values such as love, hope, sympathy, trust, ambition and even the bond between father and son (public synopsis).

Additional information: Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Leading Role and Best Cinematography, also nominated in the categories of Best Film, Best Director, Best Editing, Best Art Direction, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Sound (2008).

Comments: Daniel’s brother turns out to be a usurper and confesses that the real one died of tuberculosis.

References:

link

THE WINGS OF THE DOVE

Original title: The Wings of the Dove.

Other titles: Las alas de la paloma (Spain). Les ales del colom (Catalan).

Country: USA and UK.

Year: 1997

Director: Iain Softley.

Music: Ed Shearmur (as Edward Shearmur).

Photography: Eduardo Serra.

Film editor: Tariq Anwar.

Screenwiter: Hossein Amini based on the homonymous novel by Henry James.

Cast: Helena Bonham Carter, Linus Roache, Alison Elliot, Charlotte Rampling, Elizabeth McGovern, Michael Gambon, Alex Jennings, Ben Miles, Philip Wright, Alexander John, Shirley Chantrell, Diana Kent, Georgio Serafini and Rachele Crisafulli.

Runtime: 102 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 7 November 1997 (USA). 12 February 1998 (Spain).

Production Company: Miramax Films and Renaissance Dove.

Synopsis: The action begins in London in 1910. Following the loss of her mother, Kate Croy (Helena Bonham Carter) is taken in by her wealthy aunt Maude (Charlotte Rampling). She is in love with Merton Densher (Linus Roache), a not very well-off journalist, which annoys her aunt who has other plans for her. For this reason, threatened with the loss of her relative’s fortune, she finds a solution in Millie Theale (Alison Elliot), an American millionaire who is sick with tuberculosis. She suggests that Merton should seduce Millie during a trip to Venice so that he can inherit her fortune when she dies and thus solve their problems.

Comments: A film of love and materialistic ambitions. The presence of a serious chronic respiratory illness is clear throughout the film (Kate: She is ill. She is very ill); this illness can be imagined as tuberculosis although it is not mentioned as such (coughing, weakness, visits to the doctor, hemoptysis, etc.).

Additional information: Nominated for four Academy Awards in the categories of Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Acress in a Leading Role, Best Cinematography and Best Costume Design (1998).

References:

link

THÉRÈSE

Original title: Thérèse.

Country: France.

Year: 1986.

Director: Alain Cavalier.

Music: Gabriel Fauré and Jacques Offenbach.

Photography: Philippe Rousselot.

Film editor: Isabelle Dedieu.

Screenwiter: Camille de Casablanca and Alain Cavalier.

Cast: Catherine Mouchet, Hélène Alexandridis, Aurore Prieto, Clémence Massart, Sylvie Habault, Nathalie Bernart, Mona Heftre, Beatrice De Vigan, Jean Pélégri, Pierre Baillot, Pierre Maintigneux, Jean Pieuchot, Guy Faucon, Armand Meppiel and Joël Lefrançois.

Runtime: 94 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Religious.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: May 1986 (France, Cannes Film Festival). 2 October 1986 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: AFC, Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC) and Films A2.

Synopsis: The film tells the store of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux. In 1888, in Lisieux, Thérèse Martin (Catherine Mouchet) decides, when barely 15 years old, to join her two elder sisters in the convent of the Carmelites. The mother superior rejects her for her young age, so Thérèse travels to Rome to obtain the approval of Pope Leo XIII (Armand Meppiel) himself. When she finally manages to fulfil her calling she becomes a model of vocation for the rest of the inmates at the convent. However, poor health will threaten this life of consecration (public synopsis).

Additional information: Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival (1986) and nominated for the Golden Palm. Six César Awards in the categories of Best Cinematography, Best Director, Best Editing, Best Film, Best Screenplay and Most Promising Actress (Catherine Mouchet), and four more nominations in the categories of Best Costume Design, Best Poster, Best Production Design and Best Sound (1987).

Comments: The film clearly shows the seriousness of Thérèse’s pulmonary tuberculosis, which eventually leads to her death, with evidence of coughing and haemoptysis. The love Sister Lucie (Hélène Alexandrinis), a fictitious character, professes towards Thérèsa, the great lover of Jesus, leads her to ingest the latter’s haemoptoic sputum. When the doctor diagnoses the disease he tells the mother superior, among other things, that Thérèse has lost a lung and that massages and morphine are advised to relieve her pain. Thérèsa will not follow this advice. In the dialogues, tuberculosis is mentioned as a contagious disease.

Other films about Thérèse of Lisieux:

Procès au Vatican (1952) by André Haguet. link

Thérèse: The Story of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (2004) by Leonardo Defilippis. link

References:

link

THÉRÈSE: THE STORY OF SAINT THÉRÈSE OF LISIEUX

Original title: Thérèse: The Story of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux.

Other titles: Thérèse.

Country: USA.

Year: 2004.

Director: Leonardo Defilippis.

Music: Sister Marie Therese Sokol.

Photography: Lourdes Ambrose.

Film editor: Bob Brooks.

Screenwiter: Patti Defillipis.

Cast: Leonardo Defilippis, Maggie Rose Fleck, Susan Funk, Linda Hayden, Sybil Johnson, Judith Kaplan, Samantha Kramer, Jen Nikolaisen, Mandy Rimer, Mary Magda Schultz, Brian Shields, Melissa Sumpter and Lindsay Younce.

Runtime: 96 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Religious.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 1 October 2004 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Saint Luke Productions and Xenon Pictures.

Synopsis: “Thérèse Martin (Melissa Sumpter/Lindsay Younce) is the pampered, youngest daughter of a 19th Century French middle-class family. Traumatized by the death of her mother at an early age, she becomes an introverted child, unable to deal with life outside the confines of her immediate family. At the age of 14, however, Thérèse undergoes a miraculous and mysterious “Christmas conversion” which transforms her life and soul forever. Rediscovering the joy she lost at her mother's death, she is driven by an overpowering love for God and serving others that leads her into the life of a Carmelite nun. Her life in the monastery is one of challenges, humour, and in the end, terrible physical suffering. But it is there that Thérèse uncovers a secret that fills her life with contentment, peace and hope” (www.theresemovie.com).

Comments: At the refectory Thérèse has a coughing fit that ends in haemoptysis. The fit overcomes her again while the doctor is sounding her and when he asks her since when she has been coughing a nun tells him that it has been going on for a few months. The diagnosis is clearly advanced (pulmonary) tuberculosis. Thérèse’s health quickly declines; she remains bedridden or in a wheelchair, pale and coughing, with haemoptysis, unable to even swallow the Holy Communion, until she dies.

Other films about Thérèse of Lisieux:

Procès au Vatican (1952) by André Haguet. link

Thérèse (1986) by Alain Cavalier. link

References:

linklink

THEY DO COME BACK

Original title: They Do Come Back.

Country: USA.

Year: 1940.

Director: Edgar G. Ulmer.

Photography: Joseph Noble (camera).

Cast: Wilma Caspar and Edward Mulhern.

Runtime: 17 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: DeFernes Studios.

Synopsis: A documentary aimed at young people to inform them about the dangers of tuberculosis. It is focused on the romance between Roy (Edward Mulhern) and Julie (Wilma Caspar). The former develops tuberculosis and presents with haemoptysis.

Additional information: Available from:

link. Ulmer made educational films for the National Tuberculosis Association such as: Let My People Live (1938), Cloud in the Sky (1939), Cómo Diagnostic Procedures in Tuberculosis (1940), Goodbye Mr. Germ (1940) and They Do Come Back (1940), all of them freely available at link.

Comments: A film used for the fight against tuberculosis.

Other films under the same title: The National Tuberculosis Association made another film, also intended for the fight against tuberculosis, with the same characters and produced by United Films. This film is available at: link.

References:

link

THIS PROPERTY IS CONDEMNED

Original title: This Property Is Condemned.

Other titles: Una mujer sin horizonte (Mexico). Propiedad condenada (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1966.

Director: Sydney Pollack.

Music: Kenyon Hopkins

Screenwiter: Francis Ford Coppola, Fred Coe, Edith R. Sommer and David Rayfiel (uncredited) based on Tennessee Williams’ homonymous play.

Cast: Natalie Wood, Robert Redford, Charles Bronson, Kate Reid, Mary Badham, Alan Baxter, Robert Blake, Dabney Coleman, John Harding, Ray Hemphill, Brett Pearson, Jon Provost, Robert Random, Quentin Sondergaard, Mike Steen and Bruce Watson.

Runtime: 110 minutes.

Genre: drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 3 August 1966 (USA). 15 May 1967 (Spain).

Production Company: Paramount Pictures and Seven Arts productions.

Synopsis: During the Great Depression, a young man arrives in a Mississippi village whose main source of income is railway work. He lodges in the hotel, which is hosted by a woman who has two daughters. The young man is Owen Legate (Robert Redford), a railway officer who has been charged to dismiss a considerable number of employees in the area due to the economic crisis. The woman is Hazel Starr (Kate Reid) and her daughters are Alva (Natalie Wood) and Willei (Mary Badham). Alva, the eldest, is beautiful: she flirts, charms men and dreams of going to New Orleans. Her mother wants to engage her to an older man, Johnson (John Harding). Owen and Alva fall in love, which, together with the dismissal of the railroad employees, triggers the events in the film.

Additional information: The story is told by Willie and there are numerous flashbacks throughout its development.

Comments: Alva suffers from tuberculosis and finally dies of it.

- Alva: “I don't know. I just... Sometimes I have trouble catching my breath”.

-?

- Willie: “Her lungs got affected. Did you see that movie at the Delta Brilliant last fall? Which is what Alva died of. Lung affection. Only, the way she had it in the movie, it was very beautiful”? “I'm gonna live for a long, long time, like my sister. When my lungs get affected, I'm gonna die like she did, with all my rings and my gold charm bracelet from Marshall Field's”.

Alva’s tuberculosis reflects the problems of a time when this disease was devastating for society.

References:

link

THREE COMRADES

Original title: Three Comrades.

Other titles: Tres camaradas (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1938.

Director: Frank Borzage.

Music: Franz Waxman.

Photography: Joseph Ruttenberg.

Film editor: Frank Sullivan.

Screenwiter: F. Scott Fitzgerald and Edward E. Paramore Jr. based on the novel Drei Kameraden by Erich Maria Remarque.

Cast: Robert Taylor, Margaret Sullavan, Franchot Tone, Robert Young, Guy Kibbee, Lionel Atwill, Henry Hull, Charles Grapewin and Monty Woolley.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 2 June 1938 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: Three German soldiers return home from the trenches of World War One to find the country in chaos. Despite the economic instability of the times, they decide to join their limited resources and build their own car. Their life becomes even more complicated with the arrival of Pat Hollman (Margaret Sullavan), a beautiful woman with whom they will fall in love.

Additional information: Margaret Sullavan was nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Actress for her role in this film (1939).

Comments: Pat Hollman (Margaret Sullavan) is dying of pulmonary tuberculosis and hides this from her boyfriend Frich Lowkamp (Robert Taylor), one of the three friends. Her doctor suggests that she retire to a sanatorium, but she does not pay any attention. Her lover finds out and when she finally goes to the sanatorium the doctor recommends a thoracplasty; a resection of the ribs to induce the lung to collapse. This is a mild procedure but one that obliges her to remain immobile for two weeks.

References:

link

THREE GODFATHERS

Original title: Three Godfathers.

Other titles: Tres desalmados (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1936.

Director: Richard Boleslawski.

Music: William Axt (as Dr William Axt).

Photography: Joseph Ruttenberg.

Film editor: Frank Sullivan.

Screenwiter: Edward E. Paramore Jr. and Manuel Seff based on the novel The Three Godfathers by Peter B. Kyne.

Cast: Chester Morris, Lewis Stone, Walter Brennan, Irene Hervey, Sidney Toler, Dorothy Tree, Roger Imhof, Willard Robertson, John Sheehan, Helen Brown, Joseph Marievsky, Robert Livingston, Harvey Clark and Virginia Brissac.

Runtime: 81 minutes.

Genre: Western.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 6 March 1936 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Synopsis: “Four outlaws come to New Jerusalem, a town full of courteous and religious people, to rob the bank. After shooting the president of the bank, only three make it out of town followed by the posse. By the time they get to the second desert water hole, they find it dry and also find a wagon with a dying mother and baby. When the horses are dead the next morning, the three outlaws have no choice but to try to walk back to New Jerusalem and only two want to take the baby” (Tony Fontana, imdb). ” (Tony Fontana, imdb).

Comments: One of the outlaws, James “Doc” Underwood (Lewis Stone) suffers from tuberculosis.

Other versions:

The Three Godfathers (1916) by Edward LeSaint. link

Marked Men (1919) by John Ford. link

Action (1921) by John Ford. link

Hell's Heroes (1929) by William Wyler. link

3 Godfathers (1948) by John Ford. link

The Godchild (1974) by John Badham. Made for TV. link

References:

link

TO DIE FOR

Original title:To Die for.

Other titles: Todo por un sueño (Spanish). Tot per un somni (Catalan).

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1995.

Director: Gus Van Sant.

Music: Danny Elfman.

Photography: Eric Alan Edwards.

Film editor: Curtiss Clayton.

Screenwiter: Buck Henry, based on the novel To Die for by Joyce Maynard.

Cast: Nicole Kidman, Matt Dillon, Joaquin Phoenix, Casey Affleck, Illeana Douglas, Alison Folland, Dan Hedaya, Wayne Knight, Kurtwood Smith, Holland Taylor, Susan Traylor, Maria Tucci, Tim Hopper, Michael Rispoli and Buck Henry.

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Comedy, Crime and Thriller.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 29 September 1995 (USA). 18 October 1995 (Spain).

Production Company: Columbia Pictures Corporation and The Rank Organization.

Synopsis: Suzanne Stone (Nicole Kidman) is married to Larry Maretto (Matt Dillon), a provincial young man whose only aspiration is to take charge of his father’s restaurant. He worships her and all he wants is for her to settle down. However, she aspires to something completely different in life: to become a TV star. She is willing to do anything to achieve her goal, which involves trampling over her annoying husband and setting up a great scandal that might guarantee her much desired appearance on screen (public synopsis).

Additional information: Two films under the same original title were released in 1989 and 1994. In the second one, AIDS is an important part of the plot.

Comments: The following is uttered:

- “When I was 13, I got this mild case of tuberculosis and he wasn't interested anymore”.

References:

link

TOMBSTONE

Original title: Tombstone.

Other titles: Tombstone (Argentina). Tombstone (La leyenda de Wyatt Earp) (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1993.

Director: George P. Cosmatos.

Music: Bruce Broughton.

Photography: William A. Fraker.

Film editor: Harvey Rosenstock, Roberto Silvi and Frank J. Urioste.

Screenwiter: Kevin Jarre.

Cast: Kurt Russell, Val Kilmer, Sam Elliott, Bill Paxton, Powers Boothe, Michael Biehn, Charlton Heston, Jason Priestley, Jon Tenney, Stephen Lang, Thomas Haden Church, Dana Delany, Paula Malcomson, Lisa Collins and Dana Wheerler-Nicholson.

Runtime: 130 minutes.

Genre: Western, Action, Drama, History and Romance.

Language: English and Latin.

Color: Color.

Release date: 25 December 1993 (USA). 15 April 1994 (Spain).

Production Company: Cinergi Productions and Hollywood Pictures.

Synopsis: In 1879, following the bloody American Civil War, many people emigrated towards the west of the country in search of prosperity and fortune. Among them were Wyatt Earp (Kurt Rusell), a law abiding man who had left his badge and gun to set up a family, and John “Doc” Hollyday (Val Kilmer), a former southern gentleman turned into a gunman and a player, to see whether the dry climate would relieve their tuberculosis (public synopsis).

Additional information: The performance of the main characters, Kurt Russel and Val Kilmer and the liveliness in the action in the version of the mythical gunfight at the OK Corral in Tombstone is worth mentioning.

Comments: Doc coughs, presents haemoptysis, general health decline and dyspnea and is admitted to a tuberculosis sanatorium where he dies of the disease. During a game of cards he is called consumptive. The conversation between Doc and Dr Goodfellow is illustrating as far as the seriousness of the disease of the former is concerned:

- “Your condition is quite advanced. I’d say you’ve lost some 60 percent of your lung tissue, maybe more”.

- “What's the verdict?

- “Two years. Two days. Hard to say, if you stop now: Your smokin', your drinkin', your gamblin', your night life. You need complete rest“.

Movies with "Doc" Holliday as a character:

See Doc (1971).

References:

link

TRÆK VEJRET

Original title: Træk vejret.

Other titles: Breathe (English translation). Respirar (Spanish translation).

Country: Denmark.

Year: 1958.

Director: Theodor Christensen.

Music: Kai Rosenberg.

Photography: Helge Robert.

Runtime: 26 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: Danish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Laterna Film.

Synopsis: A film made for informative purposes about pulmonary function and the dangers that lie ahead, tuberculosis among others.

References:

link

TRIO

Original title: Trio.

Other titles: El torbellino de la vida (Spain).

Country: UK.

Year: 1950.

Director: Ken Annakin (Mister Know-All and The Vicar episodes) and Harod French (Sanatorium episode).

Music: John Greenwood.

Photography: Geoffrey Unsworth and Reginald H. Wyer.

Film editor: Alfred Roome.

Screenwiter: Noel Langley, R. C. Sherriff and W. Somerset Maughan. Based on W. Somerset Maughan’s short stories The verger, Mr Know-All and Sanatorium the Colonel’s Lady.

Cast: James Hayter, Kathleen Harrison, Felix Aylmer, Lana Morris, Michael Hordern, Glyn Houston, Eliot Makeham, Henry Edwards, Anne Crawford, Nigel Patrick, Naunton Wayne, Wilfrid Hyde-White, Clive Morton, Bill Travers, Dennis Harkin, Michael Medwin, Jean Simmons, Michael Rennie, Roland Culver, Raymond Huntley, Betty Ann Davies, André Morell, John Laurie, Finlay Currie and W. Somerset Maugham.

Runtime: 91 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 1 August 1950 (UK). 10 October 1950 (USA). Also released in Spain.

Production Company: Gainsborough Pictures.

Synopsis: Some short stories by W. Somerset Maugham provided the basis for this film, which is divided into three independent episodes. In the first one, The Verger, after seventeen years as a verger, Albert Foreman (James Hayter) is dismissed by the new vicar when he is found to be illiterate. He will ironically prosper in life, since after marrying a widow he sets up a highly successful chain of tobacconist shops. The second episode, Mr Know-All, takes place on board a ship and revolves around a Mr Kelada (Nigel Patrick), a jeweller who annoys all the passengers by being a know-all. The third episode, Sanatorium, is a chronicle of life and human relations in a tuberculosis sanatorium. It describes the patients’ microcosm, which is made up by Ashenden (Roland Culver), the author’s alter ego; a pair of gossiping old ladies, two men who politely “hate” each other, a womanizer who may perhaps settle down when he meets a woman (who is quite a character), and an unbearable individual who pathetically abuses his wife each time she comes to visit him.

Comments: The episode Sanatorium is based on Somerset’s own experience in a tuberculosis sanatorium.

Additional information: Nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Sound in 1950.

References:

link

TUBERCULOSE

Original title: Tuberculose.

Country: Canada.

Year: 1980.

Director: Michel Régnier.

Photography: Michel Régnier.

Film editor: Michel Régnier.

Screenwiter: Michel Régnier.

Runtime: 30 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: National Film Board of Canada (NFB).

Synopsis: “The film calls for awareness of the increase of tuberculosis in Africa, especially in areas of urban concentration. Early detection is carried out by means of the collection and examination of sputum, bacteriological diagnosis, radiology, and histological examination. Treatment begins in the hospital and continues at home, where the patient’s family is informed of the precautions they are to take. Social work is carried out in support of medical treatments and BCG vaccination is applied to protect children. The film attempts to raise awareness of the relevance of health workers’ attitudes regarding tuberculosis and its treatment” (www.onf-nfb.gc.ca).

Additional information: Short film for informative and health-education purposes.

References:

link

link

TUBERCULOSIS

Original title: Tuberculosis.

Country: USA.

Year: 1955.

Runtime: 11 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Synopsis: The film addresses the history and description of tuberculosis.

Additional information: Available in the DVD collection History of Disease & Sickness 5 DVD Collection: Polio, Cancer, Tuberculosis, TB, Infectious Diseases, & Human Health Films.

Comments: A film used for the fight against tuberculosis.

References:

link

TUBERCULOSIS AND THE MAORI PEOPLE

Original title: Tuberculosis and the Maori People.

Country: New Zealand.

Year: 1952.

Runtime: 26 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: New Zealand Department of Health and the Ngati Kahungungu Tribal District Committee.

Synopsis: This is a documentary aimed at the prevention of tuberculosis among the Maori people. The infection was especially fierce among this people in comparison with other ethnic groups living in New Zealand.

References:

Brookes, B. Health education film and the Maori: tuberculosis and the Maori people of the Wairoa District (1952). Health History 2006 8(2):45-68. Available from: link

link

TUBERCULOSIS IN AMERICA: THE PEOPLE'S PLAGUE - PART I

Original title: Tuberculosis in America: The People's Plague - Part I, The Captain of All These Dead Men.

Other titles: La tuberculosis en Estados Unidos: la peste del pueblo - Parte I, El capitán de todos estos muertos (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1995.

Runtime: 56 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Florentine Films.

Synopsis: The film shows the situation of tuberculosis in the USA during the first part of the 20th century and the attempts to treat it.

Additional information: video movie.

References:

link

TUBERCULOSIS IN AMERICA: THE PEOPLE'S PLAGUE - PART II

Original title: Tuberculosis in America: The People's Plague - Part II, The Gospel of Health.

Other titles: La tuberculosis en Estados Unidos: la peste del pueblo - Parte II, El Evangelio de la Salud (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1995.

Runtime: 58 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Florentine Films.

Synopsis: This film deals with the decline of the disease and its subsequent reappearance in recent years in the USA.

Additional information: Video movie.

References:

link

TWICE ROUND THE DAFFODILS

Original title: Twice Round the Daffodils.

Other titles: What a Carry On: Twice Round the Daffodils (UK, video box title). Dos vueltas alrededor de los narcisos (Spanish translation).

Country: UK.

Year: 1962.

Director: Gerald Thomas.

Music: Bruce Montgomery.

Photography: Alan Hume.

Film editor: John Shirley.

Screenwiter: Norman Hudis based on the play Ring for Catty by Jack Beale and Patrick Cargill.

Cast: Juliet Mills, Donald Sinden, Donald Houston, Kenneth Williams, Ronald Lewis, Andrew Ray, Joan Sims, Jill Ireland, Lance Percival, Sheila Hancock, Nanette Newman, Renee Houston, Amanda Reiss, Mary Powell and Barbara Roscoe.

Runtime: 89 minutes.

Genre: Comedy.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 3 April 1962 (UK). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: GWH.

Synopsis: Catty (Juliet Mills), Dorothy (Amanda Reiss) and Janet (Jill Ireland) work as nurses at a hospital taking care of patients who suffer from tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

TWIN SISTERS

Original title: De tweeling.

Other titles: Twin Sisters (English, International). Reencuentro (Argentina). Gemelas (Spain).

Country: Netherlands and Luxembourg.

Year: 2002.

Director: Ben Sombogaart.

Music: Fons Merkies.

Photography: Piotr Kukla.

Film editor: Herman P. Koerts.

Screenwiter: Marieke van der Pol based on the homonymous novel by Tessa de Loo.

Cast: Sina Richardt, Julia Koopmans, Thekla Reuten, Nadja Uhl, Ellen Vogel, Gudrun Okras, Betty Schuurman, Jaap Spijkers, Roman Knizka, Margarita Broich, Ingo Naujoks, Barbara Auer, Jeroen Spitzenberger, Hans Somers and Hans Trentelman.

Runtime: 137 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romantic.

Language: Dutch, German, English and French.

Color: Black and White and Color.

Release date: 12 December 2002 (Netherlands). 6 May 2005 (USA). Spain: DVD

Production Company: IDTV Film and Samsa Film.

Synopsis: The story begins in Germany in 1926. Two six-year-old twin sisters lose both their parents. As a consequence, they are split up. Lotte Bamberg (Julia Koopmans), who suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis, goes to the Netherlands to live with a wealthy aunt. Anna (Sina Richardt) stays in Germany with an uncle and aunt who own a farm where she will work. These circumstances explain why the former receives a decent education as opposed to the latter. Time goes by and they both live their lives in very different environments without ever getting in touch again. The Second World War has a huge impact on their lives owing to the huge differences between the environments where it affects them. Anna marries an SS officer, whereas Lotte gets engaged to a Jewish musician.

Additional information: Nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Foreign Language Film (2003).

Comments: The fact that Lotte suffers from tuberculosis is clear from the very beginning of the film. At night she sleeps with her sister and coughs and coughs? In the Netherlands, her aunt looks after her carefully; she spends the day in complete rest in the garden arbour and she is fed a healthy diet. The twins’ father died of tuberculosis.

References:

link

TWO KINDS OF LOVE

Original title: Two Kinds of Love.

Other titles: Dos clases de amor (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1920.

Director: B. Reeves Eason (as Reeves Eason).

Photography: Virgil Miller.

Screenwiter: John Colton, Douglas Z. Doty and B. Reeves Eason (as Reeves Eason).

Cast: George A. McDaniel, Ted Brooks, Jimsy Maye, B. Reeves Eason Jr., B. Reeves Eason, Fontaine la Rue and Charles Newton.

Genre: Western.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: December 1920 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Universal Film Manufacturing Company.

Synopsis: “Fred Watson (Ted Brooks) has headed out West for his health, accompanied by his sister Kate (Jimsy May) and his little boy, Bobby (B. Reeves Eason, Jr.). They find shelter one evening in an abandoned cabin. Dorgan (Eason), who lives in a nearby shack, explains that its inhabitant, Mason (George McDaniels), was sent to prison for murder. Because he has designs on Kate, he allows the travelers to stick around and invites Fred to help him search for the buried gold that was left behind by Mason. But Mason has been cleared of the murder and shows up. He has the missing part of the map which leads to the gold and Dorgan is determined to get it. Fred finally dies of his illness and Mason proves that Dorgan was guilty of the murder for which he was accused. With Dorgan out of the way, he is able to get to his gold, which he shares with Kate” (AFI).

Additional information: Another film under the same title and directed by Jack Bender was released for TV in 1983.

Comments: Fred Watson suffers from tuberculosis and eventually dies of it.

References:

link

link

link


-U-

U?ITEL TANCE

Original title: U?itel tance.

Other titles: The Dance Teacher (English, international), The Dance-Master (English, unspecified).

Country: Czech Republic.

Year: 1995.

Director: Jaromil Jires.

Music: Miroslav Korinek.

Photography: Jan Malír and Miroslav Soucek.

Film editor: Milan Justin.

Screenwriter: Jiri Hubac.

Cast: Martin Dejdar, Jana Hlavácová, Barbara Kodetová, Zlata Adamovská, Zuzana Bydzovská, Vilma Cibulková, Zdenek Dusek, Kamil Halbich, Jirí Hálek, Radek Holub, Petr Introvic, Klára Jirsáková, Milos Kopecký, Michaela Kuklová, Vladimír Míka, Petr Pelzer, Ivan Poborský, Alexej Pysko, Pavel Rímský, Romana Sittová, Jirí Strac, Ladislav Trojan and Filip Truhlar.

Runtime: 100 minutes.

Genre: Drama and comedy.

Language: Czech.

Color: Color.

Release date: 26 January 1995 (Czech Republic).

Production Company: Ceská Televize.

Synopsis: “A story about love, dancing and survival, set in the late 40s. Jan Mayer, a young dance-master, arrives in a sanatorium for lung diseases with a serious diagnosis - tuberculosis. But he does not give in to his illness and starts fighting it actively with his optimism and his dancing. Gradually he wins over other patients, who had been accepting their fate passively under strict institutional discipline. But his sickness soon breaks out in full its force” (Jan Lipsansky. Imdb).

References:

link

UN LONG DIMANCHE DE FIANÇAILLES

Original title: Un long dimanche de fiançailles.

Other titles: A Very Long Engagement (English, international, UK and USA). Amor eterno (Argentina, Chile and Venezuela). Largo domingo de noviazgo (Spain).

Country: France and USA.

Year: 2004.

Director: Jean-Pierre Jeunet.

Music: Angelo Badalamenti.

Photography: Bruno Delbonnel.

Film editor: Hervé Schneid.

Screenwriter: Jean-Pierre Jeunet and Guillaume Laurant based on the homonymous novel Un long dimanche de fiançailles by Sébastien Japrisot.

Cast: Audrey Tautou, Gaspard Ulliel, Dominique Pinon, Chantal Neuwirth, André Dussollier, Ticky Holgado, Marion Cotillard, Dominique Bettenfeld, Jodie Foster, Jean-Pierre Darroussin, Clovis Cornillac, Jean-Pierre Becker, Denis Lavant, Jérôme Kircher, Albert Dupontel, Jean-Paul Rouve, Elina Löwensohn, Julie Depardieu, Michel Vuillermoz and Urbain Cancelier.

Runtime: 133 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Mystery, Romance and War.

Language: French, German and Corsican.

Color: Color.

Release date: 27 October 2004 (France). 26 November 2004 (USA). 28 January 2005 (Spain).

Production Companies: 2003 Productions, Warner Bros., Tapioca Films, TF1 Films Production, Canal+, Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC), Région Poitou-Charentes and Région Bretagne.

Synopsis: The story is set within the context of World War One, focusing on the character of Manech (Gaspard Ulliel), a French soldier wounded by self-mutilation. For this reason he has been court-martialed and sent, together with four other soldiers, to a danger area situated between the French and the German army, which is practically a death sentence. The female protagonist is his deeply-in-love girlfriend, Mathilde (Audrey Tautou), who when the war is over begins an intensive and persistent search because she thinks Manech is still alive.

Additional information: Nominated for Academy Awards in the categories of Best Cinematography and Best Art Direction (2005).

Comments: Although from the point of view of films related to infectious diseases it should be included among those dealing with polio, tuberculosis is also mentioned: a Polish woman is said to have suffered from tuberculosis.

References:

link


-V-

VA, VIS ET DEVIENS

Original title: Va, vis et deviens.

Other titles: Live and Become (English, USA). Go, See, and Become (English, International). Ser digno de ser (Argentina). Vete y vive (Spain).

Country: France, Belgium, Israel and Italy.

Year: 2005.

Director: Radu Mihaileanu.

Music: Armand Amar.

Photography: Remy Chevrin.

Film editor: Ludo Troch.

Screenwriter: Alain Michel Blanc and Radu Mihaileanu.

Cast: Yael Abecassis, Roschdy Zem, Mosche Agazai, Mosche Abebe, Sirak M. Sabahat, Yitzhak Edgar, Roni Hadar, Rami Danon, Mimi Abonesh Kebede, Meskie Shibru Sivan, Raymonde Abecassis, Yosi Alfi, Shmil Ben Ari, Shlomo Vishinsky and Shai Fredo.

Runtime: 140 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Amharic, Hebrew and French.

Color: Color

Release date: 18 March 2005 (France) (Festival du Film d'Aventures de Valenciennes). 1 December 2005 (USA) (Washington Jewish Film Festival). 23 December 2005 (Spain).

Production Companies: Elzévir Films, Oï Oï Oï Productions, Cattleya, K2 SA, Transfax Film Productions, France 3 Cinéma, Canal+, Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC), Eurimages, RTL-TVi, CinéCinéma, Medusa Film, Kiosque and Backup Films.

Synopsis: 1984. Thousands of African refugees from twenty-six countries arrive at the camps in Sudan. At the request of the USA and Israel, a vast project (Operation Moses) is implemented to remove the Ethiopian Jews (Falashas) to Israel. A Christian mother forces her nine-year-old son to go with a woman who has just lost her child, whose place he takes, so that he can be saved from the famine and certain death. The child arrives in the Promised Land and after his supposed mother dies is adopted by a French Sephardic family living in Tel Aviv. He grows up in fear of his secret being discovered: he is neither a Jew nor an orphan, he is just black (public synopsis).

Comments: The boy arrives in Israel as the son of a woman who had lost her own child and who suffers from tuberculosis. She coughs, has haemoptysis, and dies shortly after being admitted to a hospital. It is the prototype of aggressive tuberculosis such as that commonly seen in Africa.

References:

link

VICTORIA

Original title: Victoria.

Country: West Germany and Sweden.

Year: 1979.

Director: Bo Widerberg.

Music: Giuseppe Verdi.

Photography: Anders Cederlund and Hanno-Heinz Fuchs.

Film editor: Henrik Georgson, Tord Pååg and Bo Widerberg.

Screenwriter: Bo Widerberg. Based on Knut Hamrun’s novel Viktoria.

Cast: Hans Christian Blech, Erik Eriksson, Christiane Horbiger, Thor W. Jacobsen, Michaela Jolin, Gustaf Kleen, Peter Schildt, Stefan Schwartz, Pia Skagermark, Sigmar Solbach and Amelie von Essen.

Runtime: 89 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Swedish.

Color: Color.

Release date: April 1987 (Sweden). 2009 (Spain).

Production Company: Bo Widerberg Film, Corona Filmproduktion and Svensk Filmindustri (SF).

Synopsis: The story takes place in Norway in the late 19th century. Johannes, a miller’s son, falls in love with Victoria, the daughter of the rich landowner who owns the lands where the mill is located. It is an impossible love story due to social differences, the economic ruin of Victoria’s father, and because tuberculosis kills the young woman.

Additional information: Screened as a tribute to Bo Winderberg at the Cinema Jove - Valencia International Film Festival in June-July 2009.

Comments: Tuberculosis in the late 19th century.

Other versions (Victoria):

Viktoria (1917) by Olga Preobrazhenskaya. link

Viktoria (1935) by Carl Hoffman. link

Viktoria (1957) de Frank Lothar. Made for TV. link

Viktoria (1988) by Olgerd Dunkers. link

References:

link

VIGO

Original title: Vigo.

Other titles: Vigo: A Passion for Life (UK). Vigo (historia de una pasión) (Spain).

Country: France, UK and Japan.

Year: 1998

Director: Julien Temple.

Music: Bingen Mendizábal.

Screenwriter: Anne Devlin, Peter Ettedgui and Julien Temple.

Cast: James Frain, Romane Bohringer, Nicholas Barnes, David Battley, Joe Boiling, Anna Bolt, Christine Burlett, Jack Capelli, Charles Collingwood, Dean Cook, Kenneth Cranham, Marie Dang, Emanuelle Epstein, Donald Gee, Jeremy Greig, Constant Guerrier, Michael N. Harbour, Blake Keenan, Stephen Kemble and Monique Letitre.

Runtime: 106 minutes.

Genre: Biography and Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 17 February 1999 (France). 22 April 1999 (Spain).

Production Company: Impact Pictures, Little Magic Films, MACT Productions and Nitrate Film.

Synopsis: “The film tells the story of the life of Jean Vigo (James Frain), a French film maker who died at the age of 29, leaving a small but beautiful and poetic cinematographic inheritance to the world of art. The story begins when young Vigo meets a Polish girl, Lydu Lozinska (Romane Bohringer), at the sanatorium where they are both patients due to the tuberculosis they suffer from. But the way they have of dealing with the dehumanized treatment they are subjected to is completely different. Lydu has been there for two years; she believes in her doctors and has no hopes of a future outside the sanatorium. On the other hand, Jean, a free spirit, who adores cinema and who has been marked since childhood by the death of his father (a well-known anarchist and pacifist during World War One) under mysterious circumstances, is completely opposed to the director of the sanatorium, Dr Gerard. Love follows the mutual attraction the young people had felt from the first moment, and Jean decides to provide Lydu with a new reason to live and with new hopes. Despite all Dr Gerard’s efforts to separate them, Lydu gets engaged to Jean, determined to live her future outside the sanatorium” (filmaffinity).

Additional information: Based on the book Jean Vigo by Paolo Emilio Salles Gomes and on the play Love’s a Revolution by Chris Ward. It is based on the life of film director Jean Vigo and his wife Lydu Lozinska. It was filmed in France and in the UK.

Comments: It shows life in a tuberculosis sanatorium, together with the symptoms and signs of tuberculosis and the relationship between patients and doctors and nurses at a time when this disease had a bitter end.

References:

linklink

VIVA LA MUERTE

Original title: Viva la muerte.

Other titles: Long Live Death (English translation).

Country: France and Tunisia.

Year: 1971.

Director: Fernando Arrabal.

Photography: Jean-Marc Ripert.

Film editor: Laurence Leininger.

Screenwriter: Fernando Arrabal and Claudine Lagrive based on the homonymous novel by the former.

Cast: Anouk Ferjac, Núria Espert, Mahdi Chaouch, Ivan Henriques, Jazia Klibi, Suzanne Comte, Jean-Louis Chassigneux, Mohamed Bellasoued, Víctor García and Fernando Arrabal (uncredited).

Runtime: 90 minutes.

Genre: Drama and War.

Language: French.

Color: Color.

Released date: 12 May 1971 (France). 25 October 1971 (USA, New York City, New York). 8 December 1980 (Spain).

Production Companies: Isabelle Films and Satpec (as S.A.T.P.E.C.).

Synopsis: “At the end of the Spanish civil war, Fando (Mahdi Chaouch), a boy of about ten, tries to make sense of war and the arrest of his father. His mother is religious and sympathetic to the fascists, and his father was accused of being a Republican. Fando, who harbours oedipal feelings towards his mother, discovers that she might have helped in his father’s arrest” (filmaffinity).

Additional information: Fernando Arrabal suffered from tuberculosis.

Comments: At the end of the film Fando suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis and is admitted to hospital and undergoes surgery on board a hospital ship. His diagnosis is achieved by percussion and direct auscultation. On the deck, while enjoying the fresh air, the young man smokes his pipe. The images of the operation are interesting but harsh.

References:

link

link

VIVIEN LEIGH: SCARLETT & BEYOND.

Original title: Vivien Leigh: Scarlett & Beyond.

Other titles: Vivien Leigh: más allá de Scarlett (Spain).

Country: USA.

Year: 1990.

Director: Gene Feldman and Suzette Winter.

Music: Michael Bacon.

Photography: Eric Camiel, Steven Harris, Kevin McKnight and Jeremy Stavenhagen.

Film editor: Lisa Jackson.

Screenwriter: Gene Feldman and Suzette Winter.

Cast: Elizabeth Ashley, Claire Bloom, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., John Gielgud, Radie Harris, Kim Hunter, Garson Kanin, Rachel Kempson, Stanley Kramer, Jessica Lange, Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier.

Runtime: 46 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: In Spain it was released by the TCM TV channel.

Production Company: Wombat Productions.

Synopsis: A documentary about the tragic life of British actress Vivien Leigh. An Academy Award winner at the very beginning of her career for Gone with the Wind, her life was tainted by alcoholism, bipolar disorder, abortions and tuberculosis, which was finally the cause of her death.

Additional information: Film made for video and TV.

References:

link


-W-

WE THE LIVING

See Noi Vivi.

WHISPERING ENEMIES

Original title: Whispering Enemies.

Country: USA.

Year: 1939.

Director: Lewis D. Collins.

Photography: James S. Brown Jr.

Screenwriter: Tom Kilpatrick and Gordon Rugby. Based on a plot by John Rawlins and Harold Tarshis.

Cast: Jack Holt, Dolores Costello, Addison Richards, Joseph Crehan, Donald Briggs, Paul Everton and Pert Kelton.

Runtime: 62 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 24 March 1939 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Larry Darmour Productions.

Synopsis: Story of the dirty war between two cosmetics companies that spread rumours that their respective products were contaminated.

Comments: A rumour is spread that a certain brand of milk carries tuberculosis.

References:

link

link

WHO SINGS OVER THERE AKA WHO'S SINGING OVER THERE AKA WHO'S THAT SINGING OVER THERE

See Ko to tamo peva.

WIT WINT

Original title: Wit Wint.

Other titles: Las blancas ganan (Spanish translation).

Country: Netherlands.

Year: 1939.

Director: John Kooy.

Music: Max Tak.

Cast: Johan Schmitz, Loekie de Koning, Christine van Meeteren, A. van den Vegten, Frans Thoms, Johan Boezer, Tonny van Otterloo, Tatia Wijma and Sybilla Fiolet.

Runtime: 69 minutes.

Genre: Documentary.

Language: Dutch.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 21 October 1939 (Netherlands) (Premiere). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Haghe Film, in opdracht van Nederlandsche Centrale Vereeniging tot Bestrijding der TBC.

Synopsis: After being involved in an accident, a racing driver is guided around the city by a young woman. She leaves her boyfriend and becomes a stewardess for the driver, who leaves her when she is diagnosed with tuberculosis and has to go to a sanatorium. Her brother had also suffered from the disease and eventually died of it. The girl’s ex-boyfriend visits her and, after her recovery, they get married. Their son dies of tuberculosis and the grandfather is found to be the source of the infection. The driver, who leads an unhealthy life, also suffers from consumption, from which he recovers through rest.

Comments: Film aimed at society in general with health education purposes for the prevention of tuberculosis.

References:

link

WITH THESE HANDS

Original title: With These Hands.

Other titles: Con estas manos (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1950.

Director: Jack Arnold.

Music: Morris Mamorsky.

Photography: Gerald Hirschfeld.

Film editor: Charles R. Senf.

Screenwriter: Morton Wishengrad.

Cast: Sam Levene, Arlene Francis, Joseph Wiseman, Louis Sorin, Alexander Scourby, Rudy Bond, Alexander Lockwood, Haskell Coffin, Julius Bing, Morris Strassberg, Rolly Bester, Gail Gregg and Judy Walther.

Runtime: 52 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 15 June 1950 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: International Ladies Garment Workers Union and Promotional Films Co.

Synopsis: Dramatization of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union labour movement from 1910 to 1950.

Additional information: Lee Goodman and Jack Arnold, the producers, were nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Documentary, Features (1951).

Comments: One of the characters, DeLeo (Joseph Wiseman), contracts tuberculosis and is sent to a sanatorium until he recovers.

References:

link

link

link

WU QINGYUAN

Original title: Wu Qingyuan. ??? (traditional Chinese).

Other titles: The Go Master (English, international). El Maestro De Go (Spanish translation).

Country: Japan and China.

Year: 2006.

Director: Zhuangzhuang Tian.

Music: Li Zhao.

Photography: Wang Yu.

Screenwriter: Cheng Ah.

Cast: Chen Chang, Sylvia Chang, Akira Emoto, Aki Fujî, Mansaku Fuwa, Yi Huang, Takayuki Inoue, Ayumi Ito, Yoichiro Ito, Xuejian Li, Keiko Matsuzaka, Kaho Minami, Takashi Nishina, Hironobu Nomura, Nao Omori, Chiharu Uchiyama, Bai Qing Xin and Masakane Yonekura.

Genre: Biography, Drama and Romance.

Language: Mandarin.

Color: Color.

Release date: 30 September 2006 (USA) (New York Film Festival). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Century Hero Film Investment Company and Hakuhodo.

Synopsis: A biographical film about Wu Qingyuan (Chen Chang), the most famous Go master of the 20th century. Wu, a native from China, emigrated to Japan in the thirties, remaining there even during World War Two.

Additional information: Go is a Chinese board game which enjoys incredible success in Japan.

Comments: Wu Qingyuan suffered from tuberculosis since he was quite young, exempting him from military service:

  • “You have lingering tuberculosis”.

References:

link

WYATT EARP

Original title: Wyatt Earp.

Country: USA.

Year: 1994.

Director: Lawrence Kasdan.

Music: James Newton Howard.

Screenwriter: Dan Gordon and Lawrence Kasdan.

Cast: Kevin Costner, Dennis Quaid, Gene Hackman, David Andrews, Linden Ashby, Jeff Fahey, Joanna Going, Mark Harmon, Michael Madsen, Catherine O'Hara, Bill Pullman, Isabella Rossellini, Tom Sizemore, Jo Beth Williams, Mare Winningham, James Gammon, Rex Linn, Rex Linn, Randle Mell and Annabeth Gish.

Runtime: 191 minutes.

Genre: Western, Biography, Action, Adventure and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 24 June 1994 (USA). 26 August 1994 (Spain).

Production Company: Warner Bros, Tig Productions and Kasdan Pictures.

Synopsis: Born on a farm in Iowa, young Wyatt Earp (Kevin Costner) tries to run away to join the Union army during the Civil War, but is sent back home because of his youth. Instead he studies law and marries Urilla Sutherland (Annabeth Gish). However, Urilla dies from typhoid fever before they can have children. Earp is devastated and starts drinking heavily and stealing cattle, but his father, Nicholas (Gene Hackman), finds him and puts him back on the right track (public synopsis).

Additional information: Nominated for an Academy Award in the category of Best Cinematography (1995).

Comments: The meeting between Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday (Dennis Quaid) defines the latter and presents his disease:

- His name's Doc Holliday.

- He's a killer, isn't he?

- He's killed some. He owes me a couple of favors and he's as good as his word. He's dying of tuberculosis. He travels with a whore named Big Nose Kate, but he's not her pimp.

- You take me to him?

- I'd like you to meet a friend of mine, Wyatt Earp.

- I've heard that name somewhere. Don't know where, but it wasn't good. Mind if we sit down? I'm looking for Dave Rudabaugh. There's a reward for information about him leading to his arrest.

- Are you a lawman? You are not wearing a badge. Are you ashamed of your profession? I myself was a dentist. I was proud to be a dentist. I did not hide the fact that I was a dentist? I'm no longer a dentist. I'm a sporting man. That's my work now.

Movies with "Doc" Holliday as a character:

See Doc (1971).

References:

link


-X-

XI MENG REN SHENG

Original title: Xi meng ren sheng. ????.

Other titles: In the Hands of a Puppet Master (International English). The Puppetmaster (English, undefined). El maestro de marionetas (Spain).

Country: Taiwan.

Year: 1993.

Director: Hsiao-hsien Hou.

Music: Ming Chang Chen and Hongda Zhang.

Photography: Pin Bing Lee.

Film editor: Ching-Song Liao.

Screenwriter: T'ien-wen Chu and Nien-Jen Wu based on a plot by Tianlu Li.

Cast: Tianlu Li, Giong Lim, Ming Hwa Bai, Fue Choung Cheng, Chingju Huang, Tunghsiu Kao, Hei Li, Hung Liou, Wenbing Li, Wenchang Li, I. Toshiro, Chen-Nan Tsai, Jen-Nan Tsai, Yi-Hua Tsai, Juwei Tzuo and Lai-Yin Yang.

Runtime: 142 minutes.

Genre: Biographical and Drama.

Language: Mandarin, Taiwanese and Japanese.

Color: Color.

Release date: 6 October 1993 (USA) (New York Film Festival). 20 June 1994 (Spain).

Production Companies: ERA, Nian Dai International and Qiu Fusheng.

Synopsis: The action takes place during the first half of the 20th century in China and it tells the story of a puppet master, Tianlu Li, told by himself.

Additional information: It won the Special Jury Award (Hsiao-hsien Hou) at the Cannes International Film Festival, and was nominated for the Golden Palm (1993).

Comments: Tianlu Li recounts how his mother was diagnosed with tuberculosis by a Japanese doctor. She spent two months in a hospital; she got better and was released, but she finally died of consumption.

References:

link

XIAO CHENG ZHI CHUN

Original title: Xiao cheng zhi chun. ???? (Chinese).

Other titles: Springtime in a Small Town (International English title, USA). Primavera en una pequeña ciudad (Spanish translation).

Country: China.

Year: 1948.

Director: Fei Mu.

Music: Yijun Huang.

Photography: Shengwei L.

Screenwriter: Tianji Li.

Cast: Chaoming Cui, Wei Li, Yu Shi, Wei Wei and Hongmei Zhang.

Runtime: 93 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Romance.

Language: Mandarin.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Wenhua Film Company.

Synopsis: It is the 1946 in a small town in southern China. Yuwen (Wei Wei) lives with her husband Liyan (Yu Shi), who suffers from pulmonary tuberculosis and has lost his will to live, and with her sister-in-law Xiu (Hongmei Zhang), who is still at secondary school. Liyan is the heir to the once wealthy Dai family, whose house is partly in ruins after the war. Yuwen is doomed to to a monotonous life of resignation, with no hope for the future. However, when spring arrives, Zhichen (Wei Li), one of Liyan?s former friends, turns up unexpectedly to meet his old friend again, unable to imagine who he has married (public synopsis).

Other versions:

Springtime in a Small Town/ Xiao cheng zhi chun (2002) by Zhuangzhuang Tian link

References:

link


-Y-

YENTL

Original title: Yentl.

Country: UK and USA.

Year: 1983.

Director: Barbra Streisand.

Music: Michel Legrand.

Photography: David Watkin.

Film editor: Terry Rawlings.

Screenwriter: Jack Rosenthal and Barbra Streisand based on the short story Yentl, the Yeshiva Boy by Isaac Bashevis Singer.

Cast: Barbra Streisand, Mandy Patinkin, Amy Irving, Nehemiah Persoff, Steven Hill, Allan Corduner, Ruth Goring, David de Keyser, Bernard Spear, Doreen Mantle, Lynda Baron, Jack Lynn, Anna Tzelniker, Miriam Margolyes, Mary Henry and Robbie Barnett.

Runtime: 132 minutes.

Genre: Drama, Musical and Romance.

Language: English.

Color: Color.

Release date: 18 November 1983 (USA). 5 March 1984 (Spain).

Production Company: United Artists, Barwood Films and Ladbroke Investments.

Synopsis: The story takes place in the early 20th century, in an Eastern European country. Yentl (Barbra Streisand), a Jewish girl, schooled in the strictest religious doctrine, realizes that her future is completely subjected to her being a woman, since her religion pushes women into the background. After her father dies, she decides to dress up as a man to be able to access formal education and the study of the Holy Scriptures of Judaism, whose access was denied to her because she was a woman (public synopsis).

Additional information: This is the first film directed by Barbra Streisand. It received an Academy Award in the category of Best Adaptation Score and was nominated in the categories of Best Actress in a supporting role (Amy Irving) and Best Set Decoration, and two of its songs were nominated for Best Original Song (1984).

Comments: Tuberculosis and pneumonia are mentioned:

- Consumption, a terrible thing.

-?

- I thought it was pneumonia.

- Hm?- Your brother.

- It was.

- Vishkower said consumption.-Did he? - They found out.

- What?

-?

- About my brother.

- What about him?

- He didn't die of pneumonia or consumption. He committed suicide.

References:

link

YOU CAN LICK TB

Original title: You Can Lick TB.

Other titles: Usted puede derrotar a la tuberculosis (Spanish translation).

Country: USA.

Year: 1949.

Runtime: 21 minutes.

Genre: Short and Documentary.

Language: English.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: United States Veterans Administration, Department of Medicine and Surgery.

Synopsis: The film was made so that patients suffering from tuberculosis at the hospitals of the Veterans Administration could complete their treatment and rehabilitation after being released.

Additional information: An educational Film.

References:

link

link

YOU'RE THE ONE (UNA HISTORIA DE ENTONCES)

Original title: You´re the one; You're the One (una historia de entonces).

Other titles: Una historia de entonces (Argentina).

Country: Spain.

Year: 2000.

Director: José Luis Garci.

Music: Pablo Cervantes.

Photography: Raúl Pérez Cubero.

Film editor: Miguel González Sinde.

Screenwriter: José Luis Garci and Horacio Valcárcel.

Cast: Lydia Bosch, Julia Gutiérrez Caba, Juan Diego, Ana Fernández, Manuel Lozano, Iñaki Miramón, Fernando Guillén, Carlos Hipólito, Marisa de Leza, Jesús Puente, Alfonso Delgado, Dragomir Krasimirov, Cristina Acerete, José Luis Merino and Pablo Arroyo.

Runtime: 111 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Spanish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 13 October 2000 (Spain).

Production Company: Canal+ España, Enrique Cerezo Producciones Cinematográficas S. A., Nickel Odeón Dos S. A., Productora Cinematográfica 29 S. A. and Televisión Española (TVE).

Synopsis: The story is set in Spain in the late 40s. Julia (Lydia Bosch) moves away from Madrid immersed in a deep depression brought about by the imprisonment of her boyfriend and lover José Miguel, an outstanding painter whose ideas opposed the regime. She is the only child of a wealthy family who own a bank; she is a very learned person, and has been educated in Switzerland and England and has graduated in Philosophy and Arts, and she wants to become a writer. When we first see her, she is travelling by car to the small Asturian village of Cerralbos del Sella. The big family house ?Llendelabarca- where she lived the happiest summers of her childhood, is there. Llendelabarca is kept by Aunt Gala (Julia Gutiérrez Caba), who lives with her mother-in-law Pilara (Ana Fernández) and her grandson Juanito (Manuel Lozano). Julia’s relationship with the housekeepers, with the teacher Mr Orfeo (Iñaki Miramón), and even with the miserable priest of the local town council, Mr Matías (Juan Diego), makes this woman from the capital city feel, perhaps for the first time in years, that she is not alone (public synopsis).

Additional information: In 2000 the film won Goya awards in the categories for Best Supporting Actress (Julia Gutiérrez Caba), Best Cinematography, Best Editing, Best Production Design and Best Production Supervision, and it was nominated in the categories of Best Costume Design, Best Director, Best Film, Best Actress (Lydia Bosch), Best Make-Up and Hairstyles, Best Original Screenplay, Best Supporting Actor (Juan Diego and Iñaki Miramón) and Best Supporting Actress (Ana Fernández). It also won Cinema Writers Circle Awards in the categories of Best Cinematography, Best Director and Best Supporting Actress (Julia Gutiérrez Caba) and nominations in the categories of Best Actress (Lydia Bosch), Best Editing, Best Film, Best Original Score, Best Original Screenplay, Best Supporting Actor (Iñaki Miramón) and Best Supporting Actress (Ana Fernández).

Comments: There is a comment related to tuberculosis: “She is so pale that it looks like she has consumption”.

References:

link

YOUNG CHOPIN

Original title: Mlodosc Chopina.

Other titles: Young Chopin (USA). The Youth of Chopin (USA, video). Chopin's Youth (USA, review title). El Joven Chopin (Spain).

Country: Poland.

Year: 1952.

Director: Aleksander Ford.

Music: Kazimierz Serocki.

Screenwriter: Aleksander Ford, Stanislaw Hadyna, Jan Korngold and Leon Kruczkowski. Based on the novel Neizbrisivi tragovi, by Gustaw Bachner and Jerzy Broszkiewicz.

Cast: Czeslaw Wollejko, Zbigniew Lobodzinski, Józef Nieweglowski, Jerzy Duszynski, Jerzy Duszynski, Jerzy Pietraszkiewicz, Leon Pietraszkiewicz, Aleksandra Slaska, Jan Kurnakowicz, Gustaw Buszynski, Tadeusz Bialoszczynski, Justyna Kreczmar, Czeslaw Strzelecki, Lech Ordon, Mieczyslaw Wojnicki and Janusz Sciwiarski.

Runtime: 121 minutes.

Genre: Biography, Drama, History, Romance and War.

Language: Polish.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 14 March 1952 (Poland). 24 December 1952 (USA). In Spain on DVD.

Production Company: WFF Lodz.

Synopsis: The film is a biography that recounts the life of Fryderyk Chopin (Czeslaw Wollejko) between 1825 and 1831, marked by the turbulent story of his home country, always in his heart, and of Europe during that historical period.

Comments: Towards the end of the film Chopin’s decline in health due to tuberculosis is made clear. He is on tour in Vienna when he finds out about the revolution that took place in Warsaw. He wishes to join the fight but his doctor advises him against it.

- “I’ve spent hours telling you that with your health you won’t be any good in an uprising?People should do what they’re good at. You are a musician”.

-?.

- “I’m one of those doctors that don’t lie to patients. Your health is in a sorry state. It is madness to think you can put up with a soldier’s life. Look after yourself. You might live long, but you won’t resist the flu again”.

Other films about Chopin:

See A Song to Remember (1945).

References:

link

YUKIGUNI

Original title: Yukiguni. ??.

Other titles: País de Nieve (Spanish translation). Snow Country (English translation).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1957.

Director: Shirô Toyoda.

Music: Ikuma Dan.

Photography: Jun Yasumoto.

Film editor: Koichi Iwashita.

Screenwriter: Toshio Yasumi based on Yasunari Kawabata’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Ryo Ikebe, Keiko Kishi, Kaoru Yachigusa, Daisuke Katô, Akira Kubo, Hisaya Morishige, Chieko Naniwa and Maruo Tanaka.

Runtime: 120 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 27 April 1957 (Japan). 15 May 1966 (USA). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Toho Company.

Synopsis: “Shimamura, an artist, comes to this snowbound town to rejuvenate himself. He connects with Komako, a geisha he met on a previous trip, and it seems like love. She's the foster daughter of a local family, almost engaged to the family's son Yukio, now dying of consumption. He's tended by his sister Yuko who's angry at Komako for abandoning her brother. Shimamura returns to Tokyo but promises he will be back soon. In anticipation of his return, Komako breaks with her patron and her family loses their home. Complications arise when Shimamura doesn't come back as promised. Then Komako discovers that he and Yuko knew each other in Tokyo” (Jhailey, Imdb).

Other versions:

Snow Country/ Yukiguni (1965) by Hideo Ôba.

References:

link

YUKIGUNI

Original title: Yukiguni. ??.

Other titles: Snow Country (USA). Pais de Nieve (Spanish translation).

Country: Japan.

Year: 1965.

Director: Hideo Ôba.

Music: Naozumi Yamamoto.

Photography: Toichiro Narushima.

Screenwriter: Hideo Ôba y Ryosuke Saito based on Yasunari Kawabata’s homonymous novel.

Cast: Mineko Bandai, Kakuko Chino, Takanobu Hozumi, Kaneko Iwasaki, Shima Iwashita, Mariko Kaga, Isao Kimura, Nijiko Kiyokawa, Taketoshi Naitô, Chieko Naniwa, Tamotsu Narushima, Kyomi Sakura, Mutsuko Sakura, Sadako Sawamura, Michisumi Sugawara and Shinichi Yanagisawa.

Runtime: 113 minutes.

Genre: Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Color.

Production Company: Shôchiku Eiga.

Synopsis: The story begins in the spring of 1935. Shimamura (Kaneki Iwasaki) is a writer who travels to a village in northern Japan that has a spa resort. Here he meets Komako (Shima Iwashita), the adopted daughter of a dance teacher (Sadako Sawamura), who he falls in love with. His holidays come to an end and he goes back to his family in Tokyo, returning to visit Komako the following winters. Since he cannot get engaged to her, he decides never to return there again.

Comments: Komako’s stepbrother dies of the intestinal tuberculosis he suffers from.

Other versions:

Yukiguni (1957) by Shirô Toyoda.

References:

link

link


-Z-

ZAKOPANÝ PES

Original title: Zakopaný pes.

Other titles: Skeleton in the closet (English).

Country: Czech Republic.

Year: 2009.

Director: Martin Juza and Klára Sodomková (co-director).

Photography: Martin Juza (camera).

Cast: Jakub Kopa, Michal Capku, Martin Huleja.

Runtime: 10 minutes.

Genre: Short, Adventure, Mystery and Science Fiction.

Language: Czech.

Color: Color.

Relase date: October 2009 (Czech Republic). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Martin Huleja (productor).

Synopsis: “A young man Ivan (Jakub Kopa) is chosen for an adventurous tour of the city of Ostrava, lead by his own destiny and crank tuberculosis prophet Hincus (Michal Capku) On his way he receives signs that lead him into the grand final to decipher skeleton in the closet of Ostrava”(imdb).

Additional information: Available from link and

link.

Comments: Hincus appears on a terrace, sunbathing in a deck chair, with slices of cucumber on each eye and clothed in a white fur coat with a black collar. In one scene he has a coughing fit.

References:

link

ZATÔICHI MONOGATARI

Original title: Zatôichi Monogatari. ?????.

Other title: The Tale of Zatoichi (USA, video). Zatoichi 1 (Japan). Zatoichi: The Life and Opinion of Masseur Ichi (English, undefined).La historia de Zatoichi. La Vida y pensamiento del masajista Ichi (Argentina)

Country: Japan.

Year: 1962.

Director: Kenji Misumi

Music: Akira Ifukube.

Photography: Chishi Makiura.

Film editor: Kanji Suganuma.

Screenwriter: Minoru Inuzuka based on a short story by Kan Shimozawa.

Cast: Shintaro Katsu, Akira Shiga, Masayo Mori, Ryuzo Shimada, Hajime Mitamura, Shigeru Amachi, Chitose Maki, Ikuko Môri, Michio Minami, Eijirô Yanagi, Toshio Chiba, Manabu Morita, Yoichi Funaki, Kinya Ichikawa, Eigoro Onoe, Yoshito Yamaji, Yukio Horikita, Ryuuji Fukui, Masayoshi Kikuno, Hajime Koshikawa, Masashi Hamada and Kôichi Aihara.

Runtime: 96 minutes.

Genre: Action, Adventure and Drama.

Language: Japanese.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 18 April 1962 (Japan). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Daiei Motion Picture Company.

Synopsis: The story takes place in the Japan of the 1860s, in the last days of an age that brought four hundred years of feudal power to an end. They were times when the country folk were beginning to rebel against the fearful clans and their suffocating taxes. Zatoichi (Shintaro Katsu) is a solitary character and an expert in martial arts. His blindness does not prevent him from leading the life of a wanderer who goes from one place to another to earn his living. He is often in trouble and his blindness gives him advantage in nocturnal fights. This film is set in the midst of a war between clans (www.filmonline.com.ar ).

Comments: Zatoichi’s hypersensitivity leads him to the discovery that Hirato (Shigeru Amachi), whom he has just met and who will later become his friend, suffers from a serious disease: tuberculosis:

-“Excuse me, but are you ill? “

- Me?

- Yes.

- “I don't feel sick. Why?”

- “I'm sorry. Please forget what I said”.

-?

- “You suspected I was ill when we first met. Indeed, I have consumption”.

There are several films about this character (wikipedia).

References:

link

link

ZEE OUI: THE MAN-EATER

Original title: Zee-Oui. ?????

Other titles: Zee Oui (El Canibal) (Spain).

Country: Thailand.

Year: 2004.

Director: Buranee Rachjaibun and Nida Suthat Na Ayutthaya.

Music: Pongprom Sanitwong na Ayudhya.

Cast: Long Duan, Premsinee Ratanasopha, Chatchai Plengpanich, Surasak Chai-Aut, Nicha Fishlock, Ornnisa Kitchalernsopon, Anuway Niwartwong, Monjitkasam Phoonguan, Sathaway Ser-Udomsin, Weerasak Srisuk, Chatcharit Theera-Nittayathan, Chayanee Thitimoon, Kowit Wattanakul, Jianhua Zhang and Shaohau Zhang.

Runtime: 86 minutes.

Genre: Horror (gore), Drama and Thriller.

Language: Thai.

Color: Color.

Release date: 28 October 2004 (Thailand). In Spain it was released on DVD.

Production Company: Matching Motion Pictures.

Synopsis:In 1946 a young man from China named Zee-Oui (Long Duan) immigrated to Thailand in hope of a better life. His only possession was the knife inherited from his mother. However, everything did not turn out as he had thought. He was bullied and humiliated by everyone around him. He tried desperately to survive in this world. He became ill. He missed his mother. At the same time, his instincts increasingly oppressed his thoughts and behaviors. He began killing children, consuming their hearts and livers in the belief that it would make him stronger. Whenever he felt weak, he would kill again and again just to avoid his insecure feelings. In the end, he was caught and confessed to all the killings he had done. He was sentenced to the death penalty as society returned to serenity” (imdb).

Comments: Zee-Oui suffers from tuberculosis and tries to treat it by eating human organs.

References:

link

ZONNESTRAAL

Original title: Zonnestraal.

Other titles: Ray of Sunshine (UK).

Country: Netherlands.

Year: 1919.

Director: Theo Frenkel.

Screenwriter: Theo Frenkel.

Cast: Kees Lageman, Frits Bouwmeester and Annie Wesling.

Runtime: 90 minutes.

Genre: Drama and Comedy.

Language: Silent.

Color: Black and White.

Release date: 12 December 1919 (Netherlands). It was not released in Spain.

Production Company: Amsterdam Film Cie. for the Algemeen Nederlandsche Diamantbewerkersbond.

Synopsis: The film is made in three parts, the first of which shows the diamond workers’ strike of 1894 and the beginning of a campaign against tuberculosis in 1905.

Comments: Zonnestraal is the name of a Dutch hospital that began to be built towards the end of the second decade of last century as a tuberculosis sanatorium.

References:

link

 

 

 


Other movies that mention tuberculosis

Luta Contra a Tuberculose em Portugal (1933). Portugal. Documentary. link

A Wicked Woman/ Dokufu Takahashi Oden (1958) by Nobuo Nakagawa. Japan. link

An Creidill Ciuin (1950) by Seamus MacCrait. Canada. Short. link

An Decay (2003) by Traolah O'Buachalla. Ireland. link

Ardeevin (2004) by Jonathon Richardson. Ireland and UK. Short. link

Assistência aos Tuberculosos no Norte de Portugal (1932). Portugal. Documentary. link

Australia (2008) by Baz Luhrmann. Australia, USA and UK. link

Burrow Hill Tuberculosis Colony (¿?). UK. link

Carandiru (2003) by Hector Babenco. Brazil and Argentina. link

Die Tuberkulose (1923). Austria. Documentary. link

Dr. Noel Browne's TB Film (1946) by Patrick F Butler. Ireland. Short. link

Hiçkirik (1965) by Orhan Aksoy. Turkey. link

Horse (1993) by Kevin Liddy. Ireland. Short. Barton R. Irish national cinema. London: Routledge; 2004.p 122.

Infectious (2009) by Danishka Esterhazy. Canada. Short. link

La paloma (1974) by Daniel Schmid. Switzerland and France. link

Looking for Miracles (1989) by Kevin Sullivan. Canada. TV movie link

Lotta contro la tubercolosi (1930). Italy. Documentary. link

O paliatsos tis zois (1930) by Orestis Laskos. Greece. link

One Month to Live (1911). By ¿?. USA. Silent link

Our Country (1948) by Liam O'Laoghaire, Liam O'Leary and Brendan Stafford. Ireland. Short. link

Overgivelse (1988). By Per Bronken. Norway. TV movie. link

Si të mbrohemi nga tuberkolozi (1958). Albania. Documentary. link

Slaughter in the Snow/ Mushukunin mikogami no jôkichi: Tasogare ni senko ga tonda (1973) Kazuo Ikehiro. Japan. link

The Mother and the Whore/ La maman et la putain (1973) by Jean Eustache. France. link

Tony BacilluS & Co. (1946) by Colm O Laoghaire. Ireland. Short. link

Turas Tearnaimh (1954) by Gerard Healy. Ireland. Short. link

Two Monks/ Dos monjes (1930) by Juan Bustillo Oro. Mexico). link

Voyage to Recovery (1953) by Gerard Healy. Ireland. Short. link

What Are We Doing Here? (2008) by Brandon Klein, Daniel Klein, NicK Klein and Tim Klein. Documentary. link, link

Zeitprobleme: wie der Arbeiter wohnt (1930) by Slatan Dudow. Germany. Short. Documentary. Silent. link